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cation of this expression, it certainly was not miracles (Oct. 15). But the most valuable and coined by Dickens in 1861; for I knew it sixty | interesting work that has ever been published on years ago. An old game at school was so called. / St. Teresa, is that written by the Bollandists, One boy was Tom Tidler, and his ground was and entitled Acta Santa Teresiæ à Jesu (Brussells, marked off with a boundary line. He had heaps | 1845, folio). What a vast difference between its of sticks, stones, &c., supposed to be his treasures. learning, solidity of reasoning, and critical acuThe game consisted of a lot of boys invading his men, displayed on every page, and the superficial ground, and attempting to carry off his treasures, scoffing tone unfortunately adopted by Mr. Ford, each calling out, “ Here I'm on Tom Tidler's in the sketch he gives of the saint, when speaking ground, picking up gold and silver.” Meanwhile of Avila in bis Handbook for Spain! (Edit. 1855, Tom was by no means a sluggard, but briskly de- | vol. ii. p. 745, &c.). fended his property, and drove off the thieves with It is, however, only just to the memory of Mr. a whip or switch.

F. C. H. 1 Ford to state, that before he died, he expressed

to a friend how much he regretted having spoken St. TERESA's AUTOGRAPH: HER LIFE, ETC. of religious subjects as he did connected with (3rd S. iv. 460.)--Allow me to inform your cor- | Spain-subjects that had little or nothing to do respondent CLARRY that I must decline answering with the real object of his invaluable work. bis Query respecting the authenticity of St. Te

J. DALTON. resa's autograph. As the evidence satisfies my- Norwich. self, I see no necessity for entering into any P.S. It is to be hoped that your correspon. details, especially as I consider the Query is put | dents will endeavour to avoid all subjects which in a way very offensive to a Catholic priest, such

might lead to unpleasant religious controversy in as I have the happiness to be.

“ N. & Q." I consider the Query of CLARRY I am pained that your correspondent should was unsuitable for your esteemed publication, consider it necessary to repeat the unjust and un.

with all due deference for your own opinion. becoming expression of Mr. Ford, who in his usual off-hand and scoffing manner terms a Saint -who is loved and revered by the whole Catholic

Some derive this name from enpaths, a hunter; world—“ the crazy nun of Avila." If CI.ARRY others from the Island of Therasia, one of the supposes - as he seems to do that Mr. Ford is | Sporades. or from

Ford. is Sporades; or from Theresia, Therasia, Tarasia,

Thoree the great authority for “ the life, death, and mir.

feminines formed from a proper name, Tarasius. acles” of St. Teresa, he is sadly mistaken. Much

Qu. From Bapoùs, cia, bold; or the Arabic turs, a as I esteem his Handbook for Spain for its most

"shield,” “ buckler.” The Sp. and It. have Teresa valuable and interesting information connected

(Sp. dim. Teresita); Fr. Thérèse, Eng. Theresa; with the manners, customs, literature, and general

whence Tracy, Tracey, Treacy, Traies; and perhistory of Spain, &c., I certainly lament- in com

haps Thres, Tress, Tresse, Truss, Tressal, and mon with every candid Protestant- that he should

Tressan.

R. S. CHARNOCK. have spoken in such a flippant and irreverent manner of the religion of the Spanish nation, and « ROBERT ROBINSON" AND " Cousin PHILLIS" should have so unnecessarily wounded the re | (3rd S. iv. 458.)—My account appeared on Ocligious feelings of his numerous Spanish friends,

tober 30, and the novel two days before. I do by whom he was always treated with such kind not know who is the author of the novel, and I ness and hospitality.

have not the least reason to suppose that the Your correspondent appears to confound legends novelist and myself using Geo. Dyer's Life about with miracles — as if they were both one and the the same time was anything but mere coincisame! No Catholic is bound to believe a word, dence. either of the miracles or legends connected with What makes your correspondent call Robinson Saint Teresa (or any other saint), except so a “ dissenting Parson Trulliber?” Ever since I far as the “ law of evidence” may incline his learnt at Cambridge that the way to detect a understanding to accept the proofs of the mi-wrong-armed balance is to make the weight and racles.

the goods change scales, and see if they then If your correspondent would peruse the proper / match, I have employed this method in trying authorities for the life and miracles of St. Te- similes, and have got much amusement thereby ; resa - such as her Life by Diego de Yepez and

and never more than when, this day, I hunted up Francisco de Ribera, referred to by Mr. Ford | Joseph Andrews, and read the account of the ilhimself-he will, I hope and trust, have a much literate and brutal pig-feeler as that of an “asa higher idea of the glorious saint than calling her senting Pastor Robinson.” Surely A is as like B " the crazy nun of Avila.” In English, Alban as B is like A: or else the absurdity — as it is Butler, in bis admirable Lives of the Saints, gives usually called — “ Cæsar and Pompey are very a very excellent sketch of St. Teresa's life and much alike, especially Pompey," is no absurdity

at all. But if, which I hope is not the case, the Thomas Hoccleve's Poems, printed (for the first simile be an application of the satirical rule of time) in 1796, p. 77:three -- as Robinson is to Trulliber, so is dis

“Go litil pamfilet, and streight thee dresse senting minister who farms to assenting minister

Unto the noble rootid gentillesse who farms, I must say, from knowledge of several

Of the mighty prince of famous honour, who come under the fourth term of the propor

My gracious Lord of Yorke " tion, that the sum is far from correctly stated.

J. W. A. DE MORGAN.

SINGAPORE (3rd S. iv. 395.) – The European EXECUTIONS (3rd S. iv. 186, 282.) — A volu- | residents do not understand Chinese, but there is minous work, Mémoires of the seven hereditary | a mongrel language vulgarly called pigeon (pidgi executioners in Paris, between 1688 and 1847, = bidgin, bidg-ness = business) English, which has recently been published by the present re- answers ordinary purposes. In order to protect out presentative of the Sanson dynasty : authenti- | authority in a place where we are so out-numbered, cated by his armoiries parlantes-a cracked bell, it is necessary to have a popular Chinaman in with the motto, “ Sans son," and the signifi- office; and accordingly, one who was originalça cant supporters of a brace of bloodhounds. An cooly, is now on the bench (magisterial), and be out-and-out sensational drama this: worth a done good service. Mr. Oliphant was quite correct hundred Thurtell-gigs or Camberwell-cabs, to any | with regard to a knowledge of the real Chiper London theatre-royal or penny gaff! But I l language. bi make a note of it" for an incident's sake, which throws into shade the carnificial curiosity of Sel The BROTHERS OF MRs. Hemans (3rd S. ir. 3.3 wyn and Boswell.

360, 421.) – In reference to the anxious inquiriö 'In 1793, when the Reign of Terror had reached of my friend MR. WM. KELLY, I beg leave to sp its perihelion, and the followers of this and that that I have abstained to the present from giving faction were alternating to the scaffold by daily him the information he desires, expecting that dozens and scores, an Englishman offered Sanson some other person would do so; and apprehende the sixth 101. sterling for admission as one of his ing that I might be intruding upon the privacy valets to the next morning's guillotinade ; and, of my highly respected friend Lieut.-Colonel the bribe being declined, went off in a buff, George Browne, C.B. I am truly happy in being vowing that he would accomplish his purpose, / able to state that this gentleman--the youngest malgré Monsieur l'Exécuteur des Hautes (Euvres. / brother of the late Mrs. Felicia Hemans, the (How much more euphuistic than our curt “ Jack | celebrated poetess—is well, hearty, and happy: Ketch !")

the life and soul of the circle in which he lives Not long after, it being a grand field-day in and shines. He is, I should say, the officer whose the Place de Grève, as the charettes were emptying | charming gaiety and friendship made suca iu their respective companies at the scaffold's foot, agreeable impression upon the father of Mr. Ae and Monsieur de Paris was telling off his gibier, | in America : for my gallant friend served " he descried his English visitor bustling among his regiment in that country, and he is still ty them, suitably got up as a death-flunkey, and | man to repeat the pleasant scene so grapaican sporting the bonnet rouge. Seemingly unaware of | described by my worthy neighbour. the trick, he bade the trickster drive the charettes Not long since, I had the pleasure of meeting back to the prison stables, and disappointed him Colonel Browne in France; and although the of his amusement.

French knew well he was their active enemy. Who was this sanguinolent sight-seeker ? Nim- | the Peninsula, upwards of balf a century ble-witted Selwyn is reported to have ridden post | they evidently honoured, esteemed, and admin to Paris for an autopsy of Damien's long agony ; | him. Not quite so much, however, as le ond biographic Boswell rarsonified an extra- | honoured, esteemed, and admired in the cry, ordinary for a seat in the same vehicle with Hack- | Dublin. Why, you may ask, should allusion mon to Tyburn; but what were they, compared thus made to the Irish metropolis? For a long

With the Tom Noddy, who defiled an English | time (not less than twenty years prior to m a with a French bonnet rouge, and sought when he retired), Colonel Browne acted as a service among the valetaille of the guillotine ?

Commissioner of Police in Ireland ; and those w

E. L. S. I know anything of the wild agitation--political in Berry, or BURY (3rd S. iv. 304, 401.) – Your something more-which prevailed there through correspondent will find a curious dissertation on | out the greater part of his service, may for this word in Verstegan's Restitution of Decayed opinion of the arduous duties imposed upon hi Intelligence, p. 211. THOMAS E. WINNINGTON. Owing to his singular good temper, kindness o

heart, and forbearance, combined with unceasing DERIVATION OF “PAMPHLET" (3rd S. iv. 379.)came

379.)- care of the important force under his copinang In support of Dr. Ash, I append an extract from and also care for the public peace, the heavy o

U

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of justice generally stopped dangerous enthusiasts, ed. p. 371, that he does not make the supposed
and would-be-rebels, ere they had proceeded too Hebrew word to nean parituræ, hut "lately de-
far on the road to ruin. Notwithstanding this livered of her Holy Child." This would confirm
most trying position, the name of my gallant the suggestion last made. The dedication, in fact,
friend was never mentioned by any party with would be the Nativity.

VEBNA.
disrespect, or disapprobation. In 1857, the go-
vernment acknowledged his valuable services by
allowing him to retire from his Commissionership
on full salary; which, with good health, may he

Miscellaneous.
long enjoy. He had an elder brother, Lieut.-
Correa

NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC.
General Sir Thomas Henry Browne, K.C.H.; the
date of whose death I have no convenient means The Works of William Shakespeare. The Text revised by
of ascertaining

Sutton CORKRAN. 1 the Rev. Alexander Duce. In Eight Volumes. Vol. 1.
Leicester.

Second Edition. (Chapman & Häll.)

This title-page does not do justice to the book. It is Dobb St. MARY OF EGYPT : CURIOUS PAINTING ON no mere reprint of Mr. Dyce's first edition, with a few

GLASS (3rd S. iv. 433.) — The Life of this cele corrections and amendments, but essentially a new book: A brated penitent was written by a grave author of

by crave author of undertaken upon principles far different, nay, almost the op

posite to, those by which its editor was formerly actuated. baise the fifth century, named Sophronius. In the

* If,” says Mr. Dyce," the most eminent classical scholars, course of it, he relates what undoubtedly gave in editing the dramas of antiquity, have not scrupled rise to the painting alluded to by W. D. The frequently to employ conjecture for the restoration of the

saint, in relating the history of her life to Zosi text, I cannot understand why an editor of ShakespeareIKA mus, the priest who discovered her in the desert,

whose plays have come down to us no less disfigured by

corruption than the masterpieces of the Athenian stagehas acknowledged with great humility and compunc

should hesitate to adopt the happiest of the emendations LLL tion, that she had abandoned herself at an early

proposed from time to time, during more than a century age to a life of infamy; and that one time seeing I and a half, by men of great sagacity and learning, always a number of pilgrims about to embark at Alex assuming that the deviations from the early editions are andria for Jerusalem, she had a great wish to

duly recorded." Admitting the cogency of this reasonaccompany them, not out of any devotion, but to

ing, and few will dispute it, whose judgment is not

blinded by a superstitious belief in the accuracy of the find among the crowd of people further oppor

early Quartoes and first Folio; it would be hard to find tunities of sinful gratification. She added that, an editor with higher claims to carry out such principles having no money to pay her passuge, she resolved to than Mr. Dyce. A ripe scholar, who has made the literaabandon herself to the first whom she might meet.

ture of the Elizabethan period for many years the subject And that, during the voyage, she induced many

of his studies, he enters on the task of so editing Shake

speare with many advantages; and all must be prepared to fall ; which made her now tremble to think of,

to receive, at least with respect, a text which has satisfied and wonder why the sea was not allowed to swal- | his judgment. Nor will an examination of such text los her up, or that she had not been struck with disappoint the reader. Mr. Dyce, in ceasing to be a lightning from heaven.

timid editor, has not become a rash one; and, although Here we have the origin of the extraordinary

we do not admit every reading which he has adopted,

there is not a passage which does not show evidence of a painting, described in the extract from Sainte

judicious and loving criticism. Foix: “ Comment la Sainte offrit son corps au batelier pour son passage." It probably formed A History of the World from the earliest Records to the one of a series, representing the principal events

Present Time. By Philip Smith, B.A. In Monthly of her wonderful history; but, with every allow

Parts and Half-yearly Volumes. Part I. (Walton & ance for the good intentions of the artists of olden

Maberly.) times, both in sculpture and painting, it was cer

This is an attempt to supply the English reader with a tainly high time for a representation so grossly

history of the world similar in character and object to

those with which Muller, Schlosser, Von Rotteck, and unbecoming to be removed.

F. C. H.

Duncker have supplied the readers of Germany. Mr.

Smith proposes to trace the story of Divine Providence
CHOAK-JADE AT NEWMARKET (3rd S. iv. 410.)

and human progress in one connected narrative, conThe Devil's Dyke on Newmarket Heath, said to densed enough to keep it within a reasonable size, but have been formerly the boundary between the yet so full as to be free from the baldness of an epitome. East Angles and the Mercians, is cut through by Mr. Smith's experience, as one of the principal contributhe race-course. No doubt it derived the name of

I tors to the Dictionaries of Greek and Roman Antiquities, “ Choak-Jade" from the ignobile vulgus of the him for such a task.

Biograplıy, and Geography, has done much to qualify running horses beginning to indicate at about that spot that they had had enough of it. Who | The Fine Arts Quarterly Review, No. II. (Chapman & were Messrs. Heber and Pond ?

VEBNA.

Hall.)

This has reached us so long after publication, that we St. MARY MATFELON (3rd S. iv. 5, 419, &c.)- | must content ourselves with stating that it is quite equal It appears by reference to Pennant's London, 8vo to the opening number in variety and interest, and with

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calling attention to Mr. Panizzi's proof that Francesco Smith's SACRED ANNALS: The Hebrew People. Part II.

RIDDELL'S ELEMENTS OF HANDRAILING, 3rd Edition. da Bologna, the type-founder of the Aldine characters,

Wanted by Mr.J. Kinsman, 2, Chapel Street, Penzance. was Francesco Raibolini, called Francia, the worthy contemporary of Leonardo, Raphael, and Michael Angelo, ILLUSTRATIONS OF BRITISH ORNITHOLOGY, by P. J. Selbs. 8vo. Ce

stable & Co., Edinburgh. great as a painter, great as an engraver, great as a me

Wanted by Messrs. lienningham 4. Hollis, 5, Mount Street, dallist, and without equal as a type cutter.

Grosvenor Square.
Mrs. Lirriper's Lodgings.
To criticise the Christmas Number of All the Year

Notices to Correspondents.
Round, after it has drawn forth the tears and smiles of

Tae CERISTMAS Number of "N. & Q." will be published on Saturd half the readers in England, would be a work of supere- | the 19th inst. Advertisements for insertion in it must be sent in oy rogation. The mingled humour and pathos with which nesday the 16th. Mr. Dickens has painted the clouds and sunshine of Mrs. Our CHRISTMAS Number will contain, among other articles ai és

terest Lirriper's domestic life, prove that his right hand has not

STRAY NOTES ON CARISTMAS. lost her cunning, and will ensure a welcome for the an

MACKINLAY AND THE LAIRD or LAROIE.-Tre CHIEFTAIN ADD nouncement that he will, in May next, commence a new

FOUL.

EXHIBITION OF Stax Boards, story in the good old Pickwickian monthly form.

A CHRISTMAS MYSTERY OF TRE ELEVENTH CENTURY.
"JOLLY Nose,"

A Law PASTORAL.

H. S. G. will find the process of dissolving gold, $c., in lub } LI BOOKS AND ODD VOLUMES

ments of Chemistry, pp. 1050_1, WANTED TO PURCHASE.

TABLES OF KINDRED AND AFFINITY may be procured from hom

Rivington of Waterloo Place, who, we believe, keep them really are Particnlars of Price, &c., of the following Books to be sent direct to

and glazed. the greutlemen by whom they are required, and whose names and addresses are given for that purpose:

E. R. The solution is unfitted for our columns. Bates's Works, by Farmer. Vol. III. 8vo, 1815.

J. WHITELOCKE (Amboise), W. G. Freeman, Esq., of Facky Twiss's Livy. Vols. I. and II. 8vo, 1810.

is now the patron of the living of Fawley. Wesley's (CHARLES) SHORT HYMNS ON SELECT PASSAGES OF TRE HOLY SCRIPTURES. Vol. I. Bristol, 1762.

H. JACKSON. A view of Fotheringay Castle has already been in WIDER PORCE'S LIFE BY BIS SONS. Vol. II. 1838.

after in our 2nd S. vi. 91, 152, 258. Tacitus. Vol. I. Bohn's Classical Library. Jesse's COURT OF ENGLAND UNDER THE STUARTS. Vols. III. and IV. 1810.

Horniman's Tea is choice and strong, moderate in price, 400 GLOSSARY OF ARCHITECTURE ABRIDGED, Parker.

some to use. These advantages have secured for this res 5* PEACOCK'S TREATISE ON ALGEBRA. Vol. II. 8vo, 1815.

preference. It is sold in packets by 2,280 Agents.

to their paried stars

723, 846. Hochbe

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the first clas calle

Foreign Ligne rder, or reference,

OGRAPHY is a Railroad method of communicating thought. I JEDGES & BUTLER. Wine Merchants, de a railroad by reason of its expedition-a railroad by reason of its eage."

Rev. DR. RAFFLES.

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Sparkling Epernay Champagne...... 363., 42. 434
Good Dinner Sherry.........

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London: F. PITMAN, 20, Paternoster Row, E.C.

Port .....

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Fine old "beeswing" Port, 488. and 608.; superior Shert 488.; Clarets of choice growths, 368., 428., 188., 60s., 728., 4

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788.; very choice Champagne, 663. 78s.; fine old Sack, Malme

tignac, Vermuth, Constantia, Lachrymæ Christi, Imperial Ton. (Established 1735.)

other rare wines. Fine old Pale Cognac Brandy, 60s. and 728. very choice Cognac, vintage 1805 (which gained the first medal at the Paris Exhibition of 1855), 144s. per doz. Foreim

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HEDGES & BUTLER, PAPER and ENVELOPES, &c. Useful Cream-laid Note, 28, 3d. per

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Brighton : 30, King's Roud. Foolscap. 68. 6d. per Ream. Black bordered Note, 5 Quires for te

(Originally established A.D. 1667.) Black Bordered ditto. ls. per Super Cream Envelopes, 6d. per 100. 100 Tinted lined India Note (5 Colours), 5 Quires for 1s. 60. Copy Books (Copies set), Is. 64. per dozen. P. & C.'s Law Pen (as flexible

CAMPBELL'S OLD GLENLIVAT WHISKI. the Ouíll), 28. per gross. Name plate engraved, and 100 best Cards

u At this season of the year. J, Campbell begs to directs printed for 38. 60.

this fine cld MALT WHISKY. of which he has held a large No Charge for Stamping Arms, Crests, &c. from own Dies.

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Hennessey's very old Pale Bravdy, 328. per gallon (J.C.

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Pale, Golden, or Brown, 808., 368., and 498.; Port from and 368., crusted, 12., 488. and 548. Note.-J. Campbell

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proves by keeping in bottle two or three years. Remittau Sixpence. Instructions for Exhibiting Dissolving Views. references should be addressed JAMES CAMPBELL, 158, Regent the Manasement of the Apparatus, with Lime Light or Oil

GRIFFIN, F.C.S. Illustrated by numerous Larr:ps. By incs to which is added a priced list of about 2,000 sliders are

Now ready, 18mo, coloured wrapper, Post Free, 6d. ollections suitable for lectures, including many new and

NN GOUT AND RHEUMATISM. Aber Brilliant subiects. Single Lanterns, 39 in. lenses, with rackwork adiusta

Pair of Lanterns, with all the Apparatus necessary for exment, 554. Pair of Lanterns. with

work, by DR. LAVILLE of the Faculty of Medicine, Paro

hibiting a perfectly new, certain, and safe method of QUE hibiting Dissolving Views to Public Audiences, 121, 12s.

by an English Practitioner. JOHN J. GRIFFIN, 119, Bunhill Row, E.C.

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begs to direct attenti

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gallon (J. C.'s extesetts thorough knowledge of tk

68. per dozen: Sherry 28.; Port from the woud.

Campbell confidenti

ed, which greatly is ea, Remittances or to

and for the Management of the

engra

dethod of cure. Translated

LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1863.

Sed tamen, ut placitum,

Stirpe natus Druidum
CONTENTS. —No103.

Gentis Aremoricæ
NOTES:- Stray Notes on Christmas, 485 -"Jolly Nose,"

Burdigali Cathedram 488 - A Christmas Mystery of the Eleventh Century, 489

Nati operâ obtinuit.' - Folk Lore: The Grasshopper and Cricket - Pen-tooth - Genii, Jin, Genius, Yin - French Folk Lore - Step

| Every year in the month of December, or Zerzu, which mother's Blessings - St. Clement's Day - Chiltern Cus. they called “the sacred month,' they were bound to meet toms: Egg Hopping, 491 - Mackinlay and the Laird of at Rouvres. When the time for this magnificent solemLargie: the Chieftain and his Fool, 492 — " The Wonder nity approached, the Supreme Pontiff sent his commands of all the Wonders that the World ever wondered at,"

to the Pontiffs of each nation and city, and by them his 494.

orders were communicated to the people. Instantly the MINOR NOTES:- Removing Oil-stains from Books - "Stir.

priests came forth from their forests, and traversed their up" Sunday - Potato apd Point - Boyle - Army Move. ments-- Revalenta - Author of Grandsire Bob - Sell.

various districts, inviting the faithful to follow them esteem of the English - Bede and De Morgan, 495.

with the cry of Kal (first day of the year), or that of QUERIES:- Anonymous - Blotting-paper-Robert Burns,

Kalonna (gifts), to prepare themselves worthily for the Jun.--Chartularies of Carrow Abbey, Norwich: Nathaniel

holy ceremony of the Gui (misletoe) of the new year. Axtell, Esq. - Capnobatæ - John Guy - Colonel and Mrs. This invitation brought together an immense number of Lucy Hutchinson - David Lamont, D.D. - Bequest for clergy and laity to Rouvres. This fête was invariably Rood Lofts - Manucel, Maunell, or Mawnell - Melanch fixed for the sixth day of the moon. It opened with a thon — "Orbis Sensualium Victus" - Pomeroy Family

search for the famous misletoe upon an oak that had Process at Berne - The Prophet in the Passion Mysteries -Quotations Wanted, &c., 497.

about thirty years growth. And the misletoe, so found, was

to become, by its consecration, the Panchrestum—that is QUERIES WITH ANSWERS:- Wassail - Laurence Braddon

to say, 'the universal remedy:' a specific and panacea - Rev. James Struthers - Samuel Smith-Forrest: Wind. ham - Private Soldier - Sir Henry Caverley, 499.

against all sorts of poisons, and the true source of happi

ness to all in whose hands it was deposited. When it REPLIES :- Sir Francis Drake, 502 - Potheen, 503-RObert Deverell, Ib. - Dancing in Slippers -- Bowden_of

had been found, there was raised a triangular altar of Frome - Lady Reres - Thynne's Will - Hedingham Re

earth at the foot of the tree on which it had been disgisters - Jane, Lady Cheyne -- Executions for Murder covered, and then was commenced a species of procession. Hawkins Family - Joseph Addison and the “ Spectator” | The Eubagi marched the first, conducting two white - Merchants' Marks - Irish Union - The Earl of Sefton bulls, which had never been subjected to the yoke. These

Simon Frazer, Lord Lovat - Capacity for Religion in the Inferior Animals, 504.

were followed by the Bards, who sang hymns in honour

of the Supreme Being. Next came the novices, students, Notes on Books, &c.

and disciples, accompanied by a herald clothed in white. These were followed by the three most ancient Pontiffs :

one carrying bread that was to be offered up; the second Notes.

two vessels, filled with water and wine; and the third a

band of ivory, attached to the end of a wand, to represent STRAY NOTES ON CHRISTMAS.

justice and power, Next came the clergy, preceded by 1. The Druids' Misletoe Festival in Brittany.-11. Semi- | the Supreme Pontiff, in a white robe, and wearing a

Pagan and Christian mode of celebrating New Year's girdle of gold; and the procession closed with great numDay.--III. Ancient Mummers.-IV. Roman Catholic bers of the nobles and people. This cortege, having “Feasts of the Fool' and 'the Ass.'”-v. Abuses in | arrived beneath the oak, the officiant, after some prayers, Lutheran Churches at Christmas.-V1. Abuses in Italy, burned a morsel of bread; and poured some wine and VII. Polydore Virgil on Masquerading at Christmas.

water on the altar, and divided what remained amongst I. The earliest form of religious worship known

the assistant priests. This done, he ascended the tree;

and cut off, with a golden sickle, the misletoe and flung in this country is that of the Druids. A very clever it into the robe of one of the principal Pontiffs, who reantiquary (a Breton Catholic priest) M. Manet, ceived it with profound reverence. The Supreme Pontiff, has devoted considerable attention to a study of | aided by the Eubagi, then immolated the two bulls; and their proceedings; and we avail ourselves of his

concluded this religious ceremony by praying, with his

arms raised and extended, that God would permit His researches to give an account of the Druidical

benediction to rest upon the gift he was about to distrimanner of celebrating tbat festival, which coin bute amongst the people, then prostrated on the ground.' cides with our Christmas.

Directly afterwards, the inferior order of Druids distri“ The Sovereign Pontiff of the entire Druidical order,"

buted, as a gift to the assembled multitude, particles of observes the Rev. M. Mane, “ was, as it were, its Pope.

the sacred misletoe. They sent portions of it also to the All the Druids, says Cæsar (lib. vi. c. 13), obeyed him,

temples, to the chieftains, who felt bonoured in receiving without any exception; and his authority over them was

it, and who, as an act of devotion, wore it round their absolute. The divine spirit with which they believed necks in times of war. Sicknesses, enchantments, malehim to be filled. made him to be regarded as infallible not vo

vil a

veus spirits, were expelled by it: nothing only in doctrina hot ali

rued as infallible, not only in doctrine, but also impeccable in his conduct. The capable of diminishing the celestial powers of the myspoet Ausonius, in apostrophising Attius Patera. says in terious branch; and thunder itself would not fall upon his praise, that he was descended from a Druid of Bayeux,

the house that received it." a priest of Belenus, or Apollo; and, in speaking of Pbe Before passing from Druidism, we wish to quote bitius, one of the Armorican Druids, that he had been a passage from another Breton author (Notice sur treasurer to the temple of the same god, before becoming professor at Bordeaux :

la Ville de Nantes), which will be found of some • Nec reticebo senem

importance in connexion with the heathen-Roman Nomine Phæbitium,

manner of celebrating the Feast of Mid-winter :Qui Beleni Ædituus,

The Cathedral of Nantes is built upon the remains of Nil opis indè tulit;

| a Druidical temple, consecrated to a god called Balianus

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