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combined fleets all yesterday and this morn-boarders were soon in possession of the ing. Fortune, however, ere long cheered enemy's deck, struck her colors with him up. In 1782, his friend Admiral Bar- cheers, and thus in about three quarters of rington was sent to sea with twelve sail of an hour the action ceased. the line, and one of them was the Foudroy- The prize was the Pegase of seventyant. The Brest fleet came out; the signal four guns, commanded by Le Chevalier was made for a general chase, and the Foud- Cillart, who by the fortune of war became royant, being the best sailer, soon walked a prisoner to an old acquaintance, to by the fleet, and, towards the evening, saw whom, of course, Jervis was delighted to the French, six ships of war, and eighteen pay the most marked attention; giving sail of convoy. About ten P. M., Jervis, positive injunctions that every article of observing they were separating, and select- furniture, clothing, books, and papers, ing the largest for pursuit, ordered Bowen, belonging to the captain and the officers, a favorite midshipman, to the forecastle, to should be carefully collected and brought keep sight of her by his night-glass. In on board the Foudroyant. Captain Brenthe mean time every thing was made ready ton tells a very different story, which he for action; and to the repeated questions says he had from Sir John Jervis himself. to young Bowen, if he saw the chase ? the The French captain showed him a letter reply being always in the affirmative, he had written to the minister of marine, Jervis was so delighted with the boy's at- giving an account of his capture, and he tention, that at last he called out, “That's asked Jervis his opinion of it. 'I read it,' right, Bowen; do you only keep sight of said the latter, and returned it to him, her, and rely upon it I will never lose sight saying I had but one objection, namely, of you.—A promise most faithfully kept.* that not one word of it was true—“Mais Young Bowen, now seeing a close action comment pas vrai ?" No, sir, not one at hand, took his station, as aide-de-camp, word of it is true; but you can send it if by the side of his captain on the quarter you please. He did send it, sir, and, when deck. The Foudroyant, running at the he was tried for the loss of his ship, the rate of eleven miles an hour, was speedily letter was produced; he was dismissed the within hail of the adversary, when the service, and his sword broken over his officer on the forecastle called out—'She head.' Sir John Jervis, we venture to say, has put her helm up to rake us, sir.'never would use so insulting and brutal a When Jervis was on the point of putting phrase to any one, much less to a friend in the Foudroyant's helm a-starboard, in order misfortune, his prisoner and his guest. to give her a broadside from her starboard The loss of life, and the damage to the guns, young Bowen was so forcibly struck masts and yards, were great in the Pegase; with the advantage that might be taken by in the Foudroyant not a man was killed, a contrary proceeding, that he could not and only wounded-of whom Jervis help exclaiming—Then, if we put our was one, being struck between the eyes, helm to port we shall rake her.'' Jervis, both of which were blackened. Admiral instantly feeling the force of the observa- Barrington, in a private letter to Mr. Rose, tion, in his turn exclaimed, 'You are right, after due praise of Jervis, says— He, poor Bowen-helm a-port!' Passing close under fellow, has got an honorable mark above the enemy's stern, the Foudroyant poured his eye, which I conceive will be of no bad in, and continued for some time, a raking consequence, rather the reverse; for, as a fire. The enemy being thrown into con- man of middle age, it may make his for. fusion, her sails in the greatest disorder, tune. The fair honor the brave, and, as Jervis determined on boarding, and laid we suppose delight in kissing the honorable the Foudroyant on the enemy's larboard mark. In submitting to the King what side. Headed by young Bowen, the reward should be conferred on Jervis, his
Majesty at once said to Lord Keppel—'Let
him be made Knight Commander of the At the close of the year, at the relief of Gibraltar, he appointed Bowen acting lieutenant of Bath;' but no baronetcy, as Mr. Tucker the Foudroyant, and he was confirmed to the has stated. Prince in 1790. In 1792, following his patron to In 1782, the Foudroyant was attached the West Indies, he obtained the rank of com- to the fleet under Lord Howe for the relief mander, then of post-captain into the Terpsi: of Gibraltar, where Sir John Jervis got chore, in which ship be so often and brilliantly distinguished himself; and while captain of her great credit for the able manner in which at Teneriffe, he there gallantly fell.
he conducted safely into port the fleet of victuallers and powder ships, in the face of tional questions the strong inclination of the Spanish feet, and amid the acclama- his opinion was toward the liberal side, tions of the garrison. On the passage out yet, of the necessary and lawful prerogato Gibraltar, Lord Howe one day assembled tives of the crown, and of its consequence the flag-officers and captains, to know their and grandeur, he was at all times the eager opinions with regard to the prudence, or defender.' His name is to be found in all otherwise, of an inferior fleet engaging a the great struggles of the Whigs for liberiy, superior one by night. Jervis was the and at all their meetings in favor of relionly captain who decided against it, as-gious Toleration and of Parliamentary Resigning various reasons for giving prefer- form. ence to a battle by day; in which he was In 1787 Sir John Jervis was promoted supported by Admiral Barrington, who ob- to the rank of Rear-Admiral; and in 1790, served, “that he could not contemplate that when the Nootka Sound quarrel occurred, any ship would be found wanting in the he hoisted his fag in the Prince, of 93 day of battle; yet, should there unfortu- guns, under Lord Howe, and was placed in nately be a shy cock among them, daylight command of a division of the fleet. Spain would expose him.'*
having applied to the National Assembly On her return from Gibraltar, at the of France for assistance, the latter, as usual, close of 1782, the Foudroyant was paid ever ready to show her hatred of England, off, after being eight years in commission : assembled a beet at Brest; but licentiousa more perfect man-of-war, or a more ness and insubordination having usurped beautiful model, the British navy had the place of discipline, the inevitable conthen never seen-superior alike for her sequence, mutiny, followed; officers were sailing and fighting qualities. Yet when appointed and removed at the pleasure of in the French service, this fine ship, of 84 the crews; and nothing was, or could be, guns and 800 men, was captured by the attempted by such a disorganized fleet. A Monmouth, a small 64, after an action of convention was made by England with four hours, in which Captain Gardiner was Spain, hostilities were avoided, the fleet first wounded in the arm, then shot dead paid off
, and each flag-officer was indulged by a ball striking his forehead; but the with the remuneration of a midshipman for action was nobly continued by the first promotion. The quarter-deck of the lieutenant, Carket. The enemy had 100 Prince was full of young gentlemen of the men killed and 90 wounded ; the Mon- first families in the kingdom. Many were mouth, 28 killed and 79 wounded. Splen- the candidates, and overpowering the indid as the Foudroyant was, we believe that terest made, for the highly connected aspino model or lines of her beautiful figure rants; but when the day came for nominahave been preserved; but one of her name tion, surprise and disappointment arrived was built at Plymouth, in 1798, by Sir with it. The unsolicited recommendation John Henslove.
of Sir John Jervis was in favor of a friendOn a conjoint expedition projected by less, retiring, but well-behaved son of an the Government against the Spanish West old and poor, but well-conducted, lieuteIndies, Sir John Jervis accepted a com- nant. In answer to the youth's overflowmand, on the principle that he never solicit- ings of gratitude and astonishment at his ed or refused any particular service, and good fortune, Sir John said—Sir, I named his broad pendant was hoisted in the Salis- you for the lieutenant I was allowed to bury; but on the armed neutrality being promote, because you had merited the settled, the project was abandoned, and Sir good opinion of your superiors, and that John struck his broad pendant, and re- you were the son of an old officer and mained on shore about six or seven years. worthy man in no great affluence.
A A person, however, of such an active mind steady perseverance in that conduct which was not likely to continue idle; and, on has now caused you to be thus distinthe general election of 1784, he was re- guished, is the most likely means to carry turned for N. Yarmouth. In politics he you forward in your profession; for I trust was a decided Whig; but, as Mr. Tucker that other officers of my rank will observe says, he should be called " a Whig Royal- the maxim that I do-to prefer the son of ist; for although upon all other constitu- a brother officer, when deserving, before * Sir John Barrow gives this anecdote in bis
That Sir John's correspondence life of Howe, as he tells us, on living authority. suited to its subject, the following, forming
a striking contrast with the preceding, will reported he had been commanded to do. furnish an example :- I enclose -'s We can well imagine the fierce look from letter as a testimony of his effrontery; no the all-piercing eye which Sir John cast on consideration will ever induce me to coun- first sight of this impudent order ; and with tenance any officer who slights the good what ineffable scorn he treated the ignoropinion of his captain, or presumes to at- ance, the presumption, and the arrogance' tempt to pay me a compliment at the ex- of the silly writer. It appears, however, pense of him.'
that the general soon recovered his senses, In 1793, the Government decided on a as he says in the Gazette-'I cannot help joint expedition against the French West acknowledging the great obligations I lie India islands, when Sir John Jervis was under to Sir John Jervis, for the many and selected to command the naval part, and essential services which he rendered me Sir Charles Grey the troops. A combined and my garrison while he continued in the expedition is not always a cordial or a suc- command, and which were always offered cessful one; but in the present instance a with the utmost alacrity, and performed good feeling and harmony prevailed, not with equal diligence.' only between the respective commanders, To recount the operations of the besiegbut on every occasion between the soldiers ing forces is beyond the scope of this artiand sailors-each vying with the others cle; but we cannot withhold a few words which should outdo their fellow warriors in on the eminently gallant conduct of Comthe same cause. In no instance was there mander Faulknor, of the Zebra, before the slightest misunderstanding between the Fort Bourbon. The Zebra, with bamboo Commanders-in-chief; it is on record that scaling ladders triced up to the shrouds, neither of them had occasion even to write was ordered to lead in; made sail straight a single letter on service to the other, during to the fort ; laid his little sloop as close unthe whole campaign. The result was, that der the guns as the water allowed, to within although the French were well prepared, fifteen feet of the wall ; and Faulknor headand fought desperately, every island fell in ed his boarders over the parapet into the succession into our hands; so that, in a fort. On the covered way a whole regicampaign of scarcely more than three ment waited their approach; a tremendous months, when all the main objects of the discharge of musketry thinned the ranks of expedition had been accomplished, Sir John the seamen; but the enemy was charged so Jervis was enabled to inform the Admiralty, fiercely that nothing could withstand it, and *that all the French islands in those seas the whole regiment laid down their arms. were reduced.'
Faulknor forced his way through the iron There was, however, a single instance, gates, gained the summit of the citadel, and but one, of foolish feeling, originating and struck the French and hoisted the Enprobably in weakness of intellect, but ex- glish colors, amidst shouts of triumph from plained into a misunderstanding, on the the armed boats, from the squadron, and part of a general officer. The following from the army on the outside. "No lanorder was given out by General Prescott :- guage of mine,' says the Commander-in• Whereas Vice-Admiral Sir John Jervis chief, can express the merit of Captain has given orders frequently on shore here, Faulknor upon the occasion ; but as every and particularly in a note dated Boyne, officer and man in the army and squadron June 11th, which must have arisen either bears testimony to it, this incomparable from great ignorance, or great presumption achievement cannot fail of being recorded and arrogance-if from ignorance, poor in history.' man, he is to be pitied; but if from great On a signal being made for the Compresumption and arrogance, to be checked. mander of the Zebra, Sir John ordered the It is therefore Lieutenant-General Prescott's Boyne's hands to be turned up, and placing orders, that in future no attention is to be himself at the head of his officers, he thus given to such notes or orders, and his sig- greeted the hero-' Captain Faulknor, by nature to be as little regarded as those of your daring courage this day, a French John Nokes and Peter Styles. The cause frigate has fallen into our hands. I have of this peevish and foolish order was owing ordered her to be taken into our service, to the Admiral having seen a few soldiers and here is your commission to command in a state of intoxication, and requested the her, in which I have named her, after yourofficer on guard to hand them over to his self, sir, the Undaunted.' boat, to be sent on board, which the officer But this brave officer did not long sur
vive this honorable testimony of his gallant (in his manner, and not over polished in his conduct. In the following year, when he language, yet he would, with the greatest commanded the Blanche, he fought a des- good-humor and tact, convey a censure or perate battle with the French frigate La reproof with the desired effect. For inPique, of 38 guns, in which he fell, while stance, Commodore Thompson being frehe himself was in the very act of lashing quently careless in his dress, was one day the bowsprit of the enemy to the capstan of in his boat clad in a purser's duck frock his own ship! which it was said he hinted and a common straw hat, and passing near beforehand his intention of doing. The the stern of the flag-ship, was recognized action continued for five hours, when La by the Admiral, who hailed the boat — In Pique called out she had struck. The the barge there! go and assist in towing boats of the Blanche being all stove in, Sir that transport.' The Commodore received David Milne, the present Commander-in-the gentle rebuke as his chief intended it: chief at Plymouth, then her second lieu- standing up in his boat, and taking off his tenant, with a few men, swam on board hat, he answered the hail in proper style, and took possession of the prize. She had ' Ay, ay, sir !' and proceeded to execute the about 76 men killed and 110 wounded. order. The Blanche lost her captain, and had 2 It was generally supposed that Sir John killed and 21 wounded. Such is, and ever Jervis had brought home enormous wealth has been, the triumphant result of English from the West Indies, but he declared in courage, coolness, and superior seaman- print that it was a very great mistake; for ship.
he says, ' my expenses in entertaining the But, alas ! for the mutability of human whole staff of the army on the passage out, affairs, and the wonderful changes effected and in going from island to island, exceeded by human invention! A boiler of water, my gains. Then the Boyne, while his flag converted into steam, impels a ship through was still flying, caught fire at Spithead, was the sea with a greater and more constant entirely consumed, and every thing in her velocity than the winds can do; and the belonging to him destroyed. ship so impelled requires few or no seamen. The admiral was not long permitted to She is navigated by engineers, gunners, remain on shore. Near the close of the blacksmiths, and coal-stokers, who usurp same year (1795) he was sent for by Lord the place of seamen. What then is to be Spencer, and informed by him that his come of our brave sailors ? and what is to name had been submitted to and approved become of our superiority of seamanship, by the King, to command the Mediterranean of the glorious result of which we have fleet; which he at once accepted, and prejust given so splendid an instance? It may pared forth with to set out. On his arrival be said, we too can steam equally with at Corsica he hoisted his flag in the Vicothers; true—but the naval superiority of tory. His fleet consisted of 2 ships of 100 England, which has been asserted and guns; 5 of 98; 2 of 80; 14 of 74; 2 of maintained for the last three hundred years, 64; 24 frigates; 20 sloops, and other admits not of equality. Let us but imagine, smaller vessels. Under his command were what may well happen, one of our three-three Vice-Admirals and one Rear-Admideckers becalmed, and a steamer with ral; and here, for the first time, Sir John those long guns which throw heavy shot or Jervis made the acquaintance of Hallowell, shells to the distance of three miles, taking Troubridge, Collingwood, Hood, Nelson, up or shifting her position as best suits her, and Cockburn-names very soon promiwhile the other thrice-powerful ship is com- nently brought forward under his auspices, pelled to remain immovable, and must sub- and destined to hold the most distinguished mit to be ‘pestered by a popinjay,' and rank and to attain the highest honors in the stung, as it were, by a smoking musquito, British Navy. One only of these memorawhich, like that animal, can neither be hit, ble seamen survives-Admiral Sir George nor caught, nor crushed. The only re-Cockburn; and long may he survive for source we have, and it is the imperative the benefit of his country ! duty of the authorities to apply it, is to sup- The blockade of Toulon was immediateply every ship of the line and frigate, with ly decided on. A detached squadron from as many of these long guns as each can the blockading fleet was placed under the conveniently be armed with.
orders of Captain (then made Commodore) Though Sir John Jervis was by nature, Nelson, of the Agamemnon, for the purpose and from circumstances, frequently blunt of cruising along the coast to support the Allies; and seven sail of the line were left says, 'had Admiral Mann sailed from Gibbefore Cadiz under the command of Rear-raltar when he received my orders, and Admiral Mann.
obeyed them, I have every reason to believe Excepting the in-shore squadron, in which they would have been cut to pieces.' were Troubridge, Hood, and Hallowell, who On the 2d of December he arrived at were constantly engaged with the batteries, Gibraltar, and was gratified by receiving an no occasion offered for the fleet to come account of his young friend Bowen, now into action with the enemy; but it required Captain of the Terpsichore, having capturall the attention and the vigorous exertions ed the Spanish frigate Mahoneza. “Bowen,' of the Commander-in-chief, to obtain sup- said he, ‘is of my school.' On the 15th of plies of provisions and water, and other this month we find him cruizing off Cape necessaries for so large a fleet, after the St. Vincent. Three days afterwards he scandalous defection of Corsica—to econo- received orders to 'proceed immediately to mize the reduced state of the stores—to the Tagus. Here within a week his squadkeep up discipline, as well in the officers ron was refitted, replenished, and ready for as in the men, by the exercise of the great sea, and he went out with it forthwith, writguns—by desiring the captains to be on ing to the Admiralty, ‘Inactivity in the deck when a signal was made to tack or Tagus will make cowards of us all.' By wear by night--and by a due regard to all the loss of the Bombay Castle, and the the evolutions of the fleet. Ä general grounding of the St. George, the Admiral's memorandum says— The Commander-in- fleet was reduced to eight sail of the line. chief has too exalted an opinion of the re- Fortunately, however, on the 6th of Februspective captains of the squadron to doubt ary, he was reinforced with six sail of the their being upon deck when the signal is line under Sir William Parker, and next made to tack or wear in the night.' day the Culloden rejoined him, by whom
The progress of the French army in Italy he learned that the Spanish fleet had passed made it probable that their feet would at- Cadiz. On the 13th, Commodore N on, tempt to enter the Mediterranean; and in with his broad pendant in the Minerve, this view the Commander-in-chief sent an joined him, and shifted his pendant into the
- suuda ind. Aļonn forthwith to join him Captain. The morning of the 14th of having gone to him from the Admiralty. loden's signar gafy but very soon the CulThe receipt of the former he acknowledged; A little after nine six ships of the teeney. but, instead of obeying his orders, he ordered to chase. The Commander-inthought fit to proceed to Spithead. The chief walked the quarter-deck, while the Admiralty told him they felt the greatest hostile numbers were duly reported to him regret at his proceedings, and that orders as they appeared, by signal. There are would be forthwith sent to him to 'strike eight sail of the line, Sir John,'- Very his flag and come on shore;' yet the same well, sir.'— There are twenty sail of the Board of Admiralty appointed him one of line, Sir John,'— Very well, sir.'—There its members not long after !
are twenty-five sail of the line,'- Very In October 1796, Sir John Jervis receiv- well, sir.'—There are twenty-seven sail, ed information from Sir Gilbert Elliot, the Sir John,' and this was accompanied by Viceroy of Corsica, that the government was some remark on the great disparity of the wrested from him, and that the island must forces— Enough, sir, no more of that: the be evacuated. The Admiral writes with die is cast; and if there were fifty sail I great indignation to Lord Spencer. The will go through them. This determined Viceroy,' he says, “had many thousand men answer so delighted Captain Hallowell, who in pay, as free companies; these, with almost was walking beside him, that, in the ecstasy the whole of the Members of Parliament of the moment, he could not resist patting in the interest of the British Government, the old Admiral's back, exclaiming, “That's and other pensioners, were the first to show right, Sir John, that's right; by G-d, we enmity to us. In short, I do not believe shall give them a d-d good licking !'-and the page of history can produce an instance so they certainly did. of such rascally baseness and ingratitude ; The glorious battle of St. Vincent is for the whole island has been enriched by matter of history. Every one knows that the generosity of our Government.' it was won by fifteen to twenty-seven; and
The Spanish fleet had left Cadiz and en- that four large ships were taken by that tered the Mediterranean, and the Admiral portion of the fleet which attacked the