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1751 PROCEEDINGS of the POLITICAL CLUB, &c. 161 of. This really, Sir, appears so ri- do; but 10,000l. is too large a sum diculoas, that I am ashamed of it, for most men to invest in such a new and yet it is certainly the case ; for and precarious trade, and most men à company can never carry, on any like to have the whole management trade at fo cheap a rate as private of what money they employ in trade, men may do, and London is the most nor will any man living in the north inconvenient port in the kingdom, A of Scotland chuse to have the acthat herring buffes can be sent from, counts of his outset under the inspec. or fitted out at ; because it is more tion of the society of London. distant from the proper places for Therefore I am much afraid, that fishing than any port in Holland, this London company will be like, and the voyage more tedious and more the dog in che manger : They can dangerous; and the building and fit- neither carry on the trade themselves, ting up of busses at London will be B por will they allow others to carry more expensive than at any other it on; and I am sure, the company port in the kingdom, because the can be of no service to the governwages of workmen are much higher ment, with respect to the discovery than any where else. For these rea. or prevention of frauds. fons, Sir, I think it is almoft a de. I cannot therefore see, Sir, what monstration, that whatever may

occasion we had for a company : I expected from the chambers at the C am sure, it will be a cramp upon the other ports of the kingdom, the trade, rather than of any advantage company at London can never carry to it, and it is so evident, that the on the trade with success, because they company mult lose by their trade, if will always be underfold by the Dutch, they carry on any, that few men if not by the chambers at other ports. will engage in it with that view.

Then, Sir, as to the chambers, I am therefore afraid, that there is if any such be set up in the north of D some ftockjobbing scheme, or some Scotland, they may, by means of the fuch fraudulent scheme in view premiums allowed them, come in for of some of those concerned a share of the trade with the Dutch ; if this should at last appear to be but why should you put those pre. the case, or if the company should miums, or at least, the 31. per cent. honestly and fairly engage in the onder the management of a company trade, and in a few years exhaust at London? Or why should you con- E their capital, as they will probably fine the 3l. per cent to the company do, it will be such a discourage. and the chambers? Why should not ment as will, for many years, preevery private man, that will rikk 500 vent others from engaging in it. or icool. in this trade, have the For this reason, Sir, I think we fame encouragement, so as the whole fhould reject the bill now before us, does not exceed 500,oool, that the fince it is such a one as cannot be publick may be certain what sum F amended ; and because we cannot it has to pay yearly upon this ac- propose to have another bill brought count? If this had been done, I am in and passed this session, we thould persuaded, that many private men address his majelty to order the board would have engaged in the trade, of trade to prepare such a scheme a. and would have gone to settle gainst next session, as they may think at, and fic out buftes from, the will be effectual for promoting the northern ports of Scotland ; where, G white herring fishery, and other fihby being near the proper places eries, upon the coasts of Britain and for fishing, they might have carried Ireland. it on at a much less

expence

chan (1 his JOURNAL to be continued in it is poffible for the Dutch to our nexe.) April, 1751.

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A MARRIAGE by Bill of EXCHANGE. April

The London correspondent read over and over the odd article, which

put the future - spouse on the same The followving humourous Adventure of a

foot with the bales of goods he was Marriage negotiated by Bill of Ex,

to send to his friend ; and after adchange, in one of the English lands miring the prudent exactness of the in America, was received by a Vil A American, and his laconick Itile, in fel lately arriv'd from Jamaica. Dated, Kingiton, Jan. 26, 1750-1.

enumerating the qualifications which

he infifted on, he endeavoured 10 Merchant originally come from serve him to his mind; and after ma.

London, having acquired à ny inquiries, he judged he had found great fortune in that itland, conclud- a lady fit for his purpose, in a young ed with himself he could not be hap- person of a reputable family, but no py in the enjoyment of it, unless he B fortune ; of good humour, and of a shared it with a woman of merit ; polite education; well shaped, and and knowing none to his fancy, he more than tolerably handsome. He resolved to write to a worthy corre- made the proposal to her as his friend spondent of his at London. He had directed, and the young gentleknow no other stile than that he used woman, who had no fubsistence but in his trade ; therefore, treating af from a cross old aunt, who gave her fairs of love as he did his business, C a great deal of uneasiness, accepted after giving his friend in a letter se. it. A ship bound for that island was veral commissions, and reserving this then fitting out at Bristol ; the genfor the last, he went on thus: “Item, tlewoman went on board the same, seeing that I have taken a resolution together with the bales of goods, beto marry, and that I do not find a ing well provided with all necessaries, suitable match for me here, do not and particularly with a certificate in fail to send by next ship bound hither, D due form, and indorsed by the cor. a young woman of the qualification respondent.' She was also included and form following: As for a por. in the invoice, the last article of tion, I demand none ; let her be of which ran thus: “ Item, a maid of 21 an honell family ; between 20 and years of age, of the quality, shape, 25 years of age ; of a middle fta

and conditioned as per order ; as ap. ture, and well proportioned; her pears by the afidavits and certificates face agreeable, her temper mild, her the has to produce.” Writings, which character blameless, her health good, were thought necessary, to so exact and her constitution strong enough to a man as the future husband, were, bear the change of the climate, that an extract of the parish register ; a there may be no occasion to look out certificate of her character signed by for a record thro' lack of the first,

the curare ;

an attestation of her foon after she comes to hand ; which neighbours, setting forth that he had must be provided against as much as F for the space of three years lived with poflible, considering the great dis- an old aunt who was intolerably peetance, and the dangers of the sea. vilh, and that she had not, during all If the arrives, and conditioned as that time, given her faid aunt the least abovesaid, with the present letter in- occasion of complaint. And lastly, dorsed by you, or, at least, an at- the goodness of her conftitution was tested copy thereof, that there may certified, after consultation, by four be no mistake or imposition ; 1 here-G noted physicians. Before the gentle. by oblige and engage myself to fa- woman's departure, the London cortisfy the laid letter, by marrying the reipondent fent several letters of adbearer at 15 days fight. In witness vice by other ships to his friend, whereof I subscribe this, &c." whereby he informed him, that per

such

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1751

Second Letter on Pope Clement's Bull. 163 such a ship he sent him a young wo: Recapitulation of what was said man of such an age, character, and in the former. (See p. 67-74.) condition, &c. in a word, such as he The Defign of this fecord Letter is desired to marry. The letters of ad- to consider fome other Excufes that vice, the bales, and the gentlewo- were fuggested, or Evasions that man, came safe to the port; and our might be invented, in favour of American, who happened to be one A this Bull; in which the Writer! of the foremost on the pier at the la- proceeds thus. dy's landing, was

I enter upon the ." person, him called by his name, told hiin, liitle analysis of this bull. It ha's “Sir, I have a bill of exchange up. two parts; the firit concerns the on you, and you know that it is not vows that the king and queen of usual for people to carry a great deal B France may have made, and may: of money about them in such a long make for the future. The other re." voyage as I have now made ; I beg lates to the oaths, by which they the favour you will be pleafed to pay might have engaged themselves to ic.” At the same time she gave him

any thing his correfpondent's letter, on the " We rcadily acquiesce to your back of which was writ, “ The bear. deires, says the pope. Wherefore, er of this is the spouse you ordered C inclined to favour your requeits, we me to send you." Ha, Madam!

grant an indulgence, by these presents, said the American, I never yet fuf. as well to you as to your fucceffors, fered my bills to be protested, and I kings and queens of France, that swear this Mall not be the firlt: I the confeffor that each of you thall shall reckon myself the most fortu. chule, may commute into other works nate of all men, if you allow me to of piety, the vows which you may discharge it." Yes, Sir, replied D have already made, or may make she, and the more willingly, fince I hereafter, (except only the vows of ain apprized of your character. We beyond sea, of visiting the churches had several persons of honour on of the blessed Peter and Paul, of board, who knew you very well, chastity and continence, as alio and who, during my past:ge, have power to commute the oaths by you answered all the questions I asked taken, or to be taken for the future them concerning you, in to advan. E by you and them, which you cannot tageous a manner, that it has raised conveniently keep." in me a perfect esteem for you.' I kept to this last article in my This first interview was in a few

foregoing letter, as being what is days after foilowed by the nuptials, most triking in the bull. However, which were very magnificent. The if you think proper, we will say new married couple are satisfied with something also of the vows, were id their happy anion made by a bill of F only out of mere curiotiry. Cpon exchange, which was the inolt fortu- this head ve cannot complain of nace that had happened in that island the too great indulgence of the pope. for many years.

On the contrarv, he seems too rigid

* in the cases excepted from the dif. We shall here give our Riadir's the

pensation Subjlence of the focord Latter, from I own to you, Sir, I could not a Librarian of Geneva, upon an G have guefled the reason of theie exz extraordinary Bull of Pope Cie. ceptions, nor conceived any thing MENT VI. omitting, fir Breviły's of it, had I not an opportunity of Sukt, the Introduction, which is a conversing with a learned ecclesi

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164 A curious Account of some VOWS, April astick, who lived a long time at power to commute. This exception Rome, and very well knows the stile also is difficult to be accounted for, and the practices of that church. in whatever manner it be understood. We read over the bull together. I The prince called to the crown observed to him my surprize at the might before have made a vow of pope's seeming to concern himself so celibacy. I think, from the momuch for the voyage beyond-sea, or A ment he ascended the throne, he ought the croisades; and that I thought they to be released from that vow, that were no longer in question in the he might have children to succeed 14th century, but must have been him. Another supposition is, that entirely ceased. He answered me, the king and queen, out of a devotion that the three articles excepted in the very common at that time, might, bull might be an antient form, which have made a vow, tho' married, to having began in the time of the B live in continence. But neither did croisades, might have been conti. this vow fuit the sovereign princes, nued in the Roman datary by a kind and the pope ought immediately to of rote of the secretaries. But be absolve them from it, should they fides this, he added, that in the time even have had children already, and of Clement VI. the popes had not tbat, because death might take them altogether Jaid aside the thoughts of away from them. He ought not the conquest of the Holy Land, that Cthen to refuse the king's confessor this devout chimera still ran in thcir the power of dispensing with this heads, and that this pope had brought vow, or at least commuting it, as king John into a new project of a well as so many others. croisade; which, however, could not The abbé to whom I tarted these be executed.

difficulties, answered them, by ob. The second case excepted in the serving to me, that the

popes

had dispensation seems much less impor- D always looked upon the vow of tant ; it is of a vow to go to Rome chastity as one of the most sacred on pilgrimage, ad limina apoftolorum, and most respectable. In regard to that is, to visit the churches of St. the inconveniency there would be in Peter and St. Paul. My ecclefiaftick making the sovereigns observe it, he gave me the following reason, why represented to me, that tho the holy the pope would not remit this vow : father excepts in his bull this vow, « The popes, faid he, have always E and some others, he did not think looked upon this proceeding of the for that reason that they ought to be princes as of great consequence, inviolable. He only meant by it, They have understood it as a kind that it was not for the king's confessor of homage paid them by crowned to dispense with them, because he heads. By this journey of devotion reserved those ca to himself. they seemed to acknowledge the fu. After this little commentary, which periority of the pope, and the au- F I am fure, Sir, will not displease thority of the holy fee." Do you you, let us come to the important not believe, Sir, that, besides this point, which is that of the oaths. abbé's reason for urging the vow, If you have found the holy father those sort of pilgrimages brought a a little scrupulous in granting a difgreat deal of money to Rome, elpe- pensation for certain vows, which cially when they were princes whom seem to you of no great consequence, devotion brought thither? G you will find him more tractable up

Finally, the vow of chastity and on the rest : Full power to the concontinence, 'is also excepted' from fessors of the kings of France, in chose that the king's confessor had perpetuity, to ablolve them from

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Authentickness of the BULL. 165 . their oaths, when they should be was when those pieces, which they never so little incommoded by them. gave for ancient, were donations in Here is no exception, no limitati. favour of their order. The bull on, as in respect to the vows: They in question is not of that kind, and are disengaged from their oaths for it does not concern them. They fome works of piety, that shall be rather were concerned to suppress it prescribed to them by a confessor of A for the honour of their church, than their own chusing.

to expose it to all the world. Nothing is more commodions for To satisfy you entirely, Dom the princes, whom the pope has a Luke d'Acheri tells us from whence mind to favour, than a like decifion. he had the brief, viz. from a manuBut it is purely what is vague in it, script preserved by the Benedi&tines which has made you think it re- of St. Florent at Saumur, which is quired a new examination. One B a collection of bulls granted by fecan hardly believe, that the head of veral popes in favour of the kings of the church should have exposed him- France *. This monk is not the self to such a degree. Perhaps this only one who has mentioned this bull offends us only because we do piece. John du Tillet, well known not well understand it. Might it among the historians of France, had not receive a good sense ? You have given the substance of it 100 years conversed, you say, with some of your C before the Benedictine. We have a friends about it. They have turned work of his, intitled, An account of it every way to try to make some

the kings of France, their crown and thing tolerable of it, and you have house. In an inventory he gives us caken upon you to be, as it were, of the privileges and indulgences the reporter, to communicate to me granted to the king of France by the all that came into their minds upon popes, we find this title, " A bull it.

D from pope Clement VI. giving power The first doubt which the fingu- to the confessors of king John and larity of this act raised in you, con- queen Joan his wife, to commute the cerns its authentickness. You ark vows by them made, and oaths, into me cherefore, whether it may not other works of charity. Du Tillet be a counterfeit piece ? You desire was chief register of the parliament to know from whence he that has of Paris, and had examined all the given it to the publick, had it. No e records of it. He has led us therething can be more fair than this fore to the spring head, and pointed method. We should always be very out the very trunk where this original fure of a fact, before we pretend bull is locked

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t. to explain it.

You go farther, and add, that it In answer, therefore, I shall ob. is likely Dom Luke d'Acheri, who serve, first, that there might be some was the first that gave this bull enground for your scruple, had it been i tire, did not look upon ie in so bad a any protestant controverfist who had “ light as we. If he had thought it so drawn this odious bull out of dark- ignominious for his church, he would ness. But I think that having it have been aware, you say, of mak. from the hand of a Benedictine, iting it known, without necessity. But cannot be suspected by us. It is this objection proves at molt, that the true, some charters, which had been Benediêtine wanted a little prudence, produced by those monks, great G and was more touched with the fearchers into old titles, have been pleasure of discovering anecdotes, more than once distrusted; but it than with the honour of the holy fee.

After Spicilegium, com. 4, p. 28. In tbe trunk marked wirbin, Bullæ papiles, quamplurino privilegia & facultates regibus concelia continentes. Di Tiller, laff delion, 160728.44.

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