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Credulitas populi mihi lucro vertitur, astu. Confiso accrescunt gloria, opesque simul. Par. Oh hominem audacem se tollere laudibus ipsum [rum? Non pudet? at cessas, Phaedria, adire viPh. Te jubeo salvere, Gnatho. Gm, Mi Phaedria, salve, [urbe tuit Et tu. Ph. Quis novus hic rumor in Quid coeptas? Gn. Homines (nova enim est inventa facultas), Mesmerizo. Ph. Atqui nomen id unde? Gn. Rogas 2 [ter, Mesmerus quidam fuit olim hác arte magisGloria sollertis summa decusque gregis; Hunc sequor—et quae sit Mesmerica, quantaque virtus, Exemplis doceo precipioque palam: Quod magis ut faciam, juvenis comes additur, in quein Fiat opus : nomen classicum Alexin habet. Ph. Quae tamen est virtus? Gn. Doctrinae arcana Profundae, [pium : Num scrutaris? age, hoc accipe princiEst fluidum subtile aliquid, Magneticus humor, Intima corporibus per locaubique fluens: Hunc, duo quum coèunt una vicina, trahendo Utrumque alternã dataue capitaue vice: Qualis ubi nebulae concurrunt othere in alto, Mox Jovis exprimitur flamma, micantolue lif [lones, Par. Aut ubi concurrunt una duo cum nebuMox scelus exprimitur turpe, wigent que

011. Gn. Vosne intelligitis? Recto tunc, are soluto, Spectantúm ut circa turba parata sedet, Sto coram, fixoque oculo patientis in ore, Passibusalternis doque adimoque manum; Hinc fit ut, e nostro qui missus corpore manet Humor, in alterius transeat. Par. Ah! teneo, [illác, Rimarum plena est, nunc hac nunc periluit Quæ pueri fixo tenditur ore manus' Gn. Non ita, sed tanquam lassus vigilare videtur; - ... [genae; Fixis stant nervis membra, rigentaue Quæ modo flectuntur motumque Sequuntur agentis Ceu wento inclinat flos utrobique caput: Pungis acu, sentitgue nihil; das vulnera pugno, Immotă colaphos sustinet aure datos: Et queis sufficerent validi vix Herculisartus, Cruribus, extensis pondera vasta gerit. Par. Vulnera non sentit? Quam vellet, praelia campo -Dum gerit, affectus hos subiisse Thraso. {{...}. interdum se res obtrudit, et ultrà - Humanum erumpit vividavis animi. Eni caesis oculis clare videt omnial quicquid Aut procul aut coram, pone supervejacet. Includas aliquid saxo, clausumve libellum Tendas; rem, vocem, literulamve leget: Ligneus haud paries, neque murus aheneus obstat Quin acies animi prorsus acutaruat: Atque alia. Par. Oh monstrum: num quemvis quilibet actor [minime ! Håc ratione potest afficere? Gn. Ah! Multa opus est—primum sit convenientia quaedam - - Mutua corporibus congruitasque animi. Par. Conveniunt 7 credo, nempe ut, qui credulus adsit, - Inducant fictis decipiantaue dolis. Gn. Corporis humani multum valet iPsa habi

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Gn. Sic jubeo Ph. Mihi mira quidem res
esse videtur,
Sed dubito qui sit commoda, cuive bono?
Gn. Oh! hominum carcie mentes 1 oh! degener
aetas .
Siccine tam celsas res tenuare decet?
Non satis est jam grande aliquid mag-
nurnoue wholeri
Aut pulchrum—ni mox utile inesse velis.
Desine luctari—et quod non intelligis, artis
Inscius, indignis hoc dubitare modis.
Quin spectatum adeas—verum et dignos-
cere falso cet,
Si cupis, ipse oculis experiare. Ph. Pla-
Gn. Denique vos oro, vos qui spectatis amici,
Dum colitis priscă monia nostra fide:
Wos jubeo reipsá tentare, (quod artis origo
Est nostra,) valeatuid bene mota manus:
Sic modo consensus nobis Mesmericus adsit,
Plaudite, et (extremä voce) Walete, loquor,

ROYAL SOCIETY.

Nov. 30. This being St. Andrew's day, and the accustomed anniversary of the Royal Society, the President, the Marquess of Northampton, took the chair, and the royal gold medals were adjudged to Mr. G. Boole, of Lincoln, for a mathematical paper, entitled “On a new method in analysis;” and to Dr. Andrews, of Belfast, for a paper “On the thermal changes of basic substitutions.” The gold Copley medal was awarded to Professor Matteucci, of Pisa, for his researches in animal electricity. The Duke of Hamilton was elected a trustee of the Soane Museum on the part of the society. The following were elected as the officers and council of the society for the ensuing year, those in italics being the new members:-

President: The Marquess of Northampton. Treasurer: Sir J. W. Lubbock, Bart. Secretaries: Dr. Roget; S. H. Christie, esq. Foreign Secretary: J. F. Daniell, esq. Other Members of the Council : Dr. Bostock; W. Bowman, esq.; I. K. Brunel, esq.; Dr. Buckland; Sir W. Burnet; G. Dollond, esq.; The Dean of Ely; T. Graham, esq.; R. I. Murchison, esq.; R. Owen, esq.; Sir J. C. Ross, Capt. R.N. ; Dr. Royle; Dr. Sharpey; J. Taylor, esq.; Rev. R. Walker; Lord Wrottesley.

BotA NICAL SOCIETY.

Nov. 29. The eighth anniversary of this society took place, J. E. Gray, esq. F.R.S. President, in the chair. From the Report of the Council, it appeared that 17 members had been elected since the last anniversary, and that the society now consisted of 173 persons. The report of the Herbarium Committee stated that the Herbarium had been much increased by donations, and many valuable plants had been distributed; and that equally rare ones had been received, and would be distributed early in the ensuing year. On a ballot for the Council for the ensuing year, the Chairman was re-elected President, and he nominated E. Doubleday, esq. F.L.S. and Dr. Bossey, Vice-Presidents. Mr. J. Reynolds, Mr. G. E. Dennes, F.L.S. and Mr.T.Sansom, A.L.S. were respectively re-elected Treasurer, Secretary, and Librarian.

civil, ENGINEERs.

The council of the institution of Civil Engineers have awarded the Telford medals and Walker premiums for 1244, the former to the first eleven :

To W. Fairbairn, for his paper on the properties of the iron ores of Samakoff (Turkey), &c.;—to J. Murray, for his description and drawings of the removal of the lighthouse on the north pier at Sunderland ; — to J. Bremner, for his papers on Pulteney Town harbour, Sarclet harbour, a new piling engine, and an apparatus for floating large stones for harbour-works;–to A. Murray, for his paper on the construction and proper proportions of steam boilers;—to A. A. Croll, for his paper on the purification of coalgass, &c.;—to J. Braidwood, for his paper and drawings descriptive of the means of rendering large supplies of water available in cases of fire, &c.;-to J. Samuda, for his account of the atmospheric railway;— to C. H. Gregory, for his paper on railway cuttings and embankments;–to Captain W. S. Moorsom, for his description and drawings of the Avon bridge at Tewkesbury;--to T. Grissell, for his description and model of the scaffolding used in erecting the Nelson Column;–to C. Manby, secretary, for the translation and arrangement of the History of the Canal and Sluices of Katwyk, and the description of the works of the Amsterdam and Rotterdam Railway, by the Chev. Conrad.

The Walker premium to the eight following:—To the Chev. Conrad, for his description and drawings of the works of the Amsterdam and Rotterdam Railway : —to J. Leslie, for his description and drawings of the iron lock-gates of the Montrose docks;–to J. G. Thompson, for his description and drawing of the landslip in the Ashley cutting, Great Western Railway;-to J. Timperley, for his account of the building of the Wellington Bridge, Leeds;–to G. W. Hemans, for his description and drawing of a wrought-iron lattice bridge on the Dublin and Drogheda Railway;-to W. Evill, jun. for his description and drawings of the London terminus of the Eastern Counties’ Railway;—to A. J. Dodson, for his description and drawings of the hydraulic traversing frame used on the Great Western Railway; to J. Forrest, jun, for his drawings and diagrams illus

trative of numerous papers read at the meetings.

Roy AL society of LITERATURE.

The session of this society for 1844– 45 commenced on the 14th Nov. The first reading consisted of a further illustration of the Greek inscription on the stele of Xanthus, a copy of which, taken by the eye, together with the Lycian inscription on the same stele, was published in the last volume of the Society's Transactions. Colonel Leake, a letter from whom accompanied the plate, has subsequently had an opportunity of examining a cast of its surface, brought home by Mr. Fellows, the result of which has been various corrections in the reading of the epigram as formerly proposed. These corrections he submitted on the present occasion to the society in the form of a new version; but which, although differing from the former in several of the words and expressions, does not materially alter the sense of the epigram, or invalidate the general inferences deducible from this monument, as stated by him on the former occasion. The date of the monument appears, from the orthography and the form of the letters, to be of the first half of the 4th century before the Christian era. Asiatic Greek inscriptions of that early date are extremely rare, and the present document is the more interesting as there can be little doubt that the actions of the same son of Harpagus, recorded in the Greek epigram, formed the subject of the Lycian inscriptions, between two portions of which the Greek epigram occurs, and consequently that the Greek furnishes a key, though it is feared an insufficient one, to the decyphering of the Lycian. The presumed date of the stele of Xanthus affords strong reason for believing that the greater part of the monuments inscribed with Lycian characters, and found in various parts of Lycia, are of the 5th and 4th centuries B. c. The style of the sculptures found on many of them strongly confirms this supposition. It was in those ages that Lycia chiefly flourished, under the delegated authority of the Greek king, but enjoying those municipal and federal institutions for which Lycia was renowned as late as the reign of Augustus.

A second reading followed, comprising the life of Walter Mapes, by Mr. Wright, written for the second volume of the Society’s “Biographia Britannica,” now in the press.

By the death of Mrs. Richards, widow of the Rev. Dr. Richards, of St. Martin's, a legacy of 5000l., left by her late husband, falls to the Royal Society of Literature, in the council of which the rev. doctor was long an active member. A good historical article in the Edinburgh Review, last year, described the original endowment of the society by George IV. with the truly royal bounty, of eleven hundred guineas a year (ten pensions to distinguished authors of one hundred guineas each, and a hundred guineas for two gold medals); and regretted that this munificent patronage had ceased with the life of the founder. The present accession will in some measure repair the loss; for it will enable the council to print, annually, perhaps, some valuable inedited MS., agreeably to Dr. Richards' will.

sy Ro-Egypt IAN SocIETY.

Dec. 3. The first meeting of a Society bearing this designation, was held in Mortimer Street, Cavendish Square. The learned orientalist, Dr. John Lee, delivered upon the occasion an introductory address, in which he particularly pointed out the advantages which might and have accrued to the progress of discovery in regard to Egypto-Syrian antiquities and history, by the labours of persons residing in this country, as well as by travellers. Upwards of seventy members had inrolled their names, including many distinguished travellers and oriental scholars, such as Profs. Grotefend, Lassen, Bournouf, Koeppen, Lepsius, the Venerable Archdeacon Robinson, the Rev. Samuel Lee, Professor of Hebrew, and the Rev. Thomas Jarrett, Professor of Arabic, at Cambridge, the Rev. Drs. Renouard and Hincks, and Messrs. Ainsworth, Floyd, and Campbell, late members of the Euphrates Expedition. He stated that it was not contemplated originally that the Society should be more than a private association of those interested in Syro-Egyptian history and remains; but that, in consequence of the facilities now afforded to travellers, so great an interest had been evinced in the plans and objects of the society, that it was

deemed advisable to open the doors to all who take pleasure in observing the changes which are now going on in the East—to establish lectures and conversazione, and to admit ladies as well as gentlemen. The Hon. Secretary, Dr. Holt Yates, then delivered an introductory address. Dr. Holt Yates, as hon. secretary, then communicated a detailed plan of the views and objects of the society, which proposed to itself to encourage and advance literature, science, and the arts, throughout anterior Asia and Egypt, as well as to increase our knowledge in all matters relating to the antiquities, history, natural history, and present condition of those countries. This was followed by an inaugural dissertation of considerable length, detailing the progress of discovery within the last half century in these very remarkable countries, the cradle of the human race, and the first home of the arts and sciences. He gave a summary account of the Euphrates Expedition, and pointed out the importance of promoting education among the natives, and of establishing medical practitioners in Syria and Egypt. . He mentioned that a hospital had lately been opened at Damascus, under British auspices, and had received the sanction and co-operation of all the authorities; that 2,500 patients had been relieved there during the last four months, and that a course of medical lectures (the first, perhaps, ever delivered in Syria) had been commenced by Dr. Jas. B. Thompson, on the 1st of October last.

MR. BRITton has discovered the time and place of interment of John AUBREY, which have long been sought, and regarded as desiderata relating to that distinguished Antiquary. He has also met with many facts and letters concerning him, which will tend to give much interest to the Memoir he is preparing for the Second Volume of the Wiltshire Topographical Society's Transactions.

A R C HITECTURE.

INSTITUTE of BRITISH ARCHITECTS.

Dec. 2. J. B. Papworth, esq. V.P. in the chair. This was the opening meeting of the session. B. Green, esq. of Newcastle upon Tyne, was elected a Fellow ; and prizes (books) were delivered to Messrs. Baker and Deane, students to the Institute, for the best architectural composition, and for the best series of sketches, on subjects proposed by the Council:

Drawings were exhibited illustrative of

GENT. MAG. Wol. XXIII,

the painted decorations in the church of S. Francesco di Assisi, and a description was read, communicated by C. H. Wilson, esq. with some observations on the polychromatic decorations of the early Italian churches in general. The church at Assisi was the work of Jacopo l’Alemanno, father of the more celebrated Arnolfo da Lupo, and is remarkable as one of the most perfect examples of an architectural monument of that age, * by the painter. The entire church, withinside, is covered with colour, the work partly of Greek artists, and partly that of Cimabuè, Giotto Giottino, and Guinta Pisano, and their assistants, constituting it a most precious monument of the art of those early times. The importance and merit of these works by Cimabue, have been recognized by all the writers on art. The fervour of Italian art had given vitality to the inanimate forms of the Greeks, and the figures introduced are greatly superior in style, although the arabesque decorations with which they are combined are altogether Byzantine in character, and decidedly inferior to those of earlier date in St. Mark's, at Venice. In the ornaments of Giotto and his school in the Scovigni, and Chapel of St. George, at Padua, in those of Spinello Aretino, in St. Miniato, at Florence, and elsewhere, and in the works of Fra Beato Angelico, we have indications of a more refined taste and of progress.

Dec. 16. Mr. Papworth in the chair. James Walker, esq. F.R.S. President of the Institute of Civil Engineers, was elected an Honorary Member.

A model and drawings were exhibited of the mode adopted by Mr. Murray in moving the lighthouse at Sunderland.

A paper was read by Mr. J. J. Scoles, “On the Monuments existing in the Valley of Jehosaphat, near Jerusalem.” These monuments might possess little interest if viewed merely with regard to their dimensions or architectural merits, but, as they are almost the only buildings of any antiquity remaining in or about Jerusalem, and as tradition has invested them with the names of Absalom and Zachariah, it becomes an object of some interest to the archaeologist to ascertain, if possible, the period at which they were really executed. In style, they are strangely mixed, the Greek orders being blended with the Egyptian character and form. The most remarkable, “the Pillar of Absalom,” exhibits engaged columns of the Ionic order, Doric frieze, an Egyptian cavetto cornice, and a high conical roof, the whole being excavated and detached from the solid rock. “The Tomb of Zachariah” is of the same general character, but less decorated, and surmounted by a pyramid. There are several other tombs, but their features are less peculiar. One excavation, however, exhibits a pediment decorated with foliage of Greek character. On reviewing the architectural details, Mr. Scoles was of opinion that they are to be referred to the period of the Roman dominion in Syria and Egypt. The pyramidal form was very frequently used by the Romans in monumental structures.

cAMBRIDGE CAMDEN SOCIETY. Nov. 22. The Committee called the particular attention of the meeting to some specimens of brasses lately executed by the Messrs. Waller, of London. These will show that the ancient sepulchral brasses can be most successfully rivalled. The Earl of Shrewsbury presented elaborate casts of a third high tomb and weepers, which forms the last of the set given by his lordship. Some excellent specimens of woodcarving by Mr. Ringham of Ipswich were exhibited, and explained by the Rev. P. Freeman, chairman of the Committee. He observed, that three out of the prize competitors at the exhibition of woodcarving in London, when Mr. Ringham was one, had been brought up in a school of ecclesiastical work. A coloured drawing of a piece of old needlework, supposed to be part of a cope, now used as an antependium, from H. L. Styleman Le Strange, esq. was submitted to the meeting. A paper was then read by the Rev. F. W. Collison, M.A. Fellow of St. John's College, on the History of Altars. He adduced them from ancient writers in chronological order, which mentioned the material of the altar; showing that stone and wood had been simultaneously used in most ages of the Church; and proving that Bingham is on more than one occasion wrong in inferring from particular passages that wood was the more common material. Examples were enumerated of altars in wood, stone, gold, silver, and even in earth; and much interesting information about ancient churches was contained in the passages which were quoted. Mr. Collison next showed that Ridley's injunction for breaking down altars could not be binding upon other dioceses. He sketched the history of the disputes respecting altars from that time to the accession of William of Orange, assigning each order or counter-order bearing on the subject to its right place. One point he satisfactorily established : that stone altars were distinctly enjoined by the last enactment of the Church, at the revision in 1662; at which the Rubrick enforcing the use of such ornaments of the Ministers as were in use in the second year of King Edward VI. was strengthened by the remarkable insertion of the words “ornaments of the Church.” No one could deny that a stone altar was such an ornament in the year referred to ; and this Rubrick of 1662 is the only authoritative standard of the Church, repealing absolutely any intervening canons, precedents, or injunctions. In the course of some remarks on this paper, it was stated that stone tables are at this day

almost universally used by the Protestants abroad (as was also argued by Durel in his “Government of Foreign Reformed Churches,” p. 30, ed. 1662), while the altars of the Roman Catholics are universally cased in wood. The President adverted to a report, about which questions had been asked, concerning a legacy of 6,000l. which was said to have been left to the society; communications had been received which authorised him to say that he believed it to be true, though not of such a nature as to justify the committee in announcing it officially. Sixty members have been added to the society this term. CAMBerlwell church. The new parish church of Camberwell, dedicated to St. Giles, is the most magnificent ecclesiastical structure recently completed in the neighbourhood of London. It is built on the site of the old church, which was destroyed by fire early in 1841. Shortly after that occurrence a rate for 20,000l., in addition to the amount received from the insurance of the late church, was voted for the work. It was then intended to accommodate 2000 persons, and an addition was to have been made to the churchyard to render it capable of receiving it. The spire would have been 225 feet high, and the whole structure carried out in a style of which modern funds rarely admit. Unfortunately, however, when every preliminary was completed, a protest was entered against the rate by a malcontent parishioner, founded on some alleged want of technicality in taking the rates at the vestry; and the objection being confirmed, in some measure, by legal opinion, it was thought most prudent to appeal again to the vestry, when, to avoid needless disputes, a compromise was agreed to, reducing the rate to 12,000l., and the accommodation to 1500 persons. The present design, by Messrs. Scott and Moffatt, is in the style of the latter half of the thirteenth century, being the transition between the early-English and the Decorated style. The plan is cruciform, having a central tower and spire. This plan has been adopted partly as the most suitable to the present site, in which a western tower would be much hidden by surrounding buildings, and partly as being the usual form in ancient times for the mother church of a large district containing other subordinate churches. The mass of the walls is built of rubble-work of Kentish rag stone, mixed with the materials from the old church. The exterior is faced with hammer-dressed stone from Yorkshire, with dressings of Caen stone. The relief produced by the two descriptions of stone

gives a pleasing effect, and in a great measure compensates for the simplicity of the details. The buttresses and other projections are bold and massive, and throughout solidity of construction and boldness of outline and proportion appear to have been studied rather than highly ornamented finish. The roof, which is of a high pitch, is covered with slab slates, which have the same general effect as lead. Though the details are in themselves simple, they have considerable variety, and the windows to the east end of the , transepts are of large size and ornamental character. The entrance through the north porch is groined with stone, the carved boss bearing the arms of Mr. Storie the Vicar. The nave is supported on each side by five arches, resting on alternately round and octagonal pillars, with carved capitals. The tower is supported by four massive clustered columns of the hardest and most solid stonework, and the space below the tower is groined with stone. The remainder is covered with highpitched open roofs, plain in their design, but massive in construction. Low open seats or pews, chiefly of oak, fill the nave. The pulpit is of oak, and its panels contain paintings, on porcelain slabs, of our Saviour and the Four Evangelists, which, with an encaustic floor in the chancel, were presented by Mr. Thomas Garrett, of Herne-hill. The chancel is fitted up with oak stalls in the sides, for choristers. The communion table is of stone, on pillars of the same, behind which is a screen of stone, containing the Commandments in illuminated characters. The west window contains stained glass, chiefly antient, and preserved from the old church. A fine organ has been erected.

NEW CHURCH AT MARKINGTON.

The new church of St. Michael, at Markington, in the parish of Ripon, which was consecrated by the Bishop of Ripon on the 29th Oct. is a very beautiful little structure, erected from the design of Mr. A. H. Cates, of York, in the early or geometrical Decorated style. It stands on a commodious and picturesque site, closely adjacent to the village, the gift of E. H. Reynard, esq. The plan consists of chancel, with sacristy on the north, nave, and south porch. The western gable is surmounted by an open belfry with two bells. The chancel, elevated by one step, is of full size, with priest's door on the south, and is parted from the nave by a good carved oak rood-screen. The altar is of stone, raised on three steps, and having the five crosses patée incised on the table. In the south wall are a piscina and two sedilia, On the south side of the chancel arch, within the nave, is a double

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