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1751.
Preamble to Lord COLERANE'S Will.

553 you be said to conquer every body, when according to my fortune.

And latly, you yourself have escaped ? But, proceed. about the beginning of April, 1740, I em. ed I, tell me, prithee, were thore you ployed James Welt, Efq; of Lincoln's Jon, got the victory over your equals or inferiors? (who seemed to think her not averse to a My equals. If they were equal to you, reconciliation) to offer the like ample and how came you to conquer them? No, they honourable terms to the said Anne, lady were my inferiors. foro, why were you Colerane, in order to prevail on her (if not ashamed to contend with them? Cease, A not determined to perfft in a constant Cicermus, to boast any further of con- violation of her marriage vow) to come quelts of this nature, pursued I, and rather and live with me, govern my family, and strive to out-do all men in virtue, and a partake in the enjoyment of my income. good life. The victories of the mind are And to this I was not led by the lucre of that ever the most glorious, wliereby you shall ample provision her father had left her, nor assuredly live happy, and after a long deterred from it by the obvious appreben. series of days die ro. This said, my Pan. fions of the evils or inconveniences, that cratian began to relent, and after some few might follow on taking into my borom a

B more documents bestowed on him, threw perfon, that for so many years had en. away his crown and palm-branch, and cow aged and habituated herself to a most vowed never to contend at the Olympick obftinate, tho' undeserved hatred and con. games inore. Farewel.

tempt of me.

But when the said James

Welt, E'q; (as I have it under his own Preamble to the late Lord COLERANE'S

hand) sent to alk leave to offer ample terms Will. (See bis Death in our Mag. for

of reconciliation from me, me returned 1749, p. 385.)

him word, that she had no answer to give N the name of God, Amen. I Henry C to such proposals, or to that effect. All Hare, Erq; baron of Colerane in the

which proceedings of the said lady Colerane kingdom of Ireland, being in a sound state being well known and maturely weighed of mind, and having deliberately considered, to and by Mrs. Rose du Plessis, spinfter, how I may most justly, gratefully, and pru. and myself, we two did, on the 29th of dently dispole of the worldly goods, with April, in the year last abovenamed, which the divine providence has intrusted in the presence of God, enter into a me, do make my last will and teftament

folemn mutual engagement to take each in manner following ; that

is to say, First D other for husband and wife, and perform and principally, I relign my foul to my to each other the negative and positive heavenly Father, humbly beseeching him, duties of that relation (endeavouring to that it being washed from its many fins give as little offence as we may, by our and pollutions in the blood of my Saviour

living together in the life-time of the said Je!us Christ, it may be accepted to mercy. lady Colerane.) In consequence whereof, And whereas it has been my heavy affic- The, the raid Rore, whom I esteem as my Cion, that Anne, lady Colerane, whom I only true and virtuous wife, brought me married with an affectionate and upright a daughter on the 12th day of September, heart, did, in the 3d year of our marriage, E

1745, whom I have named Henrietta Rosa about O&ober, 1720, without any just Peregrina. caure or provocation by me given, but with His lordpbip then deoises bis effate to bis the encourageinent of selfish, mifiniormed,

faid daug brer, in caso se lives to attain and ill-difpofed persons, in violation of

ibe age of 21 years; and by bis said will, her part of the solemn and mutuai covenant, confirmed ty 4 codici's, be bas devised, in raje which we entered into at our marriage, of bis daug bter's dearb, bis whole fate between utterly forsake my bed and house. And Bis 1wo neices and their beirs, cbarged only whereas, from thence forward unto the F with the payment of lady Colerane's jointure of year 1740, I did, by letter and message, at 1000l. a year, and of an annuity of 4001, a fundry times, and on all the most proper oc

gear to the infani's morber for ber life, in case cafions, solicit my said wife to return to her The consigues unmarried, and of 500l. a year for duty, and cohabit with me again, accord. ber life generaliy. ing to the solemn engagement made between us at our marriage, which on my Having formerly given oar Readers the part I was ever disposed to keep and perform, Marquis of Halifax's Cbaracter of K. and for that end had for fo many years

CHARLES II. under tbe Articks of bis denied myfelf all the comforts of a married G Religion, Diffimulation, Conduct so bis Mi. life, tho' very agreeable to my temper and Fifters, bis Amours, Miftreffes, &c. bis constitution, and in my raid overtures, I

Wir and Conversation ; we fall now add
folemnly and sincerely offered to cancel all she Conclufon, wbicb is as follows,
part offences, and receive, entertain, and FTER all this, (fays the marquis)
support her in a proper and ample manner,

A of
December, 1731.

4 A

cil * Soe Lond, Mag. for 1750, p. 323, 164, 210, 375, 534.

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cil have made several parts of the picture in his own defence, might the better have look a little hard, it is a justice that would the privilege sometimes to be the aggreffor, be due to every man, much more to a and to deal with men at their own wea. prince, to make some amends, and to re

pon. concile men as much as may be to it by the Subje&s are apt to be as arbitrary in their lait finihing.

censure, as the most assuming kings can be He had as good a claim to a kind inter

in their power. If there might be matter pretation as most inen: First as a prince ; A for obje&tions, there is not less reason for living and dead, generous and well-bred excuses; the defects laid to his charge, men will be gentle to them ; next, as an are such as may claim indulgence from unfortunate prince in the beginning of his mankind. time, and a gentle one in the rest.

Should nobody throw a stone at his A prince neither sharpened by his mil. faults but ihose who are free from them, fortunes whilft abroad, nor by his power there would be but a fender shower. when restored, is such a shining character, What private man will throw stones at that it is a reproach not to be lo dazzled him because he loved ? Or what prince, with it, as not to be able to see a fault in B because he dissembled? its full light. It would be a scandal in If he either trusted, or forgave his enethis case to have an exact memory. And mies, or in some cases neglected his if ali who are akin to his vices, should friends, more than could in Atri&tness be mourn for him, never prince would be allowed ; let not those errors be so ar. better attended to his grave. He is under raigned, as to take away the privilege that the protection of common frailty, that feemeth to be due to princely frailties. If must engage men for their own fakes not princes are under the misfortune of being to be too severe, where they themselves C accused to govern ill, their subjects have have fo much to answer.

the less right to fall hard upon them, tince If he had sometimes less firmness than they generally so little deserve to be governmight have been wished ; let the kindest ed well. reason be given, and if that thould be The truth is, the calling of a king, with wanting, the best excuse. I would assign all its glittering, hath such an unreasonable the cause of it to be his loving at any rate weight upon it, that they may rather ex. to be caly, and his deserving the more to pect to be lamented, than to be envied, be indulged in it, by his detiring that eve

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for being set upon a pioacle, where they ry body else should be ro.

are exfolid to cenfure, if they do not do If he sometimes let a servant fall, let it more to answer mens expectations, than be examined whether he did not weigh fo corrupted nature will allow, much upon his master, as to give him a It is but justice therefore to this prince, fair excuse. That yieldingness, whatever to give all due sostenings to the less ihining foundations it might lay to the disadvan.

parts of hrs life ; to offer flowers and tage of pofterity, was a specifick to pre. lea es to hide, instead of ufing aggravatiServe us in peace for his own time. It he

ons to expose them. loved too much to lie upon his own down. E Let his royal ashes then lie fost upon bed of ease, his subjects had the pleasure, him, and cover him from harth and unduring his reign, of lolling and stretching kind censures ; which, tho' they (hould

As a sword is sooner broke not be unjust, can never clear themselves upon a feather bed than upon a table, ro from being indecent. his plienine's broke the blow of a present mischier' much better than a more imme. The following Story, from ebe Rambler of diate resistance would perhaps have done. Dec. 10, may be of Use to our Lottery Ruin law this, and therefore removed

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Adventurers, and may serve to caution him first, to make way for further over- obers against be like Infatuation, turnings. If he diffembled ; let us remember,

SERVED an appenticeship to a linen. I

drafer, with uncommon reputation first, that he was a king, and that dllfi. for diligence and fidelity, and at the age of mulation is a jewel of the crown ; next, 23 opened a thop for myfelf, with a large that it is very hard for a man not to do Itock, and such credit, that I could com. sometimes too much of that, which he mand whatever was imported curious or concludeth necessary for him to practise. valuable. For five years I proceeded with Men should contider, that as there would G success proportionate to close application be no falle dice, if there were no true and untainted integrity, so that I was pro. cnes, so if diffembling is grown universal, verbially marked out as the model of young it ceareth to be i ul play, having an im. traders. plied allowance by the general practice. But in this course of even prosperity, I He that was so often forced to dillemble was ont day persuaded to buy a ticket in

the

upon theirs.

1751. A Lesson for Lottery Adventurers. 555 the lottery. The sum was inconsiderable, the of conjecture, and the inefficacy of compu. grecer part was to be repaid, tho' fortune tation, I relolved to take the prize by viomight fail to favour me, and therefore my lence, and therefore bought 40 tickets, establithed maxims of frugality did not not omitting, however, io divide them restrain me from lo triAing an experiment. between the even and odd numbers, that I The ticket lay almost forgotten till the might not miss the lucky class. Many contime at which every man's fate was to be de. clulions did I form, and many experiments termined, nor did the affair even thea seem A did I try, to determine from which of those of any importance, till I discovered by the tickets I might reasonably expe&t affluence. publick papers, that the ticket next in num. At last, being unable to satisfy myself by ber to mine had conferred the great prize. any modes of reasoning, I wrote the num

My heart leaped at the thought of such bers upon dice, and allotted 5 hours every an approach to fudden riches, which I day to the amusement of throwing them considered myself, however contrarily to in a garret, and, examining the event by the laws of computation, as having missed an exact register, I found, on the evening by a single chance, and could not forbear before the Jottery was drawn, that one

B to entertain myself with the consequences, of my numbers had been turned up 5 which such a bounteous allotment would times more than any of the rest in 330,000 have produced, if it had happenned to my- throws, sell. This dream of felicity, by degrees, This experiment was fallacious; the first took poffeffion of my imagination. The day presented the hopeful ticket, a detestgreat delight of my folitary hours was to able blank. The reit came out with dif. purchase an estate, and form plantations ferent fortune, and in conclusion, Ilust 3c1. with money which once might have been by this great adventure. mine, and I never met my friends but IC I had now wholly changed the cast of spoiled all their merriment by perpetual my behaviour and the conduct of my life. complaints of my ill luck.

The shop was for the most part abandoned At length, another lottery was opened, to my fervants, and, if I entered it, my and I had now so heated my imagination thoughts were so engrofred by my tickets, with the prospect of a prize, that I should that I scarcely heard or answered a question, have pressed among the first purchasers, but considered every customer as an inhad not my ardour been witheld by deli- truder upon my meditations, whom I was beration upon the probability of success-D in haste to dispatch. I mistook the price from one ticket rather than another. I of my goods, committed blunders in my hesitated long between even and odd, con- bills, forgot to file my receipts, and neglidered all the square and cubick numbers lected to regulate my books. My ace in the lottery, examined all those to which quaintances, by degrees, began to fall good luck had been hitherto annexed, and away, but I perceived the decline of my at last fixed upon one, which, by some business with little emotion, because, whiat. secret relation to the events of my life, eyer deficiency there might be in my gains, I thought predestined to make me happy. I expected the next lottery to supply. Delay in great affairs is often mischievous ; E Miscarriage naturally produces diffithe ticket was sold, and its potītsfor could dence ; I began now to seek assistance not be found.

against ill luck, by an alliance with those I returned to my conjectures, and after that had been more successful. I enquired many arts of prognostication, fixed upon diligently, at what office any prize had ano! her chance, but with less confidence, heen sold, that I might purchase of a pro.. Never did captive, heir, or lover feel so pitious vender ; solicited thosc who had much vexation from the now pace of time, been fortunate in former lotteries, to as I suffered between the purchase of my f partake with me in my new tickets, and, çicket and the distribution of the prizes. whenever I met with any one that had, I solaced myself, however, as I could, by in any event of his life, been eminently frequent contemplations of approaching prosperous, I invited him to take a larger happiness. At last the day came, my or smaller share. I had, by this rule of ticket appeared, and rewarded all my care conduct, so diffused my interest, that I and sagacity with a despicable prize of gol. had a 4th part of 15 tickets, an 8th of 40, My friends, who congratulated me upon

and a 16th of go. my success, were very coldly received ; I I waited for the deciGon of my fate with hid myself a fortnight in the country, that G my former palpitations, and looked epon my chagrin might fume away without the business of my trade with the usual observation, and then returned to my shop, negle&t. The wheel at last was turned, and began to listen after another lottery, and its revolutions brought me a long luc

With the news of a lottery I was soon cefsion of forrows and disappointments, gratified, and having now found the vanily 1, indeed, often partook of a small prize,

4 A a

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and the loss of one day was generally ba-, of the people of this country, we hope, lanced by the gain of the next ; but my the following extracts will be agreeable to senres yet remained unsatisfied, and, when our readers, One of my chances had failed, all my ex. His serene highness obferves, that the pectation was suspended on those which first establishment of trade in that repubtemained yet undetermined. At last a lick, was owing to three forts of caufes, prize of soool, was proclaimed, I caught viz. fuch as were natural and physical, or fire at the cry, and enquiring the number, A moral and political, or adventitious and found it to be one of my own tickets, which external. We thall take no notice of I had divided among those on whose luck I what he says of the first and last of these depended, and of which I had retained three sorts of caules; but as to the second, only a 16th part.

he describes them thus : You will easily judge, with what de. " Amongst the moral and political testation of himself, a man, thus intent causes are to be placed : The unalterable upon gain, reflected that he had cold a maxim and fundamental law, relating to prize, which was once in his pofletion. the free exercise of different religions; and It was to no purpose, that I represented B always to consider this roleration and conto myself, the impossibility of recalling the nivance, as the most effectual means to part, or the fally of condemning an act, draw foreigners from adjacent countries to which only its event, an event which no settle and refide here, and so become inhuman intelligence could foresee, proved ftrumental to the peopling of these pro. to be wron

The prize, which, tho' vinces. put into my hands, had been suffered to The constant policy of the republick, to Dip from me, filled me with anguish, and

make this country a perpetual, safe, and knowing that complaint would only ex- C secure asylum, for all perfecuted and oppole me to ridicule, I gave myself up flent- prefied strangers, no alliance, no treaty, ly to grief, and loft by degrees my appetite no regard lor, or sollicitation from any poand my reit.

tentate whatever, has at any time been aMy indisposition soon became visible; I ble to weaken or destroy ; or make the was visited by my friends, and among ftate recede from protecting those who them by Eumathes a clergyman, whore have fled to it for their own security and piety and learning gave him such an ar- self-preservation. cendant over me, that I could not refuse Throughout the whole course of all the to open my heart. There are, said he, D persecutions and oppreffions, that have few minds sufficiently firm to be trusted in occurred in other countries, the steady ada the hands of chance. Whoever finds him. herence of the republick to this fundamen. fell inclined to anticipate futurity ard exalt tal law, has been the cause, that many possibility to certainty, rould avoid every people have not only fied hither for refuge, kind of casual adventure, since his grief with their whole stock in ready cash, and must be always proportionate to his hope. their most valuable effeas, but have allo You have long wasted that time, which settled and established many trades, fa. by a proper application, would have cer. E bricks, manufactures, arts and sciences in tainly, tho' moderately encreased your this country ; notwithstanding the file fortune, in a laborious and anxious pursuit materials for the raid fabricks and manu. of gain, which no labour or anxiety, no factures were almost wholly wanting in it, art or expedient can recure' or promote. and not to be procured but at a great exYou are now fietting away your life in pence from foreign parts. repentance of an ad, against which repen. The constitution of our form of governa tance can give no caution.

Rouse at last ment, and the liberty from thence accrufrom this lazy dream of fortuitous riches, which the growth of trade, and its esta

ing to the citizens, are further reasons, to which, if you had obtained them, you could scarcely have enjoyed, because they blishment in the republick, may fairly he could confer no consciousness of desert; attributed : And all her policy and lawg return to rational and manly industry, and are put on such an equitable fooring, that consider that which is the mere gist of neither life, estates, or dignities depend on luck, as below the care of a wise man. the caprice, or arbitrary power of any fin

gle individual ; nor is there room for any Exerat: from ibe Scbeme laid before the

person, who by care, frugality, and dili. STATES GENERAL of 'be United Pro. Ggence, has once acquired an affuent for. vinces by sbe late Prince of ORANGE, a

tune, or estate. to fear a deprivation of liecle before bis Deatb, for refto ing and

them, by any act of violence, oppression, improving the Trade of ibur Republick.

or injustice.

to A the Dutch trade, yet as there are fe.

The adminiftration of justice in this

country, has in like manner always been veral things in it that deserve the attention

S

cleas

1751. Prince of Orange's Scheme for improving Trade. 557 clear and impartial, and without diftincti.

which is advantageous to the republick, 10 on of superior or inferior rank ; whether

far as relates to navigation, he might, the parties have been rich or poor, or even with find justice, affirm, that the same this a foreigner, and that a native : And

confifts alone in buying, and afterwards it were greatly to be wilhed, we could at

exporting, of imported foreign goods and this day boast of such impartial quickness

merchandize. It is this trade, therefore, and dispatch in all our legal processes, con.

which must be always had in view ; counfidering how great an influence it bath on A tenanced, facilitated, and promoted, by

all methods of relief, favour, and encou. trade.

To sum up all, amongst the moral and ragement." political causes of the former flourishing

And after (hewing that their trade is di. ftate of trade, may be likewise placed : minished, he adds : The wisdom and prudence of the admini

We have already taken notice of, and Atration; the intrepid firmness of the coun.

placed at the head of all the causes, that cils ; the faithfulness with which treaties have co-operated to the prejudice and disa and engagements were wont to be fulfilled couragement of trade, the oppreffive taxes, and ratified ; and particularly the care and B which have, under divers denominations, caution practised to preserve tranquillity been imposed on trade ; such as those calla and peace, and to decline, instead of ena ed convoy and licent, additional laft and tering on a scene of war, merely to grati. fale money, the premium, duties, weigh. fy the ambitious views of gaining fruitless ing. money, &c. and it may juftly be said, or imaginary conquests.

that it can be only attributed to these taxa By these moral and political maxims, es, that the trade of this country has been was the glory and reputation of the repub.

diverted out of its channel, and transferred lick so far spread ; and foreigners animat- C to our neighbours, and must daily be fill ed to place to great a confidence on the more and more alienated and shut out from steady determinations of a fate so wisely us, voless the progress thereof be stopt by and lo prudently conducted ; that a con- some quick and effectual remedy : Nor is course of them stocked this country with

it difficult to see, from these contemplati. an augmentation of inhabitants, and use. ons on the state of our trade, that the ful hands; whereby its trade and opulence

same can be effected by no other means were constantly from time to time increai. than a diminution of all duties."

When he comes to consider the methode He afterwards points out some of the D by which their trade may be restored, the causes of the late decay of their trade, and begins thus : concludes this subject as follows :

“ If but one point was herein to be “ Having thus briefly pointed out, what confidered, namely, what are the most were the causes and the means of establish. proper methods to re-establish trade in geing the trade in this republick ; of pro- neral, without having regard at the same moting and raising it heretofore to ro high time, to other concerns ; the remedy a pitch of grandeur ; and having also would be soon found, by only introducing Thewn which of these causes have fince E a general free port, and reducing as many ceased, and brought about the diminution taxes as possible, whereby this affair would and falling off of our trade ; we Mall, in be effectually compleated. order to come nearer to the point, proceed

But there seems to be a condition, over to examine its present state : And the con- and above, not to be gainsayed or withclufion that may be drawn from thence, is; stood ; which is, that the usual revenue that the promoting the same, can only be to the colleges of the admiralty, whereof effected by a lowering of the duties, on a they stand so much in need to defray their well-concerted plan, supported by season f charges, must be preserved at all events. and experience,"

And, on the other hand, it is incumbent After taking notice of the advantage on us to prevent the lowering of the duti. Holland reaped by the last war, he ob- es on the importation of goods, from be. serves thus :

coming any prejudice to the products, ma. " It may not be amils, however, to re- nufactures, and fabricks of the country, mark, how much the welfare and prospe- our East and West India colonies, fisheries, rity of the republick is advanced ; and to

l what a flourishing and happy crifis the And upon this head he states and an. means for the support of her inhabitants G fwers two questions, as follows: are brought, from an encouragement given 1. " What goods ought principally to to the transporting of foreign goods and have the benefit of such a diminution ; and merchandize through these provinces, as what rules, in relation thereto, will be prowas the case during those wars. And in

per to be observed, chort, il one would define the trade,

2. Wherein

ed."

&c."

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