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It is not difficult to find, in the nervously the copies of his works which he could distimid and scrupulous character of his mind, cover still unsold. the causes which induced him to shrink from He entered the order of Christian Brothers the responsibilities of the ministry. He him as a postulant, on the feast of the nativity of our self barely alludes to the fact; adding, that Lady (September 8th), 1838, and on that of " he should never have entertained the idea," St. Teresa (October 15), he was admitted to and alleging among the attractions of the the religious habit of a novice in the brotherorder which he entered, that “its subjects hood. We have before us, while we write, a were expressly prohibited from aspiring to manuscript, found among his papers after his the priesthood."
death, containing meditations and resolutions It is plain that among the motives which made by him during his first spiritual retreat. induced him to abandon his literary pursuits, It is a precious little volume, an affecting the principal was a consciousness of their monument of the profound piety of the writer. unprofitable, not to say questionable, charac- Not that it is marked by any of that lofty ter. Of this he had long been painfully sen- spiritualized eloquence, which some might sible. In the very first year of his London expect from a mind like his. It is solid, simcareer, the thought used to come startlingly ple, unpretending, practical; full of humility across his mind, that he "might possibly be and self-distrust, yet instinct with Christian misspending his time. It returned at inter- hope; without a breath of that vague and unvals, even during his busiest days; and even substantial generality, which is too often miswhat is considered the least objectionable of taken for fervor, even by the best instructed, his works, and perhaps of all the novels of the but, on the contrary, descending to the every present day, The Collegians, far from satis- day duties of religious life, and embracing all fying himself, served rather to convince him the smallest and most practical details of the of the impossibility of combining a good fundamental obligations of the Christian. moral with an interesting plot. His criti- But it were presumptuous in us to analyze cism of the moral of this (artistically con- the sentiments of this admirable young man. sidered) exquisite book, is a good lesson on By kindred spirits they can be better felt, the pernicious tendency of all, even the very than we could hope to describe them; and best, novels.
we shall content ourselves with a few short **One would wish to draw a good moral from written from his convent, or from conversa
extracts taken either from his own letters, this tale
, yet it seems impossible to keep people's tions affectionately recorded by his brother. feelings in the line they ought to go in. Look at these two characters of Kyrle Daly and Hardress Cregan, for example: Kyrle Daly, full of
" Those miserable years I spent in London! high principle, prudent, amiable, and affection- Whatever it may prove for the next world, it has ate; not wanting in spirit, nor free from pas
been to me, through God's infinite mercy, a comBion; but keeping his passions under control; plete specific for this; nor, poor, and sluggish, thoughtful, kind-hearted, and charitable; a char- and dastardly as my own efforts have been to coracter in every way deserving our esteem. — respond with his High graces, would I exchange Hardress Cregan, his mother's spoiled pet, nursed the peace of heart they have procured me, for in the very lap of passion, and ruined by indul- the fame of all the Scoits and Shakspeares that gence, --not without good feelings, but for ever
ever strutted their hour upon the stage of this abusing them, having a full sense of justice and little brief play which they call life ; let people honor, but shrinking, like a craven, from their twist and turn their brains about on which side dictates; following pleasure headlong, and even
, and as long as they will, there is, after tually led into crimes of the blackest die, by the all
, nothing absolutely worth thinking upon but total absence of all self-control. Take Kyrie saving their souls. One thing is necessary;' Daly's character in what way you will, it is infi- all the rest, from beginning to end, is such absonitely preferable; yet I will venture to say, nine lute trash, that it seems downright madness to out of ten of those who read the book would pre- is, indeed, the paradise on earth; experience
give it a moment’s care.”
* * Religion fer Hardress Cregan, just because he is a fellow of high mettle, with a dash of talent about him." alone could teach it. The world will not believe
us when we tell them so, and they won't come -Pp. 258-9.
themselves to make the trial.”
deed, no one has, or can have, an idea of the Neither his own reflection, nor the argu- happiness of life, in a religious community, withments of his friends, could remove or weaken out having actually experienced it. It is a frethis conviction; and at length it obtained quent subject of conversation with us here, at zach a hold upon his mind, that, before he recreation hours, to guess at the causes which left home for the purpose of entering the mon
make time fly by so rapidly, that the day (though
we make it a pretty long one by always rising at astery, he not only destroyed the greater part five) is ended almost before we feel that it is beof his unpublished manuscripts, but actually gun." His letters are full of such expressions. wrote to one of his publishers, to purchase all in another he says, “I would despair of giving
SWABIAN POPULAR SONG.
you any idea of the perfect liberty of mind and
WHERE ARE THEY? happiness one feels in the religious state (when it is not one's own fault), and which it is in his power to increase every day and every hour. I could write volumes about it without being tired,
From the Dublin University Magazine. but it would be of no use attempting it; to be Where are they, the Beloved, known, it must be tried. The worst of it is, the
The Gladsome, all ? thought that one will have to give an account of Where are they, the Beloved, all those graces, and to show that he made good
The Gladsome, all ? use of them, which, alas !-but I'll stop preach- They left the festal hearth and hall. ing."—pp. 464-5.
They pine afar from us in alien climes.
Oh, who shall bring them back to us once more?
Who shall restore It was an instructive picture-Gerald Grif- Life's fairy floral times ? fin in the habit of a poor monk; the admired
Restore of the highest circles of the land, toiling un
Life's fairy floral times ? seen at the work of an humble charity school ; | Where are they, the Beloved, the mind which long had dwelt in the loftiest
The Gallant, all ? regions of literature, and whose native lan- Where are they, the Beloved, guage seemed to be eloquence and poetry
The Gallant, all ? itself , chained down to teach, in one unvary. They went forth in the pride of Youthbood's
At Freedom's thrilling clarion-call ing round, that, as he playfully writes, “0, x,
powers. spells ox; that the top of a map is the north, Oh, who shall give them back to us and the bottom the south, with various other
Who shall restore 'branches ;' as also, that they ought to be
Long-buried hearts and hours ? good boys, and do as they are bid, and say
Restore their prayers every morning and evening !"
Long-buried hearts and hours ? And yet, in the duties of this humble sphere, he found the peace and happiness which he had Where are they, the Beloved, sought in vain from the triumph of genius Where are they, the Beloved, and the praise of learning; the guileless The Gifted, all ? words and grateful looks of his little pupils They would not yield their souls the thrali were dearer to his soul than all the admira- Of gold, or sell the glory of their Jays. tion his pen had ever won; and it “ seemed
Oh, who shall give them back to us once more?
Who shall restore curious even to himself,” he writes to a quon- The bright, young, songful days ? dam literary friend, “ that he felt a great deal Restore happier in the practice of this daily routine The bright, young, songful days? than he ever did while he was roving about
God only can restore us the great city, absorbed in the modest pro
The lost ones all. ject of rivalling Shakspeare, and throwing But God He will restore us Scott into the shade."
The lost ones all! But, alas ! even our holiest hopes are What, though the Future's shadows fall doomed to disappointment.
Brother Gerald Dark o'er their fate, seen darker through our tears, survived but by two short years his entrance
Our God will give them back to us once more
He can restore into religion, having scarcely completed the The vanished golden years! sacrifice when he was called to receive its re- Restore ward. In June 1839, he was transferred The vanished golden years ! from Dublin to the South Monastery at Cork ; and, before twelve months had elapsed, his remains were laid in the quiet cemetery of this humble brotherhood. Peace to his soul !--Nearly four years
HONESTY THE BEST Policy.- A man named since passed. In the selfishness of our sor- Malony, an auctioneer, formerly residing in Belrow, we have scarcely yet learned to cease lurteel, forged a draft for £130 some time ago, and from repining. But we have long felt its in- effected his escape to America. Whilst there, he justice. His brief career wils full of useful learned that he was heir to £50,000 in dispute in
Ireland. He had the hardihood to return, made ness. · Being made perfect in a short space, good bis claim, was immediately afterwards arresthe fulfilled a long time.” He was sent among ed, was tried in the Commission Court, Dublin, last us to fulfil a high destiny, which, with God's week, convicted of forgery, and sentenced to seven blessing, he has accomplished, -to teach a years' transportation. The treasure is, of course, great lesson, which he taught generously and confiscated to the Crown... Baron Lefroy, in pass
ing sentence, intimated that, if an application were well. It is ours to watch, that, in our own made to the Crown, the property night be granted case, it may not have been taught in vain. to the children.—Liverpool Mercury.
A SLIGHT TRIBUTE TO THE MEMORY OF Helena, while performing a very delicate, imSIR HUDSON LOWE.
portant, and,--as he foresaw when he suffered
himself to be prevailed on to accept the trust, — BY MAJOR BASIL JACKSON, HALF-PAY ROYAL most invidious duty.
It is not my province to enter upon a length
ened vindication of the manner in which Sir From the United Service Magazine.
Hudson Lowe performed his unpleasant office; I was honored with the friendly notice of Sir but, as I served under him at St. Helena, and Hudson Lowe, and enjoyed much of his con- had peculiar opportunities of knowing somewhat fidence during a course of thirty years. I knew of the Longwood tactics, I shall here contribute him when his military reputation marked him my mite of testimony to the evidence in his favor as an officer of the highest promise; I witnessed which has crept forth from various quarters, his able conduct as Governor of St. Helena; I and in a great measure set him right in public saw him when the malice of his enemies had opinion. I must, however, first be permitted to gained the ascendant, and covered him with unexplain how I came to be placed in a situation merited opprobrium; 1 beheld him on his death- to have those opportunities. bed;—and throughout those various phases of In 1814 and 1815 I served on the Staff of our his career I admired and respected his char-Mrmy in the Netherlands, and became known acter, while I truly loved the man. I knew him to Sir Hudson Lowe, who was Quartermasterto be a kind, indulgent, affectionate husband General to that forcé. On being nominated to and parent, a warm and steady friend, a placa- the Governorship of St. Helena he invited me ble, nay, generous enemy, and an upright pub- to accompany him thither, procuring at the same lic servant. He is gone, and left it for posterity time the permission of the Duke of Wellington, to do him justice. Happily, he devoted much under whose command I was then serving, for time and care to the task of preparing materials my services to be transferred to that island. for the use of his biographer, which remain in Longwood House consisted of a medley of the possession of his family: the numerous buildings, covering a great extent of ground, friends and admirers of Sir Hudson Lowe have which required constant attention to keep them in only, therefore, to wait till his intentions, in com- a habitable state, and this duty was assigned to piling the voluminous MSS. he has left, shall be me, with strict orders to neglect nothing that carried into effect.
could tend to promote the comfort of Bonaparte Owing to the remarkable industry of Sir Hud- and the distinguished persons of his suite. My son Lowe, his papers comprise almost his entire visits to Longwood being almost daily, and as I correspondence during an active life; and hence was known to be a protégé of the Governor, they we may not only expect to obtain from them a full were very naturally regarded with an eye of account of every thing relating to the captivity suspicion by the French, who concluded that it of Napoleon Bonaparte, but also, much original was more than probable my attention to the information respecting the late war, as Sir Hud-condition of their dwellings was only an ostensison's military talents were kept in constant em- ble employment, and that a little quiet espionage ployment throughout the most eventful and stir- constituted my principal functions. But in proring periods of our history, namely, from 1796 to cess of time their distrust gradually declined, the close of the war; particularly in 1813 and 1814, and as I could converse in their language with when, being employed on a mission to the armies tolerable fluency, my constant visits to their which were assembled in the north of Germany, establishment began to be received on a more he rendered himself a highly useful agent in friendly footing. Still my position was one of promoting the objects of the British Govern- considerable delicacy, and, although I strove by ment, which had resolved upon straining every circumspection, and, I hope, in every way proeffort to put those armies into a state of effi- priety of conduct, to maintain it; yei am I well ciency, preparatory to a combination of their aware that I owed something to the kindness strength against Bonaparte. In the course of and good-nature of the French party. the grand military operations that followed, It is incumbent on me, in this place, distinctly Sir Hudson Lowe was attached to the army of to declare, that Sir Hudson Lowe never breathSilesia, and engaged, I believe, in every battle ed a word to me having reference to surveiland action fought by Marshal Blücher up to the lance; and I may also state, that the great deliday of the triumphal entry of the Allies into cacy observed by him on that point, first inParis; and the determined courage he evinced spired in me the high respect for his character on many a well-contested field acquired for him which I have never since ceased to feel up to the amongst the Prussians the appellation of “ the present moment. brave Englishman;" while his talents and con- I must beg to be pardoned for this mention duct gained him, at the same time, the respect of myself; but as I eventually came to be reand firm friendship of Blücher, Kleist, Gneise-ceived ona very friendly footing by more than one nau, and other distinguished men, as his cor- of the Generals in Napoleon's suite, and thererespondence will be found to prove.
by gained a better knowledge of the interior of In the mean time, I have a melancholy satis- the French establishment than-1 may venture faction in bearing my testimony to the merits of to say—any English officer, it was requisite for an excellent man, and of hoping that my feeble me to show the precise position which I occuefforts may prove availing to remove from his pied while employed at St. Helena. memory some portion of the misconception un- A paper appeared a few months since in the der which it still suffers in reference to his treat- United Service Magazine, entitled," Notes on ment of Bonaparte and his followers at St. St. Helena." The writer has therein correctly
stated, that a certain line of policy was early peace which was declared over the tomb of the adopted, and to the last persisted in, by Napo- ex-Emperor. leon, with a view of exciting sympathy in Eu- On returning to France, the Count de Monrope; but the Journal of Count Las Cases long tholon, in conjunction with General Gourgaud, ago, let us into that secret, by the following par- published the manuscripts which had been preagraph, which, although quoted by the writer pared at St. Helena under the eye of Bonain question, I shall here insert. I believe it was parte; but they did not seize the opporiunity this passage which first let Sir Hudson Lowe thereby atlorded them, to put forth a syllable into the secret of the Longwood policy, when the against Sir Hudson Lowe. Count's Journal in MS. was in his possession at I lament the fate of General de Montholon, St. Helena, prior to the departure of its author; who, of all the persons who accompanied Bonaof which mention is made by the writer of parte to St. Helena, stood highest in his favor, “Notes on St. Helena."
and, shall I term it so ? aflection. He now “ We are possessed of moral arms only; and languishes in confinement for having shared in in order to make the most advantageous use of the mad attempt of Louis Bonaparte against the these, it was necessary to reduce into a system King of the French. I always considered him our words, our sentiments, and even our priva- to be a man of talent, possessing many excellent tions, in order that we might thereby excite a qualities, and for whom I ever felt a sincere relively interest over a large portion of the Eu- gard. While the sun of prosperity shone upon ropean population; and that the opposition in him, his house was always open to me; and in England would not fail to resist the violence ex- tormer years I visited him both in Paris and at ercised against us by the Ministry.”
his beautiful château of Frémigny, near ArpaAll Bonaparte's followers knew that he was jon. He always spoke well of Sir Hudson nursing a phantom in imagining that a system Lowe, and had the good feeling to shake his of agitation could by any possibility procure his head when that part of Bonaparte's unwarrantremoval from the island, which they were well able policy was alluded to, which sought to convinced would prove his tomb; but as the lit- brand with infamy the character of an honest tle intrigues, plottings, and covert correspond- man. " Mon cher ami," he used to say, ence with certain persons in England, furnished angel from heaven could not have pleased us, as him with occupation; and as feeding on hope. Governor of St. Helena." however delusive it might prove, was his chief I well remember his using precisely the same solace; they felt that it would be cruel in them expression when at St. Helena, in reference to to destroy the support whi during a long and the Governor; and it will serve to show how dreary period, served, though feebly, to sustain completely the Longwood measures were rehis sinking spirits.
duced to a system, if I mention a trifling ocGenerals Bertrand, De Montholon, and Gour- currence which concerned myself. I happened gaud, and the Count de Las Cases, were all to tell the Count de Montholon that the Govhonorable men-at least according to the code ernor had entertained thoughts of posting me at Napoléon-and we must not bestow too much | Longwood as orderly officer, (a situation of severity of censure on any of their acts in the trust which was always held by a Captain of service of a master whose will to them was law. the garrison,) but that he had refrained from But they, or most of them, were open avowed giving me the appointment, out of delicacy to opponents of the Governor, by order of their Napoleon, as I was but a Lieutenant, and he Emperor; whereas it was an inferior and dirty knew that the measure of employing an officer class of individuals who were employed 10 ma- of inferior rank, would at once be made a ground lign Sir Hudson Lowe.
ot' complaint. The Count's remark was to the of the private sentiments of Count Las Cases following effect :-“ My good friend, you have in reference to him, I am unable to speak, as he had a fortunate escape, for had you come hither quitted St. Helena before I had the pleasure of as orderly officer, we would most assuredly have being intimate with any of the Longwood per- ruined your reputation. It is a part of our sysbons; but his Journal must in no wise be con- tem, et que voulez vous dire ?" sidered as embodying the Count's real opinion, General Gourgaud was a gentlemanly man, being strongly imbued with the Napoleonic po- and possessed of much propriety of feeling, of licy. Notwithstanding which, I know that it whom I saw a good deal during his sojourn on afforded Bonaparte little satisfaction.
the island. He, I am sure, could never find In regard to Generals Bertrand, De Mon- fault with the conduct of Sir Hudson Lowe totholon, and Gourgaud, I have reason to believe wards himself. The following passage was that, notwithstanding the warfare carried on be written by me to correct some misinformation tween Longwood and Plantation House,* in which the author of " Events of a Military Life" which they were compelled to take an active had received respecting him. It is perhaps part, they entertained a respect for the character somewhat long, yet as it furnishes an instance and' behavior of Sir Hudson Lowe. On the of the style of Sir Hudson Lowe's proceedings close of the St. Helena drama, all the assumed towards the French under his charge, and disenmity between the belligerents ceased, and plays his conduct in a very favorable light, I the Counts De Montholon and Bertrand-all beg to submit it to the reader's notice. I must that remained of Napoleon's original suite-- likewise take this opportunity to say, that Mr. dined with him, I think, more than once, and Henry's lively, interesting, and well-written nothing occurred thenceforth to disturb the book contains several chapters on St. Helena,
where he served as Assistant-Surgeon of the * The Governor's residence.
66th Regt.; and as he had means of collecting mach correct information relative to the con-| a pleasing recollection of the treatment he then dition and treatment of Bonaparte, without be- met with. ing then in any way connected with Sir Hudson “In justice to that excellent and grossly-maLowe, or thrown in contact with him since, the ligned individual, Sir Hudson Lowe, I shall now evidence he bears as an impartial witness to relate a circumstance which I am sure General the praiseworthy conduct of that functionary Gourgaud will be ready to confirm. When the in his difficult office, is of the utmost value to the latter removed from Longwood, I accompanied seeker of truth.
him to the Governor's residence, where I took Extract of a communication to Staff-Surgeon tête-à-tête. Immediately on
an opportunity to leave him and Sir Hudson
our riding from Henry :
Plantation House together, the General broke “So much nonsense has been written about out into strong exclamations of surprise that General Gourgaud, that I feel induced to tell you Sir Hudson should simply have received his visit shortly what were the circumstances attending as the call of one gentleman upon anothhis quitting Napoleon. At Longwood, as well er, without even alluding to Longwood during as on the throne, the Machiavelian policy, their conversation. I expected,' added he, Divide et impera,' was the ex-Emperor's rule, that the Governor would have seized with avidthe result of which was injurious to him in the kity so favorable an occasion as my excited state extreme; for, imbued with jealousy, distrust, offered, to gather from me some information and enmity amongst themselves, his little band about the goings on at Longwood. Je ne reof followers soon found their position any thing viens pas de mon étonnement; non, je n'en rebut agreeable. I fancy the Count de Las Cases viens pas.' These expressions of surprise he was very glad to get out of the mess, and Gen- repeated over and over again during our short eral Gourgaud at length found his isolated situ- ride. ation so irksome as to be no longer bearable. "I may add, that I had many opportunities of An active and intelligent Officier d'Ordon- remarking the really chivalrous delicacy of Sir nance, he had been rapidly promoted about the Hudson in reference to General Gourgaud. time of Napoleon's struggles in Germany, prior “Although the Emperor and the General did to the battle of Leipsig (he is mentioned very not part the best friends, yet, as it was known at favorably in Caulaincourt's Memoirs); and I\Longwood that the latter was unprovided with believe followed his master into exile from at- funds, a considerable sum was oflered to him by tachment to his person. I do not know precisely Napoleon, and even pressed on his acceptance the origin of his disagreement with Bonaparte when leaving Longwood, which he declined to at Longwood, but have some reason to think receive. But afterwards, when about to embark they were not cordial for any length of time for England, the poor General experienced the after reaching St. Helena, At the period when usual inconveniences of a penniless position, and Gourgaud applied for permission to leave the sent me to Longwood to ask General Bertrand island, Counts Bertrand and Montholon with for a loan of two or three hundred pounds. himself formed the whole suite. The two first The General, however, declined his request, obwere but just upon speaking terms, while Montho- serving that the Emperor had offered him a lon and Gourgaud were at open enmity, as was much larger sum, the refusal of which was most often avowed by the latter. Bertrand and Mon- disrespectful: but added, that even then, if Gentholon had their separate establishments, and eral Gourgaud would accept the Emperor's gift, were living comfortably with their families, he would also lend him the sum he asked. Berwhile Gourgaud remained in solitude. I used trand's words were, 'Qu'il ne me mette pas frequently to call and chat with him, when he dans la position de manquer a l'Empereur.' would often lament his hard fate and sigh for La “Gourgaud was a good deal distressed by the belle France, for Paris and les Boulevards." refusal of Bertrand, which was quite unexpected,
- At length, maladie de pays got the better of | but still declined placing himselt under a pecunhim, and he determined to leave Longwood. iary obligation to Napoleon, and would have Sir Hudson Lowe sent for me, and having sailed to England without a shilling but for Sir mentioned General Gourgaud's wish, asked Hudson Lowe, who, as soon as he learned the whether it would be agreeable for me to reside above circumstances, sent him by me an order with him until an opportunity should offer for for one hundred pounds on his banker in London, his quitting St. Helena. I propose this to you,' which sum, I need scarcely say, was repaid as added the Governor, “from thinking such an ar- soon as General Gourgaud obtained the comrangement would be acceptable to General mand of his own resources." Gourgaud, and in consequence of his conduct 'I must not forego the opportunity now afforded having been quite unexceptionable so far as our me of stating -and I believe that I am correctregulations have affected him; I, therefore, shall ly informed in the matter,—that Sir Hudson be glad to please him in this matter. Accord- Lowe uniformly treated Bonaparte with all the ingly, General Gourgand and myself were in- deference and attention in his power; and that stalled in a comfortable house, in which servants he endeavored to carry out the instructions of and a table were provided for us at the expense his Government with every possible delicacy. of Government. We lived near the residences For instance, he was directed to style the capof the Austrian and Russian Commissioners, tive, General Bonaparte; but he yielded to the whom we occasionally visited, and nothing wishes and feelings of the ex-Emperor so far as could exceed the attention and hospitality of Sirto term him Napoleon Bonaparte in his official Hudson Lowe to General Gourgaud.' if the communications ; steadily refusing, however, to latter be still alive, I feel certain he must retain I call him Napoleon alone, as was urgently