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my sister ?"
my heart. I demand for my wise the testing the cup to her lips, she drank its conof the bitter waters."
tents. For a moment her beautiful eyes “ Thy demand is granted,” said the high- were directed towards the roof of the tempriest.
ple, then slowly sinking upon the vast and “And, therefore," resumed IIophin, awe-stricken multitude, she recognized her “have I brought this barley-cake, unmix-brother, and faintingly exclaimed, “Amed with oil or spices, a cake of jealousy and miel, dear Ammiel, farewell !" a memorial of iniquity. Let the guilty per- “Hophin! thy turn has come,” said Asish!”
sir, presenting the other cup. “Wife of Ilophin, approach," intonated At that moment Ammiel rushed through the high-priest. And Ezela walked for the crowd, caught the fainting Ezela in his ward,
arms, and exclaimed, “Who dare accuse A young Levite takes two cups filled with blessed water and places them before "" Thy sister!" repeated Hophin, dropthe priest. Assir collects some grains of ping the cup, which broke in a thousand sand from the floor of the sanctuary and fragments on the pavement. slowly casts them into each cup, accom- “Read,” said Ammiel, presenting his panying the act with a few lowly-uttered mother's letter. words. Then advancing towards the wife Hophin spoke not. He dreaded being of Hophin he removes her veil, and the accused as the murderer of Ezela. temple shone as with the beauty of a Assir approached and whispered, “The seraph.
poison was not in the cup of Ezela !” “Oh! mercy and pardon for the young "In which, then ?" gasped Hophin, reand beautiful,” burst from the lips of the coiling.
"In neither!" replied the high-priest, The women were mute upon the occa- fixing his eyes on the broken cup with a sion.
look of savage disappointment. Regardless of this incident, the priest continued his dreadful office.
Ezela, recovering from her swoon, kissed cake from the husband's hands, and closely her husband's hand, and the forehead of her approaching Ezela, he whispered, “It is brother. Assir shrunk away from the scene not yet too late. Consent to be my wife ; as a foul bird from the light of day. All say but one word, Ezela, and thou art free.” the men, save the high-priest, blessed the
“ Priest, perform thy duty !" indignantly beautiful, and all the women envied her. murmured Ezela. Then raising her radi- "A moral phenomenon,” saith our chronant eyes to heaven, she added servently, icler, “ by no means confined to the Val“God of Israel, protect me!”
ley of Jehoshaphat.” "Daughter of Shiraz ! wife of Hophin!" said Assir, aloud, “ if thou art chaste in thought and deed, be thou unscathed by these waters. But if otherwise, may these waters which thou shalt drink prove thy last draught upon earth ?” Then taking the cup and placing it within her trembling hands added, with a fiendish emphasis, “Drink, spouse of Hophin.”
MAGNETIC DYNAMOMETER. — Its form is that Ezela looked at the cup, and then at her of a rectangular frame set up vertically. On the
lower cross-piece is fixed a horse-shoe electrohusband. His scornful glance aroused her
magnet with its points upwards, the armature of gentle spirit. People of Israel !" said the which is at the centre annular, and to it a dynavictim, with a voice that thrilled through mometric index is attached by means of a hook. the columns of the temple, but not through One end of a cord fastened to a ring in the dy. the heart of Hophin. “Men, who judge har
“Men, who judge cross-piece, and round the axle of a wheel arme, and ye women, who hear I swear
ranged above the frame. When the wheel is that I am innocent, that my heart is pure, turned until the armature be detached, the index and my tongue a stranger to falsehood. of the dynamometer shows the figure of the dial And yet I dread this trial, for the malice at which the point of the instrument stopped. of men may be taken for the judgment of This figure, deducting the weight of the armaGod. May the Lord pardon my enemies. dynamometer, gives the exact measure of the I pardon them from my soul.” Then rais- electro-magnetic force.---Literary Gazette.
ber me," he replies, "Yes, as long as memory
holds a place in this distracted globe.” From Frazer's Magazine.
Here is precisely what we contend for, viz. It was in the gardens of the Tuileries that I Such is implied in the tone of Hamlet's reply,
that true memory is made up of impression. met with an old college friend. He was prom- that it would be impossible to forget it, that enading a young lady, who seemed to me to nothing less than the dissolution of the moral have some difficulty in making herself under- and physical world could prevent him from restood, and still more in understanding her membering the scene which he had just witcavalier. They soon parted company, and my nessed. li became hereaster no matter of will old acquaintance came up to me, and com- with him to do so. To tell him to forget it or plained of the difficulties he found in speaking to remember it, would be synonymous,
It the French language. “ I always had a bad formed from that time a portion of his moral memory, you know, but I can remember facts existence, inseparable but by general dissolubetter than words.” I should have instantly tion. It is precisely the same in other matters, recognized my man, by this expression alone.
that which has made a very strong impression He went by the name of “ The Man of Facts” | is never forgotten; it may not always be at when he was at College, and it was to this hand, but it is still there: circumstances may alone that he ascribed all superiority. To again call it forth, fresh as it was deposited in possess more facts than one's neighbor was to the storehouse of the mind. The man withhave the greatest advantage over him. When out memory is the man whose mind is not orasked how he got through his examination, he ganized to receive such impressions as excite replied, “ Well enough;" but regretted that he ihose sensations which guarantee durability; had not so many facts as the professors who such as read the book and lay it down, and examined him; and he sighed for his want of forget where they left off; a state which may memory
occur to all at times, when the mind may be Now, nothing can be more erroneous than
preoccupied, but which is habitual with those were his ideas upon the subject. A man may who complain of bad memories. In these arpossess an immense number of facts, and be a very great goose. There are two kinds of guments a healthy state of body and mind are
the faculty of memory,—the one purely mechanical, which presupposed, for by nothing those possess who retain names, dates, and memory so impaired as by physical derange
may some facts,—the other is the result of an im- fections, or it may be suspended, or go to
be annihilated by organic afpression made upon the feelings; and the sleep. It may liappen that the power of complaint of want of memory is in general no
speech and the use of language be annulled, thing more than ohtuseness of an important that all moral existence may seem extinguishportion of the intellectual faculties. clever men complain of want of memory, or functions; but when the causes operating
ed, whilst the physical powers continue their find difficulty in retaining those things which these effects shall have been removed, then form a part or parcel of their intellectual en-shall blest memory return with all its force to joyments.
the point where its functions had been susThe lover of poetry may not be able to recollect when the battle was precisely sought, lectures of the late Sir Astley Cooper, illus
pended. The following case, quoted from the but if he have ever read Campbell's “Hohen
trates this position in a most satisfactory manlinden," he can never forget it.
ner:-A sailor falling from the yard-arm was read it but once, may not be able to repeat a taken up insensible, and carried into the hosline of it
, but there it is indelibly impressed up-pital in Gibraltar, where he remained in the on his feelings-he can call it up when he
same state for many months; he was conveyed pleases. It is as much his own as the author's. from thence 10 England, and admitted into St. The man without memory or without suscep. Thomas's Hospital. tibility of impression, which is almost synonymous, may have read it many times, and yet “ He lay upon his back with very few signs of know nothing about it; his eyes have passed life, breathing, his pulse beating, some motion in over it, but it has not passed through those his fingers, but, in all other respects, apparently portals to be indelibly stamped upon the sen-deprived of all powers of mind, volition, or sensorium. His ear may, perhaps, again recog-sation. Upon the examination of his head a de. nize the sound of the words, but still the thing pression was discovered, and he was trephined at itself has escaped his memory, and from the a period of thirteen months and a few days after best of all reasons—that it was never there. the accident. The man sat up in his bed four The want of memory of which such complain, hours after the operation, and, being asked if he may be compared to Falstaff's deafness. In four days from this time he was able to get out “Rather out, please you.
It is the disease of of bed and converse, and in a few more days he no: listening, the malady of not marking, that was able to say where he came from, and rememI am troubled withal."
bered meeting with the accident; but from that He who has summed up every thing and time up to the period when the operation was per. placed all things in their true light, has not formed (i. e. for a period of thirteen months and been wanting in the true definition of memory. upwards) his mind remained in a perfect state of When the Ghost says to Hamlet, “ Remem-oblivion."
Nothing was remembered which occurred | escaped him, but not a kind one either. The between the periods of the infliction of the bright armor of the French monarch could wound which caused the pressure and the re- not have received with more polished coldness moval of the piece of bone which produced it, and rigidity the blandishments of his youthful because nothing during that long time had captor. made any impression on the sensorium. The new governor-general, while apparentThere was a distinct separation of animal ly bent alone upon soothing his veteran chief, from moral existence.
contrived adroitly to pay his court to the Mr. Herbert Mayo has published a case of directors. The skilful and tortuous climax double consciousness with temporary loss of with which he rose from a panegyric on the memory. It is rather complicated in a meta- Indian army, to dilate upon his own ultraphysical point of view, but proves satisfactorily transcendental pacific disposition, was an unthe power ol'impression. There was no loss speakable reliet' to the assembled chairs. The of memory where the former had had its due Board was heard to draw a long sighof unutterinfluence. Some physical impediment in the able relief. Each chair muttered to itself, in uncirculation operated to prevent its manifesta- premeditated concert with its fellows–“ Pubtion at will; but it was there, and as soon as lic opinion is right; Sir Henry will be a safe the obstruction was removed memory again governor of India.” triumphed.
Oh the faithlessness of chairs as well as of I believe, therefore, that we are not far sitters upon chairs! Three little years have from wrong in accusing our friend of that not passed since Lord Ellenborough was want of perception and of impression which so feasted with as much empressement as now much limited the number of his facts that he Sir Henry Hardinge; yet on Wednesday his retained but very few; and his complaint name was not once named, even by the Duke against his memory was unjust and ill-found- of Wellington; and, what was worse, words ed, inasmuch as ihe food with which it is rife with implied charges against him supernourished must be duly digested and assimi- abounded. Sir Henry Hardinge's vehement lated before it form an integrant part of that protestations of pacific policy, his reiterated intellectual state which seldom complains of professions of deference to the Directors, and want of memory.
Sir Robert Peel's magnanimous declarations against any change in the constitution of our Indian government, all indicated where the shoe pinched under the late Governor-General. "No one knew what Lord Ellenborough might take into his head next; and Lord Ellen
borough, noi contented with setting the fee-farm BANQUET TO THE NEW GOVERNOR
of his masters the directors constantly on the GENERAL OF INDIA,
bazard, was barely civil to them when they
remonstrated. ** Welcome the coming, speed the parting guest.”
So, as far as ministers and directors can do From the Spectator.
it, Lord Ellenborough is quietly shelved.
Whether he will sit quietly down under this The Duke of Wellington's position at the East India Directors' dinner to Sir Henry
on his return, remains to be seen. Doubts apHardinge, on Wednesday, recalls the image from the unwonted despatch with which his
pear to be entertained on that head. Nay, of the captive French King in the tent of the Black Prince. The duke was the hero of the successor proceeds to the scene of action; it evening; Sir Henry, the nominal hero, laid might almost seem to be expected that Lord all the honor of the banquet at the duke's Bombastes Furioso, might "kick up a row"
good army” of feet; the chairman was lavish in bis eulo- before he allowed himself to be disbanded. giums of the duke; the great end and aim of the speechification was to soothe the duke. And yet, amid all this homage, the impertinent idea would recur, that the duke was sitting at the hospitable board of the Board that APPLICATION.-Every man of eminence, who had checkmated him.
writes his own biography, explicitly avows that he The duke, in return, was grimly civil. In is unconscious of any other reason for having athis speech-returning thanks for the toast of tained proficiency in his pursuits than intense aphimself and the army—there was, to be sure, plication. Supposing a fair share of natural ennot one word about indiscretion ; but, rigidly dowments to be given, an ardent desire to excel scrutinized, not one word of decided compli
will certainly overcome many difficulties. In the ment to his entertainers will be found in it. autobiography of the late Mr. Abraham Raimbach, No; though he sat at their table—though all we find an additional corroboration of this view.
an eminent engraver in London, just published, the delicacies of the season, and all the flat-* All true excellence in art is, in my humble teries of half-a-dozen seasons, were showered opinion, to be chiefly attributed to an early conupon him-not one word of his House-of-Lords (viction of the inadequacy of all means of improvephilippic was even by implication unsaid by ment in comparison with that of self-acquired him.
Not an expression positively unkind knowledge."
From the Westminster Review.
David Hume's CORRESPONDENCE. The
THE PROGRESS OF ART. late Baron Huine, the nephew of the philosopher, was generally known to be in possession of a pretty large collection of letters, forming the correspondence between his uncle and a 1. The Hand-Book of Taste, or how to circle of distinguished contemporaries. Many observe Works of Art, especially Carapplications were made for access to this col
toons, Pictures, and Statues. By Fabius lection ; but it was the opinion of the Baron, Pictor. Longman. at least until a comparatively late period, that 2. The Present State of Ecclesiastical the time had not yet come when a use of these MSS., sufficiently ample and free to be of
Architecture in England. By A. Welby service to literature, could expediently be
Pugin. C. Dolman, 61 New Bond street. made. On his death in 1833, as we then announced, he left the collection at the disposal
There are few subjects which are just of the Council of the Royal Society of Edin- now exciting more attention in England burgh; and it has now been for some time than the present state of the Fine Arts, and preserved in the archives of that body, access- few on which more has been said and writible only through the special permission of the ten; but still it does not appear that any Council
. After some deliberation regarding satisfactory conclusion has been arrived at the proper use to which this peculiar bequest should be applied, the Council resolved that on the subject, or that either the public or the collection should be placed at the disposal the artists themselves understand better of any editor on whom they might have reli what is wanted, or what would be the best ance, who should either publish such parts of means of improving their condition or enthe correspondence as have reference to lit- abling Englishmen to do something more erature, politics, and the personal life of Hume, creditable to the nation than has hitherto or employ them as illustrative of a memoir of been produced. In the meanwhile the dethis view the MSS. have been put at the dis- mand for art is as universal as the interest posal of Mr. J. H. Burton, advocate, who is at it excites, and whether it be for the statue present employing them, together with original or painting with which the rich man ornamaterials collected in other quarters, in the ments his dwelling, or for the ‘Penny Magpreparation of a Life of Hume, with sketches azine' or 'Illustrated News,' which find of his contemporaries. The MSS. in the pos- their way into the poorest cottage, every session of the Royal Society contain, besides class are enjoying the luxury; and it is of an ample correspondence with those eminent fellow-countrymen with whom it is well known an importance not easily overrated that a that Hume enjoyed unreserved intimacy, let- right direction should be given to this newters from D'Alembert, Carnot, Reynal, Mon-born taste in the nation, working for good tesquieu, and the other leaders of contempo- or evil to an extent which defies the calcurary foreign literature. These, with the let-lation of the boldest intellect. ters of Mad. de Boufflers, Mad. Geoffrin, It is not however, we fear, in this point Mlle. de l'Espinasse, and other female orna- of view that the government at present rements of the literary circles of Paris, will serve gard the question, and the parliamentary episode in Hume's life-his enthusiastic re- committees that have been appointed, and ception by the wits and the fine women of the the royal commissions that have been issued, reign of Louis XV. We understand, too, that seemed to have conceived that it was only these papers throw considerable light on the the wounded vanity of the nation at seeing strange quarrel between Hume and Rousseau. herself surpassed in art by Bavaria and other -Athenæum.
continental states, that made her now dePARISH Prizes.—Some readers will scarcely consequence is, that having ascertained
mand rescue from the disgrace; and the believe us when we mention that a practice has been begun in certain districts in England of giv. that art was at a singularly low ebb in this ing annual “ rewards to laborers for bringing up country (which all the world knew before their families independently of parochial relief."' they were appointed), they have determined He who seeks little or nothing from the parish to follow in the steps of the Germans, and gets a prize. The reward, however, is proportioned to the number of children he has had the try and rival what they conceive to be the merit of providing for by his own exertions. At splendid school of art that has recently a distribution of this kind at Aylesbury, on the arisen there. The experiment is now being 14th of September, we find that one of these mira. proceeded with, and though it would be children born to him in lawful wedlock, seven of presumption to prophesy that it cannot be whom he has brought up without parochial relief. successful, we have very strong doubts of Another got thirty shillings for having reared four its realizing the expectations of its sanchildren without any assistance from the parish. guine promoters.
AUGUST, 1844. 32
At the recent exhibition of cartoons that stised by Englishmen, could scarcely be said took place in Westminster Ilall in conse to exist in England; and it is now little quence of this resolution, the nation were more than eighty years since the first public astonished and delighted to find that Eng- exhibition of paintings took place. At that lish artists could produce as good designs period the attention of the public (if the as either the French or Germans, and all small body of men who then interested have been willing to hail with joy the new theniselves in art may be so called) was era thus opened to art. They have not paused more strongly directed to the subject than to consider that what could so easily be at any subsequent period till the present, done by some dozens of artists who never and with strong grounds for hope; for that before thought on the subject, or never at- age produced Reynolds, West, Gainsbctempted that style of art, must indeed be a rough and Wilson, and Hogarth, and Flaxvery small and very easy exercise of intel- man,-men who raised British art from lect. They, indeed, who agree with the nothing to a palmy state it has not again committee, that, after rewarding the origi- reached, much less surpassed. The pronal eleven, there were still ten more so duce of all the excitement of that time was nearly equal to them that it would be un- the establishment of the Royal Academy; just if they too were not rewarded, may re- and the public satisfied that in this creation joice in the nation possessing such a band they had done all that was required to insure of Raphaels, and thank the commissioners the prosperity of the arts, forgot the subfor having been instrumental in bringing to ject, and relapsed into their former indifferlight such a mass of hidden talent, which ence; while ihe academy, feeling secure in God knows, no man in England ever before its monopoly, and its members discouraged dreamt of our possessing, and which certain by their inability to rival the great Italian ly never showed itself in the annual exhibi- masters, or even the contemporary continentions, or in any paintings these artists had tal schocls, sunk into a corporation of porhitherto produced. For ourselves the experi- trait painters, and left British art to seek ment goes far to prove that it is as easy for an its inspiration where it could; and as long educated artist to produce cleverly group- as their own pencils were fully employed, ed pictures of this sort as it would be for the academicians seem never to have sought any educated man to produce as good to direct or guide the taste or patronage of verses as ever Pope or Dryden wrote, pro- the nation to a better and higher style of vided it be understood that knowledge of art than what each individual found most the subject, and sense, and wit, are not re- profitable. Both artists and patrons seem quired to form a necessary ingredient in to have tacitly acknowledged the impossithe composition. He knows hule of the bility of rivalling their great prototypes, and long thought, and toil, and pain, with which have even been content to allow that in all great works are produced by even the great- that concerned art the French were our suest geniuses, who fancies that the stuff of periors, and that we could never hope (for immortality may be found in what is done seme good reason or other unexplained) to so easily and by so many.
possess a gallery like the Louvre or to create What appears to us, in the present state one like that of the Luxembourg or Verof matters, to be more wanted than cartoons, sailles. The French with all their loud boastis a correcter knowledge of what true art ings of pre-eminence have not been able to really is what are its purposes and objects excite in us a spirit of rivalry, nor their sneers —and by what means these are to be reach at the “Nation boutiquiére" to rouse us to ed. Till a clearer knowledge is obtained an energetic attempt to prove that the epion these points than at present seems to thet was unmerited. But when Bavaria, a exist, we fear that nothing that is really kingdom which stood lower than ourselves great or good will be done, and it is to this in the scale of artistic eminence, roused object that we propose to dedicate the fol- itself from its lethargy, and in a few short lowing pages; and though we cannot hope years, under the patronage of an enlightenwithin the narrow limits of an article to ex-ed prince, and without any greater advanamine any one of these objects as we should tages of climate (to which we are so fond wish, we still hope to be able to place some of ascribing our deficiencies), produced a parts of the subject in a clear light, and to school of art which, whether it be really jurn attention to others that are often over- great or not, has at least led to most brillooked entirely.
liant results and given employment to hunA century ago, painting, as an art prac- dreds of artists in every corner of Germany,