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Curious OBSERVATIONS ON BEES. 563 load, but rather from the scarcity of the It seems therefore highly reafonable to Aowers, upon wbich it first began to Icad, believe that different kinds of facina may

Now, if the facts are ro, and my ob have different phyfical qualities : So rhas, fervations true, I think that Providence by making collections of the same kind in has appointed the bee to be very inftru. each cell, they may have pr per remedies mental in promoting the increale of vege. for themselves against ailments we have no tables ; but otherwile, might be very de knowledge of, which otherwise they would trimental to their propagation, and at Anot have, if they were filled ac random the same time they contribute to the health from all kinds of Aqwers. These further and life of their own species.

advantages, directed to them by ProviFrom the late improvements made by dence, seem to add weight to my observa. glasses, and experiments made, in ob'er. tions, and are a prefumptive proof thas ving the works of nature, it is almost de. they are true. monflrable, that the farina upon the apices The only thing, besides the former, of Aowers is the male leed; which en- wherein my oblervations, differ from M. ering the pillillum or matrix in ihe flower, B made and emitted by the bee. He, from

Reaumur, is in the manner the wax is impregnates the ovum, and makes it pro. lifick. It is often necessary to have wind his observations, forms his opinion, that and dry weather to wait 'this farina to the after the bee has fed upon the farina, or piftillum, and from Aower 10 flower,

bee.bread, and

it has pated ibro' she first to make the feed prolifick : And we find in ftomach, (which is the reservoir where the wet sealons, that grain, nuts, and fruit, honey is lodged, from whence it is dií. are less prolifick, by the farina's not being charged upwards by its mouth into the cells) properly conveyed to the pistillum ; and it is conveyed into the second ftomach ; allo in very hot dry weather, from clammy C and yet, when there, great part of it con. honey.dews, or, more properly, sweet ex- tinues in its (pherical or oval form, ftill fudations from the plants themselves, which undigested as and consequently muß he clogs the farina, and causes blafts and mil. conveyed further, before it be thoroughly dews. Now, of the farina of specifically digested, and the particles broke ; yet this different fowers should take the place of he supposes is reconveyed upwards thro' its own proper farina in the piftillum, like both the Atomachs, and is emitted by its an unnatural coition in the animal world, mouth, either no generation would happen; oD from the remarks 1 have made, that the

What makes me disagree with him, is monstrous one, or an individual noi capa. ble of further generation,

fæces of the bee discharged by the anus, Now if the bee is appointed by Provi. after the farina is digesled, is the true wax. dence to go only, at each loading, to how- We may, with truth believe, that the farie ers of the same (pecies, as the abundant fa. Da, which is the male feed of all vegetables, rina often covers the whole bee, as well as confifts of a spirit or moving principle, what it loads upon its lege, it carries the floating in a sweet oil, furrounded by an farina from flower to Aower, and by its exterior coat or Thell, in which is that mo. walking upon the pistillum and agitation of E nade that impregnares the grain or lovit, its wings, it contributes gready to the fari. and makes it prolifick ; that upon separatie na's entering into the piltillum, and at the on or digestion, this spirit and sweet oil same time prevents the heterogeneous mix. becomes the nourishment of the hee ; Lure of the farina of different flowers wich which spirit is of the fame nature with the it ; which, if it ftrayed from Aower to animalcules in femine masculino of animals, flower at random, it would cassy to flow. and becomes the animal spirits, in the bee ers of a different species,

and other animals ; and perhaps the true Besides these visible advantages,. it may honey is the sweet oil included in the fari. be of great benefit to their own species and na : And as all vegetables abound with society ; for, as this farina is the natural these vivifying atoms, so the true huney and constant food of the bees, during one breaking thro' jrs Mell by great heal, ochalf of the year, and from this digested, as casions those honey-dews cbserved in hot it is accurately observed by M. Reaumur, weather upon the leaves and powers of is the bouilée and jelly formed ; which is most vegetables ; which is no more than lodged for the food of the young bees, un. an exsudation from the leaves and bloff:ms til they become nymphæ : It is also neces- of these vessels thas break with the heat ; lary that fores of it should he lodged in the G besides those that appear on the apices of cells adjoining to the honey, for their win- Aowers, which afterwards impregnate the

ter provision; without which, M. Reau. fruit. mur observes, they would be in danger of dying of a looseness, their molt dangerous [The rest on this curious fubjet, eve foall málady,

give in our APPENDIX.]



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On! Phillis, thamcon you to serve a fwain so, You promis'd latt

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I lik’d the sweet lay, for I thought it fin

cere : But why does Pastora fo oft drop a teat? "Why, why so oft drop a tear ?

True, Damon, I promis'd, I own ito.

what the My mind has fince alter'd how faithless are men !

[day You vow'd to be conftant, and yet t'other Who swore, that young Lucy was sweet

as the May ?
Sweet, sweet, was sweet as the May,

When Phillis grew coy, when the left me

(thorn, And was finging to Colin, beneath the green Mad, jealous, and fretting, pray, who was to blame,

(lamę? If with Lucy I Atrove to make Phillis the

Strove, Grove, to make Phillis the same.

From my heart let me tel} thee, I

proudly effay*** To conquer each beautiful infolent maid ; The garlands they wreath'd, at thy feet were refign'd;

(unkind. This, this was my pride, then is Phillis Then, then, then is Phillis unkind.

PALL 18.
How frail the disguise a fond lover would

[ would belye! How weak the thin snare, that the soul Hence, hence, with suspicion; away from the grove,

(upon love. 'And prove at the church, that truth waits

Prove, 'prove, truth waits upon love.


PHILLIS, Like the bee, that goes roving to ride the spring

[ling ; You pip'd to each damlel, tu me you would

Poetical Essay's in DÉCEMBER; 1751. 565 "A COUNTRY DAN CE.


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First couple fet, cast off and turn lead thro' the third couple, caft up and turn; elap partners, and back to back ret four, and right and left with the top couple . Poetical Essays in DECEMBER, 1751.


I lov'd her the more, when the told,

How that pity was due to a dove,
HEN forc'd the dear maid to forego,

That it ever attended the bold,

And the call'd it the filter of love, And I thought, but it might not be lo,

For her voice such a pleature conveys, She was forry to see me depart,

So much I her accents adore, She cast such a languishing view,

Let her (peak, and whatever the lays, My path I could no where discern;

I am sure still to love her the more. So sweetly the bad me adieu,

6. I thought that the bad me return.

And now I muft hafte to the plain,

Come, shepherds, and talk of her My banks, they are furnish'd with bees,

wayss Whose murmur invites one to sleep ; I could lay down my life for the swain, My waters are shaded with trees,

That will speak in my Phyllida's praise. And my hills are white over with theep.

When he fings, may the maids of the I feldom have met with a loss,

Such health do my pastures bestow ; Come flocking and liften the while,
And where they are cover'd with mofs, Nor on him let Phyllida frown,
Ev'n there do the bilberries grow.

But I cannot allow her to smile.

7. Methinks, she might like to retire To the grove, I lrad labour'd to rear ;

To see, when my charmer goes by, For whatever I heard her admire,

Some hermit peep out of his cell, I hasted, and planted it there.

How he thinks of his youth with a ligh, Dear regions of filence and shade,

How fondly he withes her'well ! Soft scenes of contentment and ease,

On him the may smile, if the please, Where I could have pleasantly stray'd,

It will warm the cool bosom of age ; If ought in her absence could please.

Yet ceale, O my Phyllida, ceafe,

Such softness will ruin the fage. I have found out a gift for my fair,

8. I have found where the wood-pigeons I have stole from no powrets that grow, breed ;

To paint forth the charms I approve ; But then if I rob them, I fear,

For what can a blossom beftow,
She might say 'twas a barbarous deed ; So sweet, fo delightful as love ?
For the said he could never be true,

I fing in a rustical way,
Who could rob a poor bird of its young; A Mepherd and one of the throng,
And I lov'd her the more, when I knew, Yet Phyllida's pleased with the lay ;
Such tenderness flow from her tongue. Go, poets, and envy my long.



W jo biels the glorious



In outward form by far excel VIRTUE superior to all external Charms:

The beauty of the brightest belle, ODE. Occafioned by tbe many late Pieces In inward luftre of the mind, on celebrated Beauries. Addre Jed to fucb

Surpass the best of woman kind. LADIES, and ebeir poetical Admirers.

You, Miss, are fair and good, 'tis true,

But angels, child, oui Shine e'en you :Pitoribus, atque Poetis

Yet pride and vanity discard, Quidlibet audendi femper fuit aqua Poteftas.


And truth beyond applause regard ;

At universal virtue aim, HALL girls, whose only claim to worth

And (corn to injure or delame : Lies in their faces, or their birth,

Let in your breast these graces grow,
By fordid bards be prais'd ?

And you'll an angel thine below,
Shall sense and wit neglected live,
While few to virtue honour give,

However great or rais'd?
Sad'emblem of degen'rate days,

7 E jnin th When poets outward beauty praise, And court an empty face!..

When, man's redemption to obtain, Can virtue's charms ao mule in pire ?

2- A God on earth was born, In virtue's cause will none take fire?, Oh blind mistaken race !

Who fram'd this world beneath, Ab, could the bard with Flaccus write, And all those spheres op high, Or foar in Maro's forty fight,

Deign'd in an infant's form to breathe, Or boast a Naro's pen ; He'd lath with Juvenal the age,

On Mary's breasts to lie.

3. Satire Mould swell in every page,

Pain, poverty, disgrace, Against deluded men.

And ev'ry finlesi griel, What, though the boasts a beauteoul Obscur'd the loftre of his face, face,

To yield mankind rel.el. And Aaunts, superb, in filk and lace : 1$ worth convey'd by cloaths ?

Mis life the law fulfillid,
What, though the fines at balls and plays, His fuff'rings pardon bring.
And gayly spends her flying days,

Hail, mighty Saviour ! justly Mil'd
Admir'd by belles and beaux ?

Our Prophet, Priest, and King.”
What, I would ask, are crowns and kings,

56 What pomp, and titles ? --Aleeting things?

Divine Instructor, hail ! That mock th' alpiring mind :

Whore precepts form our lives ; Princes, alas! to dust return,

Nor will implor:d a distance fail
The rich, the great must fill the urn,

The soul that truly strives.
And leave their state behind !

6. Believe me, ladies, for 'cis true,

Hail, Saviour of our race !
Not all the di'monds of Peru,

Our facrifice for guile !
One grain of worth can add ;

Who freely in the finner's place,
Not all the gold the Indies bear,'

Thy clenâng blood haft spide. Not all the gems that glitter there,

7. Can beautify the bad.

The willing knee we bow, 'Tis innate virtue merits praise,

And hall thee lov'reign Lord; 'Tis that alone deserves the lays,

For ever, King of raints, be thou
And all a poet's art :

Belov'd, obey'd, ador'd.',
We (purn the bards, who meanly fing

Of sharms, which fplendid fortunes bring,
Bụt ne'er regard the heart.

Despise, ye fair, the empty girls,
Whose beauty lies in flowing curls,

Virginibus puerilque canto.
Who shine in borrow'd charms :
She, the alone's tbe happy maid,

Fashions his mind, and cultivates hia Whose real beauties never fade,

heart, Whole bosom virtue warms!

Thro' vice and error the impetuous youth D. R.

Roams uncontroul'd, and shuns the paths

of truth ; To a YOUNG LADY, who defired fome Lines

Unruly appetites his virtue lway, on ANGELS.

His will commands and paffions lead the NGELS (pray, Mirs, the truth excuse, way :


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Poetical Essays in DECEMBER, 1751. 567 But when the schools have lent their social

of things the secreat causes we explore, aid,

[fhade, From whence the sun recruits his golden And from his brain dispell'd the native


[light, His tender front the dawning genius rears, 'What period bounds each rowling Orb of And thining virtue in her bloom appears. Where new fledg'd whitl winds try their So on his furrow Aands the lab'ring

noisy flight;

(der springs, swain,


Where tempests Deep, and infant'thun. And to the glebe commits the pregnant Why nimble lightning mounts on golden Lodgid in the earth an embryo harvest

wings ;

What binds the water in an icy chain,
Till the sun's genial influence bids it rise ; And from what source proceeds the pearly
Then joyous he surveys his fruitful ground,
With plenteous crops, and golden Honours The soul forgets her gross restraint of clay,

(oame, And eager after knowledge, wings her way.
The child, as foon as he can tisp his

A REBUS. Is Itrait committed to the careful dame :

HE name of a patriot, that's laid Till by revolving years his mind is wrought

very low,

[grow ; To deeper kaowledge, and maturer thoughts And the fruit that is fean on hedges to She to his hand the letter'd horn applies, Thele being join'd, make the name of a And with her fescue guides his wand'ring place eyes.

(god inspires, That's noted for making abundance of The youths, whose breast che warlike

ANOTHER. And with a gen'rous thirst of glory fires,

HE game that is often play'd by the Within the lifts a bloodless combat wage,

great, With seeming hatred, and difTembled rage; And a dim that is counted delicate meat ; Undaunted, when Britannia calls to fight,

Join these two together, and it will discover Shall crown her battles, and defend her The towa wherein dwelleth my elder broright.


Some follow nature in her gloomy maze,

Answer to the forf Rebus in our laff, p. 521,
And trace the goddess thro' unbeaten ways;

A Audious race ! whose boundless prospects


And Lade was a justice well known;
High o'er the clouds, and pierce the inmort

By which you plainly do teach,
They measure earth thro' all her diftant

That Lecblade's the name of the town.

[rands. They tell and yellow

Answer to the Second, Ibid.

RAVES made of callow for dogs is marians teach

, The beauties and proprieties of speech :

And an end is material to make thoe or To love of arts they mould unpractis'd

Therefore, in Kent, it is plain to be seen, youth,

(truth. Gravesend you mean in the last Magazine. And form theit tender minds to Ipotless ANOTHER Answer.

Here too Britaionia's unexperienc'd fair THE food that's not fit to be given to To the frequented dancing school repair;

(dogs : Each shining nymph improves her pretty I think must be graver, often us'd to feed face,

(grace ;

If so, with the help of a gobler's end,
With winning features, and becoming Join'd with graves, you will make the
To the thrill haurboy and the fiddle's-lound, town of Gravesend.
They shift alternate feet, and press the

To Miss J-5, of St. Tils, 0-1-0, 06
Here that nice art the ftudious pupils try

ber several excelleni Poems. Of painting words, and speaking to the eye;

HENE'ER thou deiga'A to sweep Which, in their various shapes of figures

the quiv'ring lyre,

Anxiety is lullid co reft ;
Give colour and a body to a thought. Paffion submits to Cupid's gentler fire,
Thrice happy mortal ! on whose earthly And am'rous transports glad the breast.

The too, too pow'rful magick of thy song,
The likeness of his Maker is impressid ! Fair maid, enchanting all around,
Tbtice happy mortal! -whore enlightned Draws the rapt (wains infenfibly along,

Attentive to the heav'nly found.
To useful arts and wisdom is inclined ! No longer thall the wanton Sappho reign
Thro tedious schools we hone che lovely Sole queen of wit, unmatch'd in praise ;

No longer thall Methymna's diftant plain
And by the prize confess our toil o'er-paid; Monopolize the female bays,


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Here, in throng'a schools, thefterngram- GR a good prog.

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