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workman of the like occupation with the slaves to Gin : How many

A LETTER to the Rev. the Vicetrades have been employed to pro

Chancellor of Oxford, to be road vide cloaths, and furnish a homely,

in Convocation. but decent and cleanly habitation

Mr. Vice-Chancellor, for himself, his wife, and healthy

N the course of several years

which I had the honour to be thy abode of gin-drinkers, if they chosen, without sollicitation, one of have any settled abode at all, thall the representatives of the university be void of every thing decent, or in parliament, I have never imputed even' necessary ? And no wonder, that choice to any merit of my own, for this intoxicating liquor, which but have always understood that consumes the little that they earn mark of the favour of the univerficy (and very little they do earn) docs B to me, to have been the effect of ser. literally become their victuals, drink' vices, which the ability and good and cloaths; as variety of tradesmen fortune of my ancestors enabled them daily find by fad experience." to perform to a fociety deserving of

To transcribe every excellency, the best services ; and which a fociin the dedication in question, would ety less deserving would have long be transcribing the whole. But as

fince forgotten. neither justice would permit me to C Intent to acquit myself of this do this, nor the liinits of your useful great truft to the utmost extent of Work, I shall conclude with the fol. my ability, I have considered it nei. lowing Atriking reflection.-" If the ther as the means of cabal nor ad. growing evil (lays the bishop,) is still vancement, but' as a civil trust ; in neglected, and debauchery, vice and the execution of which it has always murder are still to increase; if death been a circumstance particularly a. and hell are to open their jaws yet D greeable to me, to find myself the wider, what can be hoped for here- representative of a free and indepenafter?--Hereafter, when every pre. dent society. And tho I have not tence, I cannot say argument, for this been able to serve that society in oindulgence will have acquired new ther respects as I have wilhed to do, force; when, like other bad practices I have served the university free and bad habits, this also will spread however, and independent ; indeand gain ftrength by time ; when E pendent not only of ambition and private profit will become more ex- interest, but of party too ; without tensive, and of course its efforts which there is no independence.more powerful ; and when large ad. Dependent only upon the great maxditions will be made to the produce , ims of justice, and upon the Spirit of this tax. What is then to be ex- and forms of the conftitutiou of our pected, if no redress, no remedy is country. provided now? The ruinous scene F It has been in that view, particu. that must, in this case, e'er long ap. larly, that I have found satisfaction pear, is too plain to need description, in every confirmation of the choice and too dreadful to be looked upon of me by the university, as a de. without the utmost grief and horror!" monstration to myself and to the

That the above patriot reflections world, of their approbation of the may have their due weight with impartiality of my conduct ; and those whose province, whote duty it G which, in that light, has reflected is to remedy every publick cvil, is perhaps no disonour upon themthe hearty prayer ofni

felves. SIR,

But as I believed from the first, Your humble servant, and have long experienced, that a LYCURGUS.

treft

2

1751. Supplement to the Economy of Human Life. 115 trust of such a nature, and so under- the university is, and ought to be to stood, is no light undertaking, I the good order and to the constituti. have for some time perceived my on of my country, as well as to the health particularly unequal to that enlightning and adorning it. It must service ; unable to perform the duty therefore ever be my ardent with, to of attendance in the house of com. see that source of national welfare mons ; unsatisfied to let any perso. A unincumbered with whatever may nal considerations of my own (even interrupt the constant course of real that of health itself) interfere, how. knowledge and virtue ; which atrenever necessary, with my services tive and fenfible discipline will ever which I owed to the university, and produce, and which are so efíential to my country : Convinced too, be. to the honour and interest of the yond a doubt, from some experi university, and to the service, the ence, that my continuance in the B happiness, and the glory of the house -of commons would produce kingdom necessarily to be derived no advantage to either, I please my- from thence. self in thinking that I do the best In my situation I shall never lose service I can now do to the univer- fight of these great interests ; and it fity, in giving them an opportunity will always be the highest satisfaction to make a better choice. And I to me to see the real interests of the have therefore accepted the honour C univerhty pursued by themselves, and (which his majelty's goodness would advanced by others'; as it would be perhaps have conferred on me some the greatelt happiness to me to ap. years ago) of being called up to the prove myself, upon all occasions, barony of my father, in the house their grateful servant and their faithof lords : An honour which I have ful friend. received now with the greater will. With these sentiments of my heart, ingness, because I had full confidence D I take my leave of the univerfity, that I should occasion thereby nej. refigning the truft which they reposed ther prejudice nor inconvenience of in me ; and I persuade myself, that any kind to the university; whose they will do me the justice to beinterests and honour I must ever have lieve me, with the greatest gratitude at heart, and whose quiet and unani- and regard, mity, if pollible, I must therefore Their long obliged, particularly with preserved upon all e and ever-faithtul servant, &c. occasions, and especially in the exercise of this great privilege, in A SUPPLEMENT to the OECONOMY which they have so singularly main- of Human LIFE *In the same tained an independence and dignity, Manner and Stile. fo glorious to themselves, so exein

REPENT ANCE. plary to the rest of the nation, so truly preserving the spirit as well as F

TTEND, O man of earth! the forms of the constitution of Eng

Let the words of wisdom take land.

root in thy heart. Listen to counsels In being thus removed from their which point out the way to the land immediate service, the university, 1 of peace. hope, will do me justice to believe, But man hath perverted his way. I can never withdraw myself from The glaring lightning of wild de. my attachment to that society. For

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fires hath turned his eyes from the besides perfonal obligations to my- gentle rays of truth. He hach forfelf, which I must always acknow. laken her steps, which lead to the ledge, I know of what consequence garden of pure delight.

P 2

Though • See some exiramos from:bis admired piece, is our Mag. for Dec, laff, p. 550-553

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his eyes.

men.

Though her excellency reacheth to wings to the sorrowful. Let the the heavens, and her perfection is to penitent fly from the ways of folly, endure for ever: Yet man, betrayed and return no more. Let the tears hy the false colouring of deceit, of contrition prepare for the flowings hath despised her counsel. Sensual

of mercy life hath prevailed ; and the chick Take comfort, ye true mourners. fog of concupiscence hath blinded A Fix your eyes on the dawn of com

passion, till the heavens shall pour The spotless rose of innocence is

down the mid-day of glory, and withered: And the baleful flowers Paradise be opened to the children of of destruction are sprung up in her room.

The delusive path of error hath As a Bill is now depending in the turned him aside. He hath paft B House of Lords for fixing the Bethrough the broad and flattering gate ginning of the Year to the first of of vice : And, lost in the milt of January, instead of the 25th of appetite, or cloud of ambition, he March, as well as for altering the wanders in the labyrinth of per- Old Stile to the New Stile; (see p. plexity and death.

92.) for the Reasonableness and ExWho can be found to disperse the pediency of the former, we refer our milt, dispel the cloud, or lay open C

Readers to our Magazine for 1747, the labyrinth, which holds the feet

p. 173. And we think the followof the strayed ?

ing concise but clear Account of the It is written on the walls of Pa. Grounds on which the latter Part radise ; it is ingraven in the courts of the Bill proceeds, cannot be unof Heaven ; it glows more bright acceptable. than the rays of the sun over the Y

D is supposed to consist of 365 Favour is reserved for the ciildren of days and fix hours. The odd hours, pan.

added together, amounting every An hour shall come, when the de- fourth year to a day, three years cree of the Most High will go forth. successively consist cach of 365 days, The declaration of mercy Thall be and the fourth year of 366, which published on earth, and pardon pro- is called leap year. claimed to the man who turncth to E But the true solar year consisting wisdom.

only of 365 days, 5 hours, 49 minutes, It is recorded in the roll of the and 16 seconds, there is an overwise ; that a star af splendor, pre- seckoning of 10 minutes and 44

se. cminent in the heavens, ihall pre- conds every year ; which, of concede the divine Messenger * Oye sequence, has made a variation of who are bound in the fatal fetters of one day, in every 134 years that appetite and pasfion! be ready to F have passed fince the first settling this welcome your Deliverer. Strew his account : By which means the vernal way with the beauties of the flowery equinox, or sun's entrance into Aries, meadows of Tibet.

is now on the roth of March, which Till that heap-rejoicing hour of in Julius Cæsar's time was on the brightnels shall arise, let hope give 241h.

Pope Our correspondent seems bere robove in bis eye, what Suetonius and Tacitus, and other bearben uriters say, That an opinion, lime out of mind, bad prevaiked all over the East, obat a preff extraordinary person fould arise from among tbe Jews, who should obtain the empire of be zorld; wbicb many cbrifliams bave applied to our blijed Saviour ; and Tacirus saying, obar ibis was contained in i be most entient books of the priests, may fuit very well to ibe OEconomy of Human Life, wbicb, by ebe Letter prefixed, is supposed to be wroie by a Bromin ling befora ibe coming of our Saviour.

throne of the Omnipotent One, thaed By the

Julian account the year

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1751. The Gregorian er New Stile the most exact.

117 Pope Gregory XIII, finding the by which you may easily observe, Julian account to be erroneous, re- that in process of time, if our Stile folved upon a reformation of it, is not rectified, the times of the seawhich he finished in the year 1582, sons of the year will be very much and which from him is called the changed, and we fall err most egreGregorian account, or New Stile. giously in the fixt as well as movea

The pope in his reformation look - A ble feasts ; as indeed the error is too ed no further back than the time of confiderable already to be disregard- the council of Nice, which was held ed. in the year 325, and finding the ver- Pope Gregory, in the year 1582, nal equinox was then on the 21st of observing this material difference, in March, he ordered ten days of the order to restore the vernal equinox year 1582 to be omitted, which was to the zift of March, as supposed done by calling the 5th of O&tober B at the Nicene Council

, rejected tea (his birth-day) the 15th ; so that the days (at which time the equinox was next vernal equinox, which otherwise so much anticipated) in the Julian would have been on the uth, fell year, and made the sith of March on the 21st of March.

(the day whereon the vernal equiAnd to prevent errors of the like nox then happened) to be the zisti nature for the future, he ordered the and, in order to fix it there, ordered fubtracting three days from every re. C every roodth year, which should be volution of 400 years, which was to biffextile, to be but a common year, be done by omitting the 29th day of for three centuries successively, and February at the end of three centu- the fourth century to be bissextile i ries successively, and at the end of and so on continually. the fourth century to retain it. According to this inftitution there

This is the reason, that before the will not be above one hour 54 mi29th of February, 1700, the diffe- D nutes difference between the civil and rence between the New and Old solar year in 400 years, which will Stile was only 10 ; whereas since not amount to an entire day in 50 that time it has been u days. centuries ; which is near as much

time as the vulgar account of the As the follo-wing Account is fome- creation : Therefore, the moveable what more minute and circumstantial, and fixt feasts being once set upon ewe have thought fit likewise to insert E good fooţing, they will continue so, it.

for 60,000 years, without differing The kalendar, as rectified by pope from the original institution, any Gregory XIII. is much the belt and more than the Julian account differs correctest for regulating the movea- at this present time. (See more of ble feasts, and will continue agreea- this in our Mag. for 1747, p. 162.) ble to the solar year for a long series of time, with but very little variati- f From the PhiloSOPHICAL Trans

ACTIONS, No. 493, just published. Consider how much the Julian account has erred in time since the Ni- A Description of an extraordinary ccne council, in the year of Christ Rainbow obferved by Peter Daval, 325. The fun then entered the ver- Esq; Sec. R. S. nal equinox, March 20, (tho' the N Monday, July 18, 1748, a.

'The fan entered the vernal equi- G the evening, the weather being tembox this present year, March 9, in perate, and the wind about N. N. W." the afternoon, which is eleven days' as I was walking in the fields, bebetween the solar and civil Julian yond Illington, I saw a distant rain. year, in the space of 1426 years ;

bow.

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bow, which appeared to take in a non, I was surprised, that the dialarge portion of the heavens; but meter of the bow appeared to me had nothing remarkable, and vanished very small, compared with that I by degrees.

had seen a little before. The oc. Continuing my walk, about 20 casion of this, I think, must have minutes after the disappearing of been, that the legs of the first-menthe first rainbow, a rainy cloud A tioned bow appeared to me to tera crossed me, moving gently with the minate at distant places : Whereas wind, which exhibited to me a more in the latter appearance I could perfect and distinct rainbow than I plainly see both ends of the inner had ever before seen; wherein I could and outer bows terminate, in the plainly distinguish all the secondary or- neighbouring fields, at a very small ders of colours taken notice of by the distance from each other : Hence, late Dr. Langwith, in his letter to Dr. B and from my being involved in the Jurin, published in the Philosophical shower which occasioned this rain- .

Transactions, No. 375; that is to bow, I conclude it was very near say, within the purple of the com- me; which might be one cause of mon rainbow, there were arches of the great vividness of its colours, and the following colours ; 1. Yellowish of my diftinguishing the inner arches. green, darker green, purple. 2. But whether this was the only cause Green, purple. 3. Green purple. C of those appearances, or whether they

This innermost arch Dr. Lang; might not be owing to some particular with calls fair: vanishing purple, and I disposition of the atmosphere at that likewise found, that it iometimes ap- time, I much quettion : As well befeared and disappeared alternately; cause I have often seen rainbows, but during about two minutes it which have been very near me, and feemed to me to be as permanent as opposed to a bright fun, wherein I any of the other colours.

D could not discern these inner orders I stood ftill, and looked attentively of colours, as that I have heard from. at this appearance, during the whole some intelligent persons, that soine time of its continuance, which was very bright rainbows were seen soon near eight minutes, and could for after the folar eclipse which hapthe greatest part of that time dit- pened on July 14, 1748* ; particularcern all the above mentioned co

ly, that an unusually vivid and diflours, except the innermost purple, E tinct rainbow was observ'd at Twick. in the upper parts of the bow ; but enham three or four days after that could not distinguish any of them in eclipse; which agrees with the day those parts of it which were near on which I saw the above mentioned, the horizon, tho' they were ex. appearance. iremely vivid, as was likewise the outer bow, in which the colours ap- Extrait of a Letter from Mr. W. peared as bright, tha' not fo well F Aideron, F. R. S. 10 Mr. H. dehned, as in most inner rainbows Baker, F. R. S. giving an Ace I had seen.

count of the projent Condition of the As I had read Dr.Langwith's letter Roman Camp at Caftor in Nor. a short time before I saw this beauti

folk, ful appearance, and as I compared THE town of Castor is at prehis account with what I had seen, sent in a very low condition, the same evening, and again the next G containing no more than between 20

G morning, I can the better be assured

and 30 small cottages.

It stands of the exact agreement of our ob- about 4 miles S. W. of Norwich, fervations.

and by tradition, and some learned On my first seeing this phænome.

* See London Magazine for 1748, p. 335.

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authors,

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