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Curious OBSERVATIONS ON BEES. 563 load, but rather from the scarcity of the It seems therefore highly reafonable to Aowers, upon wbich it first began to Icad, believe that different kinds of facina may
Now, if the facts are ro, and my ob have different phyfical qualities : So rhas, fervations true, I think that Providence by making collections of the same kind in has appointed the bee to be very inftru. each cell, they may have pr per remedies mental in promoting the increale of vege. for themselves against ailments we have no tables ; but otherwile, might be very de knowledge of, which otherwise they would trimental to their propagation, and at Anot have, if they were filled ac random the same time they contribute to the health from all kinds of Aqwers. These further and life of their own species.
advantages, directed to them by ProviFrom the late improvements made by dence, seem to add weight to my observa. glasses, and experiments made, in ob'er. tions, and are a prefumptive proof thas ving the works of nature, it is almost de. they are true. monflrable, that the farina upon the apices The only thing, besides the former, of Aowers is the male leed; which en- wherein my oblervations, differ from M. ering the pillillum or matrix in ihe flower, B made and emitted by the bee. He, from
Reaumur, is in the manner the wax is impregnates the ovum, and makes it pro. lifick. It is often necessary to have wind his observations, forms his opinion, that and dry weather to wait 'this farina to the after the bee has fed upon the farina, or piftillum, and from Aower 10 flower,
it has pated ibro' she first to make the feed prolifick : And we find in ftomach, (which is the reservoir where the wet sealons, that grain, nuts, and fruit, honey is lodged, from whence it is dií. are less prolifick, by the farina's not being charged upwards by its mouth into the cells) properly conveyed to the pistillum ; and it is conveyed into the second ftomach ; allo in very hot dry weather, from clammy C and yet, when there, great part of it con. honey.dews, or, more properly, sweet ex- tinues in its (pherical or oval form, ftill fudations from the plants themselves, which undigested as and consequently muß he clogs the farina, and causes blafts and mil. conveyed further, before it be thoroughly dews. Now, of the farina of specifically digested, and the particles broke ; yet this different fowers should take the place of he supposes is reconveyed upwards thro' its own proper farina in the piftillum, like both the Atomachs, and is emitted by its an unnatural coition in the animal world, mouth, either no generation would happen; oD from the remarks 1 have made, that the
What makes me disagree with him, is monstrous one, or an individual noi capa. ble of further generation,
fæces of the bee discharged by the anus, Now if the bee is appointed by Provi. after the farina is digesled, is the true wax. dence to go only, at each loading, to how- We may, with truth believe, that the farie ers of the same (pecies, as the abundant fa. Da, which is the male feed of all vegetables, rina often covers the whole bee, as well as confifts of a spirit or moving principle, what it loads upon its lege, it carries the floating in a sweet oil, furrounded by an farina from flower to Aower, and by its exterior coat or Thell, in which is that mo. walking upon the pistillum and agitation of E nade that impregnares the grain or lovit, its wings, it contributes gready to the fari. and makes it prolifick ; that upon separatie na's entering into the piltillum, and at the on or digestion, this spirit and sweet oil same time prevents the heterogeneous mix. becomes the nourishment of the hee ; Lure of the farina of different flowers wich which spirit is of the fame nature with the it ; which, if it ftrayed from Aower to animalcules in femine masculino of animals, flower at random, it would cassy to flow. and becomes the animal spirits, in the bee ers of a different species,
and other animals ; and perhaps the true Besides these visible advantages,. it may honey is the sweet oil included in the fari. be of great benefit to their own species and na : And as all vegetables abound with society ; for, as this farina is the natural these vivifying atoms, so the true huney and constant food of the bees, during one breaking thro' jrs Mell by great heal, ochalf of the year, and from this digested, as casions those honey-dews cbserved in hot it is accurately observed by M. Reaumur, weather upon the leaves and powers of is the bouilée and jelly formed ; which is most vegetables ; which is no more than lodged for the food of the young bees, un. an exsudation from the leaves and bloff:ms til they become nymphæ : It is also neces- of these vessels thas break with the heat ; lary that fores of it should he lodged in the G besides those that appear on the apices of cells adjoining to the honey, for their win- Aowers, which afterwards impregnate the
ter provision; without which, M. Reau. fruit. mur observes, they would be in danger of dying of a looseness, their molt dangerous [The rest on this curious fubjet, eve foall málady,
give in our APPENDIX.]
4 B 2
On! Phillis, thamcon you to serve a fwain so, You promis'd latt
Lammas, žçu very well know, if I'd stay,but "till Christmas, our
I lik’d the sweet lay, for I thought it fin
cere : But why does Pastora fo oft drop a teat? "Why, why so oft drop a tear ?
what the My mind has fince alter'd how faithless are men !
[day You vow'd to be conftant, and yet t'other Who swore, that young Lucy was sweet
as the May ?
(thorn, And was finging to Colin, beneath the green Mad, jealous, and fretting, pray, who was to blame,
(lamę? If with Lucy I Atrove to make Phillis the
Strove, Grove, to make Phillis the same.
proudly effay*** To conquer each beautiful infolent maid ; The garlands they wreath'd, at thy feet were refign'd;
(unkind. This, this was my pride, then is Phillis Then, then, then is Phillis unkind.
[ would belye! How weak the thin snare, that the soul Hence, hence, with suspicion; away from the grove,
(upon love. 'And prove at the church, that truth waits
Prove, 'prove, truth waits upon love.
PHILLIS, Like the bee, that goes roving to ride the spring
[ling ; You pip'd to each damlel, tu me you would
Poetical Essay's in DÉCEMBER; 1751. 565 "A COUNTRY DAN CE.
NORLAND JOCKE Y.
First couple fet, cast off and turn lead thro' the third couple, caft up and turn; elap partners, and back to back ret four, and right and left with the top couple . Poetical Essays in DECEMBER, 1751.
3. A PASTORAL BALLA D.
I lov'd her the more, when the told,
How that pity was due to a dove,
That it ever attended the bold,
And the call'd it the filter of love, And I thought, but it might not be lo,
For her voice such a pleature conveys, She was forry to see me depart,
So much I her accents adore, She cast such a languishing view,
Let her (peak, and whatever the lays, My path I could no where discern;
I am sure still to love her the more. So sweetly the bad me adieu,
6. I thought that the bad me return.
And now I muft hafte to the plain,
Come, shepherds, and talk of her My banks, they are furnish'd with bees,
wayss Whose murmur invites one to sleep ; I could lay down my life for the swain, My waters are shaded with trees,
That will speak in my Phyllida's praise. And my hills are white over with theep.
When he fings, may the maids of the I feldom have met with a loss,
But I cannot allow her to smile.
7. Methinks, she might like to retire To the grove, I lrad labour'd to rear ;
To see, when my charmer goes by, For whatever I heard her admire,
Some hermit peep out of his cell, I hasted, and planted it there.
How he thinks of his youth with a ligh, Dear regions of filence and shade,
How fondly he withes her'well ! Soft scenes of contentment and ease,
On him the may smile, if the please, Where I could have pleasantly stray'd,
It will warm the cool bosom of age ; If ought in her absence could please.
Yet ceale, O my Phyllida, ceafe,
Such softness will ruin the fage. I have found out a gift for my fair,
8. I have found where the wood-pigeons I have stole from no powrets that grow, breed ;
To paint forth the charms I approve ; But then if I rob them, I fear,
For what can a blossom beftow,
I fing in a rustical way,
W jo biels the glorious
In outward form by far excel VIRTUE superior to all external Charms:
The beauty of the brightest belle, ODE. Occafioned by tbe many late Pieces In inward luftre of the mind, on celebrated Beauries. Addre Jed to fucb
Surpass the best of woman kind. LADIES, and ebeir poetical Admirers.
You, Miss, are fair and good, 'tis true,
But angels, child, oui Shine e'en you :Pitoribus, atque Poetis
Yet pride and vanity discard, Quidlibet audendi femper fuit aqua Poteftas.
And truth beyond applause regard ;
At universal virtue aim, HALL girls, whose only claim to worth
And (corn to injure or delame : Lies in their faces, or their birth,
Let in your breast these graces grow,
And you'll an angel thine below,
A Hymn for CHRISTMAS DAT.
7 E jnin th When poets outward beauty praise, And court an empty face!..
When, man's redemption to obtain, Can virtue's charms ao mule in pire ?
2- A God on earth was born, In virtue's cause will none take fire?, Oh blind mistaken race !
Who fram'd this world beneath, Ab, could the bard with Flaccus write, And all those spheres op high, Or foar in Maro's forty fight,
Deign'd in an infant's form to breathe, Or boast a Naro's pen ; He'd lath with Juvenal the age,
On Mary's breasts to lie.
3. Satire Mould swell in every page,
Pain, poverty, disgrace, Against deluded men.
And ev'ry finlesi griel, What, though the boasts a beauteoul Obscur'd the loftre of his face, face,
To yield mankind rel.el. And Aaunts, superb, in filk and lace : 1$ worth convey'd by cloaths ?
Mis life the law fulfillid,
Hail, mighty Saviour ! justly Mil'd
Our Prophet, Priest, and King.”
56 What pomp, and titles ? --Aleeting things?
Divine Instructor, hail ! That mock th' alpiring mind :
Whore precepts form our lives ; Princes, alas! to dust return,
Nor will implor:d a distance fail
The soul that truly strives.
6. Believe me, ladies, for 'cis true,
Hail, Saviour of our race !
Our facrifice for guile !
Who freely in the finner's place,
Thy clenâng blood haft spide. Not all the gems that glitter there,
7. Can beautify the bad.
The willing knee we bow, 'Tis innate virtue merits praise,
And hall thee lov'reign Lord; 'Tis that alone deserves the lays,
For ever, King of raints, be thou
Belov'd, obey'd, ador'd.',
Tbe PRO GR Z of LEARNING,
LA PO E M.
Virginibus puerilque canto.
Fashions his mind, and cultivates hia Whose real beauties never fade,
heart, Whole bosom virtue warms!
Thro' vice and error the impetuous youth D. R.
Roams uncontroul'd, and shuns the paths
of truth ; To a YOUNG LADY, who defired fome Lines
Unruly appetites his virtue lway, on ANGELS.
His will commands and paffions lead the NGELS (pray, Mirs, the truth excuse, way :
Poetical Essays in DECEMBER, 1751. 567 But when the schools have lent their social
of things the secreat causes we explore, aid,
[fhade, From whence the sun recruits his golden And from his brain dispell'd the native
[light, His tender front the dawning genius rears, 'What period bounds each rowling Orb of And thining virtue in her bloom appears. Where new fledg'd whitl winds try their So on his furrow Aands the lab'ring
(der springs, swain,
Where tempests Deep, and infant'thun. And to the glebe commits the pregnant Why nimble lightning mounts on golden Lodgid in the earth an embryo harvest
What binds the water in an icy chain,
(oame, And eager after knowledge, wings her way.
A REBUS. Is Itrait committed to the careful dame :
HE name of a patriot, that's laid Till by revolving years his mind is wrought
[grow ; To deeper kaowledge, and maturer thoughts And the fruit that is fean on hedges to She to his hand the letter'd horn applies, Thele being join'd, make the name of a And with her fescue guides his wand'ring place eyes.
(god inspires, That's noted for making abundance of The youths, whose breast che warlike
ANOTHER. And with a gen'rous thirst of glory fires,
HE game that is often play'd by the Within the lifts a bloodless combat wage,
great, With seeming hatred, and difTembled rage; And a dim that is counted delicate meat ; Undaunted, when Britannia calls to fight,
Join these two together, and it will discover Shall crown her battles, and defend her The towa wherein dwelleth my elder broright.
CROS U S.
Answer to the forf Rebus in our laff, p. 521,
To QUI B U S.
And Lade was a justice well known;
By which you plainly do teach,
That Lecblade's the name of the town.
[rands. They tell and yellow
Answer to the Second, Ibid.
RAVES made of callow for dogs is marians teach
, The beauties and proprieties of speech :
And an end is material to make thoe or To love of arts they mould unpractis'd
Therefore, in Kent, it is plain to be seen, youth,
(truth. Gravesend you mean in the last Magazine. And form theit tender minds to Ipotless ANOTHER Answer.
Here too Britaionia's unexperienc'd fair THE food that's not fit to be given to To the frequented dancing school repair;
(dogs : Each shining nymph improves her pretty I think must be graver, often us'd to feed face,
If so, with the help of a gobler's end,
To Miss J-5, of St. Tils, 0-1-0, 06
ber several excelleni Poems. Of painting words, and speaking to the eye;
HENE'ER thou deiga'A to sweep Which, in their various shapes of figures
the quiv'ring lyre,
Anxiety is lullid co reft ;
The too, too pow'rful magick of thy song,
Attentive to the heav'nly found.
No longer thall Methymna's diftant plain
[skies TH ,
Here, in throng'a schools, thefterngram- GR a good prog.