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were three of these arches, each formed of six ribs on the 6th of January, among several valuable do of cast iron, and two such piers as have been de nations was the first volume of a very erudite Gerscribed; the land abutments being of stone-work man dictionary on Indian Antiquities, which the joining the embankment of the railway. It was director observed was worthy of publication and stated that this mode of construction was found to extensive circulation in this country. be more economical in that peculiar situation than A paper was read by Mr. Jas. Ferguson, on the the usual method of fixing timber coffer-dams and decayed temples or caves used as places of worship building the piers within them; the total cost of by the Buddhists during the whole era of the prevthe bridge being only £10,192 ; and the navigation alence of their superstition, in the west of India of the river was not interrupted during the progress particularly. These embrace a very long period of of the work. The paper was illustrated by eigh- time, extending through a series of from 1000 to teen remarkably well executed drawings by Mr. 1200 years, the time of the existence of this deluButterton.-Lit. Gaz.
sion in India. The most celebrated of these are
the Ajunda caves, which are described as singular Fossil Forest.—Mr. H. Beckett, in a letter to specimens of early Indian architecture. They are Mr. Hill, president of the Wolverhampton branch all decorated in the interior with sculpture and of the Dudley and Midland Geological Society, an- paintings, and some of them have additional cells nounces the discovery of a remarkable assemblage fitted up as if they belonged to monasteries. One of stumps of fossil trees in the Parkfield colliery, of these may suffice as an instance of the wholeall upright, and evidently in situ. There are two the Zodiac cave, which was constructed about two fossil forests, the one above the other. In the up- centuries before the Christian era. It is 64 feet in per, Mr. Beckett counted 73 trees in about a quarter length by 63 in breadth, and is supported by 20 of an acre ; and in the lower, they appear to be pillars, being fitted up with series of benches. At equally numerous. Dr. Ick describes three distinct ihe entrance is the picture of a procession, at the beds of coal, each exhibiting on its surface the re- head of which are represented three elephants, mains of a forest, all included in an assemblage of showing that at that early period these animals strata not more than twelve feet in thickness. He were held in as much respect as they are now considers the trees to have been mostly coniferous, by the Siamese and Burmese. Here, as in other and concludes that they grew on the spot where temples, many of the portraits are of the Chinese they are now found.-Lit. Gaz.
character, which has led to the belief that they
were delineated by Chinese artists who visited this Lord Rosse's TELESCOPE.- Prosessor Stevelly, country at a very early period. Amongst other in a lecture delivered lately at the Belfast Institu- peculiarities in these drawings was the representation, showed, by reference to a large diagram, “the iion of African negroes, who were very black, and slight difference between the spherical figure to had curled hair. Although there were some paintwhich a speculum is easily ground, and the figure ings of animals in the Zodiac cave, it had no other of a paraboloid, which was formerly to be attained resemblance to the Zodiacal temples of the Egyptonly by great labor, and a considerable display of ians. Professor Wilson, the director, suggested the mechanical skill. The nicety required in the pro- desirableness of memorializing the East India Com cess by which the true figure is given, may be pany to obtain drawings and delineations of these judged of by the fact, that, if the spherical surface, caves and their interiors. The majority of them, which is a bad figure, and the paraboloid, of equal having been filled with mud, require to be excacurvature at the vertex, were laid together at the vated. -- Gentleman's Mag. centre, when ground of the size of Lord Rosse's
OBSERVATORY ON VESUVIUS.--Letters from Na. great six-feet speculum, their distance, the one from the other, at the circumference, would be little ples mention, that a meteorological observatory bas more than the ten-thousandth part of an inch.” — | been erected on Vesuvius. It is in the form of a Northern Whig.
tower, and stands a little above the Hermitage,
2,082 feet above the level of the sea. On the upper Ancient Manuscrits.-M. Minoi de Minas has floor it contains a small, but splendidly furnished, returned from a scientific mission in Greece, Thes- apartment for the accommodation of the royal famisaly, and Constantinople, which lasted three years,
ly, when they visit the mountain. This observaand was undertaken at the desire of the Minister of tory is placed under the same direction as the Royal Public Instruction. Amongst the valuable manu
Observatory at Naples. It will be opened in ihe seripts discovered and brought to France by M. course of the next month.—Atheneum. Minas may be noticed, Fables by Babryas, a frag- PARIS ACADEMY OF SCIENCES.-M. Coulvin ment of the 20th book of Polybius, several extracts Gravier read a paper on the phenomenon of shootfrom Dexippus and Eusebius, two historians but ing stars. The object of the paper is to show that little known to us, a fragment of the historian Pryo atmospheric variations may be known beforehand spas, a treaty of the celebrated Gallien which was by the course of these meteors, and that a storm deficient in his collection, a new edition of Æsop's may be predicted three days before its occurrence. Fables, with a life of the fabulist, a Treatise on -M. Lame read a report on some improvements in Greek Syntax by Gregory of Corinth, an unpub- steam-engines by M. Clapeyron. It states that by lished grammar of Theodosius of Alexandria, a these improvements the power of the engine is history of the conquest of China by the Tartars, considerably increased, whilst the consumption of and various other works, which have safely arrived fuel is diminished. Previously to the applicaat Paris.-Gentleman's Mag.
tion of M. Clapeyron's system, the largest locomo.
tives on the Paris and Versailles Railroad (right SILVER MINE.-We learn, from Stockholm, that bank), could only drag eight waggons over a pora silver mine, which is expected to be very production of the line, but the same locomotives can now tive, has been discovered near the town of Linds- perform ten leagues an hour over the same ground, berg-Ath.
at the head of twelve waggons, and with less fuel.
The improvement consists merely in a new arrangeINDIAN ANTIQUITIES.-At the first meeting for ment of the apparatus for the emission of the steam. the present year of the Royal Asiatic Society, heldl-A paper was received from M. Goudot, on a varnish obtained from the Arbol de Cera, a tree of which form very handsome, convenient, and apSouth America. The resin from which this varnish propriate, furniture for any library, and yet are sold is made is first bojled in water, in order to get rid as cheap as clumsy articles of modern manufacture, of all impurities, and the color to be given to it is entirely unornamented. We imagine the invenput into the water. It is then taken out and worked tion only requires to be known to be very generally by the hand into sheets as thin as paper, in which patronized, as it ministers to the gratification of a state it is laid upon the object to be varnished. It refined taste, without making an unreasonable deresists, when thus applied, the action of either cold mand upon the pocket. For fittings to libraries the or hot water, and is not affected by any change of process is particularly applicable.—Court Journal. temperature.-Ath. Carving in Wood. There has of late years Charlemagne, author of "La Kabale, and a Hebrew,
Franck, professor of philosophy in the College sprung up a general and pure taste for one very has been elected a member of the Academy of beautiful department of ari--ve meau wood-cars. Moral and Political Sciences, in the room of M. ing. Those persons who are at all acquainted with de Gerando, deceased. - Lit. Gaz. the exquisite sculptures of Grinling Gibbons—and there are few ignorant of them-will know to what perfection this branch of art can be carried; how capable it is of exciting admiration in the beholder, and of gratifying those imaginative faculties which are affected by graceful and fanciful designs, executed with the most delicate skill. The altar of
" BITUARY. St. James's Church, Piccadilly, is adorned with some carvings from the band of the great artist we have mentioned, almost unrivalled for their effect,
GENERAL BERTRANH.-The tomb of Marshal depth, and workmanship. The foliage and fruit | Drouet D'Erlon wis scarcely closed, when the hang by the slenderest stems, and stand out from country had to deplore a still more mournful loss. the background in the finest relief. So deep is the The faithful friend of the Emperor, the companion carving that birds might well build their nests in of his labors and long exile, General Bertrand, died its recesses unperceived, and yet so exact and deli-on the 31st of January, at Chateauroux, his native cate that the very leaves are veined, as we find town. Bertrand, serving as a National Guard, in them in nature, while the disposition of the whole 1793 joined a buiti 1:1801 luntarily marching to the is as carelessly graceful as the wreaths hung by the Tuileries to processo king. He shortly after. bacchanals of old round the form of the god they wards entered the ...!, -- of engineers, rapidly rose worshipped.
to eminence, accopri ed the expedition to Egypt, The patronage recently afforded to this descrip- where be fortified several places, deserved the contion of carving has called the pencils of many excel-fidence of Bonaparte, iind received almost at the lent artists, and the hands of many skilful work- same time the breveis of lieutenant-colonel, colonel, men, into requisition. Among the best specimens and general of brigade. After the battle of Auswe have seen are those executed by Mr. H. Wood, terlitz, where General Bertrand covered himself of Henrietta-street, Covent Garden. An
with glory, Napoleon took him as one of his aidestunity was afforded us this week of inspecting a de-camp. He equally distinguished himself at beautiful screen, not yet quite finished, designed for Spandau, at Friedland, but particularly at the con. St. Mary's Church, Taunton. The church, we be-struction of the bridges on the Danube, destined to lieve, has lately been restored, and the minister, facilitate the passage of the French army advancwith very commendable liberality, proposes to de- ling on Wagram. That campaign, and the camfray the greater part of the expense of this screen, paign of Russia, placed his talent and courage in which, of course, will be considerable. It is im- so conspicuous a light, that the Emperor named him possible to give any correct idea of its form by the Grand Marshal of the Palace, after the death of pen alone. Its design is chaste, but bold and strik- Marshal Duroc. His achievements were as glorious ing, and its execution, even to the minutest details, at Lutzen, Bautzen, and Leipsic; and, if he suspositively superb. Every portion is carved with tained a check at the passage of the Elbe against the most careful finish, and in its general effect it Blucher, it must be ascribed to the fortune of war, carries the mind two centuries back, when the art which was just beginning to waver. It was Berattained its highest perfection. It must be, when trand, however, who protected the retreat after the erected,an object of universal admiration, reflecting battle of Leipsic, by seizing on Weissenfeld and great credit upon the liberality of the congregation the bridge of the Saalh. His services were not less and minister, upon the taste and skill of the artist, important after the battle of Hanau. On those two Mr. Ferrey, and upon Mr. Wood, under whose occasions, and in circumstances which followed superintendence it has been executed.
the departure of the Emperor for Paris, Count Pierİt may perhaps be new to our readers to learn trand displayed the greatest activity in saving the that the latter gentleman has recently taken out remnants of the army, and generally saw all his a patent for a process of wood-carving, by which plans and efforts crowned with all the success all the effect of mechanical execution, whether which it was possible to expect amidst so many in boldness or delicacy, can be produced at one-disastrous events. On bis return to Paris in 1814, third of the cost. Many of the objects in his General Bertrand was appointed Deputy Major
are excellent specimens of the practical General of the National Guard, fought throughout working of his invention. Ornamented doors or the campaign of France, so astonishing by its succhairs, or almost any articles of domestic furni- cesses and reverses, and followed Napoleon to the ture, can thus be manufactured at a price astonish- island of Elba. Having returned with the Emperor, ingly low, when their elaborate workmanship is he served him with his wonted devotedness. Sub. taken into consideration. Our notice was particu- sequently to the fatal day of Waterloo he never larly taken by some handsome chairs, made after quitted him; he accompanied him in his last exile, the pattern of that one belonging to the abbots of shared and soothed his misfortunes, and only reGlastonbury, recently sold at Strawberry Hill, I turned to France when he had received his last
breath. General Bertrand hailed with happiness full speed one of the mamelons of the Arapiles, the revolution of July, and the triumph of the na- which he maintained against all the attacks of the tional colors, illustrated by so many victories. It English and Portuguese. He then seized the vilwas with a deep emotion that ten years later he lage of the Arapiles, which he defended during saluted the return of the ashes of the Emperor, four hours, against the English guards, and lost 550 brought back across the ocean by the Prince de men and twenty-two officers. General Marmont Joinville, and that he beheld France paying to his sent during the attack, to compliment Colonel d’great shade a glorious and unanimous homage.- Orsay upon his brilliant conduct At the retreat The name of General Bertrand was associated in of Vittoria he formed the rear-guard of the whole that homage to the name of the Emperor, as the army, and saved the King Joseph, whom he placed noblest model of honor and fidelity. Ii will remain in the middle of a company of his voltiguers. At united to it in future ages. History had seldom to Pampeluna he received a ball in the knee, from an record so pious a devotion, so unmovable a fidelity, English soldier; and was saved by the devotion of 80 pure and noble a memory. It was not enough the sappers of his regiment. The Emperor named to have rendered himself illustrious by his own la- him General of Brigade and Officer of the Legion bors, and the services he had rendered his country of Honor. After the abdication of the Emperor, Bertrand, by the worship he devoted to genius and he took the oath of allegiance to Louis the Eightmisfortune, has elevated himself to the high regions eenth. In 1815, the Emperor sent one of his aidesin which the glory of Napoleon soars——that glory de-camp to offer him the command of a division. will save him from oblivion.- Court Journal. General d'Orsay finding himself bound by an oath,
from which he had not been freed, would not acBogHos Bev.-His Excellency Boghos Youssoufr cept these offers. On the formation of the guard Bey, Minister of Foreign Affairs and of Commerce he took the command of the second brigade of the to Mebemet Ali, Viceroy of Egypt, died at Alexan. first division. He was afterwards named Lieuten. dria, on the afiernoon of the 10th of January, at the ant-General, Commander of the Legion of Honor, age of about 71, after an illness of several days. and some years later, Grand Cordon of St. Louis, His funeral took place on the following day, at- and Gentleman of the King's Chamber. An imtended by the consuls, and the majority of the portant posi in Spain was confided to him. He European residents at Alexandria. The ceremony commanded the line of the Ebro, and established was, however, very simple, and not a single his general quarters at Vittoria. Touched by his Turk was present, although Boghos Bey was con- paternal administration, the town of Vittoria made sidered the highest person in Egypt after Mehemet him a present of a sword of honor, as a proof Ali and his family. -Court Journal.
of its gratitude. Offered by a hostile town, such a recompense was the noblest that an old soldier
could desire. From that epoch Comte d'Orsay reTHE LATE GENERAL COMTE D'ORSAY.-The fol- tired to his estate, where he did so much good that lowing is from La Presse of the 5th : :-"Lieuten- his name remains, with the memory of his good ant-General Comte d'Orsay died in the arms of his deeds, as indestructible as the old tower of Rupt, children, at bis Chateau de Rupt (Haute Saone), which is the most remarkable monument on the deeply regretted by all the inhabitants of the coun- banks of the Saone. Here it was that he finished try. His funeral gave rise to the most touching his career of military glory and chivalric loyalty." demonstrations of public attachment, to the most – Examiner. honorable testimonies of regret and grief. Impatient again to see his country, from wbich the French Revolution had driven him, Comte d'Orsay died at Bath on Monday last, aged 79. He was at
Count Mazzixghi.- This eminent composer returned to France before the emigrants were permitted to do so. He was arrested, and conducted a very early age appointed director of the Italian to the Temple, out of which he only came at the Opera, and he composed several operas for Covent intercession of Madame de Beauharnois, afterwards Garden and Drury Lane Theatres.' He has been a the Empress Josephine, who threw herself at the member of the Royal Society of Musicians for fiftyfeet of Barras to obtain his pardon ; he was then seven years! Mazzinghi's compositions for the carried to the frontier. A few years after, profit- pianoforte were, in former days, extremely popuing by the general amnesty granted by the Emperor lar. He has retired from the profession for many Napoleon to the emigrants, he entered the service years, and must have died a very wealthy man. of France, and became chief of a battalion in the He bas left a son and daughter, (the latter married 112th regiment of the line. He distinguished him- to Baron French, of Florence,) who are at Bath.self in the campaigns of Italy, making part of the Court Journal. corps of Prince Eugene, who had just joined the grand army at the time of the batile of Wagram. He was wounded at Raab by a shot in the ankle, but still remained at the head of his soldiers during the rest of the campaign. He was the first to enter the town. Some days afterwards the Emperor, passing before him, took off his own Cross of the Legion of Honor, and presented it to him, saying,
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES. Vous êtes aussi brate que vous êtes beau. He at
Great Britain. the same time received the title of Baron, which the Emperor conferred upon him, with a pension
The Life of Reuchlin. By Francis Barham, Esq. of 8,000 francs, and ibis consoled him for the loss This volume may be read with Jortin's Life of of his annual income of 800,000 francs, which the Erasmus, and other biographies of those illustrious revolution bad taken from him. Appointed colonel scholars and churchmen who were instrumental in of the 122d regiment of the line in Spain, he re- spreading the light of knowledge, both sacred and joined the division of Bossuet, at the battle of Sala- profane, over the darkened face of Europe. The manca. In view of the whole army, he distin- Life of Reuchlin had been written by Maius, in guished himself by a noble feat of arms in taking at Latin, a book of rare occurrence, and by others;
and a tolerably full account of him may be found in SELECT LIST OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS. D'Aubigné's Ilistory of the Reformation ; but, on the whole, Mr. Barham's biography is ihe most complete, rectifying some errors, and supplying some omissions found in the others. There is also Two Years in France and Switzerland. in this volume the most correct and copious account By Martha M. Lamont. we have met with of the history and authorship of the thrice famous Epistolæ Obscurorum Virorum;
The Wrongs of Women. Part IV. “The a work whose fame once sounded through all
Lace-Runners.” Europe, but which-partly owing to the language On Superstitions connected with the Hisin which it is written, partly to the extreme coarse- tory and Practice of Medicine and Surgery. ness of its jokes and wit, and partly to the subject By Thomas Joseph Pettigrew, F. R. S., being no longer of interest—is scarcely ever opened F. S. Ą., etc., etc. by scholars; but to those whose stomachs ure not queasy, it will still repay the perusal. When Mait- Horæ Apocalypticæ, or a Commentary on taire edited this book he dedicated it to Sir R. Steele, the Apocalypse, Critical and Historical; inand both the editor and patron took it for a serious cluding also an Examination of the Chief and genuine work.- Gentleman's Magazine.
Prophecies of Daniel, illustrated by an ApoExposition of Hebreros xi. as setting forth the na- calyptic Chart, and sundry Engravings from
ture, discoveries, and effects of faith. By an In- Medals, and other extant Monuments of Andian Layman. Fcp. 8vo. pp. xiv. 316.
tiquity. By the Rev. E. B. Elliott, A. M. The author of the Natural History of Enthusiasm Illustrations of the Theory and Practice of has remarked, that " a writer and a layman is no Ventilation. By D. B. Reid, M. D. recognized functionary in the Church; he may therefore choose his style without violating any
Manual of Electricity, Magnetism, and rules or proprieties of office.” (p. 21.) The vol Meteorology. By Dr. Lardner and C. V. ume now before us makes no obtrusive professions; Walker. it appears to have resulted, as far as style is con- The Logic of Political Economy. By T. cerned, from the frequent perusal of expositions De Quincey. and sermons; and, if it had not openly professed to be written by a layman, we should have pre
On the Connection of Geology with Tersumed it to be the production of a clergyman. The restrial Magnetism. ' By E. Hopkins. title, perhaps, is not so clear as it ought to be, for Wanderings in Spain in 1843. some would infer that" an Indian layman" meant Haverty. a native Indian, though it probably meant a layman
Beaumont and Fletcher's Works. Ву who has passed part of his life in India. We are not aware that the chapter here treated of bas pre
Dice. Vol. V. viously formed the subject of a volume; the idea of Pindari Carmina, Part Sec. English grouping the several characters mentioned in it was Notes. a fortunate one; and the author has satisfactorily executed his task, as we can justly say, after an attentive perusal. We wish, indeed, that he had learned to compress his sentences, for periods of
Bibliothek der Classiker des Auslandes. twenty-five lines (such as occur at pp. 9 and 59), Leipzig. exceed the powers of most readers to follow the
Allg. Geschichte der neuesten Zeit. Von. clue. To the errata, which are not numerous, we G. Burckhardt. Leipzig. may add idolatrous for indolatrous, at p. 214. The author's residence in India supplies him with occa
Handbuch d. greich Antiquitäteu von J. sional matter of illustration ; and we would re- Hoffa. Von G. F. Bojasen. spectfully invite the attention of persons in high Neuere Geschichte der poet. Nationalplaces to the abuse alluded to at page 126.- 1bid. Literatur. Von G. G. Gervinus. Leipzig.
Commentatio de locis quibusdam Epis France.
tolæ Pauli ad Philippenses.. Von C. Müller. Histoire critique du Rationalisme en Allemagne de- Hamburg.
puis son origine jusqu'à nos jours ; par M. Amand Saintes. Deurième édition revueet augmentée, imprimée à Hambourg. Paris, 1843. (Critical
Geographie d. russ. Reichs Von. A. v. History of Rationalism in Germany, from its origin down to our own day. By M. Ámand Saintes, Oldekop. St. Petersburg. etc.)
Grammat. Unterhaltungen. Russ. Sprache. This work of M. Saintes has received, in this Von v. Oldekop. St. Petersburg. second edition, some real emendations. The disposition of the matter has been modified, the voids have been filled, errors have been corrected. We can but be obliged to an author who applies him
Le Duc de Bassano, Souvenirs Intimes self so sincerely 10 perfect a book, whose imperfec- de la Révolution et de l'Empire. Recueillis tions are doubtless owing, in a great measure, to its et publiés par Madame Charlotte de Sor. compass, and to the difficulty of the subject. rejoice to see this second edition almost entirely
Introduction à la Science de l'Histoire, re-written, and hope M. Saintes will find opportu. nity to complete the amendments which may still ou Science du Developpment de l'Humanité. seem necessary.--Le Semeur.
Par P. J. B. Buchez. Paris.