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Stephen John Winthrop, B.A. 1728, M.D. 1798; and his brother, the late Rev. Edward Winthrop, Vicar of Darent, Kent, who died in 1826, was also a member of that college, B.A. 1791. The gentleman now deceased graduated B.A. 1792 as 12th Wrangler, M.A. 1795, B.D. 1803. He married Jan. 23, 1827, FrancesMary, eldest daughter of the Rev. George Feachem, Vicar of Dorking. Probate of his will has been granted to the executors, Bulkeley John Mackworth Praed, esq., Benjamin Aveleigh Winthrop, esq., and the Rev. Benjamin Winthrop, clerk, the nephews of the deceased. The personal estate was sworn under 140,000l. The will is dated Dec. 14, 1844, and is of great length, with seven codicils. It directs that out of a certain sum invested in the Three per Cent Bank Annuities, the interest of 26,000l. part of the stock, shall be applied for the use of his wife. The principal of the said stock at her decease to be divided into four parts, which he bequeaths to his nephews as named. Bequeaths to Mrs. Sophia Ann Cooke, residing with him, the interest of 10,000l. He also leaves her his carriage, and the whole of the furniture, plate, and other effects, in the house at Sloane Street (books excepted), leaves her two Bibles. Bequeaths to her daughter, Sophia Alvinzi, 1,000l. His books are to form part of the residuary estate. The trustees are to lay out 5,000l. in small advowsons for the Platt Foundation at the college of St. John the Evangelist, at the University of Cambridge. The residue of his personal estate to be divided into twelve parts among his nephews and nieces, as named in the will. He leaves the following bequests to charitable institutions:—To the Middlesex Hospital, 100l. ; to the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 100l. ; to the Clergy Orphans' School, St. John's Wood, 100l. ; to the Hospital now building at Brompton for Diseases of the Chest, 1007.; to the Society for Discharging the Debts of Small Debtors in Confinement, 1007. ; to the Westminster Hospital, 50l. ; to the Charing Cross Hospital, 50l. ; to the Strangers' Friend Society, 50/.; to the Philanthropic Institution, St. George-inthe-Fields, 50l.; to the School for Indigent Blind, ditto, 50l. ; to the Society for the Relief of Widows, Sackville-street, 25l. ; to the Royal Society of Musicians, 25l. ; to the magistrates of the undermentioned police courts, to be applied to the relief of the distressed coming before them, viz. Marlborough-street, Queensquare, Bow-street, Marylebone, ClerkenGENT, MAG, Vol. XXIII.
well, Union-hall, and Lambeth, 25l. to each court; to the Rev. Richard Burgess, of Cadogan-place, 100l. to be distributed by him among the poor of that neighbourhood.
The Rev. Edward Moises, M.A. March 29. At Newcastle-upon-Tyne, the Rev. Edward Moises, M.A. Vicar of Hart, co. Durham, Master of the Hospital of St. Mary, Newcastle, and late Head Master of Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, in that town. Mr. Moises was the scion of a learned stock; both his father and his grandfather having been Fellows of Trinity college, Cambridge. Mr. Moises himself, after receiving his primary education at the grammar school of Newcastle, over which his venerable and justly celebrated uncle, the Rev. Hugh Moises, so long and successfully presided," was elected a scholar of the same society. In 1787, on the resignation of his uncle, he was appointed by the Corporation of Newcastle to the head-mastership of the Grammar School, and he continued to discharge the duties of that important office for the long space of forty-one years. From 1798 to 1816 he was Afternoon Lecturer of St. Andrew's, and for a still longer period Morning Lecturer of All Saints'. In 1206 he succeeded his uncle in the Mastership of the Hospital of St. Mary the Virgin (the ancient chapel of which was so wantonly destroyed by the Town Council last ..") and in 1811 he was presented to the Vicarage of Hart, in the county of Durham, by the Lord Chancellor Eldon. Mr. Moises was confessedly a very learned man, distinguished not only for his great attainments in classical literature, but also for his proficiency in the study of the Oriental languages. In 1792 he published the Persian Interpreter, containing a grammar, a series of extracts, and a vocabulary; and the Arabic version of the Bible, which issued from the Newcastle press in 1811, was printed under his superintendence. As a preacher, Mr. Moises was always and most deservedly popular. His discourses were admirable in themselves, and his manner of delivering them was peculiarly graceful and impressive. He
* Memoirs of the Rev. Hugh Moises, and of others connected with the Grammar School of Newcastle, by the late Rev. John Brewster, were printed for private circulation in 1823, and reprinted in Nichols's Illustrations of the Literary History of the Eighteenth Century, vol. v.
was warmly attached to his spiritual mother, the Church of England, and was a truly noble specimen of the old school of orthodox churchmen. In later years, when increasing infirmities confined him almost entirely to the house, he was scarcely ever found without a Greek Testament in his hand. He was rarely seen abroad, except at church, where his truly dignified and patriarchal appearance invariably attracted notice. In all he said or did he was a thorough gentleman— extremely kind and affable, especially to his old pupils. . His conversation was lively and agreeable, replete with interest and instruction. The great kindness and good advice of his revered old master will be ever remembered with gratitude and affection by the writer of this unworthy tribute to his memory. An admirable and striking portrait of him by Mr. Andrews, a local artist, was presented to the Literary Society of Newcastle-uponTyne, not long ago, by some of the subscribers to that institution, of which he had been an original member, and had suggested the formation of the library. The mortal remains of this good old man were followed to the grave on Wedmesday, this second of April, by a numerous body of the clergy, anxious to pay him this last token of respect. He was interred at All Saints', where lies an only son, whose untimely fate is recorded in a beautiful Latin inscription, dictated by parental affection. PROFEssoft DANIEI.L. March 14. Suddenly, in the councilroom of the Royal Society, aged 55, John Frederick Daniell, esq. D.C. L., Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society, Professor of Chemistry in King's college, London, and Examiner in Chemistry in the University of London. Professor Daniell was originally brought up to the business of a sugar-refiner. His fondness for scientific investigations had, however, been manifested from his boyhood, when he used frequently to amuse his friends by exhibiting to them some of the wonders of pneumatic chemistry. After relinquishing his business, he devoted his attention to the study of meteorology, and contributed several papers connected with that subject to the Quarterly Journal of Science and Art, particularly one in the year 1820, on a new hygrometer, which is still in high estimation. In 1823 he established his scientific reputation by his work entitled, “ Meteorological Essays,” which was followed in1824 by an important essay “ on Artificial Climate,” for which he received the silver medal of the Horticultural Society, and
it was published in their Transactions. In the Gardener's Chronicle for the 1st of March last, Dr. Lindley bore testimony to the importance of this essay, by stating that it had completely revolutionized the methods previously adopted for attaining the like objects. On the foundation of King's college, London, in 1829, Mr. Daniell was appointed Professor of Chemistry in that institution, the duties of which office he continued to discharge until the day of his death. In 1230 and 1231 he published a description of his Pyrometer, for measuring the heats of furnaces, the expansion and melting-points of metals, &c. For this simple but perfect invention the Royal Society awarded him the Rumford medal, in 1832. In 1836 he communicated to the Royal Society a paper describing a method of obtaining continuous and powerful currents of Voltaic Electricity from his constant battery: for this he received the Copley medal—the highest honour that a man of science can receive in this kingdom. In 1839 appeared the first edition of his “lintroduction to the Study of Chemical Philosophy,” a masterly treatise on the action of molecular forces in general though modestly professing to be little more than a simple introduction to the discoveries of Professor Faraday, and their applications to chemistry. He continued his researches in the same field until the period of his decease, communicating the results of his experiments from time to time to the Royal Society, in whose “Philosophical Transactions" they have been given to the world. He became the Foreign Secretary of that learned body in 1839. In 1842 he received from it one of the Royal medals ; and it is worthy of remark that he was the only individual upon whom all the three medals in the gift of the Royal Society have ever been bestowed. In 1843 the university of Oxford conferred upon him the honorary degree of D.C. L. In the same year he published the second edition of his “Chemical Philosophy.” The second, and much enlarged, edition of his “ Meteorological Essays” made its appearance in 1827 : and a third was very nearly completed before his death. Professor Daniell had completed his 55th year on the day preceeding that of his sudden decease. On that day he delivered his usual lecture at King's college, which he brought to a conclusion a little before the usual time, in order to attend a meeting of the Council of the Royal Society. , Whilst there present, he had just furnished some observations on a subject in which he took a lively interest, when he was observed to lean back in his chair, and to breathe hard. Mr. Bowman, the Assistant Surgeon of King's college, promptly rendered his assistance, and opened the jugular vein, but he died in less than five minutes from the first seizure. It was a simple case of apo. plexy. He had generally enjoyed good health, and was a remarkably temperate man, having for the last two or three years touched neither wine nor spirits. In person he was tall and portly, his features well formed, his complexion florid, and his countenance wearing an expression of frankness and good humour. As a man of science, he was modest and unpretending; always preferring others to himself, and studiously avoiding all occasions of controversy. To the institutions to which he was connected, he attached himself with all his heart, and laboured incessantly for their advantage. His private character was adorned with every virtue to command respect, and with every gentler quality to secure attachment. He has left a numerous family of children. His funeral took place at the Norwood cemetery, on the Monday following his decease. The Principal of King's College was present, with the Professors, and officers of the Medical department, and a large number of the students. A subscription has been set on foot to place his bust, or other fitting memorial, within the walls of the college.
WILLIAM HEBERDEN, M.D. F. R.S.
Dr. Heberden was the second but only surviving son of the very celebrated physician, William Heberden, M.D. F. R.S. and S.A. (who died in 1804, aged 90), by Mary, daughter of Francis Wollaston, esq. F.R.S. He was born March 23, 1767, when his father was fifty-six. He was a Fellow of St. John's college, Cambridge, as was his father, his younger brother, Charles (who died when B.A. in 1796), and his elder half-brother, the Rev. Thomas Heberden, Canon of Exeter and Prebendary of Chichester and Wells (who died in 1843). He graduated B.A. 1788, as first Senior Optime, and in that year was the second Chancellor's medallist. In 1789 he obtained one of the Members' prizes for Middle Bachelors; and in 1790 one of those for Senior Bachelors. He proceeded M.A. in 1791; and in the same year he was incorporated M.A. of Christ Church, Oxford; where he took the degree of Bachelor of Medicine in
1792, and that of Doctor in 1795. After settling in London, he acquired considerable practice, and was appointed Physician Extraordinary to the King and Queen. He was the author of the following works: Observations on the Increase and Decrease of different Diseases, particularly of the Plague. 1801. 4to. Dr. Falconer, of Bath, published in 1802 “An Examination ” of this work. A translation of his father's “Commentarii de Morborum Historia et Curatione.” 1802, 8vo. Morborum Puerilium Epitome. 1804. 2vo. The same in English, 1807. 12mo. Oratio Harveiana in honorem Medicinae habita in Coll. Reg. Medic. Lond. Theatro, Oct. 18, 1809. 4to. On Education. A Dialogue, after the manner of Cicero's Philosophical Disquisitions. 1812. 12mo. Also, several papers in the “Medical Transactions " of 1813 and 1815, and probably other years. Dr. Heberden married, Oct. 1, 1796, Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Miller, esq. and niece to Sir Thomas Miller, Bart. by whom he had issue four sons and four daughters: 1. The Rev. William Heberden, of St. John's college, Cambridge, A.B. 1819, M.A. 1822; presented by his father to the vicarage of Great Bookham, Surrey, in 1832; 2. Elizabeth-Caroline; 3. Charles; also of St. John's college, Camb. B.A. 1820, M.A. 1823; called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn 17th June 1832; 4. George, also of St. John's college, Camb. B.A. 1822; 5. Henry; 6. Mary; 7. Anne; and 8. Emily-Henrietta.
March 2. At her residence, Belgrave Gate, Leicester, in the 90th year of her age, Miss Linwood.
The name of this distinguished lady is too intimately associated with the fine arts to need any elaborate comment. Her works, which for upwards of forty years have formed one of the most interesting exhibitions of the metropolis, consist, as is well known, of copies from the paintings of the best masters, wrought in worsted after so unique and exquisite a manner, that it is absolutely impossible for the eye to detect the fact that it is gazing upon the production of the needle, and not of the pencil. They differ from the famous Gobeline tapestry, in as much as the latter is produced by the mechanical operation of the shuttle, the artist working from behind, whilst the pictures of Mliss Linwood were worked entirely with the needle; the embroideress standing before the canvass and contemplmting the work with the eye of a painter, as each part was gradually brought out and developed in the manner most calculated to produce the required effect. Some idea of the delicacy of the performance may be obtained from the circumstance that in the working of the human eye many thousand stitches were introduced. The entire collection consists of nearly one hundred pictures: the largest of these, “The Judgment upon Cain," was completed in Miss Linwood's 75th year. The gem of the whole is probably the “Salvator Mundi,” worked by her when staying at Burghley, from the original, by Carlo Dolce, in the possession of the Marquess of Exeter. For this exquisite picture she refused the offer of 3000 guineas. By her will, she has left it to Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria, to whom it will, we understand, have been presented in due form before these remarks will have been committed to the press. Miss Linwood's exhibition was first opened at the Hanover Square Rooms in the year 1798. In 1804 her works were exhibited in Edinburgh, and during the five subsequent years at Glasgow, Belfast, Dublin, Limerick, and Cork. In March, 1809, they were transferred to her present rooms in Leicester Square, where they have since continued. A vexatious Chancery suit respecting these rooms was commenced in the year 1818 against Broom et al. to which Miss Linwood was made a party. Concerning this suit, which still continues, it may be sufficient to quote the words of Judge Best, who heard it in 1824, for the then Master of the Rolls, and emphatically said, that “Miss Linwood had been very improperly mixed up in it.” In another hearing last autumn, which was given in Miss Linwood's favour, the judge expressed his surprise that any barrister could be found to bring the matter before him. It was always the earnest wish of Miss Linwood that her collection should be preserved entire. With a view to this, she offered them, first, to the British Museum, on condition of a proper room being appropriated to their reception; and, afterwards, to decorate one of the apartments belonging to the House of Lords. Both offers were with much courtesy declined by the authorities; by the former on the ground of the pictures, from the nature of the work, being liable to decay; by the latter as not being of a sufficiently historical and national character to be suited for such a urpose. Miss Linwood, however, never aid aside the wish that this might be accomplished; and has for many years kept the exhibition open at a considerable an
nual loss, in the hope that it might be effected after her death. Miss Linwood was not destined to be one of those whose labours are not appreciated until the grave has closed over their remains. Indeed few persons can have received more marked honours than attended her during the whole of her protracted life. When in Paris she had a long interview with Napoleon in the presence of Talleyrand and others; the honour of a public presentation was declined by her, out of delicacy to her own sovereign. A specimen of her art, which she then presented for inspection, was so exceedingly admired, that a negociation was immediately opened for her works to be exhibited in the French capital. When, however, they were about to be sent, it was pointed out to her, that in the letters of Talleyrand no mention was made of their return; and it being thought that this was never intended by the artful diplomatist, and war again breaking out between the two countries, the scheme was abandoned. In the year 1783 she had the honour, through General Landskoy, to present one of her performances to the Empress of Russia: this is, we believe, now in the imperial apartment at St. Petersburgh. From our own Royal Family Miss Linwood also received the most flattering attention; and on one occasion spent several days in the palace by express invitation of Her Majesty Queen Charlotte, who visited her exhibition both in Hanover and Leicester Squares. But whilst the works of Miss Linwood must for ever hold a prominent place among the triumphs of unaided genius, she has left behind her a still nobler monument to her fame, the memory of her virtues, and of her numerous acts of disinterested beneficence. She was one of whom it might be truly said, “when the ear heard her then it blessed her: and when the eye saw her, it gave witness to her.” In her the poor have lost a benefactress, her friends a faithful and affectionate counsellor, and unassuming merit a kind and encouraging patroness. To her own personal ease and comfort she was utterly indifferent; but what she denied herself, furnished the means of her bounty and charity to others. Her religious character was of that order which prefers to exhibit itself in acts rather than evaporate in words. She was sincerely attached to the faith of her fathers in the communion of the English church; and, as her life was exemplary, so were her opinions orthodox. Although a woman of powerful intellect, Miss Linwood was not what may be strictly termed a literary character; her genius led her chiefly into a more original channel. But in whatever else she did, her superiority was abundantly conspicuous. With a perseverance the most untiring, she combined a most clear and penetrating judgment on whatever subject she chose to call it into exercise. Her energy of character amounted at times even to impetuosity; in vindicating a right, or in redressing a wrong, she needed no other support than her sense of the justice of her cause and her own inflexible resolution. During the tedious law-suit, in which, as we have stated, she became involved for the last 25 years of her life, she frequently excited the astonishment of those who were witnesses of her conduct, under the most harassing and perplexing circumstances. In person, she was singularly prepossessing, and of a graceful and dignified carriage; of this she retained evident traces even to the latest period of her life.
The family of Miss Linwood is of ancient standing. One of her ancestors, William Lyndewode or Linwood (as it is variously spelt in the old editions), author of the celebrated work called “Provinciale,” was Bishop of St. David's in the early part of the 15th century. Miss Linwood was herself born in Birmingham in the year 1755. Of this place her maternal grandfather, John Turner, a friend and correspondent of the famous Jonas Hanway, was “Constable” in the time of the Rebellion, and was a great benefactor to the town. His family is now extinct. On the paternal side, her ancestors had resided since the beginning of the 17th century at Cogenhoe, in Northamptonshire, where many of the family lie interred in the chancel of the parish church. Miss Linwood was removed to Leicester at the early age of six years, and here she continued as a permanent resident until the period of her decease.
She was seized in the course of last summer with a slight attack of paralysis on her return from her annual visit to Leicester Square, whilst staying with her brother, William Linwood, esq. of Enfield. From this she recovered sufficiently to be removed in an invalid carriage to her own residence on the 27th of September following. Here she gradually declined, and tranquilly breathed her last at the advanced age above-mentioned. The exhibition of her work remains open for a limited period, until a suitable plan for their disposal shall be determined on by her executors.
MR. JAMEs SAVAGE. March 19. At Taunton, in his 78th year, Mr. James Savage, who, throughout
a long life, was extensively known by his literary pursuits. Mr. Savage was born at Howden, in Yorkshire, August 30, 1767. His father, who was a clockmaker and a celebrated hanger of church bells, was necessarily called much from home; and the subject of this memoir derived his early love of literature, and especially of compilation, from having been employed by his mother, during her husband's absences, in alternately reading to her and copying favourite passages from such books as might be at hand. At the age of 15 or 16 he became a contributor to the provincial journals of the neighbourhood. In 1790 he commenced business in conjunction with his brother William (lately a reader in the Queen's printing-office, and whose death" took place in July, 1843,) as printers and booksellers in their native town ; but William left him, and removed to London in 1797. In 1803 James also migrated to the metropolis, where he vigorously devoted his energies to those antiquarian, topographical, and bibliographical pursuits to which his attention had been early directed, and his attachment to which continued throughout his life. His first literary en- . §." was with Mr. (afterwards Sir ichard) Phillips, his connexion with whom subsisted for a long time; industry, zeal, and integrity on the one side, being met with esteem and confidence on the other. Mr. Savage subsequently formed engagements with the firms of Mawman, and Sherwood and Co.; and at one time he was assistant-librarian of the London Institution, Finsbury Circus. At that period the celebrated Professor Porson (who was the head librarian) was domiciled in Mr. Savage's family, and Mr. Savage afterwards published “An Account of Porson's Last Illness.” Eventually Mr. Savage was prevailed upon to quit London for Taunton, in order to undertake the management of a newspaper started in that town for the promotion of party purposes. To this undertaking his energies and industry were devoted, but, from circumstances which he could not control, the paper did not succeed, and Mr. Savage, after carrying on business for a short time as a bookseller, was appointed librarian of the Taunton Institution. Shortly after the termination of his connexion with that establishment, he entered into an engagement at Dor* A memoir of Mr. William Savage, who was author of the History of Printing and other works, will be found in our Magazine for Jan. 1844, p. 98, to which it was communicated by the subject of the present memoir.