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TO THE EDITOR OF THE SPECTATOR.

6

ANIMAL MAGNETISM: PREVISION. done? Will magnetism afford you service ?"

_“Yes: it cannot avert the attack, but it may From the Spectator.

do much good. It will be a spasmodic attack,

and after a little while it will extend to the [Skeptical as we are on this subject, we have heart. The beart will not be originally affectno hesitation in printing, without comment, the ed; but the violence of the suffering will cause following case; which proceeds from a gentle- it to be affected sympathetically, and there will man well known to us for habits of careful ob

then be danger. Magnetism may remove servation and for scrupulous veracity. We

this." admit it as a record of a singular fact, what

“And will it not remove the other sufferever may be the explanation of which it is ings ?"_“ No." Then, after a pause, she susceptible.]

added—“it cannot remove them entirely; but I think it may mitigate them.”

" At whai time after the attack should I Clapham New Park, 18th January, 1844. commence the magnetic passes ?”—In about Dear Sir: Puzzled by the conflicting

half an hour." statements put forward on all sides regarding

“How long will the attack last ?"_“From Animal Magnetism, I resolved a year or two an hour to an hour and a quarter. It will be back, to seek by personal experiment a solu- dreadfully severe; bur it will not prove fatal. tion which I had in vain endeavored to arrive I shall have more of them. I have much sufat from the opinions of others. The result

fering to undergo.convinced me, not only that Animal Magnet: “ I cannot see.”

" When will the next attack take place ?"ism is a truth, but that it is one which, although productive of danger in the hands of inexperi

“What description of passes should I make enced persons, may be turned to the happiest on Wednesday, in order to relieve the heart ?'' account as a remedy for many human ills.

_Commence just under the heart, and make Have you courage to give insertion to the long passes to the feet.” following case? It is so singular that I can During what time am I to continue them ?" hardly expect any one to receive it without - About five minutes. You must also make considerable hesitation; and yet, as I am able passes across my back, if possible.” to pledge myself to the strict accuracy of its

" How long will it be before you cease to details, and to the respectability of station and suffer from these attacks ?"_" About eight high moral worth of the parties to whom it re- months." fers, I feel desirous that it should be widely “Will magnetism benefit you during that known.

time ?"__" Materially." On Monday the 25th December, I magnet

She still manifested much apprehension and ized Mrs. H- a married lady, twenty-eight anguish. Come," I said, "you must not be years of age. She had been magnetized at sad. I am sure that you can bear pain with intervals during the preceding year, altogether patience; and, as it will all end well, you must about six times. Upon each occasion she had not give way to despondency." manifested some degree of lucidity; and in the

- Ah!" she exclaimed, “I think of my chilonly instance when the experiment was tried, dren, and my husband— I know what he will she had answered readily to the action of my

feel." hand upon the various phrenological organs. On I now ceased speaking to her for a minute or the present occasion I magnetized her solely two: afterwards I said, “You must tell me if for the improvement of her health, as she was you desire to say any thing more, or if you suffering from weakness and a pain in the would rather sleep?". I think you had betbreast, the result of a confinement eight weeks ter awaken me." back. In other respects her health was good. I demagnetized her accordingly. She awoke

In less than two minutes from the com- instantly, and (as on all former occasions) tomencement of the magnetizing process, she tally unconscious of having uttered a single passed into a state of somnambulism. I then word. She said, however, that she was not so addressed her—“How do you feel ?” She much refreshed as usual, and that her head made no answer. I repeated the question two felt as if she had been engaged in the most inor three times, without success; but in a sew lense thought. To relieve this, I magnetized moments she exclaimed, with an expression of her again for a few minutes; and when she great anguish—"Oh, pretty well: but I shall was again awakened, she stated herself persoon be dreadfully ill."

fectly restored. I then took my leave; previ. 6. When shall you be ill ? now, while you are ously agreeing with Mr. H- that no intimabeing magnetized ?”—“ No, in two days time.”tion should be given 10 his wife of what had

" At what hour ?”—“Three in the after-passed. noon."

On the following day, I saw Mr. H—; “Can nothing be done to avert it ?”—“No- when he stated, that during the preceding thing.'

evening his wife had enjoyed excellent spirits, “What will it result from ? an accident, or and that she still continued in a satisfactory natural causes ?'—"Natural causes."

state. On the Wednesday morning, he told Can you tell me any thing that should be me that he had left her in apparently good

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health, excepting that she seemed in a state of circumstance of my having called; and I left depression which almost caused him to appre- her in the full belief that the visit had been an hend that her prediction would be verified. accidental one. She was herself, however, free from any anti- Since the above occasion she has been magcipation of evil.

netized several times; and she now predicts In the afternoon I proceeded to her house, with rigid accuracy the state of her health for intending to reach it about half-past three, several consecutive days. On the 7th of this which according to her prediction would be month, she announced a slight aitack to occur half an hour after the commencement of the at eleven o'clock in the morning of the 11th, attack, the time at which she had stated that which would not extend to the heart, and anmagnetism should be resorted to. Having, other severe attack at three P. M. on the 15th, however, little expectation that my services in which that organ would again be compromwould be required, (since I was inclined to re- ised. On both occasions the prediction was gard her forebodings merely as the result of a fulfilled even in its minutest particulars. momentary sadness,) I did not pay any par- I may mention, in conclusion, that until the ticular atiention to punctuality, and it was attack above described, she had never experitwenty-two minutes to four when I arrived.

enced any indisposition in which the heart was I found her extended upon a sofa, in the se-supposed to be in the slightest degree affected. verest agony. Her pain drew from her re- I am, dear Sir, very faithfully yours, S. peated cries, and I learned that she had been seized with a violent spasmodic affection.

I immediately commenced making the passes below the heart, which she had directed during her somnambulism on the preceding Monday.

“Does that give you relief ?”—“Oh yes; it greatly relieves the heart."

HYMN TO THE SEA. I then raised her to a sitting posture, and commenced the passes across her back.

From the Dublin University Magazine. “Oh! that gives still more relief-it takes it entirely away from the left side; but the Roll on, roll on, thou “melancholy sea," general pain remains the same.

That bearest on thy breast my love from me; She sank, apparently still suffering most se- I stand beside thee, and I gaze upon verely from attacks of pain in the epigastric The fading vessel that will soon be gone. region, which seemed to threaten suffocation. Oh! bear him safely, though away from me; She began, however, after I had made a few Rage not in storms, but murmur tranquilly; passes, to experience some short intervals of Make him remember her who thinks on him, ease. During one of them I asked, “ At what And weeps, and watches, till her eyes grow dim

Thou melancholy sea! time were you attacked ?"—“Half an hour or three-quarters of an hour before, you came; Blue sea, I chide thee not, though I am sad, nearer three-quarters of an hour.”' “ Was it sudden ?”—“Quite. I was in the But once I loved the surging billows' spray,

And all in mournful hues thy waves seem clad; passage, and was obliged to call one of the And thought their music ever blithe and gay; servants to help me to this room. It seemed Now I am sorrowful, and in thy moan to suspend animation. In about twenty min- I think I hear a drowning sailor's groan ; utes, or more, it attacked my heart; the blood Thy waters leap on high, but seem to me seemed to fill my head, and I was much To sing of shipwrecks with a fiendish gleealarmed. It continued till you came; my suf

I'hou melancholy sea ! ferings were dreadful: but now the pains seem no longer to affect the heart."

Roll on, roll on, ye light and sportive waves, She still continued to experience paroxysms, Ye look not as ye roll'd o'er sailors' graves :which I was only able partially to relieve. Ai And I do smile, and jest, and gayly sing, intervals she exclaimed, “on, how fortunate To hide the deep-felt pang my heart doth wring. you happened to call. I feel as if you had Like thee, blue sea, beneath a smiling face,

I bear deep anguish none may haply trace ; saved me.” She complained of fulness of the head, and Griefs, like sunk rocks beneath thy swellingtide

A careless mien, and jesting tongue may hide directed me to make two or three passes over

Thou melancholy sea ! her forehead; which gave her instant relief. At length, at about six or seven minutes past Bear on that barque, and take her safe to port, four, the pains seemed rapidly to subside. She Change not to rudeness thy now graceful sport : fell into a calm sleep, her countenance as. In fervent prayer I kneel upon thy shore, suming an expression of perfect composure; For blessings on the form I see no more. and from this, at about twenty minutes past Blue ocean? parting those who love so well, four, she awakened in good spirits, and, al- What wonder if thy roar should seem a knell? though greatly exhausted, perfectly free from Too oft thou rollest o'er a cherish'd head, pain.

Too oft our lov'd ones find an ocean bedShe continued to dwell on the "fortunate"

Thou melancholy sea !

MISCELLANY.

J. FLAXMAN, R. A.-An advertisement in our

usual columns intimates the contemplation of a ORIGIN OF THE NAMES OF THE AMERICAN

somewhat tardy act of national justice and gratiSTATES.- Maine was so called as early as 1638, tude, by the erection of a portrait-statue to the from Maine in France, of which Henrietta Maria, memory of one of our greatest sculptors, John Queen of England, was at that time proprietor. Flaxman. Like all the men of the highest genius, New Hampshire was the name given to the terri- though to a certain degree appreciated in his lifetory conveyed by the Plymouth Company to apt.

time, far inferior artists carried off the more sterJohn Mason, by patent, November 7, 1639, witli ling proofs of public consideration, and he existed reference to the patentee, who was Governor of to produce works which give him immortality. Portsmouth, in Hampshire, England. Vermont His designs and relievos were too far above the was so called by the inhabitants in their declara- bust or figure, or fanciful trifle, to meet with the tion of independence, January 16, 1777, from the applause of the million, and the few who could French verd, green, and mont, mountain. Massa- judge of their worth were too few to reward their chusettsfrom a tribe of Indians in the neighborhood creator as he deserved. At last, however, a meof Boston. “I have learned," says Roger Wil. morial is proposed for him, and we cannot doubt liams, “ that Massachusetts was so called from the will be sufficiently supported. It is true the fine, Blue Hills.” Rhode Island was named in 1644, pale, intellectual-looking man did not want for in reference to the Island of Rhodes in the Medi- bread, but wealth was not his, and it is full time terranean. Connecticut was so called from the that we offered him a stone, hallowed by our feelIndian name of its principal river ; New York in ings and admiration.—Lit. Gaz. reference to the Duke of York and Albany, to whom this territory was granted. Pennsylvania ANCIENT MONEY.- A treasure of old silver was named in 1681, after William Penn. Dela- coinage of Edward I. of England, and Roberts and ware, in 1703, from Delaware Bay, on which it Davids of Scotland, has been found in a piece of lies, and which received its name from Lord De ground near Closeburn, Dumfriesshire. It is rela War, who died in this bay. Maryland, in ported to amount to 10,000 coins, and the cannie honor of Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I, folks around to have made a pleasant barvest in in his patent to Lord Baltimore, June 30, 1632 collecting it.—Lit. Gaz. Virginia was named in 1584, atter Elizabeth, the virgin Queen of England. Carolina, by the French in 1564, in honor of King Charles IX. of M. Guizor.-M. Guizot's facility for going to France. Georgia, in 1772, in honor of King sleep after extreme excitement and mental exerGeorge III. Alabama, in 1817, from its principal tion is prodigious, and it is fortunate for him he is river. Mississippi, in 1800, from its western so constituted, otherwise his health would mateboundary. Mississippi is said to denote Kie, rially suffer. A minister in France ought not to whole river, that is, the river formed by the union be a nervous man; it is fatal to him if he is. of many. Louisiana, so called in honor of Louis After the most boisterous and tumultuous sittings XVI. of France. Tennesee, in 1796, from its at the Chamber, after being baited by the Oppoprincipal river; the word Tennesee is said to sition in the most savage manner-there is no signify a curved spoon. Kentucky, in 1782, from milder expression for their excessive violenceits principal river. Illinois, in 1809, from its prin- he arrives home, throws bimself upon a couch, cipal river. The word is said to signify the river and sinks immediately into a profound sleep, of men. Indiana, in 1802, from the American from which he is undisturbed till midnight, when Indians. Obio, in 1802, from its southern boun- proofs of the Moniteur are brought to him for indary. Missouri, in 1821, from its principal river. spection. Madame Guizot, who lives with her Michigan, named in 1805, from the lake on its son, is upwards of 80 years of age; never was borders. Arkansas, in 1819, from its principal there a more vigilant, tender, nervous mother. river. Florida was so called by Juan Ponse le Her husband lost bis life upon the scaffold of the Leon, in 1572, because it was discovered on Eas. Revolution, and nothing can divest her of the ter Sunday; in Spanish, Pascus Florida.-Sim- idea but that her son will undergo the same fate. monds's Colonial Magazine.

This keeps her in perpetual alarm, and whenever she hears there is to be one of those violent

discussions which but too often disgrace the AN EXPLOSION OF SUBTERRANEOUS WATER French Chambre des Deputés, she watches for took place lately in the district of Vizeu, in Por- the return of her son with the greatest anxiety tugal, by which the soil was torn up, and earth and misgiving.–Court Journal. and stones flung to a great beight into the air, for the distance of more than a le'gue, between the small river Oleiros and the Douro. All the culti- British GUIANA.- From a prospectus publishvated land over which the water flowed was de- ed at the Royal Gazette office, Denierara, and forstroyed, and in many places it created ravines warded to us, we learn that a society for the proforty feet in depth, and thirty fathoms wide. It motion of agriculture and commerce in that imcarried away and shattered to fragments in its portant colony is now being formed. Public course, which was of extreme rapidity, no fewer rooms are to be established in Georgetown, with than fifty wind and water mills, choked the Douro library, museuns, and models; and premiums and with rubbish, and caused the death of nine per- grants of money are to be awarded for the adsons, including one entire family. On the same vancement of every branch of agriculture, manuday a similar explosion took place in the mountain factures, and trade So excellent an institution of Marcelim, in the same district, arising from the cannot fail to produce great benefits, and the same source, but branching off in the direction of wealth of the colony will enable its members to . the river Bastanza.- Correspondent of the Times. carry it on with liberality and spirit.-Lit. Gaz.

27*

Roral BIRTHDAYS IN April.-It is remarka. I boat reached the group of granite rocks near Asble how many Royal personages now living date souan, which forro the cataract. The first gate their births in the month of April. The 25th was easily passed; but in the second, owing to ult., the day on which her Majesty celebrated the violence of the current, it hung for ten minher birthday, is the anniversary of the births of utes, vibrating, but almost stationary, and in dan their Royal Highnesses the Duchess of Glouces- ger every moment of being dashed on the rocks, ter and the Princess Alice. In other Royal fam- only four paces distant. It was a fearful strug. ilies of Europe, several birthdays occur during gle': but at last, by carrying out rope in a small the month of April-viz., her Majesty the Queen boat, the pasha himself and three sailors obtainof the French was born on the 26th of April, ed a purchase on an island, and succeeded in 1782; the Queen of the Belgians on the 3d of bringing the laboring vessel through. Three April, 1812; Queen Christina of Spain on the hundred Nubians witnessed, and some of them 27th of April, 1806; the Emperor of Austria on with poles assisted in this triumph. The third the 17th of April, 1793; the Queen of Portugal gale (as these narrow passes are called) was suron the 14th of April, 1819; and the Sultan on mounted, and the anchor dropped off the village the 19th of April, 1823.—Court Journal. of Messid, within sight of the famous island of

Philæ. The exploit was attempted in 1838 by SOMNAMBULIST.-We give the following almost Mahomed Ali, but defeated at the second gate; incredible account of a somnambulic exhibition and now the passage is shown to be practicable from the Paris Globe. After noticing some pre- it will often be repeated, and produce important vious exhibitions of the same nature by M. Mar- effects in this part of the world.-Lit. Gaz. cellet with the somnambulist, the "young Alex. is," the Globe says :-“We will now speak of the exhibition at the hotel of the Viscountess de RAFFAELLE TAPESTRIES.-Of the two sets of Saint-Mars. M. Victor Hugo, who was present, tapestries from the Cartoons, wrought under the had prepared at home a sealed packet, in the cen inspection of the artist and his pupils Von Orlay tre of which he had placed a single word, print and Coxis, one is in the Vatican; and that now ad in large characters. The somnambulist, after before the public is the second, sold from Eng. turning over the packet every way, spelled land into Spain after the martyrdom of Charles alowly-p-0-1-i, poli, and then exclaimed, 'II., and now happily restored to us, at least for a do not see the letter that immediately follows, season. Mr. Tupper, the British consul, obtainbirt 1 perceive those which come afterwards, --i ed the series from the Alva family twenty years --0-e; eight letters ;---Do, I now see nine ; ago, and from him they became the property of it is a -, politique, and the word is printed on their present exhibiter. light green paper. M. Hugo cut it out of a

They are in wonderfully fine preservation, pamphlet, which I now see at his house.' Simi: faithfui to the originals, fresh in color, and lar experiments were frequently repeated, and spirited in every thread and stitch. Of the nine always with the same success, at the house of M. in existence, there are here seven corresponding Charles Ledru, where they took place especially, to the Cartoons at Hampton Court, and two in order that Lord Brougham might witness them. others, viz. the Stoning of St. Stephen and the His Lordship was quite astounded at seeing Alex: Conversion of St. Paul, of which the Cartoons is playing at cards with his eyes bandaged, and are lost; but as the death of Ananias and Paul reading through several sheets of paper. But the preaching at Athens could not find room, we last experiment was of a nature to remove all have the former novelties in their stead, and to doubt. What word have I written there?said these we would direct the marked attention of Lord Brougbam, presenting bis closed hand. visitors. + Chester,' replied the somnambulist. The Hon.

The Stoning of St. Stephen is the smallest of Mrs. Dawson Damar then said, 'Can you tell me these productions, being only 13 feet wide and what I placed on the guéridon of my salon before 12 feei 10 inches high. The martyr is on his I left bome? Yes, euadam, I see there a medal. knees, and his earthly suffering radiated with the Lion. What does it contain ?' • Hair.' Whose hope of immortal glory. One of his barbarous hair?' That of three personages-the Emperor executioners stooping io lift a large stone is a Napoleon, Wellington-as to the third, I cannot grand piece of drawing; and another figure casttell his name,

but he died before Napoleon, and ing a rock at his devoted head is equally a splenwas an Englishman-a sailor.' The Hon. Mrs. did anatomical and expressive study: Other Damar then named Lord Nelson. Some days parts are almost as remarkable for skill, beauty, afterwards, Viscount Jocelyn having presented a and contrast. bos well wrapped up to the young Alexis, the The Conversion of St Paul ranks among the latter instantly said that it contained only one ob- six largest tapestries, being 18 feet 3 inches in ject, that it was red, and came from a distant width, by 13 feet in height. It is a glorious comcountry. He ended by saying that it was a piece position, full of stirring life, passion, and energy of coral cut into a death's head. --Court Jour. The supernatural light from heaven, the prosnal.

trate Roman leader, the amazement of his gol

diery, the confusion of man and horse, the anSTEAM ASCENT OF THE FIRST CATARACT of tique architectural forms of Damascus, the variety THE NILE.-We have mentioned the accomplish- and richness of Oriental costume, and the angelic ment of this great feat, an epoch in science and group over all, render this representation admiraits African power. It seems to have been effect. Ible even among those wonderful works its comed principally through the energy and presence of panions, with whose astonishing mastery over mind of Achmet Menikli Pasha, the new gover- every difficulty and perfection of art we have benor of Soudan, who was ascending the river to come familiar. Or itself it would be a great exhithe seat of his rule. In six days from Cairo the Ibition for every lover of the fine arts.- Lit. Gaz,

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HERSCHEL OBELISK AT THE Cape of Good with a request that those gentlemen would kindly Hope —" An Account of the Erection of the undertake the necessary superintendence of the Herschel Obelisk at the Cape of Good Hope, ac- work ; a request to which they acceded with alaccompanied by the Report of Colonel Lewis, and rity; and the obelisk, in packing cases, arrived in a Plan of the same," by Thomas Maclear, Esq. Table Bay in the month of August, 1841, where The following is an abstract. Sir John Herschel, it was safely landed under the guidance of ColoJuring his residence at the Cape, was President nel Lewis. of the South African Literary and Scientific In. The following is the report of Colonel Lewis stitution. When he was about to leave the colo- on the erection :"In excavating the foundation, ny, the members expressed a desire to present wbich was of black sand, it was found necessary him with some token of remembrance ; and, at a to go down 4 feet 10 inches to arrive at the iron. full meeting, a few days before his departure, a stone gravelly bed, the substratum of the country gold medal was presented, with the impress of about Feldhausen. The masonry foundation was the institution on one side and a suitable inscrip formed of concrete, built up in courses of 12 or tion on the reverse. The feelings excited on that 14 inches, and composed of iron-stone gravel, and interesting occasion strongly evinced how much lime-morlar, well grouted together. On this mathe members regretted the loss of their president sonry bed a granite platform 9 feet 6 inches square and their admiration of une whose talents place was laid, and the small column fixed by Sir John him so far above ordinary men, and whose private Herschel on the site of the 20-feet reflector. This life was a pattern of every domestic virtue. The mark was removed for a few days, in order to sum subscribed having exceeded the expense of bring the masonry foundation to a proper height, the medal, another subscription-list was opened but the mark was relaid with mathematical corwith the intention of raising a fund for the pur- rectness by Lieut. Laffau, Royal Engineers. Prepose of placing a substantial structure on the site viously, however, to relaying the Herschel mark, of the 20-feet reflector in the garden of Sir John's the suggestion of the Committee of Construction late residence at Feldhausen. The proposal was was adopted of placing under it several silver and accordingly laid before Sir George Napier, who copper coins, a few inscription medals, and medals entered warmly into the project, and placed his of the South African Institution, struck in silver name at the head of the list annexed to a hand for the occasion ; and on the obverse were ensome subscription. In the course of a few days graved some notices, statistical and geographical, the sum subscribed amounted to £190. At a of the colony; the discoveries of Capt. Ross in general meeting, held on the 28th of November, the South Polar Regions in 1841 ; and the opera1833, the erection of the obelisk was finally de- tion of remeasuring the are of the meridian in termined on; and a committee was appointed to 1842. These subjects were beautifully executed carry its erection into effect. A fruitless attempt by Mr. Piazza Smyth, assistant-astronomer, and to procure a granite column at the cape, of proper hermetically sealed in glass bottles. Also there workmanship and within the resources of the Com- were deposited a map of the colony and engramittee, led to the adoption of a suggestion that one vings of nebulæ observed at Slough from 1825 to of Craigleith stone, from the quarry near Edin. 1833, by Sir John Herschel, and a plan of Mr. burgh, might be obtained without difficulty, and Maclear's triangulation connecting the site of Feldof superior finish. A resolution was accordingly hausen with the Royal Observatory, and the site passed by the Committee, which, together with a of La Caille's observatory, in Strand-street, Cape plan of the proposed obelisk, was forwarded to Town. The bottle was carefully fixed in a block Professors Forbes and Henderson, of Edinburgh, I of teak-wood, scooped out on purpose. When the

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