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A Description of the Isle of WIGHT. Feb. passed by a wall, and has s parish churches. the Streight called the Needles. The preThe markets are on Tuesdays and Thurf. sent members for this borough are col. days, and it lends two members to parlia. Charles Powlett and Harry Burrard, Esq; ment, the present ones being Peter Delmé, The market is on Saturdays, and here is and Ant. Langley Swymmer, Esqrs.

made excellent salt, which supplies in great 15, 16. Farham, 10 miles S. E. of mealure the southern parts of England. Southampton, and Havant, about 8 miles E. of Farham, are both small market

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A Description of ibe ISLE OF WIGHT. Off the latter lie Haling and HIS Mand les in the British sea, and Thorny, two iDands, with a parish church in each. Salt is made of the sea water in Hampshire by a small and rapid channel. several places along this coast.

In one place it is not above a mile over 17. Portsmouth, 5 miles S. E. of Far- to the western part of the island, and from ham, and 60 computed and 73 mealured Portsmouth not above 6. It is of an oblong miles S. W. from London, lies in an island, form, being 20 miles in length from east io called Portsea, 14 miles round at high wert, and 12 miles broad from north to water. It is joined to the continent ty a B fouth, and about 60 in circumference. I bridge, is large, very populous and well has 36 parish churches, and 4 market built, and the streets spacious and regular. towns, viz. Newport, Yarmouth, Newton For some ages this has been the place and Broding ; tho' according to some wriof general rendezvous for our Acets at ters, the markets of the three last are dirSpilhead, which is near it, when at war used, and Newport is the only ma ket for with France. It was burnt hy the French the illand. However that be, th: three first in the reign of Richard II. but was soon fend members to parliament, and the preafter rebuilt, and set out several ships of C sent representatives are, for Newport, Tho.' war, which very much annoyed the ene. mas Lee Dummer and Ralph Jenniton, my, beat them at sea, entered the Sein, Efq.s. for Yarmouth, Thomas Holmes, and burnt many of their ships: After which Esq; and col. Henry Holmes, and for the fortifications were enlarged by Edward Newton, Sir John Barrington, bart, and IV. Henry VII. and VIII and Q. Eliza- Maurice Bockland, Esq; Newport is a beth ; lo that it is now one of the best large, populous and well frequented fortified towns in England, and of the mayor town, and has two very confidera. greatest consequence, being furnished both ble markets weekly, viz, on Wednesdays with wet and dry docks, Aorehouses, and D and Saturdays. Cowes is a place of great all necessaries for building, repairing, rigging note sor harbouring thips, ard not far from and fitting out men of war, with suitable Newport is Car Ibrook castle, where K. accommodations for a commiffioner and Charles I. was imprisoned. This isand other officers to look after the navy royal ;

continued long in the crown, but in 1442, so that it is a nursery for seamen, one of the Henry VI. alienated it to Henry de Beauchief Magazines of the kingdom, and a camp, duke of Warwick, and is said to place of great trade. Tho' the town be have crowned him king of Wight with well built, its chief beauty confils in the E his own hands : but he dying without magniñcence of its fortifications, barbour, issue male, che lord ship of the ille redocks, yaids, office of ordinance, vicłual. turned to the crown. As to its present fing office, &c. Over against it Nands Gor- government, it is subject to the bishop port, a pretty large town, which has a of Winchester in ecclefiaftical matters, market on Saturdays.

The markets at and under Hampshire in civil affairs ; Portsmouth are on Thursdays and Satur. but having castles and garisons to defend it, days, and their present representatives in the crown always appoints a governor pecupirliament are Sr Edward Hawke knt. liar to it, as a post of great honour, under

F of the Bath, and Isaac Townsherd, Eq; whom are all the governors of the ciftles

18. Ringwood, on the west fide of and garifins in the land. It is inc.m. New Forest, a long town, with a great patled with rocks, of whih the most market on Wednesday.

nored are the Sbingles and the Needles, 19. Christ.church, about 7 miles S. W. the Brambles and the Mixton. There of Ringwood, at the meeting of The rivers rocks render it almost inaccessible, and Avon and Stour, a large populous borough. where it is approachable on the S. E. it town which sends members to parliament, is fortified by art.

The inand is well penthe present ones being Sir Thomas Ro.G pled, the air wholesome and delighiful, binson, knight of the Bath, and Charles A. and the foil fertile both for corn and par. mand Powietr, Esq;

turage ; and they have plenty of hares, 20. Lymington, about 8 miles E. of partridges, pligalants, lea-fowi, and other Chrift-church, a small but populous sea. game, and are deficient in nothing but port town, standing upon a hill opposite wood, winch a very scarce. to the Ile of Wight in the narrow part of

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1751.

57

SIR,

I

JOURNAL of the Proceedings and DeBATES in the POLITICAL CLUB, continued from p. 20.

the overthrow of our constitution, The last Speech I fall give you in the I Mould, as a member of this house,

Debate begun in your laft, was that make no scruple to vote every of made by M. Ogulnius, the Purport ficer, who had concurred in that senof which was as follows, viz. tence, guilty of high treason; and

as the existence of such a case is far Mr. President,

A from being impossible, I shall never

give my consent to a law that would AM surprised to see such an render it impossible for this house to opposition made to the amend- discover who had or had not con

ment proposed, since every gen- curred in such a sentence, which, I tleman that has spoke against it in. think, would be the consequence of fists, that the words as they now this oath without the amendment ftand will include both houses of par. B proposed. liament. I cannot, Sir, suspect such I shall be cautious, Sir, of saying honourable gentlemen of insincerity; any thing that may give rise to a but if they are really sincere in the contest between the two houses of opinion they profess, complaisance parliament: Every gentleman ought, alone to a brother member should I think, to be extremely cautious in induce them to agree to what he this respect ; but then we ought to has proposed. Nay, I will go far. Cbe equally cautious of saying any ther; I will say, that, to avoid the thing inconsistent with the dignity of imputation of being actuated by a this house, or that may be interspirit of persecution, they should preted as a surrender of the priviagree to this amendment ; for if an

leges of the commons of Great Briofficer, upon being called before you tain. Did we ever yet acknowledge to be examined, should answer, that the other house as a court of justice? he could not with a safe conscience, D The high court of parliament is a or consistently with his own honour, court of justice, and the highest call it which you will, declare how court of justice in the kingdom ; but he or any other member of a court- the parliament consists of two houses, martial had voted, because of the and neither house has hitherto acoath he had taken, it would be down- knowledged the other as a court of right persecution to presume such justice. Therefore, to prevent a a man guilty, because of such re. E future contest between the two houses fusal, and to punish him as one who of parliament, we should agree to had concurred in an oppressive, per- the amendment proposed ; for withhaps a treasonable sentence. I' fay out this amendment, such a contest treasonable, Sir ; for according to may very probably be the consethe law of parliament, there may quence of the oath now under conbe treason against the constitution as fideration. Suppose the other house well as against the crown ; and F fhould think fit to inquire into the if an officer tould, by the fen- proceedings of some future court. tence of a court-martial, be con- martial, and should commit a memdemned to be shot for refusing to obey ber of that court-martial for not ceorders not only unlawful, but such claring before them as a court of juso as 'evidently and directly tended to tice, how he and the rest voted in G -10

that court martial, I believe, this February, 1751.

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58 Proceedings of the POLITICAL CLUB, &c. Feb. house would take notice of such a and liberties of this country, may be commitment, and would determine deeply affected by the behaviour and it to be an incroachment upon the proceedings of such courts, either by privileges of the commons. And, on sea or land. If the members of the other hand, if we should com-thole courts should once come to be mit a member of a court-martial for more afraid of the resentment of not declaring to this house as a court A their general or admiral, than of the of justice, how he and the other resentment of this house, they may members voted in that court-martial, manage it so as in a few years to set the other house would probably take that general or that admiral above notice of it, and might find a me- the resentment of either or both thod for bringing the case before houses of parliament. But how fhall them, which would certainly occa- we make our resentment terrible, if fion not only a contest, but a breach, B we part with that power which alone between the two houses.

makes it terrible? What is it that Thus, Sir, any gen:leman, with- makes the resentment of this house out being a conjurer, may foresee, terrible to evil-doers? It is our that the oath, as it now stands, may being the grand inquest of the naprobably be attended with most fatal tion. Can we perform that function, consequences ; therefore, if this oath if men are tied up by oath from of secrecy be to stand part of this C making any discovery ? bill, I hope, the amendment pro- I fall grant, Sir, that, notwithposed will be agreed to. But I standing this oath, we may have a confess, I am against the oath itself; proof of the sentence, and of some for I think the proceedings of all part of the proceedings, because courts of justice ought to be in the we may order them to be laid before most open and publick manner, that us; and from these we may be conthe impartial world may have an D vinced, that every interlocutory reopportunity to judge of them, and solution as well as the final sentence that the judges may meet with that were most unjust and oppressive, general applause or censure they may or of the most dangerous consedeserve, which the publick, when quence to our liberties : We may fully informed, will always justly even vote them so, with a nemine bestow. A good and an upright judge contradicente prefixed to our resoluwill never desire to make a secret E tion ; but this would serve only to of any part of his proceedings; but a bring us into contempt with the wicked one certainly will ; for from people, as well as the army ; for the highest authority we know, who we could proceed no further : We they are that love darkness rather could neither impeach nor order in than light ; and no man, I think, a bill of pains and penalties, withthat has a due regard for that autho- out some proof as to the particular rity, can ever be for indulging them F men who concurred in that sentence, in their choice.

or in those resolutions, and this we For this reason, Sir, I am against hall effectually debar ourselves of, this oath of secrecy in general; but if we reject the amendment proif it passes without this amendment, posed; for by the sentence and rewe hall

, in my opinion, Mut the doors folutions all would appear to have of this house against that information concurred, and consequently to be which we ought carefully to seek G equally guilty; and such a court-marafter, and closely attend to : I mean tial would certainly take care, that, the behaviour and proceedings of when they came to vote, there should courts martial; for not only the be no by Standers nor listners. publick service, but the confitusion

Thus,

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