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were emptied. The great mass of the sun had risen with so lowering an population being thus loosened from aspect, closed in tranquillity; and but all their regular habits, and withdrawn for a partial and almost accidental even from their means of subsistence, sally, the soil of Scotland would have would not, it was hoped, remain long been unstained with a drop of civil without being impelled into that ex- blood. tremity which it was their object to Glasgow seems evidently to have precipitate.

been viewed by the malcontents as The Scottish administration, mean the destined theatre on which hostiwhile, were providing, in a very ac- lities were to commence ; and partive and judicious manner, against the ties from the neighbourhood were threatened danger. They sought to even invited to flock to it, as their assemble such a force as might not common rallying point. Yet, on the only deprive rebellion of every chance morning of the 5th, a small armed of success, but might even deter its band issued forth from that city, with Fotaries from the fatal attempt. In purposes which were never exactly the course of a few days, the military defined, but, from the course followforce, including the yeomanry caval- ed, could not possibly be other than ry, from all the neighbouring coun- of the most desperate character. ties, was concentrated at Glasgow. They proceeded to Kilsyth, where On the morning of Wednesday the they had some refreshment, in pay5th, which had been almost announ- ing for which they took a receipt, in ced as the opening of the grand cam. terms which evidently proved their paign, the streets of that city pre- expectation of being officially reimsented an imposing mass of nearly bursed. They then proceeded along 5000 troops, of all arms, drawn up in the bank of the canal, till they arrived regular array. Rebellion was appal- at a large common called Bonnymuir, led, and hid her face. In the extre- where they expected, it is supposed, mities of the city only, some faint and to have been joined by a considerable convulsive efforts were made to effect force. On their way, they had met an her purpose. At six in the evening orderly with dispatches, whom they a drum was beat through Calton and at first detained, but on his pretending Bridgeton ; several banners were ex- to favour their enterprize, allowed hibited ; and muskets fired at inter. him to depart, after presenting him vals, as signals. At the same tiine with a copy of their seditious placard. small parties entered sequestered This man immediately hastened to houses, searching for arms, and, by Kilsyth, where he found Lieutenants violent threats, urging the inhabitants Hodgson and Davidson, commanding to take the field. These movements small parties, one of the 10th hussars, issued in the assemblage of two or and the other of the Stirlingshire three hundred men, partially armed yeomanry. These active young offiwith pikes and muskets. A party of cers lost not a moment in setting out cavalry, however, having rushed in in chase of the enemies of public and seized eleven of the most active, , peace. After a rapid ride of nine the rest hastily skulked off, and ap- miles, they reached Bonnymuir, where peared no more. In Tradestown, a the radical guerilla had halted. That bugle summoned sixty pikes ; but on body, on seeing itself about to be seeing the smallness of their force, confronted with this band of disciand no prospect of co-operation, they plined assailants, did not lose all instantly dispersed. The day, whose courage. They drew up behind a wall, which stretched across the com- only by dim and distant tradition, mon, and which they hoped would caused an extraordinary alarm and protect them against the approach emotion. Yet it formed, in fact, one of the cavalry. Lieutenant Hodgson, of those crises which, in the civil as however, finding a breach at one end, in the natural body, expel the eledashed through it, followed by his ments of disease, and prepare the troops, and instantly charged. A mo frame for returning to a healthful mentary somewhat brisk conflict en- state. The authors of the commosued. A pike was violently thrust tion, sensible how ridiculously inadeagainst Mr Hodgson, which pierced quate were the means with which his hand, and mortally wounded the they had hoped to effect the overhorse on which he rode. Several throw of a great empire, threw up other pushes were made with some the cause in despair ; while the miseffect; but in a few moments, the led multitude saw the full depth of insurgent array was entirely discom- the abyss from whose brink they had fited; and, throwing away their arms, barely time to shrink back. This they sought safety in every direction. violent explosion was followed, alNineteen were secured, and carried most instantaneously, by a univerto Stirling; the rest escaped. sal tranquillity; the citizens resumed

Such was the beginning and end of their pacific and industrious occupathis faint shew of civil war; for the tions, and earnestly besought readdisastrous bloodshed which took place mission to those employments which at Greenock, in a manner so strange they had so wantonly deserted; the and unmeaning, had scarcely enough yeomanry returned to their homes ; of political motive or character to be- and nothing remained, but to prolong to history; and we refer to the ceed according to the regular course Chronicle for a full detail of it. Even of law, against those who had renthis, in a country which for more dered themselves obnoxious to it du. than seventy years had been a stran- ring these violent proceedings. ger to intestine warfare, and knew it

. 3.

3.

CHAPTER III.

CLOSE OF THE PARLIAMENT.

Formal Meeting at Death of George III.-The King announces his intention to dissolve Parliament.- Debates on this subject.Temporary Votes of Money. -Discussions respecting the Queen.-Proceedings relative to Corrupt Burghs. - Dissolution.

The proceedings of Parliament meetings were accordingly held on during the present year are not of that and the two following days, that varied character, nor susceptible when such members as attended took of the same minute classification the oaths to the new Sovereign. On which has been followed in the his- the 2d February, as it would have tory of the two preceding years. The been indecorous to have proceeded to dissolution consequent upon the de- any ordinary business, Parliament mise of George III. caused a pretty was prorogued till the 17th. long delay in its meeting for purpo- On the 17th, the House having ses of real business; while consider met, a message was immediately preably before its usual period of sepa- sented from his Majesty. It began rating, all its ordinary business was with alluding, in natural and proper brought to an abrupt termination. terms, to the event which had just taA ground of debate occurred, which, ken place. It then stated, that his like Aaron's rod, instantly swallowed Majesty being under the necessity of up every other; and after which, summoning a new Parliament withthe House with difficulty found pas in a limited period, had judged it tience to go through that ordinary most conducive to the public interoutine which is necessary for the rest and convenience, to assemble dispatch of public business.

one without delay. The Houses The first meeting of Parliament were therefore invited to concur in this year was one of mere form. The such arrangements as might enable constitution holds it indispensable the public service to be carried on that the great council of the nation during the interval. shall meet on the day immediately In the proceedings to be held upfollowing the death of the Sovereign, on this address, ministers proposed, even though that day should chance, with the general approbation of the as it now did, to be a Sunday. Short House, that the last point, which

alone was likely to move discussion, cumstances, besides a disputed sucshould be kept in reserve; and that cession, might render the sitting of their immediate reply should be only Parliament on such an occasion as to that part which treated of the de- the demise of the Crown highly promise of the late, and the accession of per ; but for this purpose it was sufthe present sovereign. Upon this ficient that the principle should resubject was proposed an address of main in force, and that Parliament combined condolence, congratulation, should immediately assemble. Acand respectful homage. This was cordingly, it was only the assembling entirely acquiesced in by all parts of of Parliament that was imperative; of the House, Mr Tierney only mur- it did not follow that they were to muring a little at the expression, continue to sit and transact business. " experience of the past," as seeming How far they were to proceed in the to imply approbation of measures consideration of public affairs was lately pursued. The same unanimity left to the discretion of the Crown, attended an address of condolence on whose prerogative it was to dissolve the death of the late Duke of Kent. Parliament whenever such a proEven in this first debate, however, ceeding should appear proper. He the opposition members gave notes could, however, see no reason, pubof warlike preparation against the lic or parliamentary, why the course intimated proposition, paving the now proposed should not be followway for an immediate dissolution of ed. When their lordships considerParliament. Mr Tierney eagerly en- ed the circumstances arising from the deavoured to draw from Lord Cas- loss his present Majesty had sustaintlereagh a statement of the precise ed, the nature of the business which nature of the measures to be subwould have to come before Parliamitted ; but his lordship contented ment, and particularly the considerahimself with saying, " they would tion of the civil list, he would leave be only such as were indispensable, them to judge, whether, with referand which the House might easily ence to all they knew respecting the understand ;” which last proposition details of public business at this peMr T. strenuously denied.

riod of the session, the important On the following day, Lords Lia subjects to which he had alluded verpool and Castlereagh laid fully were likely to meet the attention open the views which had induced which was due to them; and whether them to advise the proposed dis- that event, which would only postsolution. The former observed : pone the bringing them forward for According to the common law, Pare a few months, was not one which liament expired immediately on the would place Parliament in a situation demise of the Crown. He was aware to consider them with greater deli. that a specific act had been intro- beration. duced to regulate the dissolution; Lord Castlereagh, in the House of but as far as he could trace the prins Commons, more particularly obser. ciple on which that act had been ved:- The alternative to which, in his adopted, it appeared to be a desire to opinion, his Majesty's government avoid any inconvenience which might was reduced, was this either that arise from a disputed succession. the existing Parliament should go While, however, he stated his opi- through the entire business of the nion as to the origin of the act, he session, and prolong its deliberations was sensible that many other cire as long as might be requisite for that purpose, or that a new Parliament ed the dissolving of Parliament, which should be called with as little delay was the King's sole and unquestionas possible. On adverting, then, to able prerogative, to become a subject the two branches of this alternative, of discussion in the Houses themthe House must be aware that a selves. measure begun and not completed, The Marquis of Lansdowne would before a dissolution, was upon a far venture to say, that in the whole less advantageous footing than if it history of the country there was not had not been at all introduced. It an instance to be found of a monarch was desirable also for the public in proposing to Parliament the proterest, welfare, and tranquillity, that priety of its own dissolution. That the country should not be exposed was a proceeding which, according for an extended period to the agita- to the constitution, could not be tions incident upon a general elec- made a subject of discussion. But tion. The only question would then what necessity had the noble Earl be-what were the measures of such made out for the course of proceedpressing necessity as to fall under ing he proposed ? He had intimated the immediate cognizance of Parlia. yesterday that he separated the conment? He knew that it had been sideration of the different parts of usual in practice to vote a great por- the message, as this subject would tion of the civil establishment of the be more properly explained by itself. Crown in the first instance; but as This explanation might be made in this would comprehend a variety of some quarter or another, but it had details, involving much consideration not yet been given there. The no. before they were brought under the ble carl had indeed adverted to a review of Parliament, as well as public necessity arising from the much discussion perhaps afterwards, difficulty of transacting business, as his Majesty's ministers had felt that, the ground of his proposition, but he without an extension of time beyond had by no means explained that nethe limit he had referred to, it was cessity. If he alluded to certain pubnot probable that this could be ar- lic services which were to be proranged by the present Parliament. vided for, and to provision to be They were anxious that the great made for the dignity of the crown, interests of the Crown and of the for his part he could see no reason country should be deliberated upon why these subjects should not be with calm minds and in a full attend. taken into consideration by the preance. Each of these desirable ob- sent Parliament. The civil list, bejects had now become hopeless, and ing a subject connected with the upon a view of all these circumdignity of the Crown, was one which, stances his Majesty's ministers had he atlmitted, required deliberation, deerned it their duty to advise the but its consideration had hitherto Crown to reserve for a new Parlia. been submitted to the Parliament ment the consideration of the public which assembled on the demise of business of the year.

the Crown. He readily admitted The opposite party, without abso that he knew of nothing in the act lutely attempting to thwart the pro. to prevent the Crown from dissolving posed measure, insisted that it was at Parliament on the very day of its asleast highly irregular. Ministers, it sembling, but then that was to be done was urged, were compromising the on the constitutional responsibility rights of the crown, when they suffer- of ministers; and since the passing of

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