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Aspersion, sprinkling. T. 4, 1.
Assay (fr. essai) try, taste. KL. 1, 2. MM. 3, 1.
TA. 4, 3.

Assinego, or asinego, a young ass, a silly fellow, fool. TC. 2, 1. A portuguese word. to Assubjugate, to lower, discredit. TC. 2, 3. deed. TS. 4, 2. M. Assurance, conveyance,

4, 1.

to Assure, to affiance, betroth. CE. 3, 2. KJ. 2, 2.

Astray (from the ASax. straegan, spargere, dispergere, to scatter, to stray. Horne Tooke Div. of Purl. 1, 468.) out of way. MD. 3, 2. Astringer, austringer, ostringer, a faulconer, gentleman falconer; from ostercus, austercus, a gosshawk, tercel (wh. s.) AW. 5, 1. to Atchieve, to ove naster, overcome. TS.1, 1. TAN. 2, 1. to get, acquire. MV. 3, 2. Atchievement, getting, acquisition. bHd. 4, 4. TC. 1, 2. 4, 2. coming to end, terminating. He. 3, 5; exploit, got excellence. II. 1, 4. Atomy, atomie, atom, mote flying in the sun. AL. 3, 2. 3, 5. RJ. 1, 4. blid. 5, 4. where Nares takes it for a corruption of anatomy, wh. s.

to Atone, to make concord, to reconcile, concile. AC. 2, 2. Rb. 1, 1. TA. 5, 6. Cy. 1, 5. 0. 4, 1; to come to a reconciliation, to agree. AL. 5, 4. Co. 4, 6. Atonement, reconciliation. MW. 1, 1. bhd. 4, 1.

to Attach, or attack (relationed to touch, take, tago, tango) to seize. LL. 4, 3; arrest, lay hold of. CE. 4, 1. WT. 5, 1. Rc. 1, 3. RJ. 5, 3. Attaint, base and weak abjectedness, stain,

culiarly offensive to female ears. s. Gifford's Ben Jonson III, 410. VI, 92. VII, 308. O. Pl. III, 260. IVT. 4, 2. MD. 3, 1. It was also the customary appellation addressed by a jester or fool, to a female of matronly appearance, as uncle was to a man. Nares s. voc.

to Avoid, to go, depart, retire. Cy. 1, 2. CE.
4, 3. bHf. 1, 4. From the latin evitare.
to Avouch, to assert, confirm, attest. MIV. 2,
1. MM. 4, 2. MD. i, 1. WT. 4, 2. Rc. 1, 3.
KL. 2, 4. M. 5, 1. Kin to avow, from the
middlelat. advocare, avvare, to call or sum-
mon the seller of a stolen thing, in order to
detect the thief.

Avouch, proof, testimony. H. 1, 1.
Authentic, regularly bred or licensed; an epi-
thet for a physician. AW. 2, 3. cf. Ben Jonson
II, 136.


to Attorney, to supply by substitution of embassies. WT. 1, 1. Attribute, awfulness, account, honour. TC. 2, 3. H. 1, 4. Avaunt, dismission, disband, discard. Hh. 2, 3. Audit, balance of an account. M. 1, 5. Cy. 5, 4. Co. 1, 1. Hh. 3, 2.

to Authorize, Accentuation prevalent. S. 35. to Award, to acknowledge, avouch, adjudge. MV. 4, 1. to decide by law. Rc. 2, 1.

to Away with, to bear with, to endure. bHd.
3, 2. cf. Ben Jons. II, 319. III, 400. O. Pl. I,
278. Properly it seems to make a way with one,
to accompany, associate.
Awful, lawful, under due awe of authority,
reverend, worshipful. bHd. 4, 1. TG. 4, 1.
cHf. 2, 1.

Awork, on work, into work. KL. 3, 5. H. 2, 2.
Awry, across, obliquely. bHf. 2, 4. Rb. 2,
TS. 4, 1.


spot, blot. He. 4. ch. TC. 1, 2. Attainture, also attainder, the being attaint-to ed, caught either in a crime, or by infection, hence convicted, or stained in the same time. blf. 1, 2. The hybrideous nature and composition of this word fluctuating and tottering between tago, tango, to touch, and tingo, to die, allows and excuses also an ambiguity and duplicity of the signification, that may be justified by logical inference. Attorney, procurer, agent. CE. 5, 1; authority, commission, deputation. Rc. 5, 3. From the old word attorne, or atturne, to perform service.

Auditor, he that examines audits. aHd. 2, 1. Audrey, corruption for Etheldreda in AL. Averdupois, avoir du pois, weight, properly of goods, or ware, (middlelat. averium, averum, avere, averia, avera, germ. Habe.) bHd. 2, 4. to Averr, (from verus) to prove as true. Cy. 5, 5. Augrehole, hole of a bore. M.2, 3. Augurs, augury. (TG. 4, 3. H. 5, 2.) progaostication. M. 3, 4.

Aye, ay, ever. MD. 1, 1. 3, 2. M. 4, 1. TA. 5,2.5, 6. TC. 3, 2. KL. 5, 3. H. 3, 2. in Greek aei, germ, ewig.


Babble, blab, bauble, to prate, chatter. MA. 3, 3. TN. 1, 5. He. 2, 3. where Malone unnecessarily reads table.

Babe, also the little figure of one's self reflected

in the pupil of another's eye, on looking closely into it. To which Sh. is supposed to have alluded. TA. 1, 2. 'Joy had the like etc.' Baboon, ape, babion, babian, bavian. MW. 2, 2. 0. 1, 3.

Baccare, stand back, go back. TS. 2, 1. In allusion to the proverb 'Backare, quoth Mortimer to his sow,' and the affectation of a knowledge of Latin. Bachelor, a young man not yet married. AW. 2, 3. Middlelatin baccalarius.

Aunt, (from the Lowsaxon Anke, diminutive of ana, grandmother cf. Douce Ill. of Sh. I. 183.) sister of father or mother. Then a cant term for a wanton mistress, a woman of bar character, either prostitute or procuress, bawd; a manperly word for an appellation pe


to Back, to mount a horse. aHd. 2, 3; to assist,

support, relieve, defeud, to keep free another's back. cHf. 1, 1. TAn. 2. 3. RJ. 1, 1.

to Backbite, to bite from behind; hence to slander, defame. bHd. 5, 1. Backfriend, false friend. AL. 3, 2. Backtrick, a sort of artificial jump. TN. 1, 3. Backward, as subst. for background. T. 1, 1. Badge, token, sign. TДn. 1, 2. MV. 1, 3. LL. 5, 2. MA. 1, 1. In Shk's time all the servants of the nobility wore silver badges in the form of a shield on their liveries (blue coates. TS. 4, 1.) on which the device, crest, or arms of their masters were engraved. s. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 334. To this is alluded bHf. 5, 1. Relationed are bag, and the middlelatin words baga, bagen, bogea. s. Dufresne.

to Baffle, to use contemptuously; to unknight.

It was originally a punishment of infamy, inflicted on recreant knights, one part of which was hanging them up by the heels. aHd. 1, 2.

2, 4. bHd. 5, 3. TN. 5, 1. Rc. 1, 1. In French Barbason, supposed name of a fiend. MIV. 2, 2. He. 2, 1.

baffouer, baffoler. English old from baful. Bail, pledge, security. CE. 4, 1. bHf. 5, 1. Paragon the middlelatin baiulus, ballia, it. balia, germ. Ballei.

to Bait, to allure with grain or some decoy. Rb. 4, 1; to stir, incite, exasperate. JC. 4, 3. MD. 3, 2. bHf. 5, 1. Related are the greek azein, aithein, to burn; the germ. ätzen, to etch, hetzen, baizen, ASax. betan, incitare; austr. oaten, aten, aiten, to warm, germ. heizen; lat. aestus; isl. eysa; old germ. eit, engl. hot.

Bait, decoy. MA. 3, 1. RJ. 1, 5. Cy. 3, 4. M.

1, 1.

Baldric, bauldric, belt. MA. 1, 1. Old french
baudrier, middlelat. baldrellus, balteus.
Bale, misery, calamity, sorrow, toil. Co. 1, 1.
Baleful, troublesome, terrible, odious, per-
nicious. alif. 2, 1. 5, 5. bHf.3, 2; sad, sorrow-
ful, fatal, mischievous. RJ. 2, 3.

to Balk, to heap, or pile up. aHd. 1, 1. It needs not to read bath'd, or bak'd with Steevens. to Ban, to curse. bHf. 2, 4. 3, 2. Ban, public sentence of condemnation; curse. TA. 4, 1. KL. 2, 3. publication of marriage. TS. 1, 2. These words originally persian have the notions of tying, vainquishing, giving laws, or edicts, by whom men are bound, and condemned too. Cf. to bind, germ. binden, winden, überwinden, Band, Bund, to bandy. Band, formerly synonymous with bond. KL. 1, 1. (whereof the modern french corrupted bon) obligation, by which one binds himself to pay a certain sum at a certain time. aHd. 3, pledge. JC. 2, 1; contract. ib., rope. TC. 1, 3. Bandog, dog bound with a chain, on account of his fierceness, kept for baiting bears and bulls. bHf. 1, 4.

to Bandy, to toss a ball at tennis, fr. bander. RJ. 2, 5; to change, exchange, barter. TS. 5, 2. KL. 1, 4. 2, 4. cHf. 1, 4; to join, conjure, conspire, AL. 5, 1. T▴n. 1, 2, aHf. 4, 1. RJ. 5, 1.

Bane, poison, venom. MM. 1, 3. M. 5, 3. TAn, 5, 3. TC. 4, 2. bHf. 5, 1. where Theobald and Voss read bale.


to Bang, to trouble, vex, torment, pine. 0.2,1. TN. 3, 2.

Bang, push, blow. JC. 3, 3 Banke's (dancing) horse, named Morocco, or Moraco, of wondrous quality, that was said to have been going up to the top of St. Paul's church. Man and horse were burnt by order of the pope for magicians. He is supposed to have been alluded to LL. 1, 2. as dancing horse, S. Douce Ill. of Sh. I, 212. Gifford's Ben Jonson Il, 152. Drake Shk. and his time II, 186. Banneret, ribbon. AW. 2, 3. Banquet, dessert, placed formerly in a separate room, the gardenhouse or arbour (alluded to bHd. 5, 3.) to which the guests removed, when they had dined; feast, T. 3, 3. MA. 2, 1. TS. 5, 2. M. 1, 4. Hh.5, 3. RJ. 1, 5. to Barb, to shave, dress hair and beard. MM. 4, 2.

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Barbed, armed or ornamented, caparisoned in a warlike mauner, applied only to a horse. Rc. 1, 1. Corruptly used for barded, as in low Latin cavallus de barba, and equus barbarus for cavallus de barda, and Barber's chair. Proverbial for accommodating bardatus. equus all bottoms. AW. 2, 2.

Barber monger, term of contempt, dealer in the lower tradesmen, as taking fees for a recommendation to the business of the family. KL. 2, 2.

Barful, full of hinderance. TN. 1, 4. Bargulus, an illyrian pirate. bHf. 4, 1. S. Cic. Off. 2, 11.

Barn, or bairn, cornhouse, penthouse. aHd. 2, 3. TAn. 5, 1. T. 4, 1. where it is joined with garner, either the same word in the guttural form, or the transposed latin granarium. Whence the pun with bairns, barns, children. MA. 3, 4. AÏV. 1, 3. WT. 3, 3. Relations: gr. phero, germ. fahren, to bear, wear, gcbaren.

to Barricado, to ensconce. AW. 1, 1. Bartholomew pig, roasted pig of Bartholomew fair, London, sold piping hot, in booths and on stails, and ostentatiously displayed, to excite the appetite of passengers. bHа. 2, 4. to Base, to sing or play the base part,. monly bass, in music. T. 3, 3. Base, ground, fundament. TN. 5, 1. TC. 4, 5; prison base, or prison bass, a rustic game, which consisted chiefly in running, so called perhaps from the place, whence begins the running. Cy. 5, 3. Hence to bid the base, to challenge to a contest. TG. 1,2. VA. with Malone XV. p. 31. Bases, plur. noun, a kind of embroidered mantle which hung down from the middle to about the knees, or lower, worn by knights on horseback. P.2, 1. Sometimes bases denoted the hose merely. Douce Ill. of Sh. II, 125. derives it from the french bache, a woman's petticoat. Bashful, shy, timorous, fearful, ashamed. MA. 4, 1. Rc. 4, 4. Basilisco, a foolish knight in Soliman and

Perseda, an old play. KJ. 1, 1. Basilisk, cockatrice, (wh. s.,) an imaginary creature. WT. 1,2, bHf. 3, 2. Cy. 2, 4; S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. II, 14; a species of ordnance, or cannon. aHd. 2, 3. He. 5, 2. bHf. 3, 2. Rc. 1, 2. Douce I, 424.

Basta, it is enough, an italian word. TS. 1, 1. Bastard, born out of wedlock, whoreson. MM. 3, 2. LL. 5, 1; a kind of sweet spanish wine, of which there were two sorts, white and brown. aHd. 2, 4.

Barnacle, a multivalve shellfish (lepas anatifera L.) growing on a flexible stem, and adhering to loose timber, bottoms of ships etc., anciently supposed to turn into a Solan goose. T. 4, 1. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. 1, 23. Barren, dull, unpregnant. MD. 3, 2. TN. 5, 1. Rc. 2, 2. Co. 1, 1. JC. 1, 2. Horne Tooke Div. of Purl. II, 72. explains it barred, i. stopped, shut, strongly closed up, which cannot be opened, from which can be no fruit or issue. Rence barrenspirited JC. 1, 2. Barricado (from bar) sconce, redoubt, intrenchment, piece of detached fortification. TN. 4, 2. IT. 1, 2.


Be Bat, club, large stick, staff, truncheon. Co. 1, 1; rearmouse, flittermouse. M. 3, 2. H. 3, 4. Batch, a quantity of bread, as much as an oven may keep, once baking; make. TC. 5, 1. to Bate, to abate, to lessen, free, make quit, to discharge. MA. 2, S. aHd. 3, 3. where it is joined with dwindle. TA. 1, 2. 3, 3. MV. 3, 3. T. 1, 2; to flutter the wings as a hawk preparing for flight, particularly at the sight of prey. alld. 4, 1. TS. 4, 1. Douce's 11. of Sh. I, 435.

Beacon, watchfire, needfire, for caution, war-
fare, ban. bHd. 4, 3. aHf. 3, 2. TC. 1, 2. KL.
2,2. The germ. Becken. Compare the gr. bikos,
beikos, bēkos, bikidion. S. bucket.
Bead, little button or pearl. JC. 3, 1. aHd. 2,
3. as of the rosary. MD. 3, 2. bHƒ. 1, 1. CE.
2, 2. Rc. 3, 7.
Beadle, germ. Büttel, mean officer in an uni-
versity, parish, court. LL. 3, 1. KL. 4, 6.
Low latin bedellus. S. Dufresne. Their dress
was a blue gown. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 477.
Beadsman, one who offers up prayers to heaven
for the welfare of another. TG. 1, 1. Rb. 2, 2.
S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 31.
Beagle, dog trained to search for game. TN.
2, 3. TA.4, 3.


Bear a brain, to exert attention, ingenuity or memory. RJ. 1, 3; to b. a hand with, to deal with. JC. 1, 2; to bear in hand, to keep in expectation, to amuse with false pretences. MM. 1, 5. H. 2, 2. M. 3. 1. (where it is joined with to cross), TS. 4, 2. to pretend. Cy. 5, 5; to bear possession, to hold up, to maintain himself in. KJ. 2, 2; to bear out, to intercede, defend, support. KJ. 4, 1. bld. 5, 1; to bear with, to endure, to be patient, to indulge. Rc. 3, 1. AL. 2, 4. Bearward, keeper of a bear. bHf. 5, 1. Synonymous term is bearherd. MA. 2, 1. TS. ind. 2. bHd. 5, 1.

Beard, to oppose face to face, in a daring

and hostile manner. to threaten even to his beard. aHd. 4, 1. aHf. 1, 3. H. 2, 2. Beards, were at different times either worn, by statute, or shaved, or coloured. MD. 1, 2. MW. 1, 4. often by way of disguise (whence MM. 5, 2. for 'tie the b.' others read die the b.) or starched. Ben Jons. II, 145. Bearing, carriage, deportment. MA. 2, 1. 3, 1. MV.2, 2. TN. 4. 2. blƒ. 5, 1. Co. 2, 3. TA. 3, 5.

Bate, strife, contention, quarrel. bid. 2, 4.
Bateless, TL. 2. 'Haply that name of chaste
unhaply set This bateless edge on his keen appe-
tite' Todd'not to be abated or subdued.'
Batfowling, bird-catching in the nighttime,
where two men with a net on two perches stand
on the one side of a hedge, while on the other
a man with a lantern blinding scares the fowls
in the net. T. 2, 1.
Batlet, a square piece of wood used by washers
in beating their coarse clothes. AL. 2, 4.
to Batten, to fatten, of which it is an other
form, to feed, to which it is joined. H. 3, 4.
Co. 4, 5.

to Batter, to beat, knock, strike down. Cy. 5,
4. T. 3, 2; to assail, to disturb. M. 4, 3.
Battle, army. aHd. 4, 1. He. 4 ch. JC. 5, 1.
Bauble, play thing, childish, pitiful. TC. 1, 3.
(so baubling. TN. 5, 1.) Cy. 3, 1; official short
stick, or sceptre ornamented at the end with to
the figure of a fool's head, with ass's ears,
sometimes with that of a doll, or puppet, fr.
marotte. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. 11, 318. Plate
III, fig. 7. 8. 9. So RJ. 2, 4. AW. 4, 5; a lusty,
wanton woman. O. 4, 1. This word seems to be
a paronomastical hybride of to babble, blab,
babe, boy, the greek babalon, bambalon, bu-
balion, bubon, the private parts of a woman.
Bavin, brushwood, or small faggots, made of
such light and combustible matters, used for
lighting fires. aild. 3, 2.
Bawcock, a burlesque word of endearment,
supposed to be derived from beau coq; rather
from boy cock. TN. 3, 4. WT. 1, 2. He. 3, 2.
4, 1.

Bawdry, lewdness. AL. 3, 3. WT. 4, 3.
Bay, curtail, dock'd horse, piebald horse. TA.
1, 2. AW. 2. 3; the last extremity. Rb. 2, 3.
aHf. 4, 2. TS. 5, 2; laurel. Rc. 2, 4. Hh. 4, 2;
a principal division in a building, probably a
great square in the framework of the roof, or
space between the main beams of the roof, so
that a barn twice crossed by beams is a barn
of three bays. MM. 2, 1; bay window, now
bow window, window in a recess, semicircular
sweep, like a bow. TN. 4,2; balcony. - There
glitter and swim in this word the elements of
the low latin badius, bagus, bagius, baiardus,
vadius, vagus; the greek bais, spadix; age,
fracture, crevis, chink, bagos; the latin
bacca; the Anglosax. bygan, to bend, curve.
s. Gifford's Ben Jonson II, 310.

to Bay, to bark, like a dog. Cy. 5, 5. JC. 4, S;
to persecute, to bait wh. s. JC. 3, 1. TC.2, 3.
JC. 4, 1. bHd. 1, 3. MD. 4, 1.
Baynard's castle. The residence of Richard
3 at the time of his usurpation, built in the
time of William 1 by a Norman of that name,
rebuilt by Humphrey D. of Gloucester. Rc. 3, 5.
Beachy, furnished with beach, shore, bank,
strond. bld. 3, 1.

Bearing cloth, mantle, or cloth, with which
a child is usually covered when carried to the
church to be baptized or produced among the
gossips by the nurse. WT. 3, 3. allf. 1, 3.
to Beat on, to keep the thoughts busied or,
as we say, hammering upon any particular sub-
ject. T. 5. bHƒ. 2, 1.
Beaver, castor; helmet; properly that lower
part of the helmet, which was let down to en-
able the bearer to drink, to take breath, or
repast. alld. 4, 1. cHf. 1, 1; H. 1, 2.. From
bevarum, galerus de bevaro. Dufresne. S. Dou-
ce's Ill. of Sh. I, 438.

Beautified, for beautiful. H. 2, 2.
Beck, sign with the head, nod. AC. 3. 9. TA.
1, 2, at one's beck, at one's disposition. H.
3, 1.

Bed, was either a standing one, standing fast,
firm, or a trucklebed. trundlebed, bed upon
rollers. MIV. 4, 5. RJ. 2, 1.
Bedded laid, as corn by wind. H. 3, 4.
to Bedabble, to sprinkle, to asperse. MD,3, 2.
to Bedash, to bedabble. Rc. 1, 2.
Bedlum, contracted and corrupted from Beth-
lehem. The priory of Bethlehem, or St. Mary
of Bethlehem was converted into an hospital for
lunatics in 1546. After the dissolution of the
religious houses, where the poor of every deno-
mination were provided for, there was for
many years no settled provision made to supply
the want of that care. In consequence of this
neglect, the idle and dissolute were suffered to

Be- Be

( 93 )

Be -Be

wander about the country, assuming such char- Belongings, endowments. MM. 1, 1. acters, as they imagined were most likely to to Bend, to bow, to incline. To b. a pike, to insure success to their frauds and security from put in, for to aim. bHd. 2, 4. Lewdly bent, of detection. Among other disguises many affect- damned life or carriage. bHf. 2, 1. ed madness, and were distinguished by the Benediction. Out of heaven's benediction or name of Bedlam beggars. O. Pt. II, 4. cf. De- blessing in the warm sun, a proverbial saying cker's bellman of Lond. On his account the for changing the better for worse, as the Germ. monologue of Edgar 2, 3. is very remarkable. aus dem Regen in die Traufe. KL. 2, 4. Bedrid, sick a bed. LL, 1, 1. old germ. bett- Benefice, benefit, spiritual living. RJ. 1,4; privirisig. lege. Rc. 3, 7; advantage, favour. Cy. 4, 2. Bedswerver, one who swerves from the fidel- H. 1, 3. ity of the marriage bed, adulter, adultress. Benizon, benison, blessing. M. 2, 4. KL. 1, 1. WT. 2, 1. From swerve, anglos. hweorfan, 4, 6. hwyrfan, cyran, goth. quairban, germ. werben, Bent, direction, bias, inclination. He. 5, 2. JC. Wirbel, Wirtel, lat. vertere, kin to gyrus, 2, 1. rib of a ship. AC.2, 2. Full bent, propergr. gyrun, engl. churn, kirn, quern, fr. char- ly the utmost bending of a bow; metaphorically the utmost passion, or mental intention. MĂ. 2, 3. H. 2, 2.


Bedward, towards bed. Co. 1, 6. Compounds

with ward formerly were more frequent. Beetle, chafer, scarabee. MM. 3, 1; ramblock, heavy mallet. bHd. 1, 2. a threeman beetle, one so heavy that it required three men to manage it, two at the long handles, one at the head. Beetlebrows, brows that beetle (H. 1, 4.) or jut, as of a frowning one. RJ. 1, 4. where it must be for a mask, or vizor. to Beggar, to make a beggar, to exhaust. AC. 2,2.

to Behave, sometimes for to manage, or go-
vern, in point of behaviour. TA. 3, 5. Altera-
tions of the word are needless.
Behaviour, decent, seemly appearance in so-
cial life. In my behaviour KJ. 1, 1. is in my
countenance, in my person, by me, in my char-
acter, in the manner I behave. Practising
behaviour to his own shadow TN. 2, 5. making
essays of compliments, bows, courteous and
fashionable demeau.

Benumbed, immoveable, inflexible. TC. 2, 2.
S. numb.
Bergamask dance, a rustic dance, framed
in the imitation of the people of Bergamasco,
who are ridiculed as being more clownish in
their manners and dialect, than other people
in Italy. MD. 5, 1.
Bermoothes, old form for Bermudas, T. 1,
2. or the isle of devils, discovered 1609 by Sir
Tho. Gates, Sommers and Newport, regarded
as under the influence of enchantment and in-
habited by witches and devils, which grew by
reason of accustomed monstrous thunder, storm
and tempest. Whence Douce Ill. of Sh. 1, 5.
suspects the Tempest written between 1609 and
1614. It is also a cant-term for certain obscure
and intricate alleys, in which persons lodged,
who had occasion to live cheap or concealed,
called also the streights, wh. s. cf. Gifford's
Ben Jonson IIII, 430. V, 85.

Behest, bidding, command. LL. 5, 2. Cy. 5, 4.
RJ. 4, 2. TL. 122.

to Bescreen, to cover by a screen, germ. be-
schirmen. RJ. 2, 2.

Being, since. AC. 3, 6. Beldame, grandmother, old wife. KJ. 4, 2. bHf. 1, 4. M. 3, 5. rather in a contemptuous to Beset, to assail, set on, besiege, perplex. meaning. In a good sense old beldame earth. a Hd. 3, 1.

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to Belee, O. 1, 1. 'And I, of whom his eyes had
seen the proof At Rhodes, at Cyprus, and on
other grounds, Christian and heathen, must
be belee'd and calm'd By debitor and creditor?
Unless heathen is monosyllable, whereof I
don't know an example, it seems, that there is
a fault in the text, originating no doubt from
the bold and uncommon word lee'd, that Shk.
perhaps created out of the terms to be in the
lee, to go by the lee, to come off by the lee
and used in a passive sense. To be in the lee,
Steevens says, a vessel is said, when it is so
placed, that the wind is intercepted from it.
Malone therefore proposes 'must be lee'd' and
explains it to fall to leeward, or to lose the
advantage of the wind. The meaning is clear
and evident, even by the word calm'd.
Bell, book and candle KJ. 3, 3. allude to the
solemn romish form of excommunication, by
which the bell was tolled, the book of offices
for the purpose used, and three candles extin-
guished with certain ceremonies.
Bellweather, ram with a bell, as guide of the
herd. MW. 3, 5. AL. 3, 2.

to Bellow, to roar. KL. 5, 3. H. 3, 2. Kin to bell, aud the germ. bellen, hallen, gellen. Bellows, instrument used to blow the fire. AC. 1, 1. where it is joined to fan.

to Benet, to surround, encompass with nets. H. 5, 2.

MV. 5, 1.

to Beshrew, to wish ill to, to curse. Beshrew
ill befall; so befall. CE. 5, 1. with a substan-
tive, as my heart, my manners, is an impreca
tion. CE. 2. 1. MA. 5, 1. MD. 2. 3 5, 1. MV.
2, 6. 3, 2. KJ. 5, 4. He. 5, 2. bHf. 3, 1. TC. 4,
2. RJ. 3, 5. 5, 2. H. 2, 1. Likewise the Ger-
man use beschreien for to bewitch, to enchant,
because tune, song and number in whom root-
ed all existence, are incantation, according to
mythological philosophemes.

to Besmirch, to disfigure with smoke or black-
ness. He. 4, 3. H. 1, 8. S. smirch.
Besort, attendance, society. O. 1, 3.

to Besot, to make sot, to deceive, intoxicate, dull, stupify. TC. 2, 2.

Bessy. Two of the most celebrated mad songs are entitled Mad Bess and Mad Tom. Hence Edgar - Tom addresses himself to Bessy. KL. 3, 6.

to Bestead, to treat, accommodate. Bested dis-
posed, of complexion. bHf. 2, 8.
to Bestow, to grant, allow. TN. 1, 5. where to
reservedeny, is opposed; to employ, to lay
out. JC. 1, 3; to employ, or busy one's self.
bHd. 2,2; to bary, interr. H. 4, 3, 3, 4. to lodge,
to harbour. KL. 2, 4. The relation of this word
with bestead and the greek staō, histao, shows
the general notion of to collocate, place, put,

( 94 ) Bestowing, endowing force, power bestowed, granted. TC. 3, 2.

Bestraught, distracted. TS. ind. 2. The verb is not to be met with; may be it has been to bestraught, since there is also the form bestraughted.

to Bestride, to stride over, to mount, ascend, bHf. 5, 4. as a horse. Cy. 4, 4. of course, to rule, govern. JC. 1, 1; to stay tread astraddle over one, for to defend or protect him. CE. 5, 1. blf. 5, 3. Co. 2, 2. M. 4, 3. alld. 5, 1. Kin to tread, straddle, scot. striddle. to Bet, to lay a wage, to wager. bild. 3, 2. Hc. 2, 1. H. 5, 2. Kin to the germ. wetten, the lat vas, vadis, the westphal. wit, quit. to Betake himself, to addict; to retire, to withdraw, to set about; to have recourse to. RJ. 1, 4.

to Beteem, to bestow, give, afford, allow, MD. 1, 1. H. 1, 2. where beteene of the folios, betweane, and let e'en are erroneous. S. to teem. to Bethump, to beat, pommel, cudgel, swinge. KJ. 2, 2.

to Betide, to happen, befall. T. 1, 2. Kb. 5, 1. Cy. 4, 3. cHf. 4. 6. Rc. 1, 2. 1, 3. 2, 4. Spenser's betight may lead to the origin from the gr. tychō, teuchō, tynchanō. cf. tide. Bevel, crooked; a term used only by masons and joiners. Steevens at S. 121. where straight is opposed.

Bevis of Southampton, a famous knight of romance. bHf. 2, 3. Hh. 1, 1.

Bevy, company, party. Hh. 1, 4. originally drinking one, from the ital. bevere, lat. bibere;


then a flock of birds.

to Bewhore, to call a whore, to treat like a whore. 0.4, 2.

to Bewray, to betray, discover, disclose. bHf. 1, 3. cHf. 3, 3. Co. 5, 3. TAn. 2, 5. 5, 1. KL. 2, 1. 3, 6. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. II, 26. Bezonian, a beggar; a filthy knave, clown, rascal. Hd. 5, 3. bHf. 4, 1. From the italian bisogno, bisognoso, fr. besoin. Bias, aslope, hanging down, dropping. LL. 4, 2. TC. 1, 3. 4, 5; bent, inclination, propension, proclivity. TN. 5, 1. KL. 1, 2. Kinto the french biais, and the Greek bia, is, lat. vis, force, power. Bickering, strife, contest, quarrel, scuffling, fighting. bif. 1, 1. lat. wag, ri, and pickeer, piqueer, beak, peg, fr. pique, bec, beche, pioche, germ. spitz, Spitze. to Bid, to invite, pray. MV. 2, 5. AL. 5, 2; to offer (battle) cHf. 3, 3. Kin to bode, old germ. boiten, beg, goth. bidjan, germ. bieten, in compounds anbieten, gebieten, entbieten, aufbieten; bitten. Bidding, behest, order, command. AW. 2, 5. WT. 2, 1. 2, 3. AC. 1, 4. TAn. 4, 4. Cy. 3, 4. Biddy, term of alluring chucks, tuck, tuck. TN. 3, 4.

Kin to


cap. bHd. 4, 4. S. Gifford's BJ. III, 315. VII, 275.

to Bide (s. to abide) to suffer. LL. 1, 1. TN. 1, 5; to abode, dwell, sojourn. cHf. 1, 1. Biding, lodging, abode, harbour. KL. 4. 6. Bier, wooden frame to carry a dead body upon, hearse. Cy. 4, 2. RJ. 3, 4. Kin to bear, wear, gr. pherein, germ. Bahre. Big, thick, bulky; haughty, proud, disdainful. Hh. 1, 1. KL. 5. 3; pregnant. Cy. 1, 1.- Kin to the gr. pegos, pyknos. Biggen, properly a cap of a beguine; a close cap for children, to assist nature in closing the sutures of the scull; a course kind of night

Bilbo, bilboes, a fine flexible spanish blade. MW. 3. 5; a kind of stocks, blocks or fetters, used at sea to confine prisoners. H. 5, 2. From the town of Bilboa in Spain, being famous for the manufacture of iron and steel.

Bill, beak, nib. Cy. 4. 1; a kind of pike, or halbert, formerly carried by the english infantry. MA. 3, 3, AL. 1, 2. Rb. 3, 2. TA. 3, 4; advertisement set up against a wall, or in some public place, a placard; as of public challengers. M.A. 1, 1. law, statute. lie. 1, 1; memorial, memorandum. allf. 3, 1. Kin to the gr. pellein, pelekys, germ. Beil, engl. pelt, pull; fr. billet, it. polizza, germ. Bulle, fr. poulet (s. the interpreters of LL. 4, 1.) from the gr. peleia, dove, as owner of languages. S. Kanne's Pantheon der ältest. Naturph. 315. 625.

to Bill, to join bills kissing, as doves do. AL. 3, 3. TC. 3, 2.

to Billet, to assign by bill. Co. 4, 3. Bin, for been, are, is. Cy. 2, 3. Birdbolt, a short thick arrow with a broad flat end, used to kill birds without piercing, by the mere force of the blow. MA. 1, 1. LL. 4, 3. TN. 1, 5. Representations of it s. in Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 164 Bolt is from pellere, to drive pallein, ballein, kin to the lat. pilum, germ. Pfeil, Bolzen.

Bisket, biscuit. AL. 1, 7. TC. 2. 1.
Birthdom, birthright. M. 4, 3.
Bisson, spelt also beasom, beesom, beesen,
beezen, bisme, anglos. bisen, blind. Co. 2, 1.
H. 2, 2.

Bitch, brach. TC. 2, 1. Slavon. pes, germ.


to Bitc the thumb at, an insult. The thumb in this action represented a fig. RJ. 1, 1. to Blab, ta babble, prate, prattle, chatter. bHf. 3, 1. 0. 4, 1. TN. 1, 2. TC. 3, 2. Blabbing, is called the day. bHf. 4, 1. on account of its discovering of crimes. Black, mourning. WT. 1, 2; venom'd. Hh. 1, 3. KL. 3, 6.

Black Monday, Easter monday, so called from the severity of that day, Apr. 14, 1360. which was so extraordinary, that of Edward III's soldiers, then before Paris, many died with the cold. MV. 2, 5. Bladder, long pipe of leather, to lead the water from a pomp to a barrel or vessel. aHd. 2, 4; blain, blister Hh. 3, 2.


Blade, to sprout, shoot forth. M. 4, 1. Kin to bliss, blith, bless, bleast, low lat. bledum, fr. blé, germ. Blatt, gr. blaō, blazō, blassō, blattō, bleō, bliō, bloō, blyō, blōskō, phlaō, phleō, flos, Blüthe. Hence Blade, the spires of grass, the green shoots of corn, which rise from the seed; metaph. flower. AW. 5, 3. But blade of a sword (MA. 5, 1. MD. 5, 1. aHf. 2, 4. Rc. 1, 4. RJ. 1, 1.) is relationed to the gr. platys, latus, broad. Blank, the white mark in the centre of a butt, at which the arrow was aimed. KL. 1, 4. WT. 2, 3. 0. 3, 4; a mode of extortion, by which blank papers were given to the agents of the crown, which they were to fill up as they pleased, to authorize the demands, they chose to make. Rb. 2, 1; no honours at cards, germ. Niete, opp. to lot. TN. 3. 1. Co. 5, 2. TC.4, 5.

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