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It was called " 'Portuguese Hymn" from its use in the chapel of the Portuguese embassy, London. Vincent Novello, q.v., organist of that chapel, assigned this tune to John Reading, but lately a claim has been made that the tune was written by a Portuguese musician named Marcantoine Simao, who, going to Italy to produce his operas, was there nicknamed "Il Portogallo." He was chapelmaster to the king of Portugal, and went into exile with him to Brazil. In the ninth edition of Brazil and the Brazilians, Boston, on page v. of the preface, it is said that Portogallo composed this tune, but as no dates or references are given the traditional name has been adhered to. Simao had a brother who visited London and wrote considerable church music, and it is possible he composed the tune. Adeste Fideles

154

Reinagle, Alexander Robert [1799-1877], born at Brighton: appointed organist of St. Peter's-in-the-East, Oxford, 1822 or 1823; resigned, 1853: published about 1830, in Psalm Tunes for the Voice and Pianoforte, set to Psalm cxviii., St. Peter

147, 245 Richardson, John [1816-1879], born at Preston: educated there at Fox Street Catholic School: member of St. Wilfrid's choir, then of that of St. Nicholas Catholic Chapel, Liverpool; organist of St. Mary's Catholic Church, Liverpool, 1835; then of St. Nicholas, as above, 1837; taught music at St. Edward's College, 1844-1857. In the Merton Tune Book, 1863, in The Bristol Tune Book, 1863, anonymous, and in Frederick Westlake's The Popular Hymn and Tune Book, 1869, assigned to Richardson, but probably arranged by him from a tune in Tochter Zion, Cologne, 1741, may be found St. Bernard 84, 177 Ritter, Peter [1760-1846], born at Mannheim: pupil of Abbé Vogler: chapel-master to the grand duke of Baden, 1811: wrote in 1792

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Schumann, Robert Alexander [1810-1856], born at Zwickau, Saxony: Ph. D., Jena, 1840; studied under Thibaut at Heidelberg, 18281830; at Leipzig under Friedrich Wieck and Heinrich Dorn : founder of the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, and its editor, 1834-1844; professor of composition in Mendelssohn's newly founded Conservatoire at Leipzig, 1843; music-director at Düsseldorf, 1850-1853. From No. 4 of Nachtstücke, opus 23, has been adapted Canonbury . 100, 183 In Cantica Laudis, Boston, 1850, there called White," appeared the tune named below. It is commonly assigned to Schumann, but

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From an air and chorus in his oratorio of Calvary, composed in 1835, has been adapted Spohr.

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Stainer, Sir John [1840- ], born at London chorister at St. Paul's, 1847-1856; Oxford, B. A., 1864, M. A., 1866, Mus. Bac., 1859, Mus. Doc., 1865: organist of St. Benedict and St. Peter, Paul's Wharf, London, 1854-1855; of St. Michael's College, Tenbury, 1856-1859; of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1859– 1872; also of Oxford University, 1860-1872; of St. Paul's, London, 1872-1888; professor of music, Oxford, 1889: knighted, 1888. In Hymns Ancient and Modern, 1889, although probably published earlier, may be found

Love Divine

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In his cantata of The Crucifixion, 1887, as No. 20, first appeared

Crucifixion.

249

In Hymns Ancient and Modern, 1889, there called "Matrimony," may be found

St. Giles.

280

In Hymns Ancient and Modern, 1875, first appeared Credo.

191

Steggall, Charles [1826- ], born at London educated at the Royal Academy of Music; professor there, 1851-; Trinity College, Cambridge, Mus. Doc., 1851 organist of Christ Chapel, Maida Hill, 1848-1855; of Christ Church, Lancaster-gate, 1851-1865; of Lincoln's Inn, 1864-; examiner at Cambridge for the degree of Mus. Doc., 1882-1883: musical editor of Hymns Ancient and Modern, 1889-: composed in 1848, and published in

Church Psalmody, 1849, which he edited, there named St. Barnabas,

Pastor Bonus

10

and in the Rev. R. Brown-Borthwick's Supplemental Hymn and Tune Book, 3d edition, 1868

196

Day of Praise Stewart, Sir Robert Prescott (1825-1894], born at Dublin: educated in the school of Christ Church Cathedral: chorister, then organist there in 1844; organist of Trinity College, 1844; vicar-choral of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1852; Dublin, Mus. Doc., 1851, University | professor, 1861: knighted, 1872: contributed to the "Irish" Church Hymnal, 1874, Mount Calvary. 68, 140 Strattner, Georg Christoph [1650-1705], born at Ungarn: organist of the chapel of the prince of Durlach; afterwards chapelmaster at Frankfort-on-the-Main, and at Weimar: composed, in triple time, for Neander's Bundes und Himmelslieder, 1691, set to the words "Himmel, Erde, Luft und Meer," the tune named below. It appeared in common time in Freylinghausen's Gesangbuch, 1705. Posen 77,297 ],

Sullivan, Sir Arthur Seymour [1842

son of Thomas Sullivan, musician: born at London chorister at the Chapel Royal, 1854-1857; Mendelssohn scholar of the Royal Academy of Music, 1856-1858; then Leipzig, 1858-1861; organist of St. Michael's, Chester Square, till 1867; of St. Peter's, Cranley Gardens, London, till 1871: Mus. Doc., Cambridge, 1876, Oxford, 1879: knighted, 1883: contributed to Church Hymns, 1874, of which he was musical editor,

Saints of God.

In The Hymnary, 1872, appeared

St. Edmund .

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(1st Tune) 85 To Church Hymns, 1874, he contributed his arrangement of

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Tansur, William [1700-1783], born at Dun church, Warwickshire: stationer, bookseller, teacher of music: organist at Barnes, Ewell, St. Martin's, Leicester and St. Neol's: pub- W lished in A Compleat Melody or the Harmony of Sion, London, 1735, marked " Composed ir Yt Four Parts, W. T.,"

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Tuckerman, Samuel Parkman [1819–

born at Boston, Massachusetts: studied i Zeuner organist and director at St. Pa Boston, 1844; studied church music in 1 land, 1849-1853; Mus. Doc., Academy of Cecilia, Rome, 1852, and Lambeth, 18: published in the National Lyre, Boston, 18. Humility

Turton, Thomas [1780-1864], born in York shire St. Catherine's Hall, Cambridge, B. A. senior wrangler, 1805, M. A., 1808, B. D., 1816 fellow of his college, 1806, tutor, 1807: dea:

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of Peterborough, 1830; dean of Westminster, 1842; bishop of Ely, 1845: composed in 1844, and published that year in The People's Music 209 Book, set to a version of Psalm c., Ely

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134, 236 Tye, Christopher [1508-1572], Cambridge, Mus. Bac., 1537, Mus. Doc., 1545: rector of Little Wilbraham, 1564-1567; of Newton, 1568-1570; of Doddington-cum-March, 15711572; gentleman of the Chapel Royal, 1545; musical preceptor to Edward VI.; organist of Ely Cathedral, 1541-1562 is said to have restored church music after it had been almost ruined by the dissolution of the monasteries. In 1553 he published The Actes of the Apostles translated into Englishe Metre, with Notes to eche Chapter. Only the first fourteen chapters were published. From this work have come several well-known tunes. From the second half of the tune set to Chapter VIII. [but see Psalter, Thomas Este's], has been adapted Winchester Old

20, 129 Vulpius, Melchior [1560-1616], born at Wasungen, Thuringia: became precentor at Weimar, about 1600. From the 2d edition of Ein schön geistlich Gesangbuch, Jena, 1609, Christus, der ist mein Leben," has

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Dorn in Weale, William [

144, 202

lch, James [1837- ], son of John alch: born at Egerton, near Bolton: pupil his father; then of Henry Smart; organist f Duke's Alley Congregational Church, Bolcon, 1851; of Wamesley Church, 1857; of St. George Parish Church, Bolton, 1863: composed for a children's anniversary, 1857, and published with other tunes for private circulation, 1860, Sawley

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-1727], Mus. Bac., Cambridge, 1719: organist of St. Paul's Church, Bedford, probably in 1715. It is thought that The Divine Musick Scholar's Guide . . . issued

Bedford .

by Francis Timbrell for the use of his scholars and all such as delight in Church Musick, and which contains "Bedford," with " Wm. Weale" as composer, was issued as early as 1715. The tune first appeared in common time in William Gardiner's Sacred Melodies, Vol. 1., 1812, set to the words "Our God, our help in ages past." 163 Webb, George James [1803-1887], born at Rushmore Lodge, near Salisbury: organist of a church in Falmouth, Cornwall; then organist of the Old South Church, Boston, Massachusetts, 1830-1870; fellow-worker with Lowell Mason, q. v.; president of the Boston Händel and Haydn Society, 1840: composed on the ocean, 1830, to the words ""T is dawn, the lark is singing," and first published as a secular song in The Odeon, 1837, and in England as a hymntune in The Wesleyan Psalmist, 1842, and then in Cantica Laudis, Boston, edited by Mason and Webb, 1850,

Webb.

214

Webbe, Samuel [1740-1816], born at Minorca: studied under Barbandt, organist of the Bavarian Chapel, London: organist of the Sardinian embassy. In his A Collection of Motetts or Antiphons, 1792, set to "O Salutaris," appeared Melcombe 22, 161, 243 Weber, Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst Freiherr von [1786-1826], son of Franz Anton von Weber, musician, a connection of Mozart's: born at Eutin: studied under Heuschkel; then under Michael Haydn; then at Munich under Kalcher; then at Vienna under Abbé Vogler: music-director at the theatre of Breslau, 1804-1806; private secretary to Ludwig, duke of Würtemberg, 18061810; music-director at Prague, 1813-1816; at Dresden, 1816-1826. From the opening chorus of Oberon, 1826, has been adapted the tune known in The Choir, 1832, edited by Lowell Mason, as "Chatham," sometimes called "Seymour," but here Weber

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Biographical Index of Composers.

Wellesley, Garret [1735-1781], first earl of Mornington: father of the duke of Wellington: Dublin, B. A., 1754, M. A., 1757, Mus. Doc., 1764, first professor of music, 1764-1774. From a chant, first published as a s. M. hymntune in Miller's David's Harp, 1805, has been adapted. Mornington

171 Wesley, Samuel (1766-1837], son of the Rev. Charles Wesley, q.v.: born at Bristol: organist of Camden Chapel, Camden Town, London: made known in England the works of Bach; "a composer of much excellent church music and the greatest organist of his time." In Psalms and Hymns for the Service of the Church, 1837, by J. B. Sale, appeared Doncaster

205, 298 In The Psalmist, a Collection of Psalm and Hymn Tunes, 1835, appeared

Harlow

301

Wesley, Samuel Sebastian [1810-1876], son of Samuel Wesley: born at London: chorister at the Chapel Royal; organist of St. James's Church, Hampstead Road, London, 1827; of St. Giles, Camberwell, 1829; afterwards of St. John's, Waterloo Road, and of Hampton-onThames; of Hereford Cathedral, 1832; of Exeter Cathedral, 1835; of Leeds Parish Church, 1842; of Winchester Cathedral, 1849; of Gloucester Cathedral, 1865-1876: published in A Selection of Psalms and Hymns by Rev. C. Kemble, 1864, the musical part of which he edited, set to "Jerusalem the golden,"

Aurelia

Willing, Christopher Edwin [1830son of Christopher Willing, chorister a assistant gentleman of the Chapel Roy born in Devon : chorister at Westmins Abbey under James Turle, whose pupil a assistant he afterwards became; organist Blackheath Park Church, London, 1845; the Foundling Chapel, London, 1848-18 of All Saints Church, Margaret Street; tl of St. Paul's, Covent Garden; organist a sub-conductor under Sir Michael Costa of Sacred Harmonic Society: composed for Appendix to Hymns Ancient and Mode 1868,

Alstone

Wilson, Hugh [1764-1824], son of Je Wilson born at Fenwick, Ayrshire: sh maker: educated at the village school; oc sionally led the psalmody in the Secess Church at Fenwick, and taught the villag music. On single slips, in common time, two parts only, under the name "Fenwic and then, in triple time, in Sacred Music use in St. George's Church, Edinburgh, 18 published by R. A. Smith, first appeared Martyrdom

Zeuner, Heinrich Christoph [1795-18! born at Eisleben, Saxony: organist of P Street Church, Boston; of the Händel : Haydn Society, 1830-1837: published in American Harp, Boston, 1832,

Missionary Chant

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29 Hummell

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