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and to make another, by which the left her were directed towards power ; and his whole estate to Dr. Berkley, now bishop of chief aim was to be removed into England; Cloyne, and Mr. Marshall, one of the but when he found himself entirely disapking's serjeants at law, whom she appoint- pointed, he turned his thoughts to oppofi. ed executors.
tion, and became the patron of Ireland, From 1714 to 1720 nothing else remark. in which country he was born. able happened with regard to the dean; but His lordship, in another letter, talking of in the year 5720, he re-affumed the cha- A the abovementioned pamphlet in defence of racter of a political writer, and published ebe Irish manufactures, says, that the pama small pamphlet in defence of tbe Irish ma. phlet is written in the ftyle of a man, who mufa&tures, which gave a turn to the
popu. had the good of his country nearest his Lar tide in his favour, so that he now be- heart, who saw her errors, and wished to gan to be distinguished by the title of The correct them; who felt her oppreffions, Dean; and the letters he soon after pub- and wished to relieve them; and who had kihed, commonly called The Drapier's Leta a defire to rouze and awaken an indolent ters, against what were called Wood's balf. nation from a lethargick difpofition, that pence, established his character to such a B might prove fatal to her conflitution. And degree, that he became the idol of the in another of these letters his lordship ob. whole people of Ireland. ' In this ftato he ferves, that the character of being a friend continued, without any other remarkable to liberty, and an enemy to tyranny and incident, until he entirely lost his senses in opprefsion in any shape whatever, was tho the year 1742, when he was seized with an character which the dean aimed at, and the outragious sort of madness, which after- character which indeed he deserved, wards funk him into a quite speechless idi. This will fuffice to give the reader some ot, in wh ch helpless fituation he dragged C idea of the life and character of the famous out the remainder of his life to the latter dean Swift ; but the letters from which it end of October, 1745.
is extracted ought to be read by, and canFrom this short sketch of the dean's life, not fail of being entertaining to, every a great part of his character will appear ; person in the kingdom. but the earl of Orrery has, in his first let. ter, drawn it up in a concise and masterly At tbe Opening of obe general Dyet of be manner, as follows : “ His capacity and Slates of Sweden, (Jee p. 479.) Count strength of mind, says his lordship, were
TESSIN barangued ibem in a very long
D undoubtedly equal to any task whatever, Speecb, wbicb be concluded in tbe following His pride, his spirit, or his ambition, call remarkable Manner.
HE more of but his views were checked in his younger years, and the anxiety of that disappoint. that its governors be firmly united, and act ment had a vilble effect upon all his acti- in concert. The principal objects which ons. He was four and severe, but not ab- the king has always had, and will ever folutely ill. natured. He was sociable only have in view, are the honour, the safety, to particular friends, and to them only at E and the grandeur of the Swedish nation; particular hours.
He knew politeness and his majesty is persuaded, that on all more than he practised it. He was a mix. occafions, where this invaluable treasure ture of avarice and generofity : The for. may be at Atake, his descendants will tread mer was generally prevalent, the latter fel. in his steps with an ardent and disinterested dom appeared, unless excited by compaffi- zeal. He has proposed to himself to ob. 00. He was open to adulation, and could tain by lenity what cannot be got by force, not, or would not distinguish between low namely, the free love of his subjects, an Aattery and just applause. His abilities entire confidence on their part, with fin.
F rendered him fuperior to envy. He was cere obedience, and constant and inviolable undisguised, and perfectly sincere. I am fidelity. He is convinced, that by means induced to think, that he entered into or. of this confidence which he defires, they ders, more from some private and fixed re- will chearlully aid him to support the solution, than from absolute choice : Be weight of government, especially in impor. that as it may, he performed the duties of tant affairs. the church with great punctuality, and The king is firmly resolved to maintain with a decent degree of devotion. He read religion in its purity, to consolidate the prayers rather in a strong nervous voice, G peace subfifting with the neighbouring pow. than in a graceful manner; and altho' he ers, to provide for the necessities of the has been often accused of irreligion, nothing poor out of his own savings, to place his of that kind appeared in his conversation glory in proteting his subjects, to take ad. or behaviour. His cast of mind induced vice and execute all wholesome counsels, him to think and speak more of politicks to be kind to those who have their duty than of religion. His perpetual views
it by what name you please
To much the more neceffary it is
Necessity of a prudent DISTRUST. 487 more at heart than their fortune and pri. stroy persons of honour, and lay (nares for vate interest, and in fine, to prefer the true patriots ; in fine, woe to them, who publick good to his own private satisfacti.
Thall favour foreigners at the expence of on : His majesty being convinced it is by their country. His majekty detests and ab. these means that a prince, who governs a hors them! people, and knows how to subdue his para A new harmony, a perfe&t union, plenfions and circumscribe his power, is truly ty in the kingdom, and constant peace, happy in this world; whereas, he that A will be the fruits of a new regency. The gives a loose to all his desires, the more country has already a foretaste of what is power he has, so much the more miserable to be expected from this dyet, to which is he.
his majesty withes all imaginable happiness, The name of father of the country is and recommends the states of the kingdom much more pleasing to his majesty than to the divine protection, assuring them of that of sovereign. The hours wherein his
his favour and good-will. majesty shall see joy and satisfaction fit on
From the RAMBLER, Nov. 19. the brows of his subjects, will always be
ONE of the axioms of wisdom which extremely delightful to him ; whereas, in. B tolerable to him will be the days, when he
recommended the ancient sages to Mall perceive them agitated with fears, and veneration, seems to have required less their countenances darkened with care and knowledge or penetration thao the remark
of Bias, that ó TÀÍores xa xôi, tbe majority anxiety.
His majesty expects that the states here are wicked, assembled will proceed in their general de.
But, perhaps, the excellence of apho
risms confifts not so much in the expreffi. liberations with perfect harmony and uni. on; chat truth and candour will be the ba- con of some rare or abftrufe sentiment, as fis of their resolutions, and that they will
in the comprehension of some obvious and
useful truth in a few words. We frequentmake a proper use of their power to enact new laws, which has been committed to ly fall into error and folly, not because the them by the fundamental laws of the king,
true principles of action are not known, dom, by the royal authority, and by the
but because, for a time, they are not reform of regency.
membered ; and he may therefore be juftThe prosperity and glory of the country,
ly numbered among the benefactors of and the immunities of the nation, are to
mankind, who contracts the great rules of be the fubje&s of your deliberations :D life into lore sentences, which may be They are inleparable from your own inte
easily impressed on the memory, and taught rests. The present generation are answer.
by frequent recollection to recur habitually able to posterity for their a&ions : Our
to the mind, whenever occasion calls them
into use. days pass away like a shadow : Can we then better employ them, than in favour
However those who have passed thro
half the life of man may now wonder that of those, who, tasting hereafter the fruits of our labours, will be fincerely thankful,
any should require to be cautioned against and bless and praise us for them? e corruption, they will find, that they have Let the states of the kingdom cast their
themselves purchased their conviction by eyes on the tender branches of the antient
many dikappointments and vexations, ftock of their kings, and then let them
which an earlier knowledge would have consult their hearts : His majesty is con
(pared them, and may see on every fide vinced they will be di pored to prepare for
some intangling themselves in perplexities,
and some linking into ruin, by ignorance them an easy career and pleasant days. The solicitude of the Swedith nation to
or negle&t of the maxim of Bias. encrease the glory of the country and pro- F tion or the reason, is so well recommended
Virtue represented Gngly to the imagina. cure it real advantages, will have a great influence on the young men that Mall suc
by its own graces, and so strongly support. ceed us in the posts we now hold, as we
ed by arguments, that they who are yet have succeeded the preceding generation :
ignorant of the force of passion and inceThey will redouble their efforts for the wel.
rest, nor ever observed the arts of reducti. fare of the kingdom, and then the nation
on, the contagion of example, the gradual will abou..d with joy and blessings. Woe
descent from one vice to another, or the to them, who, for the sake of filthy lucre,
insensible depravation of the principles by Thall sacifice the liberties of posterity; G loose conversation, naturally expe& to finá woe to them, who Thall curn the dwellings
integrity in every borom, and veracity on of their fathers into horrid derarts : Wue
every tongue. to them, who shall wrest from their coun.
Credulity is the common failing of unex. trymen the root from whence they draw
perienced virtue, and he who is spontanetheir nourishment, and by intrigues, ftra.
oully suspicious, may be juftly charged lagems and machinations, thalt leek to de.
with radical corruption. If he has not
known the prevalence of dishonesty by in- Priene, who enabled him to become wise formation, nor had time to observe it with without the cost of experience. his own eyes, whence can he take his mea. fures of judgment but from himself ? Having given in our Magazine for ebis Month
They therefore, who best deserve to e: a beautiful VIEW of BLENHEIM. scape the snares of artifice, are most likely
HOUSE, or CASTLE, a Wood. to be entangled. He that endeavours to ftock in Oxfordshire, erected in Ilonour of live for the good of others, must always be A
ibe late victorious John Duke of MARLexposed to the arts of them who live only BOROUGH, after ebe famous Battle of Blen. for themselves, unless he is taught by time.
heim near Hockftet ; ibo' we bave given ly precepts the caution required in common an Account of it is our Magazine for transactions, and shown at a distance the January, 1749, p. 23, we think pripr, or pitfals of treachery.
ibis Occa pong to add to it tbe foll.wing Der To enumerate the various motives to de. feriprion. ceit and injury, would be to count all the HE palace of Blenheim is a vast and defires that prevail among the sons of men; fince there is no ambition however petty,
gift to the high merit of the invincible duke no with however ab urd, that by indul. of Marlborough. The roof is adorned gence, will not be enabled to overpower with a stone balustrade, and a good num. the influence of virtue. Many there are, Ber of ftatues ; but there are several toners, who openly and almost profeffedly regulate which have a very heavy aspect : They all their conduct by their love of money, are far from being an ornament, and seem and who have no other reason for action or such an useless weight, that one would forbearance, for compliance or refusal, than think they were intended to fink the fabrick that they hope to gain more by one than C beneath the surface of the earth. A stately by the other. These are indeed the mean- bridge, or rialto, leads along the grand apest and crucleft of human beings, a race proach to this edifice, one arch of which with whom, as with some peftiferous ani- is above 190 feet diameter : A cascade of 'mals, the whole creation seems to be at water falls from a lake down fome ftone war, but who, however detested or scorn- steps into the canal that runs under it. ed, long continue to add heap to heap, and The lofty hall of this palace was painted when they have reduced one to beggary are by Sir James Thornhill, the ceiling by still to
La Guerre. orkers, yet lels rationally wicked, pars D with marble chimney-pieces, and furnicure, their lives in mischief, because they cannot but more by the incomparable paintings and bear the biglit of success, and mark out eve. hangings ; which latter represent the princiry man for hatıed, whose fame or fortune pal actions of the duke's life. The gallery is they believe increaung...
worthy admiration, being lined with marMany, who have not advanced to there ble pilasters, and whole pillars of one degrees of guilt, are yet wholly unqualified piece, supporting a most costly and curious for friendship, and unable to maintain any ' entablature, excellent for matter and workconstant or regular course of kindness. E manthip, the window.frames of the fame, Happiness may be destroyed by union with and a basement of black marble quite round: the man, whom a wild opinion of the dig- Before it is stretched out a moft agreeable nity of perseverance, in whatever cause, prospect of the fine woods beyond the disposes to pursue every injury with unwea
great valleys. The chapel is equal to the rest. ried and perpetual reseniment, or whose The garden is a very large plot of ground, vanity inclines him to confider every man taken out of the park, well adorned with as a rival in every pretension; with him, walks, greens, espaliers, and vista's. Over whose airy negligence puts his friend's af. fairs or secrets in continual hazard, and
the pediment of the front of the house is a F
curious marble busto of Lewis XIV. bigger who thinks his forgetfulness of others vin. than the life, taken from the gate of the cidicated by his inattention to himself ; or tadel of Tournay. The orangery is a pretty with him, whose inconstancy ranges without room. At the entrance into the castle from any settled rule of choice thro' varieties of the town, the dutchefs erected a noble tri. friendship, and who adopts favourites and 'umphal arch, to the memory of the duke dismilles them by the sudden impulse of her husband, and set up a vast obelisk in the caprice.
principal avenue of the park, whereon Thus numerous are the difficulties to G is inscribed the best account of the duke's which the converse of mankind exposes us, actions and character, that ever was penand which can be avoided only by prudent ned in the same compass. Our readers distrust. He therefore that, remembring may see this inscription at large, in our this falutary maxim, learns early to withoid forementioned Magazine for January, 1749) his fondness from fair appearances, will
P: 34-37) kaya reason to pay some honours to Bias of