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sent into the provinces to put down the insurrection. The insurgents, however, soon routed them, and then retired within the hill-forts in the neighbourhood. The British troops, bound by treaty to assist the Rajah in coercing his refractory subjects, marched against one of these forts, Samunghur, which they took by storm after a sharp conflict, putting many of the garrison, who continued their resistance, to the sword. The enemy endeavoured in the first instance to escape, but were effectually intercepted by the British cavalry. Between five and six hundred of the enemy were killed, and as many more wounded, or taken prisoners. After the capture of the place, five hundred infantry, under Colonel Outram, the present political agent for the Southern Mahratta country, were despatched to Kholapore, whither the main body of the army, under General Delamotte, would proceed.
The French ambassador arrived at Macao on the 15th of August. The American ambassador has negociated a treaty similar to the one entered into by the British authorities, but with additional explanatory clauses. A British expedition has been sent from Singapore,
to root out the piratical tribes on the north-west coast of Borneo. It was composed of her Majesty's ship Dido, Capt. Keppell, and the East India Company's steamer Phlegethon. This expedition proceeded up the river Sukarran. The boats were at first repulsed, but having been reinforced, the seamen and marines landed, destroyed the fortifications, and took 60 guns. Mr. Wade, first lieutenant of the Dido, Mr. Steward, and several men, were killed in the affair. The capital of the King of Kole, by whom the Hon. F. Murray was murdered, has been destroyed. ALGERIA.
The conquest of Algeria by the French arms, according to a despatch of Marshal Bugeaud, is now terminated. Peace reigns everywhere from the frontiers of Tunis to those of Morocco, the entire population having made its submission, save only a few Kabyles, in the provinces of Bugia and Giegelli. The revenues of the colony, which in 1840 produced only 4,000,000f., now amount to 20,000,000f., which will lessen by so much the burthens of the mother country. The European population has risen in one interval from 25,000 to 75,000 Souls.
Nov. 12. Her Majesty, accompanied by Prince Albert, went by the Birmingham Railway to visit the Marquess of Exeter at Burghley near Stamford. She left the railroad at the Weedon station, and on passing through Northampton received an address from the Corporation. The following day the infant daughter of the Marquess was christened by the Bishop of Peterborough, and received the name of Victoria. Prince Albert was the godfather; Lady Sophia Cecil and Lady Middleton the godmothers. On Thursday her Majesty visited Stamford, and on her return planted an oak near the great lime which was planted by Queen Elizabeth on her visit to Burghley. Prince Albert also planted a lime. Her Majesty returned to London on Friday Nov. 15.
An inquiry has recently been instituted by the Bishop of Exeter, into certain allegations made against the Rev. Walter Blunt, licensed curate of Helston, Cornwall, by Mr. Hill, one of the churchwardens. The case was heard on the 4th of October before the Commissioners appointed by his Lordship, namely, the Rev. Edward Bridge, Dean Rural,
GENT MAG. Vol. XXIl I.
the Rev. Edward Griffith, and the Rev Thomas Phillpotts. The evidence, with observations, having been reported to the Bishop, the Right Rev. Prelate drew up a most elaborate judgment. His final award amounts to this, that both parties have been wrong, and that the course for a clergyman to pursue is to follow the directions of the Rubrics, which constitute the laws of the church, and which both bishops and clergy are bound to obey. The principal points established by the Bishop are— 1. The lawfulness of preaching in the surplice; the sermon being a part of the communion service, and the surplice the proper garb for the service, the use of which the Bishop enjoins in his diocese. 2. The undesirableness of preaching extempore. 3. That if any prayer be introduced previous to the sermon, which is not enjoined by authority, the bidding prayer is alone the proper one. 4. That circumstances may admit of an instructive lecture being delivered after the second lesson at evening service, the u-ual sermon being subsequently omitted; but that this should * done when the wishes of the congregation are against it. 5. That persons should be encouraged, but that they cannot be compelled, to remain in church, on sacrament Sundays, during the actual celebration of the holy communion. 6. That a minister is authorised in refusing to administer the sacrament of the Lord's Supper to a schismatic. 7. That the burial offices of the Church of England may be denied to adults, who have been born, who have continued, and who have died in schism. 8. That a minister cannot refuse to marry unbaptized persons after the publication by him of banns for their marriage. 9. That at the churching of women, it is right that the latter kneel at the rails of the communion-table. 10. That the formation of voluntary choirs, in place of paid singers, should be encouraged. Subsequently to the promulgation of this judgment, the Bishop has relaxed his injunction directing the use of the surplice in the pulpit.
Nov. 29. A sale by public auction was go." with by Messrs. Hoggart and
orton, at the Auction Mart, Bartholomew-lane, of Luton Hoo, with the mansion (a portion of which was destroyed by fire about a year since), and other proÉ. in the immediate neighbourhood,
longing to the Marquess of Bute. The estate adjoins the town of Luton, about thirty miles distant from the metropolis, comprising about 3,600 acres of land, including the mansion, park, and grounds, the manor of Luton, co-extensive with it, several other manors, several farms, the village of New Mill-end, and the perpetual advowson and next presentation to the vicarage of Luton and chapelry of New Mill-end. The mansion of Luton (as preserved from the recent fire) is built principally of Bath stone, and is situate in the centre of the park. In its present state it contains a suite of apartments, viz. drawing-room, music-room, saloon 143 ft. long, an unfinished diningroom, 43 ft. by 21 ft., a library and billiardroom, &c. The mansion, park, and parkfarm extend over 1,300 acres. The great tithes of a chief part of the estate are the property of the Marquess of Bute, and last year realized the net sum of 4,127 l. 17s. 8d. The auctioneer having, at great length, stated the situation and the receipts for the different portions of the Property, said that, upon the improved value of the rental, he was of opinion that the estate was worth 32 years' pur
chase, or 152,814!. and said that the noble owner would take 50,000l. in part payment, and the remainder from the estate at the rate of 33 per cent. The woods would not be taken at a higher valuation than 36,000l. The first bidding was 100,000l. ; the second 100,500l.; the third 102,000l. The subsequent biddings were 1,000l. each up to 131,000l., at which sum the hammer fell, the estate being bought in. Lot 2 was, the next presentation and perpetual advowson to the vicarage of Luton, the tithes of which had been apportioned at 1,350l. The net value, after deductions for poor-rates, &c., was 1, 168l. This was bought for 9,656.l. the purchaser being the Rev. Mr. Sykes, curate of Luton. The mansion and estate of near 4,000 acres of land has since been purchased, by private contract, by Mr. Warde, of Clopton House, Warwickshire, for 160,000l.
Baron Rothschild has become the purchaser of the whole of the red deer belonging to the late Hon. Charles Stuart Wortley. The herd was last week removed to the noble baron's seat in Bedfordshire.
G. Grote, esq. formerly M.P. for the city of London, has become the purchaser of the East Burnham Park estate from R. Gordon, esq. late M. P. for Windsor, and of the lease of the same from the executors of the late Mr. W. Dancer.
At a Congregation, held Nov. 15, a grace passed the University Senate, to allow the chapel of St. Mary, Sturbridge, to be placed at the disposal of the committee for providing religious instruction for the railway labourers for the celebration of Divine worship.
The ancient church of Keswick, in the churchyard of which lie the remains of the late Dr. Southey, poet laureate, is about to undergo a general alteration and repair, at the estimuted cost of upwards of 3,000l., which will be laid out for that
urpose by a private gentleman. The iberal donor is J. Strange, esq. of the Dovecote, Keswick. The same gentleman some time ago built a new school for the benefit of the town, which cost upwards of 1,000l. DeRBYSH 1 RE.
The Duke of Devonshire's princely seat at Chatsworth is at the present moment undergoing extensive alterations and embellishments. The two new fountains which have been set in action are truly magnificent—the one called “The Emperor" from a single jet throws a column of water nearly 300 feet high. The other from several jets sends forth copious streams which rise and fall alternately. Huge masses of rock are collecting and forming into a rock-work, and when completed will present the appearance of a wild mountain torrent of above 300 feet long. Some rare plants have been sent to his grace from one of the most arid parts of Western Africa.
The Ecclesiastical Commissioners of England have separated a large portion of the parish of Charles (Plymouth), into a distinct district, which, for all ecclesiastical purposes, will henceforth be called Sutton-on-Plym. It includes Catdown, Brunswick-terrace, Britonside, Coxside, one side of Bilbury-street, Buckwell. street, Looe-street, and all the intermediate streets to the water-side. The Rev. George Carrighan, M.A. of St. John's College, Cambridge, has been appointed by Sir Robert Peel to be Minister of this new district.
Oct. 22. The Lord Bishop of Gloueester and Bristol consecrated the newly erected church of St. John, at Cinderford, in the Forest of Dean, built after a design by Edward Blore, esq. upon land given by the Crown, by public subscriptions, but chiefly by the munificent donations of Charles Bathurst, esq., of Lydney Park, and the Rev. Dr. Warneford. It is situated in the midst of a large and poor population, hitherto at a distance from any church, and is capable of holding 650 persons—Oct. 23, his Lordship conseerated a piece of land as an addition to the burial ground to the church of Holy Trinity, in the Forest of Dean, upon land also given by the Crown.—And Oct. 25, the Bishop consecrated a beautiful church, built at the sole expense of the Earl Bathurst, upon a site voluntarily given by Peter Playne, of the Box, esq., at Framp. ton Mansel, a tything in the parish of Sapperton, as a chapel of ease for the inhabitants of that tything, being nearly two miles distant from the mother church. The Society of Merchants have lately purchased a large piece of ground in the centre and principal part of Clifton, in order to preserve it for the benefit of the o The purchase was made at a igher price than the land was worth, but it was paid rather than let the ground be sold for building purposes. It is intended to lay the ground out in a park-like manner, to make it conducive to the public recreation, and to preserve the view of a noble terrace lately erected. It is probable that the example will be followed
by other acts of similar liberality. One gentleman has already offered to give up a valuable piece of ground adjoining the land so purchased, and leading to and from Saville place to Richmond terrace, in order to make an easier access to the road leading to Clifton Down, Hotwells, Brandon-Hill, &c. thus combining convenience with delightful drives and scenery. This gentleman a short time back gave the sum of 1,000l. towards the new church lately erected.
Nov. 28. The Lord Bishop of Winchester consecrated a new church at Farnborough, on the South-Western Railway, in the presence of the Dean of Chichester and a large number of the clergy. The church is within sight of the Farnborough station, and is built of Heath stone.
In 1837, a meeting was held at Winchester, at which the Duke of Wellington presided. A society was formed for the purpose of taking measures for the extension of Church accommodation throughout the diocese. Since its formation it has contributed towards the erection of 42 new churches and chapels, and the repairs and enlargement of 34. The aggregate amount of the population assisted is about 250,000. he church accommodation previously existing in these places was 68,907 sittings, or rather more than one in four of this number; not more than one in sixteen were free. The additional accommodation now obtained is 26,893 sittings, making the proportion of sittings to be somewhere between one in three and one in two. Of these additional sittings no less than 17,503 are free; thus making the proportion of free sittings to be one in seven and a half, being rather more than double the number that previously existed. The estimated cost of these buildings and enlargements, as reported to the committee, almount in the aggregate to 105,877.l. The society's grants have amounted to 25,0521. In addition to this sum it has remitted to the incorporated society in London the sum of 30921. making its total outlay to amount to 28,144l.
IienerorDSHIRE, Joseph Bailey, esq. M.P. for Worcester, has purchased the ancient and picturesque Castle of Hay, and has given
orders to have it put in complete repair.
Sept. 26. A new bridge, across the Irwell, connecting the boroughs of Manchester and Salford, was publicly opened, and received the name of Albert Bridge. It is of one arch, and measures 18 yards
across within the battlements. It has been built at the expense of the county. It was mentioned by W. Garnett, esq. chairman of the Bridge Committee, that within his recollection there was but one bridge for carriages across the Irwell at Manchester: now there are five, and some of them ornaments to the town. Nov. 29. The new church of St. Barnabas, at Manchester, just finished, was consecrated by the lord Bishop of Chester. The district has, by an order in council, been created a new parish, and is named “The District of St. Barnabas, Manchester.” The church is one of ten erected in this town by “The Ten Churches Association,” and is, perhaps, one of the finest yet built by that useful body. The next day his Lordship consecrated another new church in the township of Blockley. Dec. l. The Bishop of Chester consecrated a new church at Bolton, under peculiar circumstances. The building was erected in 1822 for the use of the Methodist new connexion, and was always well attended, on account of the learning and eloquence of the preacher. About four years ago the minister and congregation held several meetings, the result of which was that they determined on conforming to the Established Church. Since that period the building has been occupied as a chapel of ease to the parish church. A district has been assigned to it under the provisions of the 6th and 7th Victoria, c. 39; and on its being consecrated it became a parish church, under the name of Christ Church. The building is a plain brick structure, accommodating 800 persons, and is situated in the poorest and most spiritually destitute part of the town. To fit it for the service of the church a chancel has been erected, and to give the exterior something of an ecclesiastical character, the west front has been improved, and the addition of a doorway of elaborate design, consisting of five receding arches, executed chiefly in terra-cotta from the Ladystone works near Bolton. The windows, which had semicircular heads and sash-lights, have been replaced by windows in the same style as the doorway (Norman), and a bell gable, surmounted by an appropriate cross, has been placed on the top. The alterations have been made under the superintendence of Mr. Gregan, of Manchester. The petition was presented to the Bishop by the Rev. James Slade, vicar of the parish, and a sermon was preached by the Rev. Henry Raikes, M.A. Chancellor of the diocese of Chester. Dec. 13. During the operations going on in connexion with the new park at
Everton-brow, two relics of military warfare were found in the earth, about a foot from the surface. One of them, the remains of a large sword, or sabre, was taken up in a garden belonging to Mr. Halliday, at the back of a small house known as Prince Rupert's Cottage; the other, which is a portion of a firelock, was discovered near the church ; both are very much corroded by the action of the weather, and a part of the sword appears to have been broken off. The most probable conjecture is, that they have been embedded in the soil since the period when Liverpool was besieged by Prince Rupert, in 1644. They are now in the possession of Mr. William Halliday, of the Everton coffee-house. MIDDLESFX.
The Tower of London is about to undergo great alterations and improvements. For months past surveyors have been engaged, at the direction of the Board of Ordnance, in surveying different parts; and an elaborate working model has been formed, under the superintendence of Major Hall, of the Royal Engineers. A new entrance will be made facing Upper Thames-street, and will be approached by a drawbridge. To effect this alteration, the Spur Gate is to be demolished; that part of the old ditch between the Warders' Hall and the Spur Gate filled up, and a new one in a line with that by the river side is to be made, so as to run outside the grand entrance, in accomplishing which a large space of ground will be added to the fortress, although no encroachment on the public right of way on Tower-hill. The Spur Gate barracks, the menagerie buildings, the new ticketoffice, the Spur-guardroom, and the ramparts adjacent, are to be razed to the ground, and on their site will be built substantial erections for public offices. The Warders'.hall, now fronting the Stonekitchen, is to be destroyed, and a new one erected, which, together with the ticketoffice and guardroom, will form the buildings at the grand entrance. The two archways almost at the extreme eastern end of the fortress, leading to what is termed the Irish barracks at the south-east angle, are to be removed, and the Irish barracks, now used for the accommodation of the troops, are to be converted into storerooms. The entire row of buildings on the opposite side of the way is also to be demolished, and the whole space of the rampart wall will be cleared away, affording a commodious thoroughfare. At the end of the Irish barracks are a number of smiths' shops and lofts; all these are to be levelled as far as the old Mill barracks, to the end immediately beneath the Jewel-house. The houses fronting the barracks in a line with the King's Arms public-house, about forty in number, are to share a similar fate, at least as far as the School-room. Nearly opposite to those buildings are the officers' residences, which are intended to be appropriated for the accommodation of the warders. A large building between the Beauchamp tower and the officers' present quarters is to be converted into an infirmary for the troops, an institution long required in the garrison. The alterations intended immediately adjacent to the Grand Parade are equally extensive. The houses on the right, after passing under the Bloody Tower to the parade, now the residence of some of the warders, will be destroyed, together with the guardroom. All the buildings, in fact, contiguous to the White Tower are to be swept away, so as to throw that interesting and stately structure open to the view of the spectator, many of its beauties being hidden by the unsightly buildings that are attached to it. The carriage-way is to be abolished and raised level with the parade, which will certainly be one of the finest exercising grounds any fortress can boast of. It will be approached by a wide flight of steps close under the Bloody Tower. On the ruins of the grand storehouse is to be erected a large building for the accommodation of 800 soldiers, the style of which is to be in strict keeping with the White Tower. Extensive excavations are now going on in order to secure a good foundation, for which purpose the whole of the burial-ground attached to St. Peter's ad Vincula has been devoted, the bodies therein having been removed and deposited in a spacious vault (unless taken to other cemeteries). Some of the buildings to the west of the parade are to be pulled down to Inake room for more substantial erections. The houses on the terrace, known as the Map Office, are to be used as officers' residences, the roofs of which will be made to correspond with the White Tower and the intended new barracks. The Beauchamp Tower, which stands on the west side of the parade, will be thrown open to public view; and when the records are removed to the new Houses of Parliament, the White Tower will be open for public inspection. The Royal Exchange.—The following particulars respecting the amount of money that has been expended by the Mercers' Company in the erection of the New Royal Exchange, and the improvements in the immediate vicinity, are derived from authentic sources. Contract for the foundation, 9657l. 1s.; expenses for laying foundation stone, 1176l. 19s. 1d. ; voted to three architects for plans of the
Exchange—lst premium 300l., 2nd ditto 200l., 3rd ditto 100l.—600l. ; excavating the Merchants' area, and constructing vaults underneath, 3000l. ; contract for building the Exchange, completed by Mr. Jackson, the builder, at Pimlico, l 15,090l.; sculpture work in the tympani (by Westmacott), 3000l. 5 carvings of the internal façades, &c., also externally, 2700l. ; sculpture of Corinthian capitals, columns, and piazzas, 6000l. ; the encaustic painting of the roof of the colonnade, by M. Sang, 2248l. ; cost of clock and works, &c., 700l. ; cost of bells, 905l. ; statue of the Queen, 1000l. ; statue of Queen Elizabeth (Watson, artist), 500l. ; statue of Sir R. Whittington (Carew, artist), 430l.; statue of Sir H. Myddelton (same artist), 460l.; statue of Sir T. Gresham, 550l. ; the Royal arms over the western entrance, 350l.; the tessellated pavement (a failure, and destroyed), 700l. ; commission to Mr. Tite, the architect (said to be about 10,000l.) There are other expenses, the amount of which is not yet made up ; but the amount total of the cost of the edifice will not exceed 180,000l. The improvements, in the demolition of the Bankbuildings, and other premises at the back of the Exchange, cost about 190,000l. ; total 370,000l. The rental of the Royal Exchange is described in the Committee's Report to be as follows:–Royal Exchange Assurance Company, 2400l. ; Lloyd's, 1260l., London Assurance Company, 1500l. ; shops, &c., 5000l. ; total, 10, 1601. The Exchange will not be opened for public business until some weeks after Christmas. Westminster Bridge.—By a recent Parliamentary Return, it appears that from the year 1810 to April 1838, a sum of 83,097l. 6s. 9%d. was expended in the repairs and alterations of this bridge, together with charges for professional and other services. The cost since 1838, in the repairs and alterations, amounted to 82,66ll. and a further sum was required of 52,8791.; and, if the footpaths were made the same as London-bridge, an additional sum of 40,000l. would be expended. The total income of the property belonging to the commissioners of the bridge is 7,464. 11s. 8d. a year. It will be perceived that the sum expended since 1838, and the further sum required, amount in six years to upwards of 135,000l., whilst the income derived from the property of the bridge in the period only amounts to 44,7871. 10s. Dec. 12. At a General Court of the Corporation of the School for the Indigent Blind, it appeared that during the last quarter the amount received was upwards of 5000l., from which, deducting the current expenditure, a balance of 650l. remained in the bankers' hands, The re