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the character of the proposed agency. It will not necessarily follow that any public functionary will be appointed by the President. You merely grant the means by which the executive may act when he thinks proper..
4. What does he tell you in his message ? That Greece is contending for her independence; that all sympathize with her; and that no power has declared against her. Pass this resolution, and what is the reply which it conveys to him ? “You have sent us grateful intelligence; we feel warmly for Greece, and we grant you money, that, when you shall think it proper, when the interests of this nation shall not be jeoparded, you may depute a commissioner or public agent to Greece.” The whole responsibility is then left where the constitution puts it. A member, in his place, may make a speech or proposition, the House may even pass a vote, in respect to our foreign affairs, which the President, with the whole field lying full before him, would not deem it expedient to effectuate.
5. But, sir, it is not for Greece alone that I desire to see this measure adopted. It will give to her but little support, and that purely of a moral kind. It is principally for America, for the credit and character of our common country, for our unsullied name, that I hope to see it pass. Mr. Chairman, what appearance on the page of history would a record like this exhibit ? “In the month of January, in the year of our Lord and Savior, 1824, while all European Christendom beheld, with cold and unfeeling indifference, the unexampled wrongs and inexpressible misery of Christian Greece, a proposition was made in the Congress of the United States, almost the sole, the last, the greatest depository of human hope and human freedom, the representatives of a gallant nation, containing a million of freemen ready to fly to arms, while the people of that nation were spontaneously express. ing its deep-toned feeling, and the whole continent, by one simultaneous emotion, was rising, and solemnly and anxiously supplicating and invoking high Heaven to spare and succor Greece, and to invigorate her arms in her glorious cause, while temples and senate houses were alike resounding with one burst of generous and holy sympathy; in that year of our Lord and Savior, the Savior of Greece and of us, a proposition was offered in the American Congress to send a messenger to Greece, to inquire into her state and condition, with a kind expression of our good wishes and our sympathies - and it was rejected !”
6. Go home, if you can, go home, if you dare, to your constituents, and tell them that you voted it down; meet, if you can, the appalling countenances of those who sent you here, and tell them that you shrank from the declaration of your own sentiments; that you cannot tell how, but that some unknown dread, some indescribable apprehension, some indefinable danger, drove you from your purpose; that the specters of cimeters and crowns and crescents gleamed before you and alarmed you; and that you suppressed all the noble feelings prompted by religion, by liberty, by national independence, and by humanity. I cannot bring myself to believe that such will be the feeling of a majority of the committee. But, for myself, though every friend of the cause should desert it, and I be left to stand alone with the gentleman from Massachusetts, I will give to his resolution the poor sanction of my unqualified approbation.
Questions. What is the “ Morea”? Who were the “allies"? Under what government were the Philippine Islands ? Was there any especial reason why educated Americans should be interested in this struggle? Why should the fact that Greece is Christian, be so frequently referred to?-are not all the European nations Christian?
XIX.—THE STRIPES AND THE STARS.
EDNA DEAN PROCTOR. 1. O Star Spangled Banner! the flag of our pride! Though trampled by traitors, and basely defied, Fling out to the glad winds your Red, White, and Blue, For the heart of the North-land is beating for you! And her strong arm is nerving, to strike with a will, Till the foe and his boastings are humble and still! Here's welcome to wounding and combat and scars, And the glory of death — for the Stripes and the Stars !
2. From the prairie, 0, plowman! speed boldly away,– There's seed to be sown in God's furrows to-day; Row landward, lone fisher! Stout woodman, come home! Let smith leave his anvil, and weaver his loom; And hamlet and city ring loud with the cry, - For God and our country we'll fight till we die!” Here's welcome to wounding and combat and scars, And the glory of death for the Stripes and the Stars!
3. Invincible banner! the flag of the free !
4. 0, God of our fathers ! this banner must shine
O lead us till wide from the gulf to the sea,
XX.- ELI WHITNEY.
HORACE GREELEY. 1. Eli Whitney, a native of Westborough, Worcester county, Massachusetts, born December 8, 1765, was descended, on both sides, from ancestors of English stock, who dated their immigration from the old country, nearly back to the memorable voyage of the Mayflower! They were generally farmers, and, like most farmers of those days, in very moderate circumstances. Eli's father, poor, industrious, and ingenious, had a workshop, wherein he devoted the inclement season to the making of wheels and chairs. Here the son early developed a remarkable ingenuity aud mechanical skill; establishing, when only fifteen years of age, the manufacture by hand of wrought nails, for which there was, in those later years of our revolutionary struggle, a demand at high prices.
2. Though he had had no instruction in nail-making, and his few implements were of the rudest description, he pursued his business through two winters with profit to his father, devoting the summers, as before and afterward, to the labors of the farm. After the close of the war, his nails being no longer in demand, he engaged in the manufacture of the pins then in fashion for fastening ladies' bonnets, and nearly monopolized the market, through the excellence of his product. Walking canes were also among his winter manufactures, and were esteemed peculiarly well made and handsome. Meantime he continued the devotion of his summers to the labors of the farm, attending the common school of his district through its winter session, and being therein noted for devotion to, and eminent skill in, arithmetic.
3. At fourteen he resolved to obtain a liberal education, but it was not until he had reached the mature age of twentythree that he was enabled to enter college. By turns laboring with his hands and teaching school, he obtained the means of prosecuting his studies in Yale, which he entered in May, 1789. He borrowed some money to aid him in his progress, giving his note therefor, and paying it as soon as he could. On the decease of his father, some years afterward, he took an active part in settling the estate, but relinquished his portion to his co-heirs. It is scarcely probable that the amount he thus sacrificed was large, but the generous spirit he evinced is not thereby obscured.
4. While in college, his natural superiority in mechanism, and proclivity to invention, were frequently manifested. On one occasion, a tutor regretted to his pupils that he could not exhibit a desired philosophical experiment, because the apparatus was out of order, and could only be repaired in Europe. Young Whitney thereupon proposed to undertake the repair, and made it to perfect satisfaction. At another time he asked permission to use, at intervals, the tools of a carpenter who worked near his boarding place; but the careful mechanic declined to trust them in the hands of a student, unless the gentleman with whom Mr. W. boarded would become responsible for their safe return. The guarantee was given, and Mr. Whitney took the tools in hand, when the carpenter, surprised at his dexterity, exclaimed, “ There was one good mechanic spoiled when you went to college.”
5. Mr. Whitney graduated in the fall of 1792, and directly engaged with Mr. B., from Georgia, to proceed to that state, and reside in his employer's family as a private teacher. On