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A Marda's letter in praise of marriage

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C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.

A summary of the most important affairs 339

in last session of parliament 364-369 Requisites to a happy marriage


The affair of Mr. Murray and the Weft.
A compleat ahstract of the English and moter election concluded 364, 365,
French navies

366 Extract of a letter from Nova Scotia ibid. B Mr. Gibson discharged upon his petition Nanny of the Hill, a celzbrated new song

365 ibid. F. Resolutions of the committee of supply, Observations on botteries, and a computa. with an account of the several grants 366 cion of the chances in the present lottery

- 368 342 The grants distinguished into four sorts 368 Extract of a letter concerning Algiers, and Resolutions of the commiltec of ways and

the state of Navery there ibid. E. means for raising the supply 368, 369 A description nf Leicellershire

343 Extracts from a pamphlet, intitled, An Leicester, and the other market towns de- Efray towards the Improvement of Na(cribed 343, 344 vigation

369 The battle of Bosworth


A question in surveying proposed 370 Of the famous John Wickliffe, rector of A mathematical question aniwered 371 Lutterworth

ibid. B. Account of Bethlem and St. Luke's bof. The JOURNAL of a learned and politica! pitals

ibid. CLUB, &c. continued

345-354 POETRY. A new song sung by Miss SPEECH of Quintus Mucius in lavour of Falkner, let 10 mulick

372 the regency bill 345 A country dance

ibid. A defect in our conftitution in relation to The vision, written in humble imitation of minorities, and how the bill is defined Shakespear

373 to remove it ibid. The summer's eve

374 Case of Richard III.

347 Grandeur notrue happiness, or the pleasures SPEECH of M. Valerius Corvus again it the of retirement

375 bill

349 Verses on the death of the late Dr. Parne What our constitution was with respect to

376 minorities before the house of commons Acrostichis

ibid, was establiihed, and what it has been Elegy on Mr. Wells, sometime master of fince 349, 350 che Bear-garden

ibid. A new alteration made in it, in the reign The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER 377 of king Wiliam iu.

350 A French strolling doctor's bill ibid. Imprudent steps of Edw. IV, which made The western mail robbed, and a man ap

way for his brother's usurpation ibid. prehended on that account 377, 379 Reasons against feeling a regency before Si. Luke's hospital opened

377 the event of a minorily bappens 351 Substance of the trial of Thomas Colley, The only general law that can provide for for the murder of Ruth Osborne, a supall future minorities 352 posed witch

ibid. Objections against the present bill 352, 353 Cruel manner of ducking her Case of Edward VI.

354 Bill of indialment against Miss Juffryes for Account of a book, intitled, The Afiatick the murder of her uncle

ibid, Tolerant

ibid. A.

Regiment of matrcffes reviewed at Wool-
Of the preface and dedication


ibid. Toleration necefiary, and a christian duty Jones and Welch committed for a murder,

356 for which Coleman suffered, and found A severe facire on the Romish clergy 357

guilty at Kingfion assizes

379 Abstract of Mr. Rollin's differtation on Mr. Blandy poisoned by his daughter ibid. the advantages of a liberal enducation Account of the execution of Colley 380

358 His declaration about witchcralt, which The mind improved by study

349 was publickly read at his defile ibid. Neceflity and amiableness of virtue

Marriages and births

ibid. Principles of religion to be instilled in pupis Deaths

381. ibid. G. and 361 Ecclefiaftical preferments

ibid. A letter from Diogenes the cynick, relating Promotions civil and military

382 some plealant adventures of his at Athens Perfons declared bankrupts

ibid. 361 Prices of ftocks and grain ; wind, weather Adventures of a country retirement ; from

383 The Rambler 362 Monthly bill of mortalig

ibid. Character of 'squire Bluster


384 The Verses to a successful Rival, the Verses from Dublin, ibe Objervations relating to the Low, wiib several other Pieces have been received, and path lave a duc Regard paid sa ibem in

3 bigail ibe curious Draught of a Plan, ikeforf Opportunity.




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For AUGUST, 1751.


The following is takin from tbe London I am not backward to confess, that I

Daily Advertiser, and Literary Gazelle, see many unhappy marriages, nay, that from wbicb we made an Extract in our most of those which I have lately been Magazine for June luj, p. 273.

witness to among my acquaintance are

such ; but whle I see the causes of this, The INSPECTOR, No. 143. while I can resolve the origin of these mirTo the INSPECTOR.

fortunes into principles that no way affect SIR,

A my particular circumstance, why should I

terrify myself with apprehenfions, that the THANK you in the events may be alike? I see women milera

of my sex for ble, who have married fools ; undone,

your charafler of a mar- who have married beggars : I see distress I ried Cleopatra. Coque. bezween people who could not but avow

try is always contempti- their souls were ill paired together, before ble ; but in a wile it is

tbey joined their bodies in ro lafting a equally absurd and deter- union; and diffatisfaction between people table. I have always thought an open, B who have ventured on it without knowing an unreserved generosity of difpofition the whether they were paired or no. But only, turn of mind that does true honour

surely, Sir, it is always in the power of to the person who po:Telles it, and that a rational creature to obviate mischiefs, can rationally recommend us to the good the sources of which are so evident ; nor opinion of one another; and I cannor per- can any one have a right even to complain suade myself, but that the diffimulation of the event, who has in wantonnels, orin wou'd disguise and conceal a wo- obstinacy, disregarded the means. A mutual man's affection from the man who has it, C friend thip, an uninterrupted harmony of and who deserves it, is as mean as chat minds, is the great end to be regarded in which deludes him into a belief that he is

a prospect of marriage ;; where other poffefied of it, when the person who em- motives are admitied but as concomitart, ploys it, is coolcious that in her heart the

they never fail to shake the throne of this despises him.

content ; where they are made the princiYou will be surprized, Mr. Inspector, pals, they cannot but destroy it. at this freedom of sentiment in a female Can the woman who sees her lover in purcorrespor.dent ; but I am to tell you, that suit of her fortune, suppose he will ever regard I am past that troublesome period of a D her person more than as an incumbrance woman's life, in which a hardly justifiable on it? Or can the, who sees a man willing reserve checks many an innocent, nay, to enter into the most folemn engagements many a laudable declaration. I am mar. wiih her, he knows not why, wonder ricd, Sir, and it is in the fulness of the that he afterwards grows fick of them withjoy which an ingenious mind feels on its out any better knowing the reason? Equa. being freed from a necessity of ading a lity of fortune is tlie only rational founda. part which it disdains, that I open my tion on which a life of happiness is to be heart to you. I must expect your raillery, E expected under a union of this kind : Inand that of the world, when I tell you terest on either side must abate the tenderthat I, who am la sensible of the advan. ness, and but a suspicion of it, which will tages and so full of the transports of marria be sure to appear at one time or other, mony, have enjoyed it but a week ; but where there is so racional a foundation, as I know my happiness built on a rational will be sufñcient to break in upon that foundation, I am fenfible it will be pot. mutual confidence of affection, on which manent.

only a lise like that which I am glorying in August, 1751




340 Requisites to a happy MARRIAGE. Aug. Can be established. Even love, in is warmest would not thank me for it so long as the height, is but an ill foundation on which union lasted. to build the hopes of a lasting amity ; it The love of admiration is too natural in is in its nature a Mort-lived, a tranfient every woman, who has any tolerable claim paffion ; and unless there be merit to sup- to it; and I fancy my heart spoke the lanport it, connected with the form that guage of the whole sex, when it long dis. first excited it, grows cold and tasteless fuaded me from matrimony, under the opi. as soon as that form lias lost its charm of A pion of its rcbbing me of that homage ; novelty.

but, specious as this pretence may have ap. If I may be permitted, Sir, to give my pri- peared to a thousand, it has deceived them våte opinion as to the virtues and qualifica. all. The bride is set in a more conspicu. tions, on which the continuation of that de. ous point of view than the unmarried beav. light I at present enjoy is to depend, I ihould ty; the receives the adoration that has been declare incegrity of heart the first principle, used to be paid at her thrine with more and the second good sense. I do not know than equal plealure, because the now, knows that either of there would succeed without it is difinterested ; ard the will continue to the other, or that both in combination in B receive it as iong'as her title to it remains one of the persons would promise any bet. with her : She may be affured the would ter ; they must be mutual, in order to have received ic no longer than this in a fin. their taking effect ; but when mutual, gle state ; but the period would, in that what is there that can disturb the tranquil. care, have been infinitely more distressful ; lity of the joys they inspire ?

The autumn of beauty is, in a wife, an a. It may seem hard, perhaps, to expect miable season ; but, in her who has refur. that reason Mould be allowed a right to ed the charms that are now fading to all dictare in a case, where passion seems to Cthat sollicited her,'it is ever a time of conlay in its utmost and its faireft preten- tempt and insolent triumph in those who tions ; but unles the effects of paffion would have once adored them. were as equal and as permanent as thore It is with infinite pleasure, sir, that I of reason, it is evident that we abuse our- find the thousand schemes, that always selves, if we suffer it to determine for us crowd at once upon the mind of unmarri. in an affair of so high importance, and ed women whom the world calls agreeable, which is to be of fuch long continuance. ar an end : I have conviction now, of what I argue from my heart, Mr. Inspector, I mould before scarce have conceived, that not from the imagination, in all this ; and D there is no pleasure but in tranquillity : I I take pride in telling you, that the source find myself happy to-day, and I enjoy it of that happiness my heart is at this time with double satisfaction, as I am fenfible fo full of, has been my marrying a man that to morrow will bring the same claim whom I esteemed rather than loved, in to my satisfaction. If I am abroad, I repreference to one whom I loved, but could ceive the praises of the men with a pleanot eftcem.

fure I never knew from them before, as the I was not without my terrors in this ha. assurances of my being pleasing in the eyes zardous fep; but they were groundless. E of the only person in the world to whom I Qualities that commanded my respect foon wish to appear so. If I am at home, I feel endeared the man to me who poffefTed a joy in his approbation that makes me them, and who seemed to know no value laugh at myself for being pleased with the in them, but as they might be made sub. others. fervient to my happiness ; and I at once I know this is an enviable state ; but ! trembled at what might have been the ef. would have all who envy it possess it. Ic fects of my former infatuation, and de. is in every woman's power, almost at any spised my heart for yielding to it. I found


time, to marry with prudence ; and the myself happier than my very ideas had who rightly distinguishes between being pru. reached even in expectation, when I had dent and being interested ; who is as cau. indulged them to their utmost scope in their tious of receiving, as of conferring an oh. former prospect ; and I am convinced I ligation in point of fortune'; and who Thall continue lo, because I owe it to one, makes a choice, in which, when the ho whose role pleasure is the seeing me pleased, ney-moon of fondness is over, neither will

If it were possible for me, Sir, to do have occafion to be ashamed of the other, justice to my own sensations on this occafi- will not fail to find, in marriage, all the on, I Mould be the means of equal happi- G happiness that at present overflows in the ners to thousands. I should be the most heart of eloquent of all pleaders in the cause of ma

Your bumble Seruant, trimony; and I should have the infinite ad

AMANDA. vantage of not making one convert who

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Frigates, &c. 190 Line of battle 89.

4th sth








1751. Abstraft of the English and French Navies, &c. 347

but in our service they are not accounted A Compleat Abstract of tbe English and fo, although we have several built this lant FRENCH Navics.

war, that carry the same weight of metal

as the 60 gun tips; and several of the ENGLISH.

small old built go gun fhips are converted Proportion of men for the number of

to 40, as the Romney, &c. Tips of each' rate, with the total number

N. B. The above lift of the French navy necessary for the equipment of the whole


is exclusive of 30 tips more now on the navy, as it now stands, July 1751.

frocks. No. Rates. Guns, y Men in each.

Extra&t of a Letter from Halifax in Nova

900- 4500

Scotia, dated June 25, 1751.


90 800-8800
80 700 4200

E have had several kirmishes with
700- 6300

the Indians, by which several of 3d

600-6000 our people have been killed and scalped ; 70 500-IIOCO

some days ago about 60 of them attacked 60 400_10400

B the town of Dartmouth, whore fence is 50 350-11200

only a small brush, and killed about 8 of 40

the inhabitants, and after that, exercised 49 oth 1507350

their cruelties, by pulling down some 18

houses and destroying all they found, not $ 42 Sloops.

100 4200

(paring men, women, and children ; a

serjeant, who was in his bed, came to the Bombs.

inhabitants affiftance, whom they pursued 25 and


45– 1125 C and killed ; and not being content with Fireships

his life, cut his left arm off, and afterwards

Scalped him. In returning from the town Total 279 ships and vessels. Total 87675 they carried off about 14 prisoners in The reason of placing the 66 gun fhips,

triumph. During this engagement, we

had no affiftance from the company of before the 70, is, they are of the French establishment, and also fuch of our own rangers, for which a ferjeant has been as have been cut down from three deckers, tried by a court-martial, but acquitted ; and are much superior in the weight of

and notwithstanding these troublesome

D times with the Indians, which the French metal, tonnage, and number of men, lo the seventy gun Mips.

fend us, and the devil sends the French,

we have fi!! thips continually arriving, FRENCH.

with families on board, to people this colony; Proportion of men for the number of but our great expectation and hopes are Tips, being the usual complement they on the arrival of commodore Pye, with carry, with the total number of thips, &C. 5 British Mips of war, whom we daily as it stood in June, 1751.

expect, with all military implements. Our No. of Ships. Guns. Menin cach. E forces have got poffeffion of a large tract 84)

of Jand, near Chinectego, which is of 3

900-2700 great service ; and our governor, to en. 80

courage all persons about 4 months ago, 74

to extirpate the Indians, promised a reto 800-17600 ward of sol, for every Indian scalp, fince 70

which there has only one been brought in, 64

they having always outícours to carry off to 15

650- 9750

their dead. 60

F 56

N AN N Y of ibe HILL. 7

A New Song, fung with great Applause. 50

SSIST me ev'ry tuneful bard,

In choisest lays that I may praise

Dear Nanny of the hill.
300- 6600 G

Sweet Nanny, doar Nanny, &c.
How gay the glittering beam of morn,

That gilds the crystal rill!
Total 74 Mips and vessels.

But far more bright than moming light
Ships of so guns are, according to the Shines Nanny of the hill.
Fresch cítabl shment, of the line of battle ;

Shines Nanny, &c.




Line of battle 47.



A Oh lend me all your skill,

Frigates,&c.27 modo

48 to 40 30 to 18

Total 42350

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342 Observations on LOTTERIES, &C. Aug. The gayest Anw'r ro fair of Jare,

vantage of the fimplicity of the lower The ev'ning damps will kill;

people, is borrowing of such as can least But ev'ry day, more fresh and gay

spare money to lend ; it is deluding them Blooms Nanny of the hill.

out of their industry, and taking them off Blooms Nanny, &c. from their labour by vain hopes; it is diOld Time arrests his rapid Aight,

verting a vast sum of money out of the And keeps his motion still,

course of trade and business ; it is giving Resolv'd co spare a face fo fair,


an itch of gaming to thousands who had As Nanny's of the hill.

it not before ; it is exposing the weak and As Nanny's, &c. the poorer sort, to be devoured by the dealers

in tickets. If only the rich were to be To form my charmer nature has Exerted all its skull;

diawn in by the filly atheistical argument, Wit, beauty, Iruth, and cosy youth

of being in fortune's way, and that other of,

be ibai bes ne ticket cannot possibly get a prize, Deck Nanny of the hill. Deck Nanny, dear Nanny, &c.

I thould have been filent ; but I could

with the honest lower fort of people would And now around the festive board

B consider, that they are all under the provi-, The jovial bumpers fill;

dence of God, as well as the rich, and Each take his glass to my dear lass,

much happier ; and that he will undoubtSweet Nanny of the hill.

edly give them, at all times, what is best Sweet Nanny, &c.

for them, be it poverty or riches, without To the AUTHOR, &c.

their expofing themselves to ruin, by

foolishly venturing that little they are als SIR,

ready bleft with, in covetous hopes ta he THERE seem to be many weighty ob


their own carvers. It is for the sake of

such honeft people, that I have made the money by way of lottery. To name a few

following true computations, which I hope of the most obvious ; it is taking ad.

you will print along with this letter,
la ibe LOTTERY 1751, it is

69998 to 2 or 34999 to i against a 10000 Prize.
69994 to
6 or 71665 10 1 against a

5000 or upwards
69989 to

31 or 6363 10 I against a 3000 69981 to

19 or 3683 to I against a 69961 to

1794 to 1 against a 69920 to

80 or 874 to 1 against a 500
69720 to

280 or 24.9 to 1 against a
69300 to
700 or

99 to 1 against a 50
60000 to Jocoo or

6.10 1 against a

20 or any prize. I fear that this computation will neither firable for either poor or rich, to contribute be read nor understood by those for whom to the exorbitant tax of more than 200,ocol. it was principally made, and therelore which the first engroffers of lottery tickets, I would beg the favour of all gentlemen, and the brokers and dealers strive to raise, tradesmen, and others, to take the pains out of the pockets of the poor chiefly, and to explain it to such as any way depend the filly rich partly, by artfully enhancing upon their judgment, by observing :

the price of tickets above the original coft. That one must buy no less than 7 tickets


As these engroffers have had their tickets to have an even chance for any prize at cheap enough, let them keep them ; it all ; that with only ı ticket, it is 6 to 1, is a fair lottery, and they cannot be hurt, and with half a ticket, 12 to 1 against taking them all together. For if any one any prize ; and 99 or a 100 to 1 that the person were to purchase all the tickets, he prize, if it comes, will not be above gol. would by the scheme have just all his money and no less than 35,000 to i that the again. owner of a single ticket will not obtain one of the greatest prizes.

The following is somewhot curious, besides its That the lottery, like all other go. E giving us an Idea of ibe State of Slavery vernment lotteries, is as fair as any ir Algiers. lottery can be, while the tickets rold for rol. each ; but no lottery is pro

Extract of a Letter from an Officer ar Sie per for persons of very small fortunes, to

Philip's, July 14, 1751. whom the loss of 5 or 61. is of great con. sequence, besides the disturbance of their of commodore Keppel's Mip for Alminds ; much less is it adviseable, or de- giers, where we staid neat five weeks, and



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