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17519 JOURNAL of the PROCEEDINGS and DEBATES in the POLITICAL CLUB, continued from p. 453.

the least attended to our late publick In the Debate begun in your lat, the transactions, must know, that this

next Speech I shall give, was that has been his majesty's constant and made by Pomponius Atticus, the unwearied endeavour ever since the Purport of which was as follows. peace at Aix-la-Chapelle. Does not

this, Sir, deserve the warmelt ac. Mr. President,

knowledgments of our gratitude ? SIR,

A Can it be servility to declare that it THE term servility has, I find, does ? Is there any thing said of our been much insisted on by all


treaty with Spain, from whence the gentlemen who oppose an approbation thereof can be inferour agreeing to the address proposed; red, in case, upon inquiry, it should but, in my opinion, the truth can ne- be found not to be such an one as has ver justly be called servility : If the been represented to us in his majcity's fact be true, the expressing of that fact, speech from the throne ? In such a tho’ in the plainest language, can never B case, may we not freely censure it, be said to be servile ; and if the com- notwithstanding any thing now propliment, or the fact, upon which it is posed to be said of it? Sir, we may founded, be false, tho' dressed up in censure not only the treaty and the the highest metaphor or allegory ihat negotiators of it, but those also who can be invented by the moit poeti

advised his majesty to repreient it cal fancy, it must be allowed to be in such a light to us. On the other servile : It cannot then, indeed, be Chand, should the account we have of called fulsome ; but in the language it be exactly true, as I am convinced of parliament we ought, I think, to

it is; and should there be good reaavoid the poetical stile, as much as, son to believe, that his present CaI hope, we always shall do the ler- tholick majesty is so just to his own vile.' Upon this principle let us ex- people, as to be well inclined toamine the expressions made use of in D wards this nation, have we not cause the address proposed, and if we do,

to rejoice? Can any Englishman, we shall find, even from that know- who understands the true interest of ledge which every gentleman of any this kingdom, refuse to congratulate figure in this country must be master his country, as well as his sovereign, of, that the facts referred to are not upon such a happy turn in the dispoonly true, but that they deserve what

sition of the court of Spain ? is proposed to be said of them. E This, Sir, is a turn, which we Whatever fome gentlemen may

could never have expected during the pleased to say, Sir, of the present life of the late king of Spain, nor tranquillity, I believe, there is not a would he ever have agreed to such a gentleman in England, especially a- treaty : He had always a view of mong those concerned in trade, that succeeding to the crown of France, will not allow it to be better than a and was therefore always influenced dangerous and expensive war : In F by French counsels. Besides, his meathis respect therefore it may be call- sures were all governed by his Para ed a happy tranquillity ; consequent- mefan queen, who never bore any ly, it is right and wise in his majesty good will to this country, since we to endeavour to preserve and esa

defeated her favourite project of blish it ; and every one who has in driving the Austrians out of Italy ; November, 1751.

and whilft the entertained such a proHW

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ject, and the king her husband had excepted, during the late war ; for such a view, we could never hope the want of these things was of very for any true friendship with the court liccle inconvenience to us, but all the of Spain, because by this means they grandees of Spain, or what we call were both led into a dependence on the landed interest, were by that proFrance, notwithstanding its being so hibition almost ruined, as they could inconsistent with the true interest of A no where else find a foreign market their own kingdom, cho' not now for any of the produce of their near so inconsistent as it was former. estates, and their home consumption ly ; for whilst the Spaniards were in was not near sufficient for taking off possession of the Netherlands and a all that was brought to market. great part of Italy, they were under Then, Sir, as to our respective a necessity to court the friendhip of poffeffions in America, it is not the this nation, for defending them a- B interest of either nation to incroach gainst the French, who were conti- upon the other's poffeffions; and nually forming projects for wresting tho'it is the interelt of the court of some of those dominions from them; Spain to prevent a smuggling trade, but by the infamous treaty of Utrecht yet a trade by licenced ships with the crown of Spain was at once Aript our colonies is sometimes necessary of all those dominions, which were for the support of theirs, and at all given to the house of Austria; and C times very convenient for ours. An this not only put an end to the jea- intercourse of trade, even in that lousy which the court of Spain had country, is therefore useful to both, always before entertained of France, and both of us have great reason to but laid a foundation for a lasting be jealous of the French, who are conteft between them and the house daily endeavouring to incroach upon of Austria.

the Spaniards as well as upon us. However, Sir, it is still the inte- D Nay, they have of late years poffefrrest both of Spain and of this nation ed themselves of the greatest part of to be well with one another, both Hispaniola, which is the chief and on account of trade, and on account the best island belonging to Spain in of our respective dominions in Ame- that part of the world. Therefore, rica. As to trade, a free intercourse if the Spaniards would unbiasedly is certainly advantageous to both na- consider their real interest, and closetions ; for we have always got at Ely adhere to it, they would lay aside least 450,000 l. annually, upon the all thoughts of recovering their forbalance of our trade with Spain ; mer poffeffions either in Italy or the and there is no nation in the world Netherlands, and cultivate a constant that takes off and consumes so much friendship both with this nation and of the native produce of Spain as the house of Austria, in order to this nation does. With most other guard against France, which is the nations, especially in their trade with F nation that can most sensibly hurt France, they must pay ready money them, and the only nation that can for all they take, without having of itself incline to hurt them, either thereby any vent for their native pro- in Europe or America. This I will duce ; but in their trade with this maintain, Sir, to be the true interest country, they pay only the small ba- of Spain ; and the treaty they have lance I have mentioned, and they lately concluded with us, gives me thereby find a good market for al. G hopes, that they now begin to see most all the native produce they can their true interest, and that the arspare. This Thews the wisdom of surances his Catholick majesty has our prohibiting the importation of given are sincere ; consequently, I any Spanish commodities, a very few must think, that no objecteon ought

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1751. PROCEEDINGS of the PoliTICAL CLUB, &c. 491 to be made against this part of the Russia, has omitted nothing that address propoled.

might tend to increase their number. These are my hopes, Sir, and if Then, Sir, with regard to the emthese hopes appear to be well found- peror's death, before the election of ed, we have not much to fear from a king of the Romans, is there any any event, that may hereafter threaten thing more certain than that the best Europe with a war ; but how any A way to guard against the consequence gentleman can suppose, that there

of that fatal accident, is to bring on events are unknown, I cannot ima- that election as soon as possible? Supgine. Sir, they are known, I be. pose the person proposed to be chosen lieve, at every coffee house in Lon- to be an infant, yet even the choice don: The only two events, that, in of such a person would prevent an all human appearance, can for many intestine war in Germany, or at least years tend to involve Europe in a B render every prince of the empire war, are, the re-establishment of de

that opposed his being set upon the spotick power in Sweden, and the Imperial throne, guilty of high-trea. death of the present emperor of Ger. fon, and liable to forfeit all the posmany before the election of a king sessions and dignities that belong to of the Romans ; for if neither of them in the empire ; which is a crime these happen, the ambition of France and a forfeiture they are never excan have no solid ground to work on, c posed to by opposing, even by force nor will that nation venture to attack of arms, a new election, or a dispu. or openly incroach upon any of its ted election. The choice therefore neighbours, especially if the Spanish even of an infant for king of the nation should open its eyes, and be- Romans, would be a great security gin to cultivate a thorough friendship against any intestine war in Germany, with Great-Britain and the house of in case of the death of the present Auftria. These are, therefore, the p emperor ; and from experience as only two events that are to be guard- well as reason we must conclude, ed against, and ho are they to be that France will always be cautious guarded against ? As to Sweden, cer- of sending any of her armies into tainly the best method is to propa- Germany, unless she is fure of being gate a just sense of liberty among supported by some of the members the people of that kingdom, especi- of that formidable body. As to the

. ally those of the army; and, in con. E difficulty of settling the guardianjunction with Russia, to assure the ship and regency, in case a minor patriots of that country a present should be chosen king of the Rofupport, in case their liberties should mans, I believe, it will be easy to settle be openly attacked or secretly under- that and every other point, providmined. I do not mean by patriots, ed the settlement be made during Sir, those who have liberty in their the life of the present emperor ; but mouths, and nothing but ambition


should it be delayed till after his or resentment at their hearts : I mean death, I am pursuaded, no settlement those who submit quietly to an elta- of any kind could be made without blished free government, whilft no- an intestine war in Germany, which thing is attempted contrary to law; would give the French a new opporbut are ready to draw their swords, tunity of spreading the flames of war as well as open their mouths, as soon all over Europe, and, probably, by as they think their happy establish


sending the young pretender hither, ment in any real danger. Of chis of extending again the conflagration kind, I hope, there are multitudes even to the bowels of this country ; in Sweden ; and every one knows, for if that young spark lives, I bethat his majesty, in conjunction with lieve, he will refuse no opportunity,

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however dangerous, of vindicating princes of that empire : It is ours to what he impudently calls a right de- preserve concord and unanimity arived to him from his ancestors. mong the several members of that

Thus, Sir, it must appear evident powerful body; and should we neg. to every gentleman, who does not lect our duty, we may depend upon wilfully shut his eyes, that the speedy it, that our natural enemies will election of a king of the Romans, A never be deficient in theirs : Conse. or the engaging as many as poflible quently, an exact performance of our of the electors to concur with his duty may prevent the success of their majesty in that election, in case the attempts, but can add noching to present emperor should unfortunately their diligence in attempting; and die before it can be brought about : for as remote as Spain is from Ger, I say, this must evidently appear to many, yet a thorough reconciliation be the surest foundation, upon which B and good correspondence between the present happy tranquillity can be the courts of Madrid, Vienna, and established, and the best method for London, would contribute great. preventing that event, which would ly toward rendering ineffectual all unavoidably involve Europe again in attempts to raise an intestine war the calamities of war; and our late in Germany, as it would render it treaty with Bavaria must certainly be much more dangerous for any of the . allowed to be a moft necessary step C princes thereof to transgress the laws towards attaining this desirable end, of the empire, which have provided especially if we consider, that the Ba- a legal method for terminating all varian family has long been engaged disputes among themselves, without in an interelt oppofite to that of the having recourse to arms. house of Austria, and is a family of This, Sir, among many others, great consequence in Germany by be. is a good reason for our endeavouring, according to its constitution, one D ing, by all means, to put an end of the vicars of the empire, in case of to every dispute we have with Spain; an interregnum, and consequently and if we should recede a little from would have a right to a share of the what we may juftly pretend to, it regency, in case of a minority. Our would, in my opinion, be the height gaining that prince is therefore not of wisdom ; for I am convinced, it only a great, but a double advantage, would be better for us to yield in many as it is gaining a most useful friend to E points to Spain, than to be obliged ourselves, and drawing off from the to yield in any one to France. If common enemy friend that has this had been well considered ten or been, and might ftill be of great a dozen years ago, there would not service to him ; consequently, it is have been such an outcry raised hardly possible to conceive, how our against the convention then concluded treaty with that prince can be a bad with Spain; but time and experience one, or how it can produce any un- F have since opened our eyes, and cortoward effect. But, said the noble rected our judgment ; for I believe, lord, our making such a stir by thus there are now 99 out of an hundred, engaging in new treaties, and grant- who wish that the plan of that coning new subsidies, will put our natu- vention had been pursued, and the ral enemies upon forming new alli. war between the two nations preances likewise. Sir, can we suppose, vented, which has given the French that our natural enemies will ever be G such an opportunity to rivet themat reft, or cease their endeavours to selves in all the branches of the trade breed disturbances in Europe, espe- with Spain. And how our assiento cially in Germany ? It is their busi- contract should now be deemed such ness to low dissensions among the an advantageous bargain, I cannot


1751. PROCEEDINGS of the POLITICAL CLUB, &c. 493 comprehend; for the Negro trade was and alone against the greatest part of alwai's thought an unprofitable trade, Europe. which in the very treaty itself is af- I hope, I have now shewn, Sir, figned as the reason for givin us an that even from the knowledge, which annual fhip; and I very well remem- every gentleman must have of the preber, fince that ship was represented fent circumitances of Europe, we could as a very great inconvenience to this A not refule an expreis approbation nation, as the Spaniards had thereby both of the late treaty with Spain, always in their hands a security for and of that with Bavaria, were such our good behaviour, which prevented an approbation desired by the address our shewing a due resentment, when now proposed; but as no such thing they delayed doing us justice with is desired, as we are not desired to regard to any dispute that happened, promise to make good any engagebetween the two nations.

B ments, but such as ihall appear to us In order to shew, Sir, that the to be for the publick good, as the present is not to be called a happy address

, proposed requires nothing tranquillity, the gentlemen who op- more than a dutiful and complaisant pose this motion, have inconfiderately return to his majesty's speech from been led into a most terrible repre. the throne, and as our present dis. sentation of the incroachments now putes with France, as well as many making upon us by the French, C other circumstances, render it pruboth in the West-Indies and in North- dent for us to be as complaisant to America : I say, inconsiderately, be. our sovereign, and as unanimous cause it is the strongest argument that amongst ourselves, as poflible, I can be made use of in favour of our

think there can be no reason for any late treaties with Spain and Bavaria, amendment ; therefore, I hope, the and in favour of the address propo

noble lord will withdraw his motion, sed. If those incroachments be fuch D that the address proposed may stand as may justify a war between the upon our journals, with a nemine contwo nations, surely, we should neg. tradicente. lect nothing that may contribute to.

The next that spoke in this Debate, wards convincing France, that she

was Horatius Cocles, whose Speech will, probably, have the worst of it in case of such a war; and is there

was to this Efict.

E any thing more proper for this pur

Mr. President, pose, than our shewing that there is

SIR, a perfect concord between his ma- ZHEN we talk of servility of jefty and his parliament, and that we have an entire confidence in the wil- fider the persons that are to judge of dom of our sovereign, or, if you it, as well as the persons that speak; please, the wisdom of the ministers he and if we do, we must admit that even thinks fit to employ. For this reason F the truth may be expressed in a serwe should, upon the present occasion, vile manner, and that the highest be more complaisant than usual, in- favour that can be conferred may be itead of being less so ; and if France acknowledged in such surfeiting finds that there is a thorough re- terms, as no gentleman would make conciliation between us and Spain, use of, nor any man of taste receive, and that there is no probability of

without a severe rebuke. A submis. her being able to raise any distur-G five sort of language, that would be bances in Germany, she will certainly but a due respect from a low sort of be wise enough to give up all her in- servant to his master, would be in croachments, rather than provoke a the highest degree mean and servile, war, in which she must stand fingle

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