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171 Wherefore your petitioners hum. lihood, either by binding myself to bly beg your worship to take the some genteel business, or by serving premises into your serious conside. some lady as her maid, she as often ration, and draw such consequences flew in a passion, and told me, there therefrom, as in your great wisdom had not been a trade in her family you shall judge proper.

for these 200 years, and she had And your petitioners, as in duty A rather see me starve than go to service, bound, will ever pray, &c. I thought this an odd way of reason.

ing; for, proud as she seemed to be, The FOLLY of Persons priding them- she was mean enough to folicit, and felves upon their noble Difcent,

accept of private charities, her an. without Means to support it: In the nuity being but 151. a year. She Story of Cleora.

had a part of a house to herself; WAS the only daughter of a half. B her parlour was elegantly furnished, pay captain ; my father was of

her buffet adorned with several pieces the younger branch of a very poor of old family plate ; and, I verily noble family, and my mother a dis- believe, she would rather have wanted tant relation before marriage, but bread (which, by the bye, she very

ofhad no fortune. As I was their on- ten did)than have sold a tea spoon that ly child, they spared no cost on my had the family arms upon it. But, education ; and if my circumstances C alas! how different was that part of were to have been judged by the her furniture which was out of sight! manner in which I was brought up, For while her parlour looked like no one would have imagined but that of a princess, her bedchainber that I was to have had goool. at resembled that of a beggar. Her least, to my portion ; but instead of

whole conversation was the geneathis, I had not the least prospect of logy of her family ; and all her a fixpenny piece from any relation or D thoughts seemed to be taken up in friend whatever. My poor father considering how she should conceal used often to comfort himself with her poverty, and at the same time saying, that as his Cleora was nubly convince the world me was nobly born, he was resolved the should born. In this splendid distress I spent have an education suitable to her a twelvemonth, and heartily tired I birth. But, alas! when I was a. was of my situation. For my aunt, bout 22, in one month I lost both E tho' she had too much pride to let father and mother, and had nothing me ferve any body else, suffered me, to support me but my genteel educa. nay, often obliged me to do things, tion, and nothing to boast of but which the lowest maid-fervants think the nobility of my parentage. I was beneath them. And while the kindnow at a great loss what to do; for ly entertained me on charity, as the as I was bred to no trade, nor in. called it, he frequently made use of nured to any service, I seemed to be F my living with her, as an argument excluded from the two only means to procure bounties from her friends. to get my bread. While I was re- '! his I could not bear, and was revolving this in my mind, a maiden solved to leave her at any rate ; but aunt of mine, by my father's side, in endeavouring to avoid this poor, who had for many years been starving proud, mean, well.born lady, I nargenteely on a small annuity, invited rowly escaped an evil of a more me to her house. She was one of G dreadful nature ; for I those people who cloath and feed not ugly, and evidently in airtreis, themselves with the thoughts of their a gentleman that lodged opposite to nobility : And as I frequently ex- us, having, as I afterwards found, press'd my desire of gæting my live. fixed on me as a prey, took an op

Y 2



was young, 172

Pride of high Birth justly exposed. April portunity, when my aunt was gone ing, unexperienced as I was in life, I à visiting, or rather begging, seeing determined to apply to for relief ; and me at the door, artfully to begin an as distress makes even our sex bold, acquaintance, which a correspon- I went and entered myself for a nurdence foon improved into something fery maid's place, and by this means, like friendship. He extorted com- in a week, I got into a very good plaints from me, feemingly entered Ạ family ; nor had I been a month in into my distress, pitied me, and pro- my nursery before my lady distested that he loved me; and, alas ! I charged her own maid, and being almost believed him, which I really acquainted with my story, genethink, if I know myself, was more roully preferred me to attend upon her owing to my miserable situation, self. I now began to feel a real joy than any motive of liking to him : after the danger I had avoided from However, as I thought I could not B my lover, and to see that ridiculous be more unhappy, I one day resolved, creature, my aunt, with the highest tho' with fearand trembling, to throw contempt. What a change of fitua.. myself at once into his protection, tion was here! from pride, poverty, and trust to his generosity; this I idleness, naftiness, and misery, fuphad promised him, and this I should ported only by the confideration of have certainly done, had I not re- being nobly born, to that of being ceived a letter from him that very C honestly and usefully employed, afternoon to justify my fears, and kindly treated, poffefling every conconvince me, that instead of a pro- veniency and comfort of life, and tector, I had only found a betrayer. noching to rob me of my happiness But here, in the neight of my misery but the thought of being a servant. from this disappointment, an acci. Alas! what a bugbear has false pride dent of an extraordinary kind re. made service to our sex! For my lieved me from my distress. My D own part, the only difference I congood aunt returning home about five, sider between miltress and servant is dicappointed of a dinner where the but the name; for as to happiness, went, desired me to broil the re- they are or may be upon a footing. mains of a pound of mutton chops, It is often said, that one misfortune left the preceding day ; but as the generally treads upon the heels of said her grand pappa, my lord another ; but I have never heard the was very fond of thallots with roast E same acknowledged of good fortune. mutton, the ordered me to fetch But this only shews that the world in fome, and put a halfpenny into my general are more ready to complain hand for that purpose ; for as the of what they suffer, than to acknowknew the alliances of her family for ledge what they enjoy. I am very 100 years, so she was also particular- ready to say, I efteem my removal ly acquainted with their respective from my aunt into service as a haptastes, with which the constantly en. F piness ; as I must say the same of tertained me; and, as I suppose, to my removal from that happy ferprove, that people who were nobly vice, to that of marrying a worthy born, were formed of different ma- tradesman, who tho' he has no no. terials from the vulgar; a thing the bility of blood to boast, yet, if hoherself verily believed. I went nour is justly defined to be honesty of on my errand to the next herb shop, heart, in that excellent quality he is where the woman, who had always exceeded by none. I can say no more taken me for a servant, thinking G but that I am happy : But, what I deserved a better place, gave me a would make one laugh, I received a bill of the universal regitter-office, letter full of resentment from my then juft set up, which, after read aunt, in which she charged me with

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1751. Humorous LETTER ON CHANTING 173
dishonouring ber family by marrying had like to have done our business,
a tradesman ; and said she was re- and of which I was several weeks
solved not to take any notice of me, before I could recover : To all the
do any thing for me, or give me a rest I could say something that was
morfe of bread if I was starving. pretty and well conceited, with the
The great happiness I found in per. help of my good friend Dr. Bifle ;
severance, is the reason why I would A but when he threw in that home
persuade all parents to educate their

question-" I dare put it to the
children in proportion to their cir- warmest advocate for chanting, whe-
cumstances, and assure all those of ther he should not know better, than
my sex, that labour under the preju. so to prefer a suit to the king, or to a
dices of education, whose minds are lord,” my heart misgave me at once ;
poisoned with false pride, that in- I found that in vain was it to apply to
dustry generally meets with success ; B either the rationale or to custom, to
that in England, service is no llavery; help me to give a direct answer;-
nor is it any disgrace, but rather an fo to work I set my brains, how to
honour to any one, be their birth or

get off of this ugly business; and at education what it will, to be a ser- length, after several weeks intense vant, when it becomes necessary for meditation in vain, and being very their support ; for sure, nothing can near giving it over several times, be shameful that is honeit. The C at last it jumped into my head on a rooting this false pride from their

sudden, as I was one day returning heads, would preserve thousands from

in good spirits from courting-I do destruction.

not hold (observe me) that I am

obliged to give him quite a direct To the AUTHOR of the LONDON

answer, because he stated the quesMAGAZINE.

tion his own way ; but I Thall give SIR,

D him one, notwithstanding, to the pur-
LITTLE thought, after so no. pose, and which will shew, that inging
table a defence as I had made

is not so inconsistent with petitioning
for chanting * against Paul Diflinct, , as he would make us believe. In a
ever to see any fo daring, as to enter word then, I can tell him ; what.
the lifts again; I so effectually con- ever it be to a lord, a song has often
founded the old fellow, with the ra- been thought the best way to prefer
tionale of it, that he durst never show E a fuit to a lady ;
his head since ; at least, if he has

Souvent, pour attendrir un coeur,
done it, it has been under a different

Il ne faut qu'une Chansonette t.
name; for, to tell you the truth, I
do not know what to make of Za- Thus much may ferve, then, for
chariah Fervent ; I sometimes think that devilish, troublesome, imperti-
he has too much of Old Paul in him, ncnt question of his. And now I must
to be any other than he : They nei. F take my turn, and question him ;
ther of them deal in any thing but and I will undertake to put cases to
reason, and there is a strange relem- him, in which let him deny that
blance in their manner of thinking: chanting is most agreeable, if he can.
But be that as it will, whether he be To begin then, what can be
Paul's second, or Paul himself, I more suitable to the impression that
am resolved now to make an end of the recital of the commandments
him for ever: I am sure, he intended G should make upon us, than at the
in his heart to do no less by me and end of every cne to lang ti.e petition,
my friends, when he levelled at us " Lord, have mercy upon us, and
that unconscionable blow, which

* See all on ibis fubjeft, in cur Mag. for 3750, p. 363, 462, 50%. And in our Mag,
for Feb, left, p. 77 Brunelies par Ballarde,


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174 On the Death and Character of the Prince of Wales. April incline our hearts to keep this law?" Is satisfy those who are friends to it, and that not this better calculated ten times, to dir- my arguments are sufficient to hold them pore us to have a serious and due regard for Ateady : Indeed, I am confident that nothing them, and to lay us under a hearty sense can move them from their principles ; and and conviction that it is no light matter to with this we must comfort ourselves, and trespass against any of them, than if we be content-for, alas! there is no hopes of delivered the same in a dull praying frame, seeing chanling come into general esteem, and in a bumble suppliant Arain ? - Is it not A or that we Mould come one and all to have undeniable too, that the seriousness of any an high opinion of it, without some other one's belief is much more naturally expres- things, to favour and befriend it, were beSed by finging the Creed, than by saying it, lieved, and we could see the old gainful tales And is it not unquestionably promoted and prevail again, of impressed by it. This is so plain to me, Bloated souls, in (moaky durance that it is matter of astonishment, how


(tongue, they come not to chant the leffons too, as Like a Westphalia gammon or neal's, well as this ; I am sure, it would be as much more to edification, in this case, as in

Tobe redeem'd with masses and a song.

B the others. I think therefore it was a Quack medicines must be supported with great omission in them not to do it, and quack contrivances to bring them in request. indeed the scheme of chanting, to say the But there are times of too much light, truth, is not quite compleat, and of a piece to hope so to gain more ground-but not without it.

however of so general light, but we may Having now so plainly shewn instances hope to kecp that we have. where it is, and might ftill further be of

Yours, Timotby Squul. fo evident suitableness ; and all., tho it is indeed a trifling manner of putting up our

с From the Remembrancer, March 30. prayers, that still it is far from being inconsistent with the notion of petitioning,

On the Death and Character of tbe Prince of as he would have it ; I Mall further add,

Wales. (See p. 138, 139.) that there is an use in its very triflingness, UCH sudden, furprizing and over. All men are not of a serious curn, and nothing could be more disagreeable to some burit in upon us, as no fence of manhood mens tempers and states than to pray or resolution is able to withstand : And with all the circumstances of a devout D when such calamities are national, weak. and rightly affected mind; to do this is ners then grows contagious ; the same chavastly inconvenient to an indevout temper,

rachers of infirmity are graven on every and the m re like in earneft it is duoc, the face ; and none preserve any mealure of Jess it agrees with a loose and trifling wor. fontitude but such as are the disgrace of the shipper, or with a mere formalift. And species, malignants and insensibles. are not these, which are in such numbers, Of this nature. --but I need not fpecify a to be at all considered ? Now chanting is of visitation which has so recently befallen us, vast service to fuch, in taking off that which which has agitated every passion, penetrated is disagreeable to them in prayer, and in


every heart, absorbed every other aficion, making it pass off so infenfibiy, that they no and sent up one universal groan from the longer say, what a weariness is it? And this whole community- the wound is yet bleedprevents that nausea they have to it, by ing : The furprise and astonishment of the mixing it to their palates, and qualifying it Itroke (carce over : Our ears yet ring with for their stomachs-they can away with the the dolelul news : Our blood runs cold with prayers thus titted to their temper; and no- the horror it occafioned : The imagination body knows how many worshippers we is awake to no other idea : And every are beholden to this contrivance for. Even F new light it appears in, only serves to dithe grand enemy of all to prayer, if we versify our anguish. may believe Gregory of Tours, can join in And as in the lowest instances of fami. them in this dress; who tells us, in the Life liar life, impressions of the same forcible of St. Nicetio, bishop of Trevers, that the kind are hard to bear, so they are as devil being once got into a deacon who hard to efface. The shafts of sorrow are was performing service, fell to chanting for all bearded : Where they penetrate, there life, and would fain have bore a bob with they falten ; in striving to extract them we them, but the bishop, who discovered him by his voice, would not let him, but thus G be ever so delicate, we link under the opetook him to do for his officiousness, Srleat, ration, Jalear, nec præsumat cinere juftiria inimicus : The tender passions, befides, make How much then is this fitted to promote their approaches to us, in the forms of the and further our service, and not to prejudice Graces, if not of the Virtues ; and, captiit, as my antagonit would artfully suggest ? Nated by their appearance, the most milky I doubt not then but I have said enough to


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1751. Of the Swedish SOCCESSION.

175 natures not only open their bosoms to re

fponding expletive of forrow and dismay, ceive them, but foster them there, as tho

are not unfrequently seen in the house of
moft endeared and most endearing guests, mourning ;- but with such peculiar ag-

On this mournful occafion, then, we are gravationg as in the awful case before us,
not to wonder if our eyes and hearts over- no where, perhaps, under heaven.
flow without reserve, if we presume there His royal highness has left a numerous,
is something meritorious in our transports, lovely offspring (God be praised) which
and that instead of blushing for the uncon- A may serve as a mound between us and con-
trolable expressions of sorrow and affection fufion. The prince, his eldest fon, who
which follow his equally beloved, honouredi inherits all his claims and all his virtues, is
and lamented name, we should grow proud now the proper obje&t of our concern,
of our affliction, and think ourselves best affection, wishes, prayers, vows and en-
adorned with our tears.

deavours : And in devoting our best fer-
For as the condescending sweetness of his vices to him, we shall best discharge our
manner and address enchanted all who had duties to the memory of his dear, departed
the honour to approach him ; fo that father, and to the commonwealth.
fweetness arose from a genial source of be. B
nevolence and philanthropy which seemed The author of the Westminster Journal
inexhaustible, How many individuals of the samo date, likewise paid his tribute
has his charity relieved ? How many his to the memory of the Prince, in a very
munificence rewarded ? How many families affecting essay, which he concludes thus:
whole well-being depended on his bounty, That the life of his majesty, the most
are already in lack-cloth and ashes for his ir gracious of princes, may long continue,
reparable loss? How high a place had he af- is the with of every protestant Briton.
figned the arts and sciences in his esteem ?C May it prevent the necessity of a regency,
What royal notions had he entertained of and the crown descend upon the head of a
royal magnificence ; how studiously had grandson of George II. in the full maturity
he weighed and considered the difficulties of manhood ! But as this is more than we
and distreiles of this country ; how anxiour- dare promise ourselves from the age his
ly had he fought a suitable remedy for majesty has already happily attained to,
shem ? And how thoroughly determined and especially from reflecting on the event
was he, to apply it when found, if ever which we now deplore, the fincere grief
the power of applying it fell into his hands!

Even the very foibles and blemitties of

of Britons, for the loss of Frederick prince

of Wales, is, in this respect, justifiable.
his character and conduct, when traced to
their origin, admit of such a kind of pallia. The King of Sweden beir.g lately dead, and
tion, as falls very little short of praise ;

rbe Succel 80 rbal Kingdom being an Af-
for they proceeded man festly from an over: fair of some Intricacy to mely People, we
ardent desire to please and to excel, from too imagine ebe fo lowing Acciunt of bat Seca
fond and eager a passion for glory, and

celfion, and of the Family of tbe late King,
too impatient an ambition to be diftinguith- as likewise ebe Declaration made and signed
ed as much by his importance and useful- E

by ebe new King, in full Senare, upon bis Ac-
ness, as by his birth, rank and expectations ; cellion, will not be disagreeable to our Readers.
which it was no otherwise in his power to
be, than as he had the dexterity and inge- Landgrave of Heffe Caffel, eldest son
nuity to create his own opportunities. of Charles Landgrave of Helle Caffel,

In our whole story, we find but one heir- and Mary Amelia, fifter of Caffimir duke
apparent, like him hurried off in the me. af Courland, was born in 1676 ; and in
rdian of his life, when all the hopes of 1609, married Louisa Dorothea Sophia,
the publick centered in him ; and who,


daughter of Frederick king of Pruffia, who like him allo, was every way disposed to dying without issue in 1705, he married graft the honour and happiness of himself the princess Eleonora, youngest daughter and his posterity, upon the honour and of Charles XI. late king of Sweden, who happiness of his people.

on her brother Charles XII. being killed And tho' his lamp expired in the ordi- before Frederickshall in Norway, Dec. 21, nary way, yet as it never blazed brighter, 1758, was elected by the states queen of or promised more comfort to a nation, Sweden, on condition of restoring them than when it was nearly burned out, the their antient rites and liberties; and the suddenness of its excinction was so much Gresigning the crown in favour of her conthe more fenfibly felt, and the darkness we fort in 1720, he was elected king of Swe. were as suddenly surrounded with, was so den, and crowned, May 3, 1721, on che much the more rerrifying.

like conditions agreed to by the queen, A disconfolate widow ; - a group of of lodging both the legislative and executive helpless innocents ;~a circle of sympa- power in the states, and leaving the prince ikizing friends ;-and every osher corre.


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