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the building either a temple facred to some emblematical epitome of the greatest part god or goddess, or a monument raised in of what our ancient priests of the oak held honour of the dead.

to be sacred, and instructed their pupils in: Mr. Wood afterwards says, " That the It was, in effect, the Amberebkend of the stones of Stonehenge were set up for a Britim druids, which, like the Ambertbkend temple is beyond all doubt ; and that the of the Indian Hylobii, contained all their ancient British druids were the founders of secret doctrines. it, seems undeniable from this, that there


This he endeavours to Thew at large, is no part of the work but what bears some after premising, that the temple seems to relation to the system of religion and learn- have been dedicated principally to the ing of those renowned priests (which they moon, but subordinately to the fun and never committed to writing) insomuch that some of the elements. the whole edifice may be looked upon as an

A TYPE of the moon's eclipse on Thursday the 21f of November, 1751, at night,

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: 33 after

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Min, Mom.

Min. Mom. Min. Mom.
Beginning at

1: 33 after 8

45 : 33 after 7 Middle 37 5 after 9 25 : 5


9 9: 5 after 9 End

: 37 after 48 : 37 after 10 32 : 37 after 10 Whole duration 2 hours 47 minutes 4 moments.

The following numbers shew the time that, at any place, will elapse from the begin. ning of the eclipse, till any number of digits, not exceeding the greatest, are obscured. Immersion.

Digits Minutes Moments Hours Min. Mom, Digits

41 :










7 8




40 Middle 8


32 October 15, 3751,



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1751. REMARKS ON GOVERNMENT. 467 grows up along with it, and at last de. things : It only remains, that we watch stroys it.

vigilantly and itrive manfully against the The rectitude of that hiftorian's remark corruptions incident to human nature, and has been evinced in the suin of many make such provifions and alterations, from kingdoms and states of different constitu

time to time, as the nature of the case tions. The wise, in every age and nation, may require, without departing from the did always perceive the principle of de- fpirit of the original plan. But in this we Aruction before it arrived at its full growth A must not rely on human wit alone, or have and strength ; but their foresight and ad- respect only to such temporal advantages, monitions were either made a jeit of by as by natural consequences seem attainable the unthinking muleitude, or themselves by worldly wildom; if we do, we shall were filenced by authority; the indo-ence frequently be disappointed, and ignorance of some, the corruption of The best way to keep things in right or. others, and the craft and power of great der bere, both in private and publick conwicked men jointly conspiring to ruin the cerns, is to have a due regard to the state ftate.

we expe&t hereafter. It is the confideration Among the medern forms of govern. B of this that gives light to the mind, and ment there is die wisich feems to be tot. rectitude to the heart : It is this informs tering, tho' greit plains have been taken, princes and teaches senators wisdom : It is within there is years, to restore i to that this will make them zealous to suppress degree of cort'ience and stability which vice, and restrain the licentiousness of the they supposed it wied; but those who people, and also give the people integrity laboured inis point, fuem to have mistaken to scorn the bribe, or courage and resolu. the principle of ruin, and so did restore tion enough to battle any other attempts to the very thing that may weaken and de. C deprive them of their rights and privileges, froy, instead of strengthening and pre- As every man, tho' never lo well edu. serving the state. That I may not be un. cated, will gradually decline from the paths intelligible to some of your readers, let me of virtue; unless he constantly strives to add, that I mean a certain republick found. improve, and diligently opposes every ined on a sudden, by a desperate attempt in clination to vice ; ro with societies, the a desperate condicion; not formed or di- same diligence is requisite to improve what. gested into a regular system, by mature ever is good in their confitution, and the thought and reason, but huddled up under same resolution to prevent the growth of the pressure of sudden ex gencies ; calcu.


any abuse or corruption that threatens their lated for no long duration, and hitherto diffolution, As we are not in a fate of sublisting by accident, in the midst of con- perfection here, no form of government tending powers, who cannot yet agree of our invention can be perfect ; therefore about Tharing it amongst them. Here the it is incumbent on us to have always an people are wavering and distracted between eye to its defects, and not sutter any flaw (wo opinions ; some judging an hereditary to grow wide enough to Ice in a deluge dictator or generaliffimo absolutely neces.

upon !is. sary at all times ; the rest thinking The E It is observed by one of the greaic commonwealth can very well do without statesmen this iland has produced, thac it, even in time of war, and that it was England can never be undone but by a parsuffered in the beginning, because they Jiament ; which I take leave to explain could not set up without it, but in no thus : That England can never be undone sense was reckoned a necessary ingredient but by the people, since the chuting of in their conititution.

parliaments lies in them. We may, inWaving any farther application of my deed, trace all the dirty artifices einployed author's remark to foreign states, let us to seduce and corrupt them ; but if they look at home, and see whether we are any


yield to the temptation, is not the fault way concerned in it.

their own ? Is not their reason given them Our government is certainly a happy to distinguish between good and evil? And composition ; but, like all other human if they chuse the latter, may we not truly institutions, is not without a weak fide : say, that they have wilíully undone themIt has a principle of ruin, a leed of de- felves ? Power is originally vested in them, struction, sown at the very instant of its and if they part with it for a met of potformation, which has grown up with it, tage, their fate and their repentance will increased thro various viciffitudes and al. G be like Esau's ; they will seek the blefling terations, and seems to be now arrived at again with tears, but in vain ; it is hedged maturity; and this ruincus principle is no- in, and guarded by red coats, never to be thing elle but the natural corruption of recovered more.

I am,
So far then our conftitution may be

SIR, Yours, allowed to be as good as any institution

SAXONICUS. can podibly be the prelent Rate of Non 2



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Poetical Essays in OCTOBER, 1751. 469 4.

5. The mountains clad with purple bloom, Come, lovely Katie, come away, (dows ;

And berries ripe invite my treasure ; We'll chearful range the flow'ry mea. Enameli'd flowers breach perfume,

Thy (miles (hall gild each live-long day,
And court my love to rural pleasure. And love and truth for ever bed us.
O my bonny, &c.

O my bonoy, &C.



Fift couple lead thro' the third couple, the second couple following, caft up and hands four round at top with the second couple ; first couple gallop down the middle, up again, and cast off, right and left at top. Poetical Essays in OCTOBER, 1751.

Arm all your looks with fierce disdain, LIBERTY RIGAINED : An Ode. Or gentle-kind, and soften'd, Thew;

It matters not: Your scorn is vain :

And just as vain your favours too.

Those lips of their despotick (way
MHANKS, Celia, to your artful wiles, Are now for ever dispofseft,
At length I breathe again at eale,

And to th' interior of this breaft,
Al length, my better genius (miles, Those eyeś no longer know their way.
And grants, in pity, my release.

For now my good or evil days, I feel, I feel, with joy supream,

Your Nare in causing them disclaim : Myself, for this time, clearly free :

Am I in mirth? not yours the praise ; No! no! my darling liberty

Nor if I'm sad, is yours the blame? No longer now is but a dream.

The joys of town, the rural chear, My passion's off : I break my chains :

Tho' you're not with me, can amuse, So much my heart your pow'r defies,

Nor wou'd a place, I thou'd not chure, That not a spark of pique remains,

Displease me less, tho' you were there. To lend to love its ftale disguise.

Mark me, and mind if I'm fincere : Your name I hear without alarms; Still, fill, I think you wond'rous fair ; No more my conscious blushes start;

But you no more to me appear No longer palpicales my heart;

That prodigy beyond compare : While I survey those dang'rous charms. And let not truth too much offend, My neep is grown so friendly.kind,

Some litele faults I now espy, No dicam presents you to my view,

Once beauties in a lover's eye, And when I wake, now pleas'd I mind,

But which my fancy fince could mend. That my first thoughts are not on you.

When first I snap'd the fatal dart,
Far off I rove o'er hill, or plain,

('Tis what with blushes I confess) Nor of your absence am aware ;

Methought! to Mivers went my heart, As litile, when with you, I care,

Like deach itself was my distress.
Or feel of pleasure, or of pain.

But lor th' atchievement of a cure,
I learn the triumphs of your eyes,

To ease the tortures of one's breast,
Nor can they move me to relent:

To difinthral a wretch oppreft,
My wrongs to my remembrance rise, What is there one wou'd not endure ?
Nor can they move me to resent,

Thus joys the warbler unconfin'd,
My awful fears are at an end :

When junt escap'd the bird-lim'd spray; No m re your empire I avow,

Some feathers may be left behind, And with my rival self, I now

But what to freedom's price are they! Could talk of you, as with a frierslo

Those l'H beat ;

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(care ;

Those feathers a few days repair ; At me to peep, attending of my ewes ? Mean while grown by experience wise, He saw me look; and sculk'd among the Away, at liberty, it flies,

boughs. Nor tempts again the treach'rous (nare. Thou surely loves me ftill ; did I not find

I know you think these boasts are vain, An emm, new-carved on yon beech's rind? That still unbated burns my fame,

This was thy work; what other cou'd it For that I can't these boasts refrain,

mean? For that I dwell upon the same.

No Mally elle, but me, lives on our green, Yet, Celia, is this more, at last,

By this, it seems, I am not quite forgot ; Than wliat that common instinct proves,

He, sure enough, this emm, for Mally

wrote. From which one naturally loves

[me? To talk of dangers one has paft ?

And, pray, what lass is liker him, than For when the cruel conflict's done,

Birds of like leather will together be. 'Tis pleasure to recount one's pains :

His Meep with crabs, and him with plums Thus proud of wounds in battle won,

[say't. The warrior Mhows his scars, as gains :

Crabs been too hard : he does not hear me Thus landed on his native shore,

He'll chace, and take me ; if he let's me From long captivity, and woes,

go, The Nave redeem'd, exulting thows

That he may take again, again I'll throw, The barb'rous chains, that once he wore.

He may love Nan o' th' dale ; but she's

not fair I talk ; 'tis true, but talking mean

Nor kon the rightly tend a Mepherd's Merely an innocent relief.

Nor heal their ills, with simples well preI talk ; but with a calm ferene,

par'd :

(herd : And careless quite of your belief.

Nor shear the corn ; nor milk the brindley I talk ; but nothing have in view,

She little knows the dairy maiden's care ; How what I say by you's approv'd; Or cheese to press, or butter to prepare ; Or if you think of me unmov'd,

All which I do. I have full twenty ewes ; Or speak as cool, as I of you.

Befides their Jambs ; and tway right fair. I quit but an unconftant fair ;

fleck'd cows : You lose a heart fincere and true ;

A milking pail, a skimming dish, a churn, Nor will I venture to declare,

A sheep-hook rarely carv'd, but somewhat To which of us is comfort due.

worn ;

Cold ; But this I know; so true a (wain, 3

A cypress cheese.vat, spinning-weel, tho Celia must never hope to find;

A chaff-bed, and green rug, to keep from But for a false one of her kind,


[laid, No fear of secking long in vain.

What wou'd one more? and yet my mother

She'd give me th'elbow chair when I was MALLY. A PASTORAL.


My garter's loose, and that's a certain Thew, H-well-a-day! what will become of That my sweetheart is thinking of me me?

(die None comes to wooe ; must I a maiden It must mean Mopsy ; Hobbinol is gone ; I fouted Hobbinol ; my flouts I moan : Poor Hobbinol, why on thee did I frown? As pettish babies, when the pap is gone, Mopsy cou'd love me well; tho' Hob dis. Cry for'e again ; but all their cries are vain;

dains, The lulling mothers trow not what they Or else no truth abides in Mepherd swains, mean.

He told our Roger I was paffing fair, O, come my love, ah me, why did I scorn? Belides he sends me many a cath'rin' pear. Deaf as a fith ! I sorrow in my turn.

I met two tawny gypfies on a day, One winter's eve lliy love appeared plain, And gypties been right knowing folk they When thou aibee the cold, the wind, and say.

[said rain,

(wooe ; They took my hand and wistful looking O'er yon high rocky mountain came to That I was then woo'd by a lovely lad, Ah, what cou'd love 'gainst every danger

Who thou'd be mine : He wore a cap of do! (be known : green ;

[gain. Plain was thy love, and hence might well

This must be Hob, but Hob comes not aThy love I plainly law, but little wift my I dreamt of bulls ; and now for sure I

[of woe : Mad giddy girl, I lewdly held the door, That dreams of bulls forebode fome deal And call'd, get home, he went, but comes Oh, henceforth may I dream of bulls no

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more! His love is chang'd, I fear : It cannot be : Come Hobbinol, nor Mun to dark my door. Did I not see him stand behind a tree


no more.

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