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Or GENTLEMAN's Monthly Intelligencer.

For N O V E MBER, 1751.

To be Continued. (Price Six-Pence each Month.) Containing, (Greater Variety, and more in Quantity, eben any Monthly Book of the fame Prire.) 1. The Life and Character of Dean Swift, XIII, Solutions of a Question in Surveying.

extracted from the Earl of Orrery's Letters. XIV, Depositions of Witæefles concerning II. Neceffity of a prudent Distrust in our the Death of Mr. Blandy. Converse with Mankind.

XV. Substance of his Majesty's Speech. III. Remarks on the Poor-Laws, and Coun. XVI, Addresses of the two hours, with the ty Work-houses.

King's Answers.
IV. History of the Stadtholdership in Hol. XVII. Reflections on the Tobacco Act.
Jand.

XVIII. Explanation of the Stationers AlmaV. Quaint Opinions of some Wiseacres in nack.

the Country upon the Alteration of the XIX, Portay: The Society's pickled HerStyle.

rings for ever, a new Ballad ; on the VI. The JOURNAL of a Learned and Politi- Death of the Prince of Orange; to Çelia ;

cal CLUB, &c. continued : Containing the Virgin ; to a Lover, who idolized the SPEECHES of Pomponius Atticus, his Mistress; the Parting ; a Bon Re. Horatius Cocles, and Decius Magius, on pos ; Ode performed in Dublin Caitle, on the Motion for an Address.

The King's Birth-day ; Rebus's ; a new .VII. The Immortality of the Soul defended, Song set to Musick, &c. &c. against a late Pamphlet.

XX, The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER : VIII. Remarkable Conclusion of Count Ter. Parliament meets ; Malefactors executed, fin's Speech to the Dyer of Sweden.

&c. &c. &c. IX, An Examination of the Strength of se. XXI. Promotions ; Marriages and Births ;

veral of the principal Purging Waters in Deaths ; Bankrupts. England.

XXII. Prices of Stocks for each Day.
X. Description of Blenheim-House.

XXIII. Monthly Bill of Mortality.
XI. A new Eruption of Mount Vesuvius. XXIV. FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
XII. Dreadful Hurricanes in the West-In- XXV, A Catalogue of Books.

dies. With the EFFIGIES of his Royal Highness Prince EDWARD; and a View of BLENHEIM-HOUSE, both beautifully engraved on Copfer.

MULTUM IN PARV 0. LONDON: Printed for R. Baldwin, jun. at the Role in Pater- Nefier-Row. Of whom may be had, compleat Sets from the Beginning to this Time, neatly Bound, or Sticch'd,

or any fingle Month to compleat Sets.

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515, 516

516

518

THE life and character of Dr. Jonathan. Substance of his majeły's speech at the

Swift, late dean of St. Patrick's, opening of the session of parliament extracted from the earl of Orrery's letters

ibid. B 483 The lords address, with his majesty's an. Remarkable conclufion of count Tefsin's (wer

515 speech to the dyet of Sweden

486

The commons address, with the king's Necessity of a prudent distrust in our con- answer verse with mankind

487 Refections on the tobacco aet Description of Blenheim-house 488 POETRY, A new song, sung at MaryThe JOURNAL of a Learned and Political bone gardens, set to mufick 517

CLUB, &c. continued 489--499 To Miss Nanny Th, of Hull ibid. SPEECH of Pomponius Atticus against the A country dance

proposed amendment to the address 489 The virgin, a poem, molt humbly infcribSPEECH of Horatius Cocles in favour of the ed to Miss Anna Maria W-de ibid. amendment

493
The parting

ibid. SPLECH of Decius Magius on the same side To a lover, who idolized his mistress 519

497 An ode, performed in Dublin castle, on his Remarks on proposals lately made for re- majesty's birth day, by the special com.

pealing most of the laws relating to the mand of his grace the lord lieutenant poor, and for, erecting county work

ibid. houses

499

A bon repos, or the way to seep well 520 Defects in the execution of the poor-laws To Celia

ibid. 501

The society's pickled herrings for ever, History of the stadtholdership in Holland, new ballad, as sung at Stationers hall on and of the late stadiholder 503 lord mayor's day

520 Verses on the death of his serene highness Two rebus's

ibid. the prince of Orange the late stadtholder To Britannicus, on his thoughts on man's 505 free agency, &c.

ibid, Extract of a letter from a gentleman in ihe The MONTHLY CHRONOLOG ER 522

country to to his friend in town, re. A new eruption of mount Vesuvius ibid. lating the opinions of some wiseacres Dreadful hurricane in the WeftIndies ibid

upon the alteration of the style 505 Matthews committed and examined, in reThe immortality of the soul defended lation to the murder of Mr. Jeffryes against a late pamphlet 507

ibid. Of self or voluntary motion ibid. Malefactors executed.

523 That the foul is immaterial

Meeting of the parliament

ibid. And consequently immortal

509 Officers and council of the society of AnThat it is accountable for its conduct 509, tiquaries

ibid. 510

Terrible hurricane at Jamaica ibid. An examination of the strength of several Explanation of the Stationers almanack of the principal purging waters, especi

ibid. ally that of Jeffop's well 510 Marriages and births

524 Dr. Adee's opinion of these waters

511
Deaths

ibid. Solutions of a question in surveying 512 Ecclefiaftical preferments

525 Depositions of witnesses relating to Miss Promotions civil and military ibid. Blandy, and concerning the death of her Persons declared bankrupts

ibid. father

Prices of stocks and grain ; wind, weather Depositions and opinion of the surgeon

526 and phyficians, upon opening his body Monthly bill of mortality

ibid, 513 FOREIGN AFFAIRS

527 Copy of the coroner's inquest 514 Catalogue of books

528

508

512, &c.

We tbank our correspondent for preventing our defire al ibe end of bis :Day, P. 503, by ferida ing u in time obe remainder of be discourse on ccuniy work-beufs, wbicbjhall certainly be in our next ; wben we fall also infere obe ode on virtue's being superior to all external cbarms. W. bave received be verses or reading Barclay's apology, and several orber picces, ro wbicb a dve regard fhall be paido

Τ Η Ε

LONDON MAGAZINE.
For N O V EM BER,

1751.

:

The Life ond Chara&ter of Dr. JONA- unless to turn them into ridicule. The fue

THAN Swift, late Dean of St. dies which he followed were history and Patrick's, Dublin : Extracted from the poetry : In these he made a great progress; Letters of obe Rigbe Honourable John Earl but to all other branches of science he had of ORR ER Y, jup publishea.

given so very little application, that when R. Thomas Swift was he appeared as a candidale for the degree vicar of Goodridge near

of bachelor of arts, he was set aside on acRors, in Herefoidhire, A count of insufficiency : However, he at last M where he enjoyed a pa.

obtained his admission ex fpeciali gratia ; a ternal eftale, which is phrase which in that university carries wich still in poffeffion of Deane

it the utmost marks of reproach. Swift, Esq; his great Jonathan was full of indignation at this grandson, Thomas died in 1658, leaving treatment, and therefore resolved to pur. fix fons, the fifth of whom, named Jona

sue his Audies at Oxford ; but that he than, married Mrs. Abigail Erick of Lei- might he admitted ad eundem, he was obcestershire, and settled at Dublin, where liged to have a liftimonium of his degree he had by his wife a daughter, and a son, B from Dublin college, which his uncle Wilthe latter born, November the zoch, 1667. liam Swist, whom he calls the best of his The fa:her died two months before the birth relations, got for him. At Oxford they ei. of this son, who was by his mother named ther were not acquainted with what was Jonathan, and became afterwards the fa- meant at Dublin by the phrase ex speciali mous dean of St. Patrick's. His mother gratia, and concluded that it signified a de. put him to nurse at Dublin, and his nurse gree conferred in reward of extraordinary being obliged to go over to England, was learning, or they judged better of the geso fond of her nurse-child, that, unknown Cnius and knowledge of the candidate ; for to the mother, the carried him with her they immediarely admitted him ad eundem, to Whitehaven in Cumberland, where the

and he entered himself of Hart- hall, now kept him three years, before the returned Hartford college, where he resided till he with him to Ireland.

took his degree as master of arts in 1691, In the mean time, the mother, who

during which time he was chiefly supported had been left in narrow circumftances, re

by Sir William Temple, to whose lady his turned to her relations in Leicestershire,

mother was related, which gave birth to having committed the care of her two chil- the report of his being a natural son of Sir red to her husband's eldest brother God.

D William's, without any ground, because win, who generously undertook the charge, Sir William was employed as a minister aand sent the son, when fix years old, to

broad from 1665 to 1670. school at Kilkenny in Ireland, where he After Jonathan left Oxford, he lived continued cight years, and was then en- with Sir William Temple at his house at tered a student of Trinity college in Dublin.

Moore- park, where he was thrown into a At college young Jonathan lived in per- long and dangerous illness by a surfeit of fe&t regularity, and under an entire obedi. fruit, to which he always ascribed that

gid. ence to the statutes ; but the moroseness of E diners in his head, that with intermifiions his temper often rendered 'him very unac. pursued him till it seemed to compleat its ceptable to his companions, so that he was conquest, by rendering h m the exact image little regarded, and less beloved : Nor were of one of his own Struldbruggs. As soon the academical exercises agreeable to his ge.

as he was a little recovered, he went, by nius. He held logick and metaphyficks in

the advice of his physicians, into Ireland, the utmost contempt, and he scarce confi. to try the effects of his native air, which dered mathematicks and natural philosophy,

foon restored him, and he returned to Sir November, 1751.

Pppa

William

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William Temple, now rectled at Shecne any other of his a&ions. He often went near Richmond, where he had frequent in a waggon, but more frequently walked opportunities of conversing with king Wil. from Holyhead to Leicester, London, or liam, who then offered to make him a cap. any other part of England. He generally tain of horse, but as he had resolved to lift chore to dine with waggoners, hoftlers, himleli under the banner of the church, and persons of that rank ; and he used to and as his resolutions, during his whole lie at night in houses where he found writ. life, were, like the decrees of fate, immov. A ten over the door, Lodgings for a Penny. able, he declined the offer, tho' he often He delighted in fcenes of low life. The afterwards seemed sorry to have refused it. vulgar dialect was not only a fund of hu.

Thus determ ned, he again went over to mour for him, but acceptable to his nature; Ireland, where he took orders, and hav. otherwise we cannot account for the many ing been recommended by Sir William filthy ideas, and indecent expressions, in Temple to lord Capel, then lord deputy, point of cleanliness and delicacy, to be he was preferred by him to the first vacan- found throughout his works. cy, a prebendary, worth about 100l. a This rambling difpofition occasioned to year, which he soon after resigned to a B him the loss of the rich de anry of Derry, friend, being naturally averse to folitude which became vacant and was intended for and retirement. Upon this he returned to him by lord Berkeley; but Dr. King, then Sheene, where he lived domestically as usu- bishop of Derry, and afterwards archbishop al, till the death of Sir William Temple, of Dublin, remonstrated lo ftrongly against who, besides a legacy in money, left to him on this account, that he was set aside, him the care and trust of publishing his and another appointed. pofthumous works.

In 1701, he took his doctor's degree, These works Mr. Swift dedicated to king C but I must not omit, that whilst he was William, but the dedicator as well as dedi. chaplain to lord Berkeley, his only fitter, by cation were neglected by his majesty, who the consent and approbation of her uncles never took the leait notice of him after Sir and relations, was married to a man in William Temple's death, nor ever perform. trade, whore fortune, character, and fitu. ed a promile he had made, to give Mr. ation, were esteemed, by all her friends, Swift the first vacancy that should happen suitable for her in every respect. But, the among the prebends of Westminiter or Can.

marriage was entirely disagreeable to her terbury ; which, probably, occafioned that

D

brother, who grew outragious at the bitrerness towards kings and courtiers, so thoughts of being brother-inlaw to a universally dispersed throughout his works, tradesman, and utterly refustd all reconci.

After having long follicited for a perfor. liation, tho' his mother made a journey to mince of this promise in vain, he accepied Ireland, on purpose to bring it about, of an invitation from the earl of Berkeley, Upon queen Anne's accellion the doctor (appointed one of the lords justices in Ire- came crer to England, and soon attached lard) to atrend him as his chaplain and prie himself operly to the tories, which was vate secretary ; but the last of these offices the cause of his continuing without any he was foun divested of by the artifice of E publick notice, except as an author, until one Burn, whom the earl appointed recre. the year 1709 ; when his peculiar talents tary in hi: room. However, his lordship of levelling his writings to the lowest, and gave him iwo livings in Ireland, Laracor, suitaining their dignity to the highest capa. worth about :col, and Rathbeggan, worth city, recommended him to the notice of the about tcl, a year.

At the first he went to carl of Oxford, who adopted him as a refide, and gave publick notice, that he particular friend and companion; and from would read prayers on every Wednesday that time the doctor became a champion for and Friday. Accordingly, the subsequent

F

the tory minifters, whole cause he strenu. Wednesday he attended in his desk, when ously maintained in pamphlets, poems, and after having fate some time, and find. weekly papers. It is thought, that the ing the congregation to confill only of queen intended an English bishoprick for himself and his cierk Roger, he began him, as he always most ardently defired a with greai composure and gravity, Dearly retrlement in England; but by Dr. Sharpe, bilvved Roger, ibe firipture moveib you ard archbishop of York, and by a lady of the

in fundry plaers, fr. and ro proceeded highest rank and character, he was repre. icgularly through the whole service. sented to her majesty as a person who was

A strict relidence ar Laracor, was not in G not a christian, which he resented as long the least suitable to his difpofition. He as he lived, and tho' he kept himself with was perpetually making excurfions, not in fome tolerable hounds when he spoke of ody to Dublin, and other parts of Ireland, the queen, yet his indignation knew noliout allo into England, to see his mother at mits, when he mentioned the archbishop or 1.uctier, or his friends at London.

the lady. La manner of travelling was as singular as

But

Thus,

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1751. Life and CHARACTER of Dean SWIFT. 485

Thus, notwithstanding his great services it beneath him to acknowledge as such the to the ministers, he remained without any daughter of a man who had been a ser. preferment, until the year 1713, when he vant, tho' she had been well educated, and was made dean of St. Patrick's, in Dublin, had icool. left her by Sir William Temple, which he only look'd on as an honourable on account of her father's faithful services, and profitable banishment ; and perhaps After marriage they lived separately as bethey designed it as such ; for his spirit was fore : He at the deanry, the in lodgings on ever uncractable : The motions of his ge. A the other side of the river Liffy ; and tho nius were often irregolar : He assumed they often visited, yet nothing ever appear. more the air of a patron, than of a friend; ed beyond the limits of platonick love ; so and affe&ted rather to dictate than advise; that it would by difficule, if not impossible, which made them with him happily and to prove they had ever been together with properly promoted, at a distance.

out some third person. Tho' the lovely The doctor went presently over to Ire- Stella never shewed the least sign of refent. land, to take poffeffion of his deanry, at ment, yet this treatment, probably, sat hea. which he had little reason to rejoice ; for vy on her mind ; for the began to decline upon his arrival, he found the violence of B in her health in the year 1724, and after a party raging in that kingdom to the highest lingering illness expired towards the end of degree. The common people were taught to January, 1727-8. In all probability her look upon him as a Jacobite, and they pro- death occasioned great regret, if not receeded so far in their detestation, as to morse, to the dean ; for he never afterthrow dirt and stones at him when he pair. wards mentioned her name without a figh. ed through the streets. The chapter of St. Thus perished the virtuous and patient Patrick's, like the rest of the kingdom, Stella ; but I must not forget a corresponreceived him with great reluctance : They C dence the dean had in his younger years thwarted him in every point that he pro- with another lady, which gave birth to his posed : He was avoided as a pestilence : poem intitled Cadenus and Vanella, dated He was opposed as an invader : He was in 1713. Vaneffa's real name was Epher marked out as an enemy to his country, Vanhomrigh, daughter of a Dutch merFewer talents, and less firmness, must have chant, who soon after the revolution was yielded to such an outragious opposition, sed appointed one of the commissioners of the centra audentior jbat ; and he soon reduced revenue in Ireland, and died worth 160col. to reason and obedience his reverend bre- the whole of which, bat much impaired, thren, the chapter, lo much that not one D center'd at last in Vaneffa, who, having member of that body offered to contradict pafled some years of her youth with her him, even in trifles. Having succeeded mother and fifter at London, became there in this he returned to England in the begin. acquainted with Dr. Swift, and as she was ning of 1714, where he found all things in herself ambitious of being esteemed a wit, confusion, the minillers disunited among The not only admired the doctor's wit, but themselves, the queen declining in her became enamoured of his person, and was health, and distressed in her fituation, even proud of being reputed his concubine. while faction was exerting itself, and ga. e The mother and two daughters having thering new strength every day. He ex. wasted a confiderable part of their fortune erted his utmost to reconcile the ministers; at London, were obliged to return to Irebut finding his pains fruitless, he retired to Jand, and the mother and fifter dying at a friend's house in Berkshire, where he re- Dublin, Vanefsa retired to Selbridge, a mained till the queen's death, which put a small house and estate that had been purfinal period to all his views in England, chased by her father, within ten or twelve and made him return, as fast as possible, miles of Dublin. Here he was often visitto Ireland.

ed by the dean, and entertained hopes that The dean now resolved, it seems, to set. F he would marry her ; but her patience be tle in Jreland, during the remaining part ing at last worn out, she writ him a very of his life; and having, while he lived with tender epiftle, infifting peremptorily upon Sir William Temple, contracted a love, or his immediate acceptance, or absolute rerather friendthip, for Miss Johnson, the fural of her, as his wife. The dean carri. daughter of Sir William's reward, whom ed the answer himself, which contained not he has often celebrated under the name of only an absolute refusal, but some severe Stella, he was in 1716 privately married to reproaches; and throwing it down upon her, by Dr. Ale, then bishop of Clogher. G her table, with great pafsion hastened back This lady, both in mind and person, was to his horse. Pride, disdain, guilt, and one of the most amiable of her sex, and remorse put an end to her life, not many excellently well accomplithed ; yet notwith. days after ; but during this interval of hor. Standing all her perfections, the dean ror, me was sufficiently composed to can. would never openly own her as his wise ; cel a will the had made in the dean's favour, because, perhaps, bis pride made him think

and

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