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Ride from Fort Edward to Glenn's Falls—Appearance of the

Country-Interesting Character of the Region-Scenery

about the Falls—“Indian Cave” and “Big Snake"—Departure

for Lake George—William's Rock—Approach of Dieskau–

Hendrick the Mohawk Sachem—Speech of Hendrick—Fight

with the French, and Death of Colonel Williams and Hen-

drick—Bloody Pond—Arrival at Caldwell–Indian and French

Names of Lake George—Fort William Henry—Attack upon

Johnson's Camp, 1755–Battle of Lake George and Death of

Dieskau-Weakness of British Commanders—The Six Na-

tions—Hendrick's Rebuke—Lord Loudon—Montcalm's first

Attack on Fort William Henry–Perfidy and Cowardice of

Webb—Vigilance of Stark–Montcalm's second Attack on

Furt William Henry—Surrender of the Garrison—Perfidy

of the French and Indians—Destruction of Fort William

Henry—Brilliant Expedition under Abercrombie—Visit to

the Ruins of Fort George—Storm upon Lake Geor Ar-

rivals from Ticonderoga—Departure from Caldwell–Dia-

mond Island—Successful Expedition under Colonel Brown

—Long Point, Dome Island, and the Narrows—Sabbath Day

Point—Skirmish in 1756–Halt of Abercrombie's Army—

Splendid Appearance of the Armament—Skirmish at Sab-

bath Day Point, 1774–Rogers's Slide—Narrow Escape of

Major Rogers—Prisoners' Island–Debarkation of British

Troops—A Pleasant Traveling Companion—Trip from Lake

George to Ticonderoga–Topography of Ticonderoga—The

Fortress—Its Investment by Abercrombie—Bravery of Lord

Howe–Fight with the French and Death of Howe–Attack

on Ticonderoga and Defeat of the English–Other Expedi-

tions—Siege and Capture of Louisburg–Preparations for the

Conquest of Canada—Capture of Ticonderoga and Crown

Point.------------------------------------------. 104-121

Ticonderoga and its Associations—Visit to the Ruins of the

Fort—Isaac Rice—A living Soldier of the Revolution—Posi-

tion of Affairs in the Colonies at the beginning of 1775–Secret

Agent sent to Canada—Report of the Secret Agent—Plan

formed in Connecticut to Capture Ticonderoga—Expedition

under Ethan Allen–Arnold joins Allen at Castleton–Dispute

about Rank—Surprise of the Garrison—Interview between

Allen and Delaplace-Allen's Order to Surrender obeyed–

Trouble with Arnold about Command—Forbearance of the

Colonists—Consistent course of their Delegates in Con s

—Various Addresses of the second Congress—Military Prep-

arations made b ‘...."; Continental Army—Spirit

of the People—Ticonderoga–Present Appearance of Fort

Ticonderoga and Vicinity—The Bakery—Grenadiers' Bat-

tery—The floating Bridge—View of the Ruins by Moonlight

—The old Patriot, his Memories and Hopes—Trip to Mount

Defiance—Ascent of the Mountain—An English Major and

Provincial Subaltern–View from the Top of Mount Defiance

—Mount Independence, Ticonderoga, the Lake, and the

Green Mountains—Crown Point and Ticonderoga invested

by Burgoyne–Material of his Army—Weakness of the Gar-

rison at o undefended—Fort on Mount

Independence–Tardiness of Congress in o Men and

Munitions—Ticonderoga ..". the British—Council

of war in the American Camp—The British on Mount De;

fiance – Retreat of the Americans from Ticonderoga and

Mount Independence—Imprudence of Fermoy—Pursuit by

the Enemy—Washington's Recommendation of Arnold—Ac-

|. of Schuyler and St. Clair of Blame—Return to Ticon-

eroga–Arrival at Whitehall or old Skenesborough—His-

torical Notice of the Place–Capture of Major Skene and his

People—Destruction of American Vessels at Skenesborough

—Flight of the Americans toward Fort Anne–Major Skene

—whitehall in 1814–Ride to Fort Anne Village—Site of the

Fort—Present Appearance of the Locality—Putnam and

Rogers near Fort Anne–Ambush of French and Indians—

of Putnam's Captor—Preparations for Torture—Interposi-

tion of Molang–Battle and Battle-ground near Fort Anne–

Return to Whitehall—Visit to “Putnam Rock"—View of the

Scene—Putnam and Rogers on Lake Champlain—Attack of

the former on the French and Indians— Saratoga and

Constance— re from Whitehall—Sholes's Landing—

Ride to the o of Hubbardton — Picturesque

Scenery—View of the Battle-ground–The Battle—Retreat

and Surrender of Colonel Hale—His reasonable Excuse—

Defeat of the Americans—Death of Colonel Francis—General

Schuyler's Forces at Fort Edward—Return to Lake Cham-

plain—An old Soldier—Mount Independence—Present Ap-

#." of Mount Independence—Graves of Soldiers—Van-

m—Money-digging-Return to Sholes's—Darkness on

the Lake—View from Sholes's Landing....... Page 121–150

chapter Wii.

Chimney Point–First Settlement by the French –Fort St.

Frederic-Distant View of Crown Point-Visit to Crown

Point—Description of the Fortress—Its present Appearance

—Proposed Attack on the French at Isle Aux Noix—Ap-

proach of Winter—Appearance of Crown Point—Inscription

-Search for Treasure in the Well—A venerable Money-

digger—Capture of Crown Point by the Patriots—Seth War-

ner-Ex #. of Allen and Arnold against St. John's—

Preparations to oppose General Carleton on the Lake—Corn-

mission from Massachusetts—Re-enforcements for the Lake

Forts—Regiment of Green Mountain Boys—General View

of Affairs—The “Canada Bill"—Opposition to it in Parlin-

ment—Denunciations of Barré–Passage of the “Canada Bill"

—Effect of the Measure in the Colonies—Boldness of Orators

and the Press—The British Government caricatured—Carle-

ton's Attempt to seduce the Bishop of Quebec—Consistency

of the Prelate—Royal Highland Regiment, how raised—Our

Departure from Crown Point—Split Rock—War-feast on

the Bouquet River—Burgoyne's Interview with the Indians

— Speech of an Iroquois—Approach to Burlington—Sab-

bath Morning in #.o.o. to the Grave of Ethan

Allen–Ira Allen–Burlington and Vicinity—Adjacent Lake

Scenery—Place of Arnold's firstNaval Battle—Military Opera-

tions on the Lake—Formation of a little Fleet—Excursion

down the Lake—Appearance of the British Fleet—Plan of

the Battle–Severe É. on the Lake—Escape of the Ameri-

cans through the British Line—Chase by Enemy—An-

other Battle—Bravery of Arnold on the Congress Galley—

Desperate Resistance–Retreat to Crown Point–Effect of

the Battle—Battle of Plattsburg–Military Remains—Inci.

dents of the Naval Battle-Relic of Washington–Rouse's

Point and Military works—The Territorial Line–Isle Aux

Noix–Historical Associations — St. John's — Custom-house

Officer—Suspicions of an Israelite—Apparently treasonable

Acts of leading Vermonters—Military Remains at St. John's

—Present Works—St. Athenaise—Approach of the Ameri-

cans in 1775–Advance of Montgomery against St. John's—

Meeting in the American Camp—Operations at St. John's—

Attack upon and Surrender of Fort ghambly—Ropulse of

Carleton at Longueuil—Surrender of St. John's—The Spoils

- –Insubordination—Retreat of the Americans out of Canada

—Rendezvous of Burgoyne's Army at St. John's—Departure

for Chambly—French Canadian Houses, Farms, and People

—The Richelieu and its Rapids—Chambly—The Fort—Be-

loeil Mountain—Large Cross–Francois Yest—His Age and

Reminiscences—Temperance Pledge—Ride to Longueuil—

A Caleche—Ride in a Caleche—Safe Arrival of my Com-

panion—An Evening Stroll—Aurora Borealis....... 50-17t;

Chapter Wiii.

Montreal—A Ride to the Mountain—Interesting View—Visit

to the City Churches—Parliament House—Grey Nunnery—

The Grey Nuns at Prayer—First Settlement at Montreal–

Cartier-Jealousy of the Indians–Montreal in 1760–Cap-

tured by the English–Ethan Allen in Canada—Proposed At-

tack on Montreal—Battle near Montreal—Capture of Allen–

Brutality of Prescott–Harsh Treatment of the Prisoners–

Biography of Allen–Montgomery's March upon Montreal–

Flight .Capture of Prescott—Escape of Carleton—Mutiny

in Montgomery's Camp—Return Home of the Disaffected-

Visit to wo Village Oracle—Fruitless Historical

Research–Arrival at Sorel—Voyage down the St. Lawrence

—Morning View of Quebec—Its Walls and Situation of the

City–Early Settlement and Growth-French Operations in

America—Approach of Wolfe to Quebec—Position of Mont-

calm's Army—British Possession of Orleans and Point Levi

—Landing near Montmorenci—Junction of the English Di-

vision—Severe Battle–Wolfe disheartened—Camp broken

up—Wolfe's Cove—Ascent of the English to the Plains of

Abraham–The Battle-ground—Preparations for Battle—

Wolfe's Ravine—Battle on the Plains of Abraham–Bravery

and Death of Wolfe—Death of Montcalm—Burial-place of

Montcalm–Monument where Wolfe fell—Capitulation of

Quebec—Levi's Attempt to Recapture it—His Repulsion—

capture of Montreal–Collection of an Army near Boston–

Washington's Appointment—His Generals—Expedition un-

der Arnold planned—Arrival at Fort Western—Norridge-

wock Falls—The ancient Indians—Father Ralle—Fatiguing

Portage—Voyage up the Kennebec—The Dead River-Ele.

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A t of Affairs in Tryon County—The Western Indians—
Firty and his Associates–Fidelity of White Eyes–Council at

Johnstown–Disposition of the different Nations—Colonel

Campbell and La Fayette–Forts strengthened—Settlers of

Tryon County–Destruction of Springfield–M'Kean and

Brant—Battle in the Schoharie Country—Arrival of Regulars

—Escape of Walter ..I."), of Great Tree—Butler

and Brant march toward Cherry Valley—Colonel Alden

warned—Capture of American Scouts—Mr. Dunlap—Mr.

Mitchell–Destruction of the Settlement—Treatment of Pris.

oners—Butler's Savageism and Brant's Humanity—Character

of Walter Butler—The Settlements menaced—Expedition

against the Onondagas—Destruction of their Towns—Alarm

of the Oneidas—Expedition against Oswegatchie—Attack on

Cobleskill—Scalping Parties—Preparations to Invade the In-

dian Country—General Sullivan, Commander-in-chief—Gen-

eral James Clinton—Capture of Hare and Newbury—In-

formation from General Schuyler—Mr. Deane—Dammin

of Oswege Lake—Its Effects—March of Sullivan's Expedi.

tion—Fortifications of the Enemy—General Hand—The Bat-

tle–Effect of the Artillery—Retreat of the Enemy—Destruc.

tion of Catharinestown and other o to

Genesee—Council of the Indian Villages—A Battle—Capture

and Torture of Lieutenant Boyd-Destruction of Genesee

and the surrounding Country-Picture of the Desolation—

Name given to Washington—Corn Planter—Return of the

invading Army—A Celebration—Arrival of the Expedition at

Wyoming—The Oneidas driven from Home—Johnson's In-

cursions into the Schoharie Country—Attack on the Schoharie

Forts—Boldness of Murphy—Johnson's March to Fort Hunt.

er—Destruction of Property—Expedition of General Van

Rensselaer–Death of Colonel Brown-Pursuit of Johnson

by Van Rensselaer—Inaction of the latter—Battle of Kłock's

Field–Capture of some Tories—Pursuit of Johnson and

Brant–Conduct of Van Rensselaer–Capture of Vrooman

and his Party—Threatened Invasion—Gloomy Prospect in

the Mohawk Country—Patriotism of Colonel Willett–His

Command of the Tryon County Militia........ .... 264-2-4

son's Diploma—His Amusements and sudden Death—Flight

of Sir John–His Invasion of the Valley in o: of

the Sammons Family—Cruelties and Crimes of the Invaders

—Johnson's Retreat-Recovery of his Negro and Plate-Pur-

suit of Johnson–Incursion of Ross and Butler-Action of

Willett–Battle at Johnstown—Adventures of the Sammonses

—Retreat of Ross and Butler–Fight on West Canada Creek

—Death of Walter Butler–Last Battle near the Mohawk-

Return to Fultonville—The Sammons House—Local His-

torians—The departed Heroes—The Kane House–Dutch

Magistrate and Yankee Peddler—Currytown–Jacob Dieven-

dorff–Indian Method of Scalping—Attack on Currytown—

The Captives—Expedition under Captain Gross-Battle at

New Dorlach, now Sharon Sprin Death of Captain M'Kean

—The Currytown Prisoners—Dievendorff-Sharon Springs

—Analysis of the Waters—Arrival at Cherry Valley—Judge

Campbell and his Residence—His Captivity—Movements of

Brant – Brant deceived by Boys—Death of Lieutenant

Wormwood – Shrewdness of Sitz – “Brant's Rock” —

Morning Scene near Cherry Valley—Light—Departure for

Albany—Woodworth's Battle—Descent of Tories upon

” Shell's Bush”—Shell's Block-house—Furious Battl #.

ture of M-Donald–Luther's Hymn—Death of Shell and

Son—Cessation of Hostilities—Departure from Fort Plain–

Albany—Hendrick Hudson—Early History of Albany—Fort

Orange—First Stone House—The Church—The Portrait of

Hudson—Kalm's Description of Albany—its Incorporation

– Destruction of Schenectady–Colonial Convention-Its

Proceedings—Walter W."o. of the Delegates—Plan

of Union submitted by Franklin–Early Patriotism of Massa-

chusetts—Albany in the Revolution—General Schuyler's

Mansion—Return to New York. -------------- Page 284–305

Departure for Wyoming—Newark and its Associations—The

Old ão. to Morristown—Arrival at Morristown

—Kimble's Fort N. -- i--- **

—The “Head-quarters"—Spirit and condition of the Con-

tinental Army—Place of Encampment—Free-masonry-In-

oculation of the Army—Jenner—Proclamation of the Brothers

Howe–Disappointment of the People—Washington's counter

Proclamation—Opposition to Washington's Policy-His In-

dependence and §. . Effect of his Proclamation

—Winter Encampment at Morristown—The Life-guard and

their Duties—Pulaski and his Cavalry—Effect of Alarum Guns

–Sufferings and Fortitude of the †...". secret

Expedition—Extreme Cold–Chevalier Luzerne—Death of

Miralles—Mutiny at Morristown—Excuses for the Movement

— Injustice toward the Soldiers—Policy and Success of

Wayne—Final Adjustment of Difficulties—Emissaries of Sir

Henry Clinton—Patriotism of the Mutineers—Fate of the

Emissaries—Mutiny of the New Jersey Line—Prompt Action

of Washington—Success of Howe-Illustrations of Wash-

ington's Char Prohibition of Gambli Washi 's

Religious Toleration—Anecdote of Colonel Hamilton–Room

occupied by Washington–View of an Eclipse of the Moon

—Reflections—Finances of the Revolutionary Government

—Emission of Bills of Credit—Continental Paper Money—

Form of the Bills—Devices and Mottoes—Paul Revere and

cotemporary Engravers–New Emissions of Continental

Bills—Plans for ionoco. issued by the

Tories–First coined Money—Depreciation of the Paper

Money—Confusion in Trade—Foreign and Domestic Debt—

Specie Value of the Bills—Unjust Financial Law–Washing-

ton's Deprecation of it—Hopes of the Tories—Cipher Writ-

ing of the Loyalists—Charge against General Greene—Excite-

ment throughout the Country—Riotin Philadelphia—Conven-

tion at Hartford—Battle-ground at Springfield—Invasion by

General Knyphausen—Clinton's Design—Plan of the Spring-

field Battle–Washington deceived by Clinton—Second Inva-

sion under Knyphausen-Disposition of opposing Troops—

The Battle—Partial Retreat of the Americans—Burning of

Springfield—Retreat of the Enemy—Colonel Barber—Con-

necticut Farms—Murder of Mrs. Caldwell–Her Murderer

identified—Timothy Meeker and his Sons—His Idea of a

Standing Army—Burial-ground at Elizabethtown–Cald-

well's Monument—Dickinson's Tomb–Boudinot's Vault—

Death of Mr. Caldwell—Execution of his Murderer—Mr.

Caldwell's Funeral—His Orphan Family—Old Elizabethport

–Ancient Tavern and Wharf–Fortification of the Point—

Naval Expedition—Franklin's Stove—Capture of a Provision

Ship—Privateering—" London Trading”—“Liberty Hall"—

Designs nst Governor Livingston–Scenes at Liberty

Hall–Spirit of Governor Livingston's Daughters—Sketch of

the Life of Livingston—Arrival at Middlebrook—Place of the

Encampment of the American Army—Howe's Stratagem—

Skirmishes—Clinton's Operations in New Jersey-Disposi-

tion of the American Forces—Encampment at Middlebrook

–Pluckemin–Steuben's Head-quarters—Recollections of

Mrs. Doty—Visit to the Camp-ground—"Washington's

Rock"—View from it—Another similar Rock at Plainfield—

Celebration at Pluckemin in 1779–Incident at Pluckemin—

Departure from Middlebrook—Somerville—Incidents by the

Way—Arrival at Easton—Sullivan's Expedition–Indian
305-337

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Wyoming—The Delaware Company—Opposition of Penn-

sysvanians—Death of Teedyuscung-Hostilities between the

“Yankees” and “Pennymites"—Erection of Forts—Capture

of Durkee–Surrender of Ogden–Treatment of Ogden–An-

other Attack on the Yankees–Capture of Fort Durkee–Pen:

o: expelled—New Fortifications—Close of the Civil

War—Organization of a Government—Effort to adjust Dif.

ficulties—“Lawyers and Bull-frogs"—Peace and Prosperity

of Wyoming—Renewal of Hostilities–Action of Congress—

Expedition of Plunkett—The Colonies before the Revolu-

tion—Exposed Position of Wyoming—Indian Outrage-In-

dian Speech—Colonel Butler deceived—Strangers in Wyo-

ming—Suspicions of the People—The Winternoots—Erec-

tion of a Fort—Counteraction of the old Settlers—Affair on

the Millstone River—Alarm in Wyoming—Condition of the

Settlement—Apathy of Congress-Patriotism of Wyoming

Women—Approach of Indians and Tories—Preparations for

Defense—Council of War—Position of the Wyoming Forts

–Decision of the Wyoming People—Preparations for Battle

—Forces of the Enemy—Campbell's Injustice toward Brant

—Disposition of the Belligerents for Battle—Speech of Col.

onel Zebulon Butler—The Attack–Colonel Zebulon Butler—

Battle of Wyoming—Denison's Order mistaken—Retreat of

the Americans—Scene at Monocasy Island–Escape of Col.

onels Butler and Denison—Cruelties of the Indians—Scene at

“Queen Esther's Rock”—Queen Esther—Her Cruelties—

Scenes at Forty Fort—Negotiations for a Surrender-Escape

of Colonel Zebulon Butler–Surrender of the Fort—Treaty

Table–Conduct of the Tories—Bad Faith of the Indians—

The Treaty—Flight of the People over the Pocono—Inci.

dents of the Flight—Providential Aid of Mr. Hollenback–

Preservation of ..". F. of the jo. of the

Fugitives published at Poughkeepsie—Errors of History—

Bad Faith of the Invaders—Departure of the Invaders from

the Valley–Indian Cruelties—Arrival of Succor—Expedition

inst the Indians—Return of Settlers–Continued Alarm-

Murder of Mr. Slocum—Sullivan's Expedition—Situation of

Wyoming ---------------------------------- Page 337–364

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Constitution—Completion and Adoption of the Constitution—

Its Character—Subsequent Constitutions—Effects of a Mix.

ture of Races—Marauding Expedition up the Hudson-Land-

ing at Kingston—Burning of the Town-Rhinebeck Flats—

Livingston's Manor—An Advantage thrown away—Gates's

Letter—Loyalists—Rondout–An Octogenarian-Landing-

places of the British—A frightened Dutchman-Departure

for the North–Ride to Hoosick Valley—Van Schaick's Mills

—Place of the Bennington Battle ground—Baume's Dispatch

I...". Expedition to Bennington-Burgoyne's Instruc.

tions—Baume's Indian Allies—Skirmish near Cambridge—

Measures for defending New Hampshire — Langdon's Pa-

triotism—Raising of Troops—Gener Stark—Stark's Refusal

to accompany Lincoln—Censure of Con The Result--

Movements to oppose Baume-Life of Stark–Preparations

for Battle–Disposition of the Enemy's Troops—English Plans

of Battles—forrors and Difficulties in Correction-Skirmish-

ing in the Rain—The Hessian Encampment—A bellicose

clergyman—Stark's Promise and Fulfillment—Commence.

ment of the Battle of Bennington—Terror and Flight of the

Indians—Victory of the Americans—Second Battle—Pursuit

of the Enemy—Loss in the Battle—Stark's Popularity—Visit

to the Battle-ground—Anecdotes—View of the Walloom-

schaick Valley—incident while Sketching—Insurrection in

that Vicinity—Its Suppression—Stark and Governor Chit-

tenden—End of the Insurrection—Ride to Troy-The Housa-

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Death of George II. announced to his Heir—Influence of the

Earl of Bute-Cool Treatment of Mr. Pitt—Character of Bute

—His Influence over the King—Discontents—Resignation of

Pitt–Secret Agents sent to America—Writs of Assistance–

Opposition—James Otis—Episcopacy designed for America

—Enforcement of Revenue Laws-Resignation of Bute—

Grenville Prime Minister–Opposition to Episcopacy—The

Stamp Act proposed—Right to Tax the Americans asserted

—Stamp Act not new-Postponement of Action on it—O

position to Taxation by the Colonies—Instructions to their

Agents—The Stamp Act introduced in Parliament—Charles

Townshend–Barré's Speech rebuking Townshend–His De-

fense of the Americans—Effect of his Speech—Passage of

the Stamp Act—Excitement in America—A Congress pro-

ed—The Circular Letter of Massachusetts—Mrs. Mercy

Warren—Assembling of a Colonial Con in New York-

Defection of Ruggles and Ogden–The Proceedings—Stamp-

..". Advice to Ingersoll—Arrival of the

Stamps—Patrick Henry's Resolutions—“Liberty Tree"—

Effigies—Riot in Boston—Destruction of private Property—

Attack on Hutchinson's House—Destruction of “Liberty

Tree"—Destruction of Governor Hutchinson's Property-

Character of the Rioters in Boston—“Constitutional Courant”

—Proceedings in Boston in Relation to the Stamp Act–Effi.

gies burned-Effects of the Stamp Act—Non-importation As.

sociations—Rockingham made Prime Minister—Apathy in

Parliament—Domestic Manufactures—Meeting of Parliament

—Speeches of Pitt and Grenville–Boldness of Pitt–Proposi-

tion to repeal the Stamp Act—Position of Lord Camden—

Re of the Stamp Act—Causes that effected it—Rejoicings

in England and America—Rejoicings in Boston–Release of

Prisoners for Debt–Pyramid on the Common—Poetic In-

scriptions–Hancock's Liberality—Liberality of Otis and

others—The Rejoicings clouded–New Acts of Oppression—

Insolence of Public Officers—Pitt created Earl Chatham–

Picture of his Cabinet by Burke—New Scheme of Taxation

— Commissioners of Customs–Fresh Excitement in the

Colonies: Increasing Importance of the Newspapers—“Let.

ters of a Pennsylvania Farmer"—Honors to John Dickinson

—Massachusetts Circular Letter— Boldness of Otis and

Samuel Adams—The “Rescinders"—Treatment of a Tide.

waiter-Seizure of the *.*.*.*...". of the

People—Public Meeting in ton—Attempted Bribery of

Patriots—Soundness of their Principles—Proposed Conven-

tion in Boston—Organization of the Meeting—Governor Ber-

nard's Proclamation—Meeting of the Convention—Arrival of

Troops at *...". of Yankee Doodle—Landing of the

Troops—Imposing Military Display—E ion of the

People—Non-importation Associations—The Duke of Grafton

—The King's Speech and the o Re-enact

ment of a Statute of Henry VIII.-Lord North–Colonel

Barré's Warnin Feneral Gage in Boston—No Co-opera-

t... – This olor or of Assemb', s—Governor Bernard–II.-

Secret Yo: of the Spiritof Liberty—Brief Review—Altern-

ative of the Colonies—The Newspaper Press—Bickerstaff's

Boston Alihanac—Explanation of its Frontispiece—Revival

of the Terms “Whig" and “Tory”—Abuse of Mr. Otis—Massa-

chusett's Song of Liberty—Evasion of the Non-importation

Agreements—Tea proscribed—Spirit of the Women—Spirit

of the Boys—Fracas at the Door of a Merchant—Death of a

Boy—its Effects on the Public Mind—Pardon of the Murderer

—Riot in Boston—Attack of the Mob upon the Soldiers—Dis-

charge of Musketry—Three of the Citizens killed—Terrible

Excitement in Boston—Delegation of Patriots before the

Governor—Boldness of the second Committee—Concessions

—Removal of the Troops—Defense of the Soldiers by Adams

—Result of the Trial—New Ministerial Proposition—Its Ef.

fects upon the Colonies—James Otis—The Boston Patriots-

Hutchinson made Governor—His asserted Independence of

the Assemblies—Further Agitation in Boston—Committee of

Correspondence—Letters of Hutchinson and others—Peti-

tion for their Removal—Franklin before the Privy Council

—Wedderburne's Abuse-Franklin's Wow – New Taxation

Scheme—East India Company—Tea Ships sail for America

—Preparations for their Reception at Boston–Treatment of

the Consignees—Hand-bills and Placards—Arrival of Tea

Ships—Proceedings in Boston—Monster Meeting at the “Old

South”—Speech of Josiah Quincy—Close of Quincy's Speech

—Breaking up of the Meeting—Destruction of Tea in the

Harbor—Apathy of Government Officials—East India Com-
pany the only Losers—Quiet in Boston–A smuggler pun-
shed—Names of the Members of the “Tea Party"—Age of

Mr. Kinnison—Events of his Life—Escape from Wounds

during the Wars—Subsequent personal Injuries—No Knowl.

edge of his Children – His Person and Circumstances—

Speech at a “Free Soil" Meeting—G. R. T. Hewes—Char-

acter and Patriotism of Hewes—His Death—Excitement in

Parliament in consequence of the Boston Tea Riot—The

Boston Port Bill *. and adopted—Debates in Parlia-

ment—Apparent ection of Conway and Barré–Burke–

Opposition in Parliament to the Boston Port Bill—Passage

o e Bill—Goldsmith’s “Retaliation”—Epitaph for Burke—

Other oppressive Acts of Parliament—Madness of Ministers

—Warnings of the Opposition unheeded—The “Quebec

Act”—Proceedings in Massachusetts on Account of the Port

- Bill—Recall of Hutchinson–Division of Sentinent—Quebec

Act—Arrival of General Gage in Boston—Meeting in Faneuil

Hall–Excitement amon e People—Newspaper Devices

—Real Weakness of the British Ministry—Newspaper Poetry

—The Snake Device........... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 485-509

—Alarm concerning Boston—Convention in Boston—Revo-

lutionary Town Meeting—Order for convening the Assem-

bly–Appointment of Committees of Safety and Supplies—

Appointment of military Officers—Spiking of Cannon–Ef.

forts of Franklin and others—Counteraction by Adam Smith

and others—Proceedings in Parliament—Appearance of Pitt

in Parliament—His S h on American Affairs—His con-

ciliatory Proposition—Virtual Declaration of War against the

Colonists – Warm Debates in Parliament—Chatham and

Franklin–Gibbon and Fox—John Wilkes in Parliament—

His Character and Career—Bill for destroying the New En-

land Fisheries—A conciliatory Bill—Singular Position of

ord North–His Triumph-Action of the London Merchants

—The moral Spectacle in the Colonies—Carrying A

tion out of Boston–Detection—Hostile Movements of Gage—

Counteraction of the Whigs—British Expedition to Concord

—Its Discovery by the o: aroused—Mid-

night March of the Enemy—The British Troops and Minute

Men at Lexington—Conduct of Major Pitcairn—Battle on

Lexington Common—The Concord People aroused—Assem-

bling of the Militia—Concord taken Possession of by the

Enemy—Colonel Barrett—Destruction of Property in Con-

cord—Rapid Augmentation of the Militia–Preparations for

Battle—March toward the Bridge—Battle at Concord Bridge

-Retreat of the British to the Village—The Scalping Story

explained—Retreat of the Enemy from Concord—Their An-

noyance on the Road by the Militia—Re-enforcement from

Boston–Junction of the Troops of Percy and Smith—Their

harassed Retreat to Charlestown—Skirmish at West Cam-

bridge–British Encampment on Bunker Hill—Quiet the

next Day-General Effect of these Skirmishes—Unity of the

American People—Massachusetts Provincial Congress--Ac-

counts of the on. sent to England—Excitement in Lon-

don—Government lampooned—List of the Names of the

first Martyrs............... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Page 509–533

CHAPTER XXIII.

Preparations for raising an Army in Massachusetts—Zeal of

the Committee of Safety—Circular of the Provincial Con-

gress—Army collected at Boston—Organization of the Troops

—Preparations to besiege the City—Issue of Paper Money—

Gage's Restrictions—Gloomy Prospects of the People of Bos.

ton—Arrangements with the Selectmen—Perfidy of Gage—

Benevolence of the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts—

Efforts of other Colonies—Organization of the Army–-In-

crease of British Troops in Boston—Arrival of experienced

Officers—Operations in the Vicinity–American Military

Works—Disposition of the American Troops—Preparations

for blockading Boston—Charlestown and adjacent Grounds

—Night March to Bunker and Breed's Hills—A Fortification

planned on Bunker Hill—British Vessels in Boston Harbor

—Construction of the Redoubt on Breed's Hill—Discovery

of the Works by the Enemy—Surprise of the People of Bos-

ton—Cowardice of the Tories—Crossing of a British Force

from Boston to Charlestown—Bravery of Prescott—New En.

—Fox ri in Cambridge—Re-enf for

th Parties—Sufferings of the Provincials—Warren and

Pomeroy–March of the British toward the Redoubt–Posi-

tion of the American Troops—Cannonade of the Redoubt—

The British Artillery–Silence of the Americans—Terrible

Volleys from the Redoubt—Flight of the Enemy—Burnin

of Charlestown—Second Repulse of the British–Re-enf

by Clinton—Ammunition of the Americans exhausted—Death

of Colonel Gardner–Third Attack of the British–Storming

of the Redoubt—-Death of Warren and Pitcairn—Confusion

of the Americans—Efforts of Putnam to Rally them—Cessa-

tion of the Battle—The Loss—Spectators of the Battle—Re-

flections on the Battle–Burgoyne's Opinion of the Conflict—

The Character of Warren–His Energy, Boldness, and Pa.

triotism–Masonic Honors to his Memory—The old Monu.

ment on Breed's Hill—Character of the Troops engaged in

the Battle–Monument to Warren ordered by o:

551

CHAPTER xXIV.

Boston Common—Trip to Concord—Major Barrett—His Con.

nection with the Revolution—Concealment of Stores at Con-

cord—Concord Monument—The Village--Ride to Lexington

—The Lexington Monument—The Clark House and its As-

sociations—Tradition of the Surprise—Abijah Harrington—

Incidents of the Battle at Lexington—Jonathan Harrington

and his ..o.o.o. Celebration at Concord in

1850–Ride to Cambridge—Early History of the Town-

Washington's Headquarters—Phillis Wheatley–Washing.

ton's Letter to her——The Reidesel House—Description of it

§ the Baroness—Her Autograph—Phillis's Poetry—The

Washington Elm—Bunker Hill Monument—Desecration of

the Spot—Description of the Monument—View from its

Chamber—Its Construction and Dedication—“Hancock” and

“Adams"—View from the Monument—The Past and the

Present-Dorchester Heights – Condition of the Fortifica-

tions—Mementoes of John Hancock—The Boston State House

—Chantrey's Washington—Copp's Hill—The Mather Tomb–

Collections of the M t- Historical Society—Colonial

and other Relics—Departure from Boston—Appointment of

Commander-in-chief of the Continental Army—Washington's

Acceptance of the Office—His Modesty—His Departure for

the Camp—Reception at Places on the Way—Takes com.

mand of the Army—Council of War—Character of the Army

—Punishments—Riflemen—Number of Troops in the Field

—A model Order—-Arrangement of the Army—Location of

the several Divisions—Officers of the same—General Joseph

Spencer—Relative Position of the belligerent Armies—Amer.

ican Fortifications—Emerson's Picture of the Camp—Action

of Congress—Treason of Dr. Church—The New England

Colonies—Franklin's Post-office Book—The Armies at Bos.

ton—Hostile Movements-Naval Operations on the Coast–

Navy Boards—Capture of Ammunition — Attempt to seize

Captain Manly—Repulse of Linzee—Scarcity of Powder–

Expected Sortie — Fortifications on Plowed Hill—Heavy

Bombardment–Condition of Troops and People in Boston

—American Hand-bills in the British Camp—Opinions con-

cerning the Provincials—Plan for relieving Boston—Council

of War—Situation of the Army—Washington's Complaints

—Gage recalled—His Life and Character—Loyal Address to

Gage—Superiority of Howe–Fortifications in Boston–The

++ 6. South” desecrated— Officers frightened—Harsh Meas.

ures and Retaliation–Congress Committee at Head-quarters

—Navy Organized—Floating Batteries—Vessels of War au.

thorized by Congress–Letters of Marque and Reprisal—

Condition of the Army before Boston.............. 551–576

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