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tinguished for conscientiousness in The death of the King had been public, and purity in private life. The only a short time preceded by that of long and deep shade which covered his fourth son, the Duke of Kent. the close of his career, and those great This event was the subject of very events, of the lapse of which he was deep regret. The Prince had reso deeply unconscious, softened all deemed some youthful faults, and acfeelings of party and personal disap- quired universal esteem, by the most pointment, and gave him, in the eyes extraordinary and unremitting exerof the nation, almost a sacred charac- tions in support of all those benefiter.

cent plans and institutions with which The death of the King was imme- the age teems. To those, latterly, diately followed by the accession of almost his whole time appears to have George IV., which took place with been devoted. The general correctall the usual formalities, and amid ex. ness of his domestic life, and the vir. pressions of general satisfaction. The tues and connexions of his august details, consisting of mere matters of spouse, heightened the public esteem ceremony, are given in the Chronicle. and regret.

CHAPTER II.

INSURRECTIONARY MOVEMENTS.

Plot by Thistlewood and others to Assassinate Ministers.The Detection.

Disturbances in Yorkshire.--Rising at Glasgow.-Action at Bonnymuir. Tranquillity restored.

The emotion caused by the death same time rendered desperate by the of George III., and the commence- state of his private affairs, formed a ment of a new reign, had scarcely scheme the most daring and atrocious subsided, when other, and very dif which had been witnessed by England ferent events, forced themselves on since the era of the Gunpowder Plot. public attention. The discontent, From amid the obscure recesses of the which had so long been deeply and metropolis he collected a small band secretly fermenting, exploded with of individuals, not of the very lowest such violence, as to diffuse for some rank, but whose ruined circumstances time a very serious alarm. The ge caused them to “regard the world as neral distress of the labouring classes not their friend, nor the world's law," presented, as usual, a state of things and rendered them fit instruments for highly favourable to the designs of such a deed of darkness. To them he the disaffected; while the disappoint- disclosed this new scheme-more da. ed and the sufferers in former abor- ring than had ever entered the mind tive attempts, becoming always more of the most infuriate enemies of social fierce and embittered, threw aside order. It was founded on the followat last that remnant of moderation ing circumstances : to which they considered their former The Ministers of the Crown are acfailures as imputable, and determined customed, from time to time, to ce. to proceed at once to the most vio. ment their union by that grand Englent extremities.

lish rallying point-a dinner ; to London, which contains always a which the members of that high conpopulation ready for every criminal fidential body, entitled the Cabinet, and desperate enterprize, afforded the are alone admitted. It was proposed first theatre of action. Thistlewood, to seize one of these occasions. An who, by legal distinctions, rather than armed band might be organized, by any proof of innocence, had esca- which, though unfit to cope with any ped the effects of a former tumult, regular or duly assembled force, emboldened by impunity, and at the could surprise a few unarmed and

VOL. XII. PART 1.

unsuspecting individuals, collected on Edwards, one of their own number ; an occasion which tended to lull whom they afterwards loudly denounasleep every caution. Buoyed up by ced as having acted the part not only these fatal hopes, he anxiously wait- of a spy, but of an instigator. This ed the moment when the newspapers, charge was never investigated. There according to their usage, should an- certainly appears some ground to susnounce a Cabinet dinner. The affair pect that Edwards had some conhad already been opened in secret cern, not in originally devising the conclave; and about twenty-five had affair, but in maturing and bringing it been found, who declared themselves into shape ; a course certainly highly ready for every extremity. A garret unjustifiable, though it was a case in or loft was hired in Cato-street, a se- which the services of an informer, or questered situation at the west end of even of a simple spy, could by no the town, in which the instruments means be rejected. Besides him, howof death were deposited ; and a ren- ever, another, (Hyden) who had for dezvous appointed on the afternoon a moment been seduced, but whose of the 230 February to muster for better sentiments prevailed, followed the fatal onset.

Lord Harrowby into the Park, and Such were the means by which it made a full communication of the criwas expected to overthrow the Bri- minal designs which were to be put tish Constitution, and erect a new in execution that very day. This ingovernment on its ruins. Yet con- formation being communicated to the temptible as these appeared, it would Cabinet, and confirmed from other have been rash to estimate, accord quarters, it was still determined to deding to them, the extent of the evil lay any apprehension of the conspiwhich might have ensued. The as. rators, till they should be in a situasassination, could the design of it tion which might render the proof of have escaped detection, had certain their guilt complete. Jy the chances of success in its favour. The preparations for the dinner As soon as this should be announced, went on ostensibly as before ; and the instruments were ready to raise in the police officers contented themselves city the standard of insurrection, with watching the premises, into which would probably have been join- which materials for the dark purpose ed by many ; while, in the North of intended were seen conveying in the England, and the West of Scotland, course of the day. In the afternoon, a a store of combustible materials was a body of twenty-five conspirators collected, ready to blaze at the first were mustered, and were taking some spark. Although, therefore, the so- refreshment previous to issuing forth lid elements which compose the Brie to fulfil cheir fatal purpose. Meantish Constitution could never have time, Mr Birnie of the police had yielded to such an attack, yet an in- collected twelve officers, who were terval of anarchy and bloodshed could supported by a company of the Coldnot have failed to ensue, sufficient, for stream Guards, under Captain Fitza long time, to derange the state ma- clarence. The loft was accessible onchine, and to aggravate, in a fearful ly by a ladder, at the foot of which degree, all the evils under which the a sentinel was posted. The officers, nation already groaned.

however, secured the sentinel, and The state was never in actual dan- rushed up the ladder; but by this ger of such an issue. The conspira- time the conspirators had taken the tors were, from the first, betrayed by alarm, armed themselves, and, at the call of Thistlewood, were hastily put defences of their counsel, the Jury, ting out the lights. Thus prepared in a case of such manifest and atrofor the mortal combat, they rushed cious guilt, made no hesitation in findto meet the officers; and Thistlewood ing a verdict against them to the full thrust his sword into the body of one, extent of the charge. (Smithers) who instantly expired. What connexion, or whether any, The troops now rushed in, and a des. this daring attempt had with the disperate conflict ensued in the dark; contents fermenting in the provinces, during which, Captain F. had nearly does not seem very well ascertained. received the pistol-shot of one of the Certain it is, that at this time, the assassins. Thistlewood made his way malcontents entered very extensivedown the stair, and 'escaped; but ly into the determination to throw off nine were seized; among whom were all appearances, and to raise the standIngs, Tidd, and Davidson, three ring- ard of open insurrection. For some leaders; the rest leaped out of the months, preparations for this issue window behind, and escaped over had been almost publicly making walls, and through obscure passages. midnight drillings took place through

The most active exertions of the out all the disturbed districts-popu. police were now directed to the ap- lar meetings were entered and quitted prehension of Thistlewood; and on in the military step-pikes were mathe following morning he was traced nufactured and supplies of fire-arms by Lavender and Bishop to an ob- procured from every quarter. score house in White-street, Little T he centre of disturbance, as to Moorfields. There, having lulled him, England, lay among the woollen maself into a belief of his own safety, he nufacturers in the Western Riding of was found lying securely in bed, and Yorkshire ; particularly about Leeds, was obliged to surrender without re- Wakefield, and Huddersfield. From sistance.

the 31st March to the 3d April, the On the same morning, Brunt, an- inhabitants were disturbed by small other of the most active agents, was armed detachments traversing the arrested at his own house. It was sa- country, and even approaching the tisfactory to observe, that as the towns, though they did not venture conspirators were carried along the to face the military. At length, it bestreets, sympathy in their favour seem- came generally understood, that on ed scarcely in any instance excited; the night of Tuesday the 3d, a geneand, in general, unequivocal horror was ral union was to take place, and a expressed of the crime which they desperate attempt made to possess had meditated.

themselves of Huddersfield. A meetThe leading conspirators being thus ing was held of the principal inhabisecured, no time was lost in bringing tants of that town—the armed assothem to trial. The great technical ciation was called out—the entrances difficulties, which by the legitimate barricaded-and Huddersfield exhijealousy of the English law attend bited all the appearances of a besiethe proof of treason, obliged the law- ged place. During the night, paofficers to secure conviction, by call- troles employed to scour the country ing in the murder of Smithers; and brought intelligence that armed pareven to avail themselves of the act ties were moving from all points in against cutting and maiming. Not- the direction of Grangemoor, a large withstanding, however, the ingenious plain about six miles from Hudders. field, and half way on the road to months it had been understood, that Wakefield. Thither, accordingly, was union societies, connected with those dispatched a small body of troops, in England, had been very activeconsisting partly of Irish dragoon that secret drillings were carried on guards, and partly of yeomanry.- and threats of actual insurrection Meantime, the insurgents, to the num- had been repeatedly thrown out. Arber of two or three hundred, had ac- rests of suspected persons had taken tually collected in Grangemoor, with place at different times, but without arms and standards. This force, how. being able to strike at the root of the ever, was so much smaller than they evil. A general rising, it appears, was had been taught to expect, as plainnow determined on, in concert, doubtJy to prove the delusion practised less, with their brethren in England; upon them. Their situation besides, but the means taken to effect their when, inflamed by the harangues of purpose displayed an excess of audatheir popular orators, they formed a city, which the latter could in no detumultuary resolution to hazard all gree match. On the night of Saturin the cause of liberty, was very dif- day the 1st April, there was posted ferent from the present, when they up in the streets of Glasgow, an“ Adfound themselves standing on the bat- dress to the Inhabitants of Great Britle field, to abide the issues of life and tain and Ireland.” It was composed death. Under the influence of these in name of the provisional governfeelings, long before the appearance ment, and might be considered as an of the cavalry, the whole party threw open declaration of war against the down their arms, and fled in every din existing government. It enjoined, rection which appeared to afford the that all labourers, of every descripbest promise of safety. The soldiers, tion, should desist from work, and on arriving, saw nothing but the field should not resume it, till they had bestrewn with a hundred pikes and a obtained equality of rights ; it degreen standard, which they collected. nounced, as traitors to their King, all No further attempts were made in who should resist the measures about this quarter to disturb the public to be taken to attain that object ; fitranquillity.

nally, it warned all who should neIn the course of these transactions, glect to comply with these injunctwenty-two persons were arrested; tions, that the provisional government and in September following, the Jury would not indemnify them for any found true bills against them for High loss which they might sustain during Treason. On their consenting, how- the approaching conflict. The same ever, to plead Guilty, the lives of all placard was posted up in Paisley, and were spared, and milder punishments in all the towns and villages for twen. allotted, according to the degrees of ty miles round. The power of those their guilt.

from whom this mandate had emana. It was in Scotland, after all, that ted, was fully displayed next week by rebellion stalked with the most open the multitudes who quitted their emfront. No part of that division of that ployments, and wandered through the country contains such a concentrated streets in a state of portentous idlemass of population as Glasgow and ness. Emissaries were then sent to its vicinity, including Paisley, and nu- all the works that were still carried merous large villages, all employed in on; and by the joint influence of perthe cotton manufacture. For several suasion and threats, most of them

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