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136 Poetical Essays in MARCH, 1754. If some frail nymph, by youthful passion This now, perhaps, is wrong--yet this we (way'd,

know, From virtue's paths incontinent had stray'd; 'Twas senle and truth a century ago : When banish'd reason re-assum'd her place, When Britain with transcendent glory The conscious wretch bewail'd her foul dir. crown'd, grace ;

[years For high atchievements, as for wit reFled from the world and pass'd her joyless nown'd,

[part, In decent solitude and pious tears :

Cull's from each growing grace the purest Veil'd in some convent made her peace And cropt the flowers from every, bloomwith heavin, [given. ing art,

(talk And almost hop'd-by prudes to be for- Our noblest youth would then embrace the Not so of modern wh-s th'illustrious Of comick humour, or the mystick marque. train,

'Twas theirs t'encourage worth, and give Renown's Constantia, Pilkington, and, to bards Grown old in fin, and dead to am'rous joy, What now is spent in boxing and in cards : No acts of penace their great souls em- Good sense their pleasure-virtue fill their ploy ;

(vance, guide, Without a bluth behold eachi nymph ad- And English magnanimity-their pride. The luscious horoine of her own romance ; Methinks, I see, with fancy's magick eye, Each harlot triumphs in her loss of fame, The shade of Shakespear, inyon azure sky. And boldly prints and publishes her Thame. On yon high cloud behold the bard advance,

Grasping all nature with a single glance : On Miss P-yH-,

In various attitudes arcund him stand

The paffions, waiting for his dread com. ELL me no more of Celia's face,

mand. or Chloe's locks, or Cynthia's air ; First kneeling love before his feet appears, Venus has lavish'd ev'ry grace

And musically fighing melts in tears. On the more beautecus PyH. Near him fell jealousy with fury hurns, Adieu, ye city belles; no more

And into storms the amorous breathings Your studied charms have pow's to move : turns ;

[draws ncar, Take, ye fantastick beaus! the store ; Then hope with heaven-ward look, and joy Tis Polly I alone can love.

While pallied terror trembles in the rear. No coral, jet, nor damask rose

Such Shakespear's train of horror and Shall paint her lips, or checks, or hair ;

delight, Not all the products Flora Mows,

And such we hope to introduce to night. Can with fair Polly's charms compare.

But if, tho' just in thought, we fail in fact, Upon her beauteous face is fix'd

And good intention ripens not to a&, The queen of love's triumphant sway;

Weigh our design, your censure Bill defer While Cupid and the Graces mix'd

When truth's in view, 'tis glorious e'en to
Around her eyes for ever play.
Ah! why so many charms confessid,

E p I L O G V E.
In one angelick form fo fair?
Were they to wound a hopeless breast

Spoken by DESDEMONA.
Or drive the admirer to despair ?-

TRUE woman to the latt-my peroraO torture dreadful to be bore !

tion Still to behold, yet still to pine :

I come to speak in 'pight of fuffocation ; Or let me never see her more,

To show the present and the age to come, Or let the beauteous prize be mine.

We may be choak'd, but never can be dumb. Hatfield, March 12,

T. S.

Well now, methinks, I see you all run oui, 1750.

And haíte away to lady Bragwell's rout;

Each modith sentiment to hear and weigh, An Occafional PROLOGUE 10 OTHELLO,

Of those who nothing think, and all things as it was acted at Drury-Lane Theatre,

lay. by Perfons of Diflinction for ibeir Diverfion. Prudella first in parody begins. CHILE mercenary actors tread the

(For nonsense and buffoonery are twins)

" Can beaux the court for theatres exAnd hireling scribblers lash or full the age, change ?

Arar Ours be the talk t'instruct and entertain, I swear by heaven 'tis frange, 'iis polling Without one thought of glory or of gain, “ And very wliimsical, and nighty dull, Virtue's her own-from no externalcause Ard pitiful, and wond'rous pitiful : She gives, and me demands the self-ap- I wish I bod not beard i--Blessed dame!" plause :

[relt bays, Whene'er the speaks, her audience with the Home to her breast she brings the hearts lamc. Heedless alike of profit, and of praise.




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Poetical ESSAY'S in MARCH, 1751. 137 Next Neddy Nicely-" Fye, O fye, good

Let lively fümmer bring his roaft,

December Harriot's beauties boat,
“ A nafty man to make his face all black." And spring his nymph preter ;
Then lady Stiffneck Mews her pious rage, The child of winter's honour'd day,
And wonders we thou'd act-upon a flage. And Clora, sweetest fow'r of May,
“Why ma'me, says Coquetilla, a disgrace? Shall yield the palm to her.
Merit in any form may fhew her face : Should goddeffes 'gain leave their skies,
In this dull age the male things ought to And bid a Paris judge the prize

[say. With more than woman's war; “ To teach them what to do, and what to He'd call earth's beauty from the thade, In short, they all with different cavils cram

With one attractive blush array'd, us,

And give the fruit to her.

Y. And only are unanimous to damn us, But still there are a fair judicious few,

On reading the following Inscription, Gin Who judge unbiass'd, and with candour

fold here, cbalked ae ibe Entrance of a view;

avery opulent Fabrick, not many 1000 Who value honesty, tho' clad in buff,

Miles from ibe Parade, And wit, tho*dress'd in an old English ruff. Behold them here- 1 beaming sense descry, Where Satan's p-s is chang'd to Shot from the living lustre of each eye.

Aterling gold. Such meaning (miles each blooming face

A femblant miracle in Rome was wrought, adorn,

When patriot Titus (mell the tribute groai. As deck the pleasure-painted brow of morn;

ADVICE from a Matron to a young Lady, And shew che person of each matchless fair,

conserning WEDLOCK. 'Tho' rich to rapture, and above compare, Is, even with all the skill of heaven defign'd,

PER you lead this, then you'll suppose,

That some new lifted lover
But an imperfect image of their mind;
While chastity unblemith'd and unbrib'd Thro' means of poetry hath chore
Adds a majefick mein that scorns to be His passion to discover.

No, fair one, I'm a matron grave,
Such we will vaunt, and only such as there,

Whom time and care hath wasted, 'Tis our ambition, and our fame to please.

Who would !hy youth from sorrow save,

Which I've in wedlock tasted.
OW happy is Damon, who feels not Thy tender air, thy chearful mein,
the smart

(fond heart; Thy temper so alluring, Of Cupid's Marp arrows, that pierce the Thy form for conquest well design'd, Whose roul's not confin'd by the setters of Gives torments past enduring ; love !


And lovers, full of hopes and fears, From which, 0 ! defend me, ye powers

Surround thy beauties daily, Young Chloe is fair as the sun at noon day,

Whilst yet, regardless of their cares, To lean on her bosom a hermit would pray;

Thy moments pass on gaily. Oft-times have I thought her immortal hy Then pass them, charmer, gailier on, birth;

[to earth.

A maiden whilft you carry ;
And that Jove sent a goddess from heav'n For, troth, your golden days are gone,

The moment that you marry.
But when I discover'd the pride of her mind,
And her temper more fickle than whistling

In courtship we are all divine,
(my eyes į

And vows and prayers ensue us ; I thank'd the kind gods, who had open'd

Darts, fames, and tears adorn our shiine, And praised my friend Damon, and vow'd

And artfully men woo us.
I'd be wise.

Then who'd the darling power forego,
The 16th of February, being the Birth Day

Which ignorance has given ; of Mrs. C. D.

To ease them of eternal woe MILE, happy day, with charms im. Muft we relign our heaven ? prov'd,

No, marriage lets the vizard fall, From thee be ever far remov'd,

Then cease they to adore us ; The winter of the year ;

The goddess links to housewife Moll, Bid ocean roll a silver tide,

And they reign cyrants o'er us. Bid stormy Boreas' rage subside,

Then let no man impression make
And all be calm and fair.

Upon thy heart so tender,
Bid the stream murmur, Zephyr blow, Or play the fool, for pity's lake,
Bid Phoebus (mile, and Britain know

Thy quiet to surrender.
A day, his fav'rice ine;

Lead apes in hell! there's no such things Bd the plum'd choir to raise their lays,

Thore tales are made to toolus, And nature pleas'd all sing thy praise, Tho' there we had hetter bold a Aring, Tis Celia claims their smile,

Then here let monkeys rule us. arch, 17545




wind ;



Monthly Chronologer.

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General court of the S. S. company was held on Feb.

28, when a bye-law was A agreed on for dividing up

on questions that may arisein tu'ure general courts;

and a motion was made for applying to parliament for something more than what is ftipulated by the late treaty with the king of Spain; but another motion was made for adjourning, and carried.

- This court was acquainted from the Secretary of state, that his majesty had given for answer to the company's address presented to him some time ance, that he sad obtained from the king of Spain all that lay in his power, so that

no more could pofsibly be expected.

FRIDAY, March 1. Was held a court of common council at Guildhall, when a motion was made, , and a committee appointed, to draw up a petition to parliament, for leave to bring in a bill to remedy many abuses in the fish. ery of the river of Thames ; who im. mediately withdrew, and soon returned with an address, which, after being read, was ordered to be presented to the Hon. house of commons by the theriffs, which was accordingly done on the same day.

Another motion was made and unani. movily agreed to, that a committee be appointed to enquire into the annual allow. ance made to the lord mayor of this city ; and what the several lord-mayors, for en years, part, may have received in right of their office of lord mayor, and for what end and purpose such allowance was made and granted ; and to report their opinion to the court.

MONDAY, 4. The feftions ended at the Old-Bailey, when the seven following criminals received sentence of death, viz. Henry Cro. ver, for stealing a black gelding ; Joseph Burroughs, for forging and publitting a warrant or order for id. 1os. Richard But. ler, for affifing in forging a seaman's will; John Carr, for publishing a false letter of attorney ; Mary Cainy, for publishing a seaman's forged power of attorney; George Barty, for forging an indortement on the back of a leaman's ticket; and John Alkins, for a burglary.

TUESDAY, 12. His majesty went to the house of peers with the usual solemnity, and gave the royal afsent to the following bills, viz. An act for continuing and granting to his majefty cercain duties upon malt, mum,

cyder and perry, for the service of the year 1751; An act for granting to his majesty a certain sum of money therein mentioned, to be rai ed by way of annuities and a lottery, and charged on the linking fund, redeemable by parliament: An act for enlarging the term and powers granted by an act palled in the 12th year of his present majesty, for repairing the road between Stamford and Grantham in the county of Lir.colo, and for making the lime more effectual : And to four privale bills.

THURSDAY, 14. Was held a general court of the governor and company of the Bank of England, when a dividend of 2 per cent., was agreed to for interest and profits for the half year ending at lady-day: The warrants to be delivered the 22d of April.

WEDNESDAY, 20. About ten o'clock this night departed this life, at Leicetter- house, to the unspeakable grief of the whole nation, the most high, puissant, and mort illuftrious prince, Frederick-Lewis, (eldest son of our most gracious sovereign) prince of Great Britain, electoral prince of Brunswick-Lunenburg, prince of Wales, duke of Cornwall and Rothersay, duke of Gloucester and Edinbuigh, marquiss of the ide of Ely, earl of Chetter, Carrick, and Eltham, viscount of Launcelton, baron of Renfrew and Snaw. don, lord of the ines, steward of Scotland, knight of the moft noble order of the garter, one of his majesty's privy council, chancellor of the university at Dublin, fellow of the royal society, first commissioner for building the royal hospital at Greenwich, and governor of the British White Herring fishery, &c.

This excellent and amiable prince was born, Jan. 20, 1706.7; and on April 27, 1736, married the princess Augusta of Saxe-Goiha ; who, by her close and conItant attendance on her royal confort in this his last fatal illness, kept up the great pattern, she has all along been, of conjugal and maternal affection. By this lady, wko is now again advanced in her pregnancy, his royal highness has left iffue five fons and thiee daughters, viz. Princess Au. gusta, born July 31, .1737.---Prince George, born May 24, 1738 ; who fuc. ceeds his royal father as heir apparent to the crown of these realms, &c.-Prince Edward - Auguftus, horn March 14, 1738.9.Princess Elizabeth-Caroline, born Dec. 30, 1740.--Prince William-Henry, born Nov. 14, 1743, -- Irince Henry-Frederick, born


of peers


The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER. 139 October 27, 1745.—Princess Louisa-Anne, The manner of creating the prince of born March 8, 1748.9.-Prince Frederick - Wales is as follows: William, born May 13, 1750.

He is invested in this principality by the His royal highness may justly be said to imposition of a cap of state, and a coronet have been the joy and hope of Britain, on his head; by delivering a verge of gold the merchants friend, the protector of into his hand, as the emblem of governarts and rc ences, the patron of merit, ment; by putting a gold ring on his finger, the generous reliever of the distressed, the in token that he must be a husband to his accomplished prince, and the fine gentle- country, and a father to his children ; and man in all the parts of private lile; an af- by giving him a patent, to hold the said fectionate husband, an indulgent tender pa. principality to hm and his heirs, kings of rent, a kind master, and an affable, good- England. natured man. He seemed, in all respects, The device of his coronet, beautified formed for the goverrment of a free peo- with thiee ofirich feathers, is, icb Dien, ple; he had made the knowledge of the con- which in Welch fignifies, Here's the Man; Atitution his study and delight, and was a the words said to be used by K. Edward I. greater master of gengraphy and the theory when he lhewed the Welch lords his eldest of commerce, understood its natural ope- fon, born in Wales. Others derive it from rations and effects, and how to apply it the Dutch, in which language lcb Dien for the benefit of the nation, better than is fignifies, I serve. generally imagined.

The Black Prince died on June 8, 1976, We were informed, that his royal high- and on the 25th, at the carneft request of ness's illness was first occafiored by tak- the commons, the young lord Richard, his ing cold in Kew gardens about three fon, came into open parliament before the weeks fince; and being increaled by com- bids ; whom, after the archbishop of Caning on Tuesday the 12th from the house terbury bad commended, the commons,

when extremly warm, with with one voice, prayed at the lords would the windows of the chair down, he make him prince of Wales. But the Iris was fezed wjili a pleurily ; and as his aniwer'd, That it lay not in them, but in highners was judged in ton wek a the king only,to todo. Accordingly, on Nov. ftate to bear farther bleeding, he was im- 20, he was by the king his grandfather, mediately blinlered, and thought to be declared prince of Wales, duke of Cornin a fair way of recovery vill Wednesday, wall, and earl of Chelter ; and on Christ. night at nine o'clock, when his royal mas day following, the king made h mlic highness thought himself pretty well; but down with him at his table, in great about a quarter before ten, he was seized Nate, taking place of all his own children ; with a pain in his breast, upon which he representing thereby that he was to be expresied he had never felt any thing like looked on as the next heir to the crown, it before, and complained that he perceived The form of praying for the royal family, an unusual (mell, like that of a dead corpse, upon the death of his royal highness, was and then immediately threw himself back settled as follows, viz. Tbeir royal bik briefjes and expired. His body was opened next the princess of Wales, tbe duke, tbe prirday, and there was found a large abscess celles, ehe ilue of be prince and princess of upon his lungs, which burit, and is suppo. Wales, and all the royal family. sed to be the immediate cause of his dea:b.

FRIDAY, 22. His royal highness was the 18th prince The following bills were signed by comof Wales of the English blood royal, and mission from his majesty, viz. the land-tax the only one, except Edward the Black bill of 35. in the pound for 1751; the muPrince, who died (at about the same age as tiny bill ; a bill for enabling his majesty his royal highness) in his father's life time, to raise the feveral fums therein mentioned and lelt a lon to succeed him. It is pre- by exchequer bills, to be charged on the sumed therefore, that prince George, eldest finking fund, and for impowering the comfon of his late highness, succeeds to all his miffioners of the treasury to pay off the old father's titles and dignities, without any and new unsubscribed annuities out of the new creation ; Edward Ill. having only supply granted to his majesty, &c. A declared his grandson Richard prince of bill to indemnify persons who have omitted Wales, in the similar cafe abovementioned, to qualify themselves for offices, and emnot created him by a new patent,

ployments, and for allowing further time The eldest son of a king, if born while for that purpose ; a bill for the belier rehis father is on the throne, is, by birth,

gulating of trials by juries; and to several duke of Cornwall, and earl of Chelter and road and private bills. Flint ; but prince of Wales by creation : At night the privy council met at the However, that creation being once made, Cockpit, where there were about 30 memand the pofTeffor dying and leaving male bers present : The physicians and surgeons issue before he succeeds to the throne, it who attended his royal bighness were exseems probable, that the common course of amined in relation to the diftemper which fucceffion to other lionours thould here take occasioned his death ; and orders were islace,

S 2


The Hon. House of commons waited Oreopening the body of his royal high

140 I be MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER. March sued for embalming his body and preparing viz. The ladies to wear black bomhazine, for his funeral.

plajn mahn, or long lawn, crape hoods, SATURDAY, 23.

Thamoy toes and gloves, and crape fans. The aflizes ended at Madstone, when Undressed, dark Norwich crape.-The men i malefactors received sentence of deach. to wear black cloth without buttons on the At the same afhizes 8 persons were con- fleeves or pockets, plain munin or long lawn victed, at the prosecution of the merchants cravats and weepers, Mamoy shots and of this city, on account of the felonies cum- gloves, crape hathands, and black swords mitted on the river Thames and wharfs ad. and buckles. Undressed, dark grey frocks. jacent, fome of them for stealing the more chants goods, and others for receiving them

The Lord Marshal's ORDER for e gènewhen stolen.

ral Mourning. SUNDAY, 24.

In pursuance of an order of council, By order of the lord chamberlain a no. dated the 22d day of March 1750, these fice was fixed up in the hall at St. James's, are to give publick notice, that it is exand another in the hall at Leicester. house, peeted, that all persons, upon the present acquainting the nobility, gentry, &c. that occasion of the death of his royal highness the time fixed for deep mourning for his Frederick prince of Wales, do put themlate royal highness will end on Sunday selves into the deepest mourning, (long the zoth of June next; and that on Sunday, cloaks only excepted) the raid mourning to July 7, will commence the second mourn. beyin on Sunday the gift of this inftant, ing, and to end on Sunday, 08. 6.


EFFINGHAM, M. By an act of parliament, of the roth of his present majesty, a revenue of 50,000l. The Opinion of tbe Phyficians and Surgesss per ann, was ietled on her royal Highness concerning ibe Diftemper wbich occahored the princess of Wales, for life, in cale the

the Dearb of bis late Royal Highness ibe furvived the prince.

Prince of Wales.


ners we on his mjesty with an address of condo- lower belly, or abdomen, found.

Tbe lence for the death of his royal highness cavity of the thorax was naturally con. The prince of Wales, and received a moit tracted and narrow. The lungs on the gracious answer, as follows: That he thanks left side were pertedly found, and without this house very kindiy for their address ; any adhesion to the surrounding parts: The that the affectionate concern which this heart and pericardium without distemper. house has exprefied for the great loss which On the right side upon raihing the ribs we has happened in his family, is very ac- found a cyste or bag situated on the outer ceprabic to his majesty ; and that he re. surface of the lungs and the ribs, which ceives with the utmost fatisfaction the fresh contained half a pint of very fætid matand hearty assurances of their zeal and re- ter. This cyste was about six inches long gard, as his majetty cannot but have from and four in breadth, extending nearly from thence the firmeit reliance on their future the third rib downward to the seventh. The fupporting of his government, and of the coats of this cyfte were near a quarter of protefiant fucceflion in his house.

an inch thick, and strong. This was not His majesty's aniwer to the address of the a new distemper, but must certainly have house of peers, on the same occasion, was been growing there some considerable time. in this purpose: That his majesty thanks The lungs on this lide adhiered strongly to the house of lords for the concern and af. the pericardium ; and these adhering parts fellion which they have exprefled upon had fresh marks of inflammation, with small the late melancholy occafion. His majesly quantities of matter lately formed in several entirely depends upon the continuance of cellular interstices. Between the lower furface their buty and affection to him, and upon of the lungs and the diaphragm we found their future support of his government and near a quarter of a pint of matter, which family.

was likewise apparently newly made. The George Barty being reprieved for trans- lower surface of the lungs and diaphragm portation for life, and Mary Carny being adhered strongly where the matter mendelivered of a child fince her conviction, tioned did not prevent it. In the back part the other five, condemned the last reftion, of this side of the breast there was above were this morning executed at Tyburn, a pint of thin ferous fluid. Tive lobes of viz. Grover, Burroughs, Butler, Carr, and The lungs on this side were not in a perfe& Atkins,

ftate, but had several schirrous tubercles SUNDAY, 31.

dispersed throughout their substance. The The court went into mourning for the matter contained hetween the lungs, perideath of his royal highness the prince of cardium and diaphragm, had broke a comWales, pursuant to the lord chamberlain's munication with the substance of the longs. order, of the 23d. which was as follows,


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