Heating and Ventilating Buildings: A Manual for Heating Engineers and Architects

Front Cover
J. Wiley & Sons, 1900 - Heating - 408 pages
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Contents

Maxima and Minima Thermometers
12
Use of Thermometers
13
Specific Heat
14
Latent Heat
15
Diffusion of Heat
17
Conduction of Heat
18
Convection or Heating by Contact
19
Systems of Warming
20
CHAPTER II
21
ARTICLE
23
Diffusion of Gases
24
CO
25
NitrogenArgon 26 Analysis of
27
Determination of Humidity of the
29
Amount of Air Required for Ventilation
31
Influence of the Size of the Room on Ventilation
34
Force for Moving the Air
35
Measurements of the Velocity of
37
The Flow of Air and Gases
40
The Effect of Heat in Producing Motion of
43
The Inlet for
44
The Outlet for
48
Ventilationflues
49
Summary of Problems of Ventilation
50
Dimensions of Registers and Flues
52
CHAPTER III
54
Loss of Heat from Walls of Buildings
55
Heat Required for Purposes of VentilationTotal Heat Re quired
57
CHAPTER IV
60
Heat Emitted by Radiation
61
Heat Removed by Convection Indirect Heating
63
Total Heat Emitted
64
Material of Radiators
67
Methods of Testing Radiators
69
Measurement of Radiating Surface
73
Effect of Painting Radiating Surfaces
74
Results of Tests of Radiating Surface
75
Tests of Indirect Heating Surfaces
79
Conclusions from Radiator Tests
83
Probable Efficiency of Indirect Radiators 55 Temperature Produced in a Room by a given Amount of Sur face when Outside Temperature is High
84
CHAPTER V
87
Wroughtiron Pipe
89
Pipe Fittings
92
Valves and Cocks
98
Airvalves
102
Expansion Joints
105
PAGE
107
Vertical Pipe Steam Radiators
109
Castiron Steam Radiator
110
Hotwater Radiator
113
Direct Indirect Radiator
116
CHAPTER XIII
118
Proportion of Parts of a Radiator
119
CHAPTER VII
120
General Requisites of Steam Boilers
121
Boiler Horsepower
122
Relative Proportions of Heating to Grate Surface
123
29
125
Water Surface in BoilerSteam and Water Space
126
Requisites for Perfect Steamboiler
127
Classification of Boilers
128
Horizontal Tubular Boiler
130
Locomotive and Marine Boilers
131
79a Vertical Boilers
132
Watertube Boilers
133
Hotwater Heaters
135
Classes of Heatingboilers and Heaters
136
Heatingboilers with Magazines
141
Heatingboilers for Soft Coal
142
CHAPTER VIII
143
Setting of Heatingboilers
147
The Safetyvalve 149
149
Appliances for Showing the Level of the Water in Boiler
152
Methods of Measuring Pressure
153
Thermometers
156
Blowoff Cocks or Valves
157
Care of Hotwater Heaters
171
Explosions of Hotwater Heaters
176
CHAPTER IX
178
Systems of Piping
180
Systems of Piping Used in Hot water Heating
185
Combination Systems of Heating
188
Pipe Connections Steamheating Systems
191
Pipe Connections Hotwater Heating Systems
193
Position of Valves in Pipes
195
Piping for Indirect Heaters
196
Comparisons of Pipe Systems
197
DESIGN OF STEAM AND HOTWATER SYSTEMS 117 General Principles
201
Amount of Heat and Radiating Surface Required for Warm ing
202
ARTICLE PAGE 119 The Amount of Surface Required for Indirect Heating
209
Summary of Approximate Rules for Estimating Radiating Surface
215
Flow of Water and Steam
217
Size of Pipes to Supply Radiating Surfaces
222
Size of Return Pipes Steam Heating
227
Size of Pipes for Hotwater Radiators
228
Size of Ducts and Ventilating Flue for Conveying Air
232
Dimensions of Registers
235
Summary of Various Methods of Computing Quantities Re quired for Heating
236
Heating of Workshops and Factories
245
CHAPTER XI
247
Proportions of Radiating Surface and Main Pipes Required in Exhaust Heating
249
Systems of Exhaust Heating with Less than Atmospheric Pres sure
251
Combined High and Lowpressure Heating Systems
255
Pump Governors
256
The Steam Loop
257
Reducing Valves
258
Transmission of Steam Long Distances
260
CHAPTER XII
268
General Form of a Furnace
270
Proportions Required for Furnace Heating
272
Airsupply for the Furnace
275
Pipes for Heated Air
276
The Areas of Registers or Openings into Various Rooms
278
Circulating Systems of Hot Air
280
Combination Heaters
281
General Directions for Operating a Furnace
282
FORCEDBLAST SYSTEMS OF HEATING AND VENTILATING ARTICLE PAGE 149 General Remarks
283
Ducts or FluesRegisters
284
Blowers or Fans
289
Heating Surface Required
291
Size of Boiler Required
292
Systems of Ventilation without Heating
298
Heating with Refrigerating Machines
299
Cooling of Rooms
300
CHAPTER XIV
301
FormulŠ and General Considerations
304
Construction of Electrical Heaters
306
Connections for Electrical Heaters
309
CHAPTER XV
310
Regulators Acting by Change of Pressure
311
Regulators Operated by Direct Expansion
315
Regulators Operated with MotorGeneral Types
316
Pneumatic Motor System
318
Saving Due to Temperature Regulation
320
CHAPTER XVI
322
General Requirements
323
Form Proposed by the National Association of Manufacturers of Heating Apparatus
326
Form of Uniform Contract
336
ARTICLE PAGE
340
Duty of the Architect
347
LITERATURE AND REFERENCES
353
TABLES
359
SI 34
362
35
363
44
364
59
366
69
367
79
368
84
369
INDEX
401
Copyright

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Page 338 - IX. It is hereby mutually agreed between the parties hereto that the sum to be paid by the Owner to the Contractor for said work and materials shall be$.. subject to additions and deductions as hereinbefore provided, and that such sum shall be paid in current funds by the Owner to the Contractor in installments, as follows : The final payment shall be made within days after this contract is fulfilled.
Page 339 - If any lien remains unsatisfied after all payments are made, the Contractor shall refund to the Owner all moneys that the latter may be compelled to pay in discharging such a lien, including all costs and a reasonable attorney's fee.
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