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ger of Wales


- upon the duke

ibid. C. 205


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ETTER concerning the late prince of Old maid's apology


Argument of the 4th book of the Scrible. His character, when not yet 10 years old riad

227 ibid. &c. Extract from it, with a note concerning the Mr. Trenchard's thoughts on government white horse, which gives name to a vale 197 in Berkthire

ibid. Liberty destroyed by corruption 198 POITRY. The Irish laffie, a new song, On the death of Mr. Thomas Hunsdon, set to mufick

228 jun, who died in a voyage at the West- A country dance,

ibid, Indies

199 Occasional verses on the royal family 229 A description of Nottinghamshire 199

- upon the king ibid. Town of Nottingham described 199, 200

upon Frederick, late prince The other boroughs and market-towns

of Wales

ibid. 200

- upon the princefs dowa.. The JOURNAL of a learned and political

Clus, &c. continued

upon George, prince of
SPEICH of M. Agrippa on the British


ibid, white herring fishery bill

ibid. Durch method of carrying on this fishery

- upon the younger branches

of the royal family ibid. His arguments for a publick company to Conclusion, to my mule

carry it on here

To the princess dowager of Wales ibid,
SPEECH of Junius Brutus against a com- In Wall.æ principem nuper defunctum


204 To the memory of Laurence Cofter, first The taxes a great discouragement to the inventor of the art of printing


Valesus, an eclogue

Objections to other parts of the bill 208 The with, by a gentleman in the East Indies
SPEECH of L. Icilius in favour of a com.

232 pany

ibid. E. On the Archbimop of Canterbury's preachObjections against the bill anfwered 210, a charity sermon at ibid.


Questions and answers relating to the Trogical witch story from Tring ibid.
Foundling hospital at Paris, and which Ceremony of presenting the address of both
concern the Foundling hospital at Lon- houses on his majesty's message about a
212 regency

Account of a first-rate man of war 213

Feast and collection of the sons of the clergy
Letter to a friend with the duke de Sully's



South Sea directors to be chosen annually
Dr. Garcin's letter to M. de Reaumur,

upon the usefulness of insects

215 Speech to the prince of Wales on his being The wonderful mechanism of nature 217 chosen governor of the free Brita Of the green mould on fire-wood 218 tithery, with his royal highness's answer Of the minuteness of the seeds of some

ibid. plants

219 Miserable condition of the British captives, Account of an aurora auftralis

lately redeemed from favery in Barbary Observations on the dragon-fly ibid.

ibid. Proceedings at the election of a chamber- Ads passid

235 lain of London

List of the council of regency

ibid. Sir John Bosworth's letter of resignation Prince of Wales's bisth-day celebrated ibid. ibid. Sessions at the Old- Bailey

ibid. Mr. Harrison declared duly elected ibid.G. Alterations in the list of parliament 236 His speech to the livery on the occasion 222 Miarriages and births

jb:d. Mr. Glover's pathetick speech to the livery


at the same time

Ecclefiaftical Prefermente

237 Account of Dr. Mead's physical admoniti. Promotions civil and military ibid. ons and precepts

Persons declar'd bankrupts

ibid. The wonderful structure of our bodies 223, Prices of ttocks and grain ; wind, weather 214

238 Account of the direction of old Thomas Monthly bill of mortality

Parr, and an old Swiss


239 Rules for the preservation of health ibid. A. Account of the calendar bill


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In our next we shall give a beautiful print of ber real bigbmelo ebe prinerfs dewage of Wales.

Tbe an wir vorbe maib.matical question, ibe leter concerning ibe unfortunate of be istum, ebe nec pary boufs, ord several orber picces bave buon received




MAY, 1751.

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his vivacity, and great knowledge
As we have here given a beautiful in history. Here then Mr. Ham-

print of his late royal highness Free mond was no flatterer, but a true
derick prince of Wales, the follow- prophet. His opening the prince's
ing letter and character will not character wich reflections on envy
be deemed unsuitable, after wbar and malice, were (as I imagine) ow-
has been already said of him, p. A ing to the many injurious and false
138, 139, 174, 175.

representations made of his late royal
To the Author of the LONDON highness, by certain wicked spirits,

whom duty should have taught betMAGAZINE,

ter. But his inchanting behaviour, SIR,

whilft heaven lent him to us, gave
FTER the number. the lie to the groundless aspersions

less panegyricks be- B caft upon him : And his royal high-
llowed on the late nels came forth, like gold, purer
prince of Wales since from the fiery trial. May the Al-
his demise, our coun- mighty prolong the days of our most

trymen, who fojuftly benign sovereign! May a new Fre-
idolize his memory, cannot but be derick rise (phanix-like) in his dar.
pleased to survey a character drawn ling image, prince George ! These
of him, in his very juvenile years, C are the ardent wilhes of,
by the late celebrated Anthony Ham-

mond, Esq; when in Hanover. This

Your most humble servant, description was put into my hands

J. L. by the author himself, who was my friend. It has borne a great many Hanover, O. 5, N. S. 1716. impreffions, in a variety of shapes, The Character of Prince FREDERICK. and was printed in more languages D than one. , S malice and envy are, of all not so much for the sake of the panegyrick itself (which might have diabolical pallions of the mind; so been more delicate in some places) there is, undoubtedly, no conqueft a as on account of the many truths it well regulated soul takes more joy in contains. Every one who had the obtaining, than in the effectual subglory and happiness of approaching E duing of malice ; and in reducing, his iste royal highness, knows that even envy itself, to remain tonguegoodness of heart, that sweetness of tied in such a manner, as that if it temper, were his chief characteri- offers to speak, it pains itself. flicks; and that he was no less re. Such is the facisfaction which markable for his very trong memory, prince Frederick gives to all good May, 1751

B b 2

It is now republiceed. Aothers, molt properly called



men who approach him. They glory ceptors, who have equal reason to in the just sense they have of his be satisfied with his royal highness ; wonderful natural talents, and ac- their great care being fully compenquired accomplishments; and scem fated, by the encouraging progress to share in the triumphs which his they find him make every day, in virtues and endowments will most all things that could be expected he certainly gain over the malicious and A should learn, or improve in, at his envious.

years. As for us, who are here, the sense As the utmost care is taken to we have (as Englishmen) of our pre- make him master of things as well sent luappiness, in attending every as of words, by inftilling into his day on prince Frederick (who is mind such notions, as are not only constantly pleased to mow some di- suitable to his age and capacity, but stinguishing mark of his goodness B also to the high rank he will hold, and inclination to us) is not to be and the figure he will one day make expresied.

in Europe ; so by the particular orNothing can be more agreeable ders of his majesty (George 1:) the than the person of this young prince: very least appearance of Aattery is His eyes are full of life and vigour ; banished from him : And those orhis hair extremely fine ; his com- ders having been observed in a stricter plexion clear and fair, and his C manner, than it is easy to imagine Mnape exact: His constitution is very they should be in a court, his royal healthy; and the chearful innocence highness is taught, and has learnt, to and sweetness of youth Mine in his have a contempt for that mean and looks, and add such an amiable incroaching vice. grace to his whole deportment, as This is a different turn from that renders him the delight of all who which seems to be taken in the eduhave the honour and happiness of D cation of a neighbouring prince (the approaching him. He applies him. king of France :) In that a shew of self to his exercises, viz. riding, something great appears to be aimed dancing, and fencing, with great at ; in this the foundations of solid alliduity ; in all which, he will at- virtue are well laid : There the tain to such a degree of perfeclion, king ! the king! is every moment as becomes the son of a monarch : founded in his ear, whilst the ra. Of these, riding is the exercise his E tional creature, the man, is not of soyal highness seems molt to delight ten thought of : But here his royal in ; and he will, as far as I am able highness is told, he is to be a man,

; to judge, excel in it.

(as others are ;) and that if he would He speaks the French language have his character eminently illuftri. with great facility and propriety, ous, he must stand first in virtue, as and makes a daily progress in the well as in degree. Thus is he early English. He advances considerably F formed to be a monarch truly great ; in the studies proper for his age ; in tho', undoubtedly, that innate good the Latin tongue, geography, and ness, that extreme modesty, and fisome parts of natural history ; and lial piety, which appear so lively in knows so much of the present fate his royal highness, will make him of Christendom, as to be able to dif- always continue to wish, that the çourle very pertinently on the kings day may come late, when he shall now reigning, and on the principal G be called to the throne of those naaffairs at prelent in agitation.

tions he is born to govern. The prince seems to be in an ex- The vivacity of his parts is truly cellent method of education ; is wonderful ; and as he has a great pleased with his governors and pre- deal of spirit, he, at the same time,

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1751. Mr. Trenchard's Thoughts on GoYERNMENT. 197 is blessed with a moft amiable na: In a word, whenever prince Fre. ture, and sweetness of temper, to derick shall come to be a sovereign direct that spirit, which never fails of nations, he will be the delight of to render it exceedingly engaging. them ; for then royal power will

His memory, both of persons and enable him to relieve, protect, and things, is beyond what is ordinarily reward in the most extensive mana to be met with.” He says something A ner. This excellent disposition, this to almost every one who comes to good nature, shews he has it always wait upon him, but never says an in intention; and from hence, I will improper thing. He very rarely alks venture to pronounce, That happy a fecond time, who such or such a will the people be whom he shall person is." He shews a constant at.

govern. tention to whatever is said to him, or in his presence ; and such an ap- B From the Remembrancer, May 18. Parent defire to please and oblige Of GOVERNMENT, and upon what every body, as never fails of its end.

our FREEDOM depends. He never discovers the least mark of anger or resentment, upon any HERE is nothing in which occasion, that I could ever observe;

the generality of mankind but always keeps up to the most ex- are so much mistaken, as when they act good breeding, gentleness, and a C talk of government: The different constant endeavour to be entertain. effects of it are obvious to every ing, in such a manner, as shews it to one ; but few can trace its causes : be natural in him to please!

Most men, having indigested ideas · His royal highness says many of the nature of it, attribute all things, and very frequently, much publiek miscarriages to the corrup. above what might be expected from tion of mankind : They think the his tender years : But what is moft D whole mass is infected; that it is remarkable, most distinguishing in imposible to make any reformation ; his character, is, That good nature and so submit patiently to their which always appears in every thing country's calamities, or else share in he says.

the spoil : Whereas complaints of "? From this source of good nature this kind are as old as the world, flow many excellent qualities, which and every age has thought their own time will not fail to ripen into noble E the worst ; we have not only our and princely virtues; from hence own experience, but the example of now arisesthat regard which his royal all times, to prove, that men in the highness shews to the instructions of fame circumstances will do the same his governors and preceptors ; this things, call them by what names of will

grow up to that virtue, which distinction you please. A Governmakes princes listen to the wise ment is a mere piece of; counsel of their faithful servants, and F and having such springs and wheels, never inflexible to them.

must act in such a manner : And This good nature that now leads therefore, the art is, to constitute it him to treat every one in the most so, that it must move to the pubobliging manner, will, of course, lick advantage. It is certain, that improve into a tender and generous every man will act for his own concern for his inferiors ; and ter- interest, and all wise governments minate in a difusive and royal bene-G are founded on that principle : ficence, which will fix this standing So that this whole mystery is maxim in his mind, That there is only to make the interest of the nothing good in power, but the governors and governed the same. power of doing good.

In an absolute monarchy, where the


whole power is in one man, his in- all vices. Monsieur Bayle tells us tereft will be only regarded : In an of a great traveller, who being ralaristocracy the interest of a few, and

lied upon his rambling disposition, in a free government the interest of answered, That he would cease tra. every one. This would be the case velling, as soon as ever he could find of England, if some abuses, that

a country where power and credit have lately crept into our constitu. A were in the hands of honest men, tion, were removed.

and preferments went by merit. UpThe freedom of this kingdom de- on which one of the company re. pends upon the people's chusing the plied, Nay then, you will infallihouse of commons, who are a part bly die travelling. Where bribery of the legislature, and have the sole is practised, it is a thousand to one power of giving money. Were this

but mischief is intended ; and the a true representative, and free from B more bribery, the more mischief : external force or private bribery, Therefore, this ought to be pernothing could pass there but what petually in the mind of every ho. they thought was for the publick nest Englishman; because, where advantage. For their own interest corruption and publick crimes are is so interwoven with the people's, not carefully opposed, and severely that if they act for themselves (which punished, neither liberty nor security every one of them will do as near C can possibly subfift. The idea of this as he can) they must act for the com. liberty is what bestows a conscious mon interest of England : And if a pride in the brealt of every Briton ; few among them should find it their

but this is the very height of fallacy: interest to abuse their power, it will Indeed, that constitution which has be the interest of all the rest to pu. existed among us for more than senith them for it : And then our go- ven centuries, was the result of those vernment would act mechanically, D free and honest dispositions, which and a rogue would as necessarily be inspired our Saxon ancestors with vahanged, as a clock strike twelve lour in the field, and probity in when the hour is come.

council ; it was founded on the noThese are the very sensible thoughts blest motives, the happiness of the and lively expressions of Mr. Tren. whole community: Tho' it has re. chard, in his preface to his Historyceived many violent shocks, its basis of Standing Armies : And elsewhere E was too firm to be destroyed ; it fill he says, The people must not expect thews its primitive strength ; but to see men of ability, or integrity, what open force couid not shake, in any places, while they hold them private artifice has almost effected: by no other tenure than the differ.

For our liberty is little more than více they do their country in the nominal, we are the slaves of corhouse of commons.

ruption, are bought and sold at

F pleasure, and are chiefly conducive From tbe Westminster Journal, May 18. to our own destruction, LIBERTY destroyed by Corruption. Cicero, talking of the Roman feHE Roman virtue and the nate, then awed by power, or goRoman liberty expired toge

verned by avarice, says, Aut alen ther ; tyranny and corruption came tiendum eft nulla cum gravitate paio upon them almost hand in hand ; cis, aut fruftra dissentiendum ; mean. and Pliny acquainted Trajan, that G ing, that they must either basely vote all his predecessors, excepi Nerva, with Crassus and Cæsar, or vote aand one or two more, studied how gainst them to no purpose : These to debauch their people, and how great men did not seek power, or to banith all virtue, by introducing use it, to do good to their country,


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