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1751. Character of a Young-LADY, &c. 77

It is not unlikely but there may wise sayings and observations on parbe several other plants yet remaining ticular occafions, &c. &c. &c. in the garden, but flourishing at a 2. If, when you are out of breath, different time of the year.

one of the company should seize the

opportunity of saying something ; We were defired by one of our

Cor- watch his words, and, if possible, refpondent's, to infert the following A find somewhat either in his sentitrue Character of a young Lady ment or expreslion, immediately to of bis Acquaintance,

contradict and raise a dispute upon. T

Rather than fail, criticise even his as woman's can be, but her soul grammar. is an entire stranger to virtue.

3. If another should be saying an She knows not that excellent rule indisputably good thing ; either give 'animum rege, nor has the the leaft B no attention to it; or interrupt him; command over her passions ; they or draw away the attention of others; rush forwards with an unlimited sway, or, if you can guess what he would like a headstrong horse, that has be-at, be quick and fay it before thrown his rider, and got the reins him ; or, if he gets is faid, and you in his own power.

perceive the company pleased with

a winning behavious, her mind is C withal remark that it had been said stocked with nothing but pettish hu. by Bacon, Locke, Bayle, or some mours and absurd morosity. - other eminent writer ; thus you de

When the receives a favour from prive him of the reputation he might any one, it is with such coldness and have gained -, and gain some indifferency, that I really think, it yourself, as you hereby show your is loft labour to confer any opon her. great reading and memory,

She is enamoured with drowfiness D 4. When modeft men have been and insensibility, and too often burys thus treated by you a few times, her faculties in the sepulchre of idle they will chuse ever after to be finess.

lent in your company ; then you Far be it from me, to speak any may shine on without fear of a rival; thing either thro' hatred, or con- rallying them at the same time for tempt of this lady ; the only morive their dullness, which will be to you which induced me to write this E a new fund of wit. character, was my earnest desire of Thus you will be fure to, please contributing somewhat towards her yourself. The polite man aims at reformation.

pleasing others, but you shall go be. MEANWELL. yond him even in that. A man can

be present only in one company, but RULES for a Man of Wit and may at the same time be ablent to

Learning to make himself a dif- F twenty. He can please only where agruable Companion.

he is, you wherever you are not. TOUR bufiness is to shine; there.

fore you mut by all means There has already been so much said prevent the shining of others; for on the Subjekt of Chanting, in our their brightness may make yours the Mag. for lap Year, p. 363, 462, less distinguished. To this end, 507, that we hope our Correspen: 1. If poffible, engross the whole G dent will excufe us for inferting only discourse ; and when other matter

the Conclufion of his fourth Letter, fails, talk much of your self, your

which is as follows, education, your knowledge, your cir.


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your victories in disputes, your owa


neither can onc, because he is a lover of of chanting, for the greater solemnity and finging—for tho it is bad reading, it is awfulness of reading the service, in that not ever the more good linging, but there it is not chanted in cathedrals themselves, is just enough of Ginging in it, to spoil the but, read, on the Wednesdays and Fridays reading, and just enough of reading to in Lent, and in all Paffion-week. Why spoil the finging ; that we may aptly apply then do we overlook such obvious, and to it Cæsar's remark on one who delivered weighty considerations, and in defiance of himself with improper emphasis, and mo. A them, continue a practice, which only exdulation of voice, Si,cantar, male cantas, pores, bs, and prejudices our prayers ; ji legis, cantas,

our Blessed Lord furely every thing which concerns their per taught his disciples to pray, his inftru&ions fc@ion claims our utmost regard. Before were, When ye pray, say, and I dare thou prayelt, prepare thyself, and be not Answer for it, it never was in his thoughts as one that completh the Lord. Et ipfius to have that most perfect and excellent chorario perfeita, cujus caufa clamat, & prayer which he taught them, fung. Add, lingua, & actus, & ferme, & siis, as what is above all not to be evaded, that cogiravo t. we have the concession of the very patrons

Luke xi. 2.

+ Caffiodure, i Plal. xvii.


- When

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E ANSWER EA sbe Question in NAVIGATION, in November lof, P. 514. N. B. That A is the port they failed from, A B the merchant ship’s course, A C the man of war's course, and B C the distance between them: The merchant Mhip's course and dir. tarce is N, N. E. 112 }, and the man of war's course and distance is N. E. by E. 119 miles, and the distance between them is 67 miles or minutes, and the man of war iš bacicu is jó"3" s north.

ANSWER to 1b: QUESTION in November lali, p. 486.
HE weight of the piece of marble is = 107,749558 times the weight of the bell.
See these two Questions more largely answered in our loft, p. 29.

timated, as in justice the ought, ' how Declaration of sbe Emprefs-Queen to be Dyet grateful she was for the care that prince took of ibc Empire, concerning the Ele&tion of a

of the advantage of her archducal. house. King of the Romans,

She also fignified in the most pofitive manA is roon the king of Great Britain, i der, and in writing, that being animated

after his arrival at Hanover, had by the same falutary views as bis Britan. made to the emprefs-queen the first over. G nick majesty, me, would proceed in this ture of his defign to intereft himself in affair no otherwise than according to the the election of a king of the Romans, in contents of the golden bull, the observance favour of her imperial majesty's. eldest of which is held so facred in the empire, fon, the archiduke Joseph, the empress in. and according to the tenor of the second 1751. EMPRESS QUEEN'S DECLARATION. 79 paragraph of the 3d article of the reigning pieces he had published against the treaty, emperor's capitulation ; being resolved to and against the election. Moreover, in lend a hand towards this arrangement, no


the various cases that have happened in farther than it Thould not be contrary to the course of 100 years and upwards, the the pragmatick sanction, nor prejudicial to treaty of Cadan never was mentioned or the rights of a third perfon, nor repugnant called in queston. And therefore the em. to the present fundamental constitution of press rests assured, that pretexts of this the empire.

A nature are very far from the laudable

and Hitherto the empress has constantly prac. judicious way of thinking of the ele&ors tised this maxim and will as invariably ad. of the empire, "here to it hereafter. Her imperial inajesty Her imperial majesty is sensible how has opened herself in a preliminary way; important it is to stick to the disposition of and with confidence, to fuch of the electors the 8th article of the treaty of Westphalia, of the empirc as had beforehand declared in what concerns the election of a king of

themselves to be in the same sentiments as the Romans. She is not ignorant, that *the king of Great.Britain," She did not it was in conformity to this article, that the

address herself to them by formal requifi. Bele&tors and states of the empire entered tions, which, in such a cale, ought to have into an agreement amongst themselves as been common to the other electors, but Ratisbon, in 1671, the essential tenor of contented herself with causing verbal over- which is incerted in the ad paragraph of tures to be made to them, as the has also the 3d article of the imperial capitulation. done to some other courts.

She is therefore Atill persuaded, as the has The empress, in agreeing so easily to always been, that they cannot proceed this propofition, has been induced thereto with more safety in this affair, than by, by the powerful motive of maintaining the c.conforming to the terms of the one and tranquillity of our dear country, Germany,

the other. She confidered, that its repole would be The empre[s-queen, as first secular. e thereby the better secured against any at lectress of the empire, knows the obligao tempts either foreign or domestick. This tion which that quality lays her under to object, che chief of all her cares, has ever defend the prerogatives of the electoral prevailed over all other confiderations. college. She acknowledges herself equally All her views, all her intentions have had bound to take care that no encroachments respect thereto. Her efforts for consolida. be made on the prerogatives of the colting the publick tranquillity, have kepe D lege of princes, in which her imperial pace with her attention and care to give majesty has the co-directorship. She has, no umbrage oor jealousy herself to any one; always been, and still is solicitous to pre-' and to prevent others, as far as lay in her vent, as far as lies in her power, divisions power, from giving any.

among the members of the empire, not so In these dispositions her imperial majesty much on account of the interefts of her was not willing to have cause to reproach archducal house, as in confideration of the herself with not having known the full consequences which these fatal divisions are value and dignity of king of the Romans, É attended with, in prejudice of the publick or with hiving mewn herself indifferent good and the interest of every member in about a thing which cannot but infinitely particular. contribute to the common repose, if the The welfare of the country, and the principles on which she proposes to frame principal advantage of the two first colher conduct be not departed from.

leges of the empire, depend on their muShe is not ignorant of what happened in tual union. Nothing appears more deliraformer rimes, when Ferdinand the first ble to the empress, chan to labour to con was elected king of the Romans. She folidate this union by removing every confiders at the same time, that there may F cause of discord. She judges that this end be found in the empire fome of those tur- cannot be imore easily attained, than by. bulent fpirits, who making it their study conforming, in the cases that require it, to to darken the clearest truths, and to im- the rules formerly practised. Every innobitter by every kind of artifice the most vation in the empire must needs create a innocent chinge, would make a handle of ferment, and a ferment is commonly fol.. the treaty of Cadan to raise obstacles to the lowed by disorder. affair in questiona Nothing but paffion or Those being the empress's real fenti. malignity can move them thereto. It G menes, her imperial majesty will continue is well known, that the transaction at to profess them constantly ; being pera Spire, made in 1544, pofterior to the suaded, that as they are agrecable to che treaty of Cadan, did invalidate that treaty; fundamental laws of the Germanick body, and that the then elector of Saxony did they cannot but be likewise conformable ta engage to call in and deliver up all the the way of thinking of the electors and 5


other Rates of the empire ; and that prin. way relax in her endeavours to hinder the ciples fo worthy of men that have the hap. publick tranquillity from being disturbed : piness of the country at heart, will in like Her zeal in this point would even make mariner be adopted by those who fincerelý her redouble her efforts, if it was possible desire to maintain harmony and tranquillity to render them more efficacious. Her im. at home.

perial majesty's maxim will always be, Tho' his majesty the king of Prusia, in, that whila a prince proceeds according to quality of eleétor of Brandenburgh, has a the established laws, and secks not to prediscovered fome doubts or difficulties in his judice any one, he may go on boldly to answer about the affair in question, the the end proposed, and ought not to suffer empress is not at all the lels firmly per. himself to be diverted therefrom by any fuaded, that his Prullian majesty, adopt. 'fears. The same maxim will be pra&ised ing the same principles that have just been successfully, whenever it Thall serve as a mentioned, is very far from deügning to guide to defend from oppression the gene! cramp the electors in any respect, to trou. ral freedom of the empire, or the liber ble in any thape the deliberations of their of any particular member. college, to exclude from it any member B The Emperor bas also published a memorial whatever, or to give even the shadow of on sbe same subject, wbicb differs in norbing ap obstruction to any thing that falls with- from the Empress's declaration, except ibar in the observance of the terms of the gol- every argument is more pigbtly bandled, and den bull.

every fring morè tenderly coucbed. As to the rest, the empress will not any To tbe learned Gentlemen of balb Univerficie, tbe following Syllogifors are bumbly proposed, by

'ΑΒΑΠΤΙΣΤΟΣ. "Ει Βάπτισμα τα Ιωάννυ ήν Τύπο το Ιησά Βαπτισμα/Φ..

-Mars. r. ta, Τότε οφείλει ΤύπG- διδόναι Υπόςασι τόπον, ε γας έςιν αναγκάιαν Μέρφι της καινής

Διαθήκης. β. Ει παλες οι βαπτιζόμενοι και εν Υδαλι, βαπτιζόμενοι εις το Βάπτισμα τα Ιωάννα,

Τότε Βάπτισμα τα "Υδαιο- υκ έςιν το Βάπτισμα τώ Ιησά. γ. Ει Βαπτισμα τωΥδατο- έσιν αυτόν το αληθές Βαπτισμα (i. e, το Βάπτισμα το Ιησά.) Τότε σανλες οι βαπτιζόμενοι καλα το Βαπλισμα τα Υδα, ενδύσασθησαν τον Κύριον Ιησών

Χριςόν. και, "Ει αληθές το βάπτισμα έςιν ε' Σαρκός 'Aπόθεσις ρύπε, 'Αλλα Συνειδήσεως αγαθής Επερώτημα εις τον Θεόν.

Σα Πετρο, Γ. κα, Τότε σανlες οι βαπτιζόλες • μεία ΥδαίG-, και βαπτιζέσι εν Πνεύματι αγίω και πέρι, ε. 'Ει Χριςός μηδέποτε εσά πι.ζέν.---Ιωάνν. Δ. ς. Τότε πάνlες οι βαπτιζόλες • εν “Υδαλι, ε ακολέθρύλαι την Πραξιν τε Ιησύ, αλλα το

6. Ει Ιησές εναγκαλίσε τα Παιδία, έτιθήν τας χείρας επ' αυτά, τυλίγει, και εκ εργαλίζε.-

Mapr. l'. 15.
Τοτε αάλες οι ερραΠίζατες ακολέθονίαι την Πραξιν τώ Ιησύ, μηδέ τά Ιωαννώ.

It is very remarkable, that in all those passages which relate és cà dáalitpa, the expreffion stands "rial and ; Të "Yfap. But whenever it has relation to any thing else, then it is, "78210, Meta "rda16., and "rdalı. Ματθ. Γ. 1α. Εγώ βαπτίζω έν "Υδατι. Λουκ. ις, κδ. Ινα βαψή το άκρον τ8 Δεκθύλα Πραξεις. Α. ε. οτι Ιωάννης εξάπλιζεν εν arlo ralo.. "Toal..

Ιωαν». Β. ζ. Γεμίσατε τας "Υδρίας "Υδα7G-. Η. λη. καλές σαν εις το Υδαρ. Εβραιες. Θ. ιθ. μελο "Υδαλο.. -la. is. Ivárm; Mà la clic en iy ---- I. κς. Και λελυμένοι το Σώμα *rial

dalı xd Saçã.

& Πετρε. Γ. ς. ΚόσμG"γδαλι καλακλυθεις. An Extra&t of a Letter from Tranquebar in

Corpse of the deceased, richly habited and

adorned, was brought forth in great pomp, tbe Eart-Indies, wrore by a Danith Millio

and laid on the pile ; after which the Bra. nary, and dated Feb. 2, 1750, contains

mins (heathen priests) kindled the fire Ebe following Account of the Ceremonies

with abundance of superfitious ceremonies. used at the Dearb of an Indian Prince,

The wives and concubines of the deceased, wbofe Body was burnt.

who, according to the law or custom of THY, Where thate prince, who died MHEY dug without the walls of the A the country, ought to die with him, ap

peared there at the same time, and walk-at the age of 80, made his residence, ed several times round the funeral pile. a large pit, which they filled with wood

They were in number 47, alt finely decked sanged and piled up as for a bonfire. This


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Conftitution of the British FISHERY. 81 with jewels, and adorned with flowers. passed in 1749, a charter has been fince The favourite wife or concubine carried granted to a fociety for the management the poniard of the defunct prince, which thereof. This society confifts of two dira the delivered up to his fucceffor, and made tine parts ; the one a joint-stock company 3 short specch exhorting him to use it in the city of London ; the other, of levewith moderation, lo as never to let it ral chambers in any of the out-ports of light on any but the guiley. Then me Great Britain : The chambers are thereby boldly turned her face towards the A obliged to subscribe into the general stock, pile, and, aiter invoking her gods, at least 10,000 l, each ; ro act under their leaped into the midt of the flames. The own separate directions for their own lofs second was the filter of a prince named or gain ; to receive the bounties in comTandamen, who was present at thero mon with the joint stock in London, transhorrid rites. . She gave him the jewels miting their accounts annually, and upon the wore, and the prince, in receiving oath, of all moneys expended in the white them, embraced her most tenderly, and herring fishery, together with the proper poured out a food of tears; but the vouchers, if required, to their governor,

B princess without betraying the least con. presidents, and council in London ; in orcern, looked alternately with a steady der for their laying the fame, . together countenance on the pile and on the (pec- with those of the joint stock, for the intators, and crying with a loud voice, spection of the commifsioners of the cusCbiva !. Cbiva! which is the name of one toms, and the approbation of parliament, of their gods; the jumped as chearfully By this act, a bounty is appointed to be into the fames as the first did.

paid out of his majesty's customs, of 3 per The others followed her close. Some cent, per ann. for 14 years from the date of them appeared resolute enough, but of the said act, upon all moneys employed others looked wild and dejected ; there by the society in the said fithery, not exwas, one in particular, who being more ceeding the capital sum of 500,000 l. prodismayed than her companions, ran to vided that 100,00cl, part thereof, be emembrace one of the spectators, who was pleyed in 18 months, or together with a chriftian, praying him to save her ; but contracts payable in fix months after (the this was not in his power to do, and the money for making good such contracts bepoor wretch was immediately tumbled ing first lodged in the Bank of England.) headlong into the fire.

D which together makes two whole years ! However intrepid most of thore un. from the date of the subscription : Over happy vi&ims appeared before jumping and above which, another bounty is granta into the pit, the note was vaftly altered ed of 108. per ton on every vessel, buite when in the midst of the flames. There and fitted out for this fishery, from 20 to they skrieked hidcoully, (umbled one over 8. tons burelien. There is also another another, striving to reach the edge of the bounty (ubfitting, by virtue of a former pit, and get out of it; but they were act of parliament, of 29. 8 d. to be paid kept in, by throwing heaps of billets and on every barrel of herrings expcried. faggots upon them, as well to knock item E In consequence of which several aids, in on the head as to increase the fire. When the per uation of the future favour of parthey were consumed, the Bramios drew Jjament, and in prospect of some utiliy to bear the yet smoaking pile, and performed our country, a subscription has been openabundance of ridiculous ceremonies over ed, governors and a council appointed, a the alhes of the poor wretchea. The next. few buffes fitted out, and more at present day they gathered up the bones, and having under confideration. This subscription fo wrapt them up in fine linen, carried them begun (and upon which ten per cent, has to a place near the ille of Rameluren, where F been called for and paid in) is now ada they cast them into the sea. After which, "vanced to 89,2401, in the hands of Mr. the pit was filled up, and a temple since Surman and company, besides 56501. in erected on the spot, where sacrifices are the hands of Sir Richard Hoare, Merl. effered up in honour of the prince and

Child and Drummond, which, together his wives, who from thenceforth are with the sums proposed to be subscribed by numbered among the saints or goddeles, the chambers of Edinburgh, Liverpool,

Newcastle, Whitehaven, and Montrose, Some Account of sbe Conftitution and Pro. amounting to upwards of 50,000 l. will

ceedings of the Society for tbe Free British G make the subscription amount to 144,8901. Filhery, as given in an Address po tbe Pub

This being the principal part of what has lick, before ibe Close of ibe Subscription, been hitherto tranfa&ed, it is proposed in wbicb was to be on

future ; it, That at the end of each year N act of parliament for the eftablish. the accounts of the joint stock be made

ment of a Free British fithery having up 2dly, If lofs by unforeseen accidents February, 1951,



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