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Each flower appear'd in the loveliest ar. A Solution of the RIDDLE is our laf, ray,

(beauties display : Atrove which most its bright Ane jete meine and vides, the lity and

rofe, STRE Pound afcends cebes tenen les let's

TREPHON Phoebe toy below,

The In fragrance delightful their sweets did dir

She calls, what's that? I fain would clore.

know : I presented tbe gist, which the fair did

NOTHING, cries Phæbe, NOTHING'S approve,

[love :

T. G.
And receiv'd it with joy as a proof of my
Then fighing, the kindly express'd her de-

From Queen's College, Oxford. light,

THERE bold and graceful foars, le. And me gave me her heart my pains to re.

cure of fame, .

The pile, ennobled by Philippa's name, Dear Chloe, said I, what an emblem is here!

[does appear;

Mark that old ruin, Gothic and uncouth, Tho' your beauty like thefe in its bloom

Where the Black Edward pass'd his beardYet like these it is frail, and will soon pass

lels youth,

And the fifth Henry, for his first renown, away ;

[decay! But virtue's the Mower which ne'er will

Outstript each rival in the student's gown.
In that coarse age were princes fond to

dwell The RATS and be CHEESE.


With meagre monks, and haunt the filent F bees a government maintain,

Sent from the monarch's to the muse's Why may not rais, of stronger brain,


(were short ; And greater pow'r, as well be thought Their meals were frugal, and their sleeps By Machiavelian axioms taught?

To couch at curfew-time they thought no And fo they are; for thus of lace

(corn, It happen'd in the rats free state,

And froze at mattins every winter-morn ; Their prince (his subjects more to please) They read, an early book, the starry Had got a mighty Cheshire cheese,

frame, In which his minifters of State

And lisp'd each constellation by its name ; Might live in plenty, and grow great. Art after art ftill dawning to their view, A pow'rful party Itrait combin'd,

And their mind opening, as their ftatdre And subt’ly all their forces join'd


[fame so far, To bring their measures into play,

Yet whose ripe manhood spread our For none lo loyal were as they ;

Sages in peace, and demi-gods in wa: ? And none such patriots to support,

Who, ftern in fight, made echoing Crefly As well the country as the court ;


(king? No sooner were these dons admitted, And, mild in conquest, serv'd his captive But all those words ous virtues quitçed. Who gain'd, at Agincourt, the victor's Regardless of their prince, and those


(praire ? They arefully led by the nose,

Nor took himself, but gave to heav'n the They all the speedieft means devise Thy nuillings, ' ancient dome! to viriuc To raise themselves and families.

form'd ;

[ttorm'd; Another party well observing

To mercy lift'ning, while in fields they These pamper'd were, while they were Fierce to the fierce; and warm ch'oppreft Aarving;

to save ;

(grave. Their miniftry brought in disgrace,

Thro' life rever'd, and worshipp'd in the Expellid ihem, and supply'd their place; In tenfold pride their mould'ring roofs These on just principles were known

now shine, The true fupporters of the throne,

The stately work of bounteous Caroline; And for the subjects liberty

And blett Philippa, wiih unenvious eyes, They'd (marry would they) freely die. From heav'n behilds her rival's fabric rire.

But being well fix'd in their station, If full, bright laint, this spot deserve thy Regardless of their prince and nation,

care, Just like the others, all their skill

Incline thee to th'ambitious muse's pray'r: Was how they might their paunches fill. O couldit thou win young George's bloom, On this a rat not quite so blind

to grace

[place i In Nate intrigues as human kind,

These princely walls, and fill thy Edward's But of more honour, thus reply'd;

Or could once more thy fatt'ring wishes Confound you all on either fide:

claim * Your politicks are but a farce,

An Edward's or a Henry's fav’rite name, And your fine virtues all mine a--

How would that genius, whose propitious All your contentions are but these ;


[kings, Whole arts shall bent secure the checse. Have here twice hover'd o'er the sons of


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unite ;

Peetical Essays in JULY, 1751.

327 Descend triumphant to his ancient seat, And take in charge a third Plantagenet !

On ibe Inconvenience of RHYME.
What ails my Heart ? A nictw Song, D"

INinguish'd genius, whose prolifick

(pain; HAT ails my heart ? 'tis strangely Makes thee a stranger to the scribbler's

For whom Apollo opens all his stores, Or, sure, 'tis not the same I had.

On whom each Muse her kindest infuence Yes, 'tis the same, I feel it plain,

pours; Who gave most pleasure, gives moft pain: Master of wit, as fencers of the sword, Now ev'ry thought disturbs my mind, Who know the force of ev'ry single word, And tells me Flora's now unkind.

Teach me how ’tis you make your sense The treacherous figh steals unawares,

keep time, And tells too true my inward cares ;

With crabbed rules and unaffecting rhyme; The night inflames my lab'ring breast, For you, of all the numerous bards, alone And Neep denies her balmy rest :

Can truly call the rhyming art your own : Then ev'ry thought distracts my mind, In you we see, with wonder and delight, And tells me Flora's now unkind.

The flow of rhyme and force of lense One maid has taught my heart to know The joy fincere, and real woe.

Whilft I (whom for my fins the gods have

made Griel, baffled long, with all her cares, Now threat'ning claims her whole arrears:

A wretched dabbler in the scribbling trade) Each trifle now-insults my mind,

Scarce in two hours, with most elaborate And tells me Flora's now unkind.


One couplet from my costive genius strain ; But peace, my heart, and calmly bear

Nay, thou'd I dully plod from morn to Thy wrongs, nor once reproach the fair. Ye kindeft fates, long let her live,


[to white.

What shou'd be black, the rhymo converts To taste the sweetest joys you give :

Lo! wou'd the Muse with daring fight To me restore a chearful mind,

effay, Tho' Flora's falle ; or make her kind,

To give to worth its tributary lay,

To praise the bard in thought and taffe


(mind, A NEW SONG, Sung st Vauxhall,

Of polith'd manners, and of gen'rousby Mr. Lowe.

Who rang'd the valt of science, un-
THENE'ER I meet my Celia's eyes,

Sweet raptures in my bosom rile,

With wit, yet stranger to the wilds of folly, My feet forget to move ;

Chuse Addison, lays fame, but jingle, She too declinos her lovely head,


In short, whatever subject I commence, Soft blushes o'er her cheeks are spread, Sure this is mutual love !

Jingle is always sure to combat rense,

Till, after various schemes in vain I've My beating heart is wrape in bliss Whene'er I steal a tender kiss

try'd, Beneath the filent grove :

Vex'd and consus’d, I cant my pen ande, She strives to frown, and puts me by,

And cu se my face, that forc'd me ftill co

write, Yet anger dwells not in her eye,

Tho' both in nature's and my stars despite. Sure this is mutual love!

But when I've long blasphem'd the sacred And once, O once, the deareft maid,


(line. As on her breast my head was laid

Behold the lucky word appear to fill the Some fureft impulse drove;

Big with the thought of my productive Me, me, her gentle arms carest,

brain, And to her belom closely preft,

I reassume the paper and the pen,
Sure this was mutual love!

Spite of the oaths I ralhly made before Transported with her blooming charms, To burn my works, and ne'er touch paper A soft debre my bosom warms

more ;

(delight, Forbidden joys to prove : Pleas'd with myself, and filled with new Trembling for fear the should comply, Just as the numbers gently flow, I write. She from my arms prepares to fly,

But if surcharg'd with strong poetick hcat, Tho' warm'd with mutual love,

Fancy's retarded by a Now dull epithet, O nay, I cry'd-let Hymen's bands Patient I bear the ill I can't redress, This moment nie our willing hands,

And fill the vacant blank with common And all thy fears remove :

She blush'd consent ; her fears fuppreft ; As thus, if Phyllis' beauties I disclose,
And now we live, supreamly bleft,

Chifte as the lily, blushing as the rose,
A life of musual love,


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e call,

BENEAN, A the surface of the turfed


If longer on her charms the Mure must Thus calm philosophy may hail the faine ! dwell,

But who the mother's agonies can paint ? The i byme presented is a nonpareil : What keen reflections persecute her mind, In short, no subject eafier than a woman's Rire in her soul, and no cefiation find ? charms,

(dread alarms, See ! how the pale cmpaffion'd hands are Death, skies, and fun, and moon, and


(tongue : Scorch'd, burnt, transfix'd, wounded and And hear the wild enthus'aim of her bleeding hearts,

" I felt a stroke, which made my fabrick In fuch descriptions bear the greatest parts :

[ God! Thus without genius, art, or inspiration, " I heard a voice, and 'twas the voice of A poem's form'd by dint of — application. “ LO! I consign thee o'er to Satan's On tbe. Doorb of a Hopeful Youth, wbicb

[“ hour ;

“ Thou hart withstood thy 'vifitation occafioned bis Mother's Diftraction.

“ No more shall grace restrain, or mercy

[“ fall. earth

« And for thy fin, thy race fall victims Enwrapt in filence, and the arms of death,

Stung with these thoughts, all virtue the Expos'd to worms, lies the once charming


(hies; boy,

Thonone had more, each neighbour tefti The father's comfort, and the mother's joy, Blackens herself with crimes, her soul ab. The brothers fav'rite, and the fifters boast, hor'd,

(Word. A pleasant plant ! but now, for ever loft! And shews her feald destruction, from the In thee, bright youth, thy friends re. Indulgent God! relieve her anxious heart, joie'd to find

Once more thy gifts of faith, and hope;
The dawning beauties of a noble mind,

impart ;
In converse pleafing, and in temper mild, Renew her frame, remove the latent caule,
A man in conduct, tho' in years a child. And mixt with mercy, let her view thy laws.
When death attack'd thee with acutest Wrexham, May 17.

E. M.

(vain, No word was utter'd indiscreet, or

TO LAVINI A. Bravely that conflict did thy soul fur.

HILE other bards thy pers'nal tain.

merits trace,
No more Mall grief thy rising joys con- And recognize the beauties of thy face ;

Let me the virtues of thy mind display,
Nor fevers break thy harmony of roul ; Where reason rules, and passions all obeys
No more shall Satan spread alluring baits, Where (weet humility, fair innocence,
Nor the world tcmpt thee with its gay de- Join'd with good nature, and exalted lense,
ceits :

Resplendent shine, as in the heav'n-madé
But call'd to glory on a blissful shore,

Eve, Thou hearft, unmovod, the madding bil- Before she was deceiv'd, and did deceive. lows roar.

(brow, O! may some equal lover meet thy eye, Fresh bloom adorns thy cheek, a crown thy Enjoy thy (miles, and in thy bolom lie, Angels and seraphs, thy companions now! A happier scene, than ever poet feign'd! Thofe teach thy fingers, how to strike the There he may know, loft paradise rigain'd. lyre,

Parent, por friends, thy firm resolve Thy voice to foften, or to raise it higher,

cou'd move,
As beft befits the worship of the sky, Never to give thy hand, devoid of love ;
Where all is rapture, light, and harmony. Some merit must be seen, rome impulse felt!
Thrice happy youth! by death made tru. E’er hearts can in a blissful union melt;
ly great,

In vain they urge the chariot, puff the gold !
Had life been lengthen'd to its utmost date, O blindness! is affection to be sold ?
What hadst thou known, but sorrow, pain, Can wealth, desputic as it is, create
and woe,

Those joys, persective of the nuptial state?
The curre entailid on Adam's race below? Ah, no ; 'tis death, th' experiment to
Days multiplyour cares,temptations throng, try,

[the tye, And Syrens use their arts t'ensnare the Good sense, and virtue, muft endear young :

These are efTentials in Lavinia's eye :
Betsay'd by beauty, or by fortune crossid, These charm, when pomp, parade, and
How many thousands have been wreck'd grandeur's dull;
and loft ?

(pass’d, The heart a vacuum, tho' the bags are full!
He's only sale, who thro' death's gate has To these the nymph her yet free hand
And reach'd those joys, that evermore will resigns,

And leaves the reft to folly and the winds.

VICINA. Erratum. In our Mas. for April, page 181, Epifle ro*á Friend, line laft but one, wile, r. Retire,


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Monthly Chronologer.


BOUT the end of laft month we had an account

from Dublin, that, as two А

young officers, a captain and a lieutenant, were

drinking a glass in a tavern, dispute arising about the superiority of their mistresses, involved them in a quarrel, which, by ihe interpofition of a gen. deman then present, was at that time al. layed ; but next morning the captain lent the lieutenant a challenge, who, instead of accepting it, returned the following anfwer.

SIR, “ I reckon it my peculiar happiness, that I can produce the officers and soldiers, who witneffed my behaviour at Fontenoy, as evidences of my courage. You may endeavour, if you please, to propagate my refusing your challenge, and brand me with cowardice ; but I am fully convinced, that no body will believe me guilty, and every body will see that you are malicicus. The cause in which we quarrelled was a trifle ; the blood of a soldier should be referved for a nobler purpose. Love is blind; resentment mean ; and cafte capricious : And it ought to be confidered, that mur. der, tho' paltjated by a false thew of ho. nour, is murder Aill, and calls for venge. ance." -An infance this of a nobleness of nature, that challenges unlimited admi. ration ; and indeed, as every soldier is the servant of thc publick, he can be accounted nothing but a deferter, who risques his life unneceffarily, which should be reserved to fall in the cause of liberty and his country.That virtue is an enemy to valour, is a mistaken notion. There is a story of a certain gentleman challenged once to a duel, who bravely and coolly answered, " Sir, tho I fear not the sword, I tremble at my Maker's anger ; I dare venture life in a good cause, but cannot hazard my Soul in a bad one. I'll charge up to the candon's mouth, but want courage to ftorm hell." Upon a friend's telling b'm he must either fight, or forfeit his honour, he reply'd, “ I'll gain honour by my disgrace, and thew the world I am no coward, by daring censure and obloquy. He is courageous and brave, who ftands up for conscience against the false, but pre-vailing muxims of custom and opinion ; not he, who betrays his duty, and dreads more an imaginary imputation than a real grime."

July, 1951,

On the 20th of last month, John Shakea Thanks, woolcomber, and Anne his wife, of the parish of Weathersõeld, in Efex, appeared at the customary court of the manor of Dunmow-parva, in that county, and claimed the bacon according to the custom of that manor, which was deliver. ed to them with the usual formalities: This is the only claim that has been made since the year 1701.

The famous old story is as follows, viz. One Robert Fitzwalter, a powerful baron in this county, in the reign of Henry III. instituted a custom in the priory there, that, " Whatever married man did not repent of his being married, or differ and dispute with his wife, within a year and a day after his miarriage, if he and his wife would swear to the truth of it, kneeling upon two Atones, in the priory church-yard, fet up for that purpose, in prefence of the prior and convent, should have a gammon of bacon.' This custom is still kept up, notwithstand. ing the diffolution of the monasteries, only instead of the prior and convent, the bufi. ness is now transacted at a court baron held before the steward of the lord of the

It may be some amusement to our readers to see the words of the oath on this occasion, which are to the following purpose, viz.

You do swear by custom of confeffion, That you ne'er made nuptial transgression; Norince you were married man and wife, By houfhold brawls, or contentious furife, or otherwise, in bed or at board, Offended each other in deed or in word ; Or in a twelvemonth's time and a day, Repented not in thought any way ; Or fince the church clerk faid Amen, Withed yourselves unmarried again, But continue true, and in delire As when you joined hands in holy quire.

The sentence pronounced for their re. ceiving the bacon is in words to the effect following, viz.

(tear, Since to these conditions, without any Of your own accord you do freely (wear, A whole gammon of bacon you do receive, And bear it away with love and good leave, For this is the custom of Dunmow well known;

[your own, Tho' the pleasure bé durs, the bacon's

On the 29th, the printer and publisher of a pamphlet, intitled, Ibe Case Hon. Alexander Murray, Elg; together with several booksellers, were taken into custody of one of his majesty's melengets.


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A few days after they were carried to the an attorney, one Dixon, and two others, secretary of state's office at Whitehall, for a conspiracy in swearing rodomy against when, after a more examination, they the Hon. Edward Walpole, Esq; in order were all discharged, except the printer and to extort money from him ; when, after a publisher.

long hearing, they were all four found
Acco: ding to Mr. Labelye, in his de. guilty. Alexander was committed priso.
scription of Westminfter-bridge, the quan. ner to the King's.bench, and is to receive
tity of stone materials in that noble ftruc. judgment next term. Dixon absconded
ture is near double the quantity of the before the jury brought in their verdia,
fame materials in the cathedral of St. Paul. and the two others never appeared.
(See p. 281.)

MONDAY, July 1.

The sessions ended at the Old-Bailey, The act of parliament for preventing when the nine following malefactors rea the excessive drinking of spirituous liquors ceived sentence of death, viz John Young, fully took place on this day. We gave a for house-breaking ; Robert Glascow, for parricular account of this act in our last, sobbing Joseph Weedon on the highway, p. 269. But as to the additional clause of a gold ring, a pair of fiver Mne buckles, mentioned, p. 282, we were misinformed, and other things ; Edward Dixon, for no such clause being in the act.

smuggling ; Thomas Catchpole, an outTUESDAY, 2.

law'd smuggler ; Richard Holland and At two o'clock the poll ended at Guild. Daniel Thorowgood, for a street-robbery ; hall between Sir John Bosworth, knt. late Garret Lawler and Thomas Masterson, for chamberlain, and Marthe Dickenson, Esq; robbing Mr. Couty of a hat, in the Strand; alderman of Queenhithe-wará, 'for sheriff and William Brown, for forging and pubof London and Middlesex, when the num. Jithing a seaman's power of attorney:bers were. for Mr. Dickenson 699, and No less than four persons were charged for Sir John Bosworth 394 ; whereupon with the horrid crime of perjury, in this the former was declared duly elected to one sessions, in order to swear off prisonferve in that important office for the year ers; and were accordingly taken into cusensuing, together with Slingsby Bethell, tody. Efq; alderman of Wallbrook-ward, who

THURSDAY, II. was declared on Midsummer-day. (See This morning, at fix o'clock, her royal p. 282.)

highness the princess of Wales was brought WEDNESDAY, 3.

to bed of a princess at Leicester-house, About three o'clock this morning, Mr. who ahout eleven days after was christned Jefferies, who formerly kept a butcher's by the name of Caroline Matilda ; the ihop in Bearbinder-lane, near Stocks. sponsors being, his royal highness the market, but having acquired a conliderable prince of Wales, her royal highness the fortune, had retired from business, was princess Caroline, represented by the lady cruelly shot and Itabbed in his bed, at his viscountess Irwin, and her royal highness bouse at Walthamstow. His family con. the lady Augulta. afted of a niece, a man- servant, and a His majesty has issued out a proclamati. maid-servant, and about the time he is on for putting the laws in force against the mentioned to have received the wounds, persons who shall make any counterseit the inhabitants were alarmed by the shrieks haitpence or fari hings, as likewise against of his niece from a window, who, on their the persons who shall utter the same, assembling to know the cause, informed knowing them to be counterfeit. The pe. them, that some rogues had broke into the ralty against the persons counterfeiting the house, and murdered her uncle. But from same, or any person or persons aiding or various circumstances, when the matter allising therein, is two years imprisonwas examined into, it was' suspected that ment, and to hnd security for their good housebreakers were not concerned in this behaviour for two years afterwards ; and horrid act, the house not being plundered, a reward of ten pounds is ordered for the nor any place discovered where they could informer. probably enter. Many other causes of The house of William Paine King, Esq; fufpicion were mentioned, which we must at Fine Shade in the county of Northampleave to fucurity. However it be, the un- ton, being on Sunday the 23d of June laft happy gentleman died of his wounds about maliciously set on fire, by persons unknown, eight on Wednesday night, after having whereby the new part thereof, together lain in the greatest agonies, and speechless, with all the furniture, was entirely conto the time of his death.

fumed, the family, confisting of 17 per. FRIDAY, 5.

sons, with great difficulty escaping with Came on at the court of King's. bench their lives : His majelty, for the better dirin Westminster-hall, before the lord chief

covering and bringing to justice, the per2-stice Lee, a trial against ope Alexander,


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