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LoxDON AND ITS Vicini'TY. Jan. 28. Great damage was done, especially in the neighbourhood of Waping, Shadwell, Blackwall, Rotherhithe, }. and Blackfriars, by the over
flowing of the river Thames. So high a tide not been known for forty years. Feb. 6. In the King's Bench, the pro
prietors and publisher of The True Sun were charged, on an ex officio information, with having published two libels in The True Sun of the lst and 2d of May last, urging the people to resist the payment of taxes. The first libel was an article commenting on the defeat of Sir John Key's motion for the repeal of the assessed taxes, and advising the people to resist all payment of the taxes, and to buy no goods seized for non-payment... The second libel was a letter signed J. B. Lorimer, recommending the non-payment of the assessed taxes, and the formation of associations for mutual aid and advice in resisting payment of the assessed taxes. The defendants were found guilty. Court of Erchequer.—Colburn v. Patmore. Feb. 13. This was an action to recover compensation for the injury which the plaintiff sustained in consequence of a libel which appeared in the Court Jourmal, of which the defendant was editor. Mr. Colburn established the Court Jourmal in 1829. The defendant was appointed editor of it at 10l. a-week. In January, 1832, a paragraph appeared in that Journal reflecting on the character of the Duchess of Richmond. At the prosecu
and labour done.
tion of the Duke of Richmond, Mr. Colburn was sentenced to pay a fine of 100l., besides costs, which amounted to 93l. The question was, whether the plaintiff or the defendant should be responsible for its insertion. , Lord Lyndhurst summed up, and the jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff, damages 1931– There was also a cross action, Patmore v. Colburn, to recover the sum of 1771. alleged to be due by the defendant for work The jury found for the plaintiff, damages, 1771, costs 40s. The court was crowded to excess by literary characters, who appeared to take great interest in the trial.
—Q– PROMOTIONS, PREFER MENTS, &c.
Jan. 24. Maj.-Gen. Sir Colin Campbell to be Lieut. Governor of Nova Scotia. Jan. 29. Knighted, Maj.-Gen. Samuel Trevor Dickens, K.C.H. Royal Engineers. Jan. 31. Rev. H. J. Torre, Clerk, in compliance with the wills of his kinsmen John Holme aud Henry Holme, Esqrs. henceforth takes the surname and bears the arms of Holme. ..Jam. 31. 48th Foot, Lt. Col. Saumarez Brock, 55th Foot, to be Lieut. Col.-55th Foot, Lt.-Col. Ja. Holmes Schoedde, 48th regiment, to be Lieut.Col.—Robt. Macleod Sutherland to be Adjutant, vice Buckley, promoted.—Royal Staff Corps, Capt. Basil Jackson to be Major.
Members returned to serve in Parliament. Leeds. Edward Baines, esq. Devises —Sir Philip Cha. Henderson Durham. Somerset. (E. Division). Wm. Miles, esq. Totness.-Lord Edw. Adolphus Seymour. York.-Hon. Thomas Dundas.
EcclesiasticAL PREFERMENTs. Rev. L. Clarke, to a Preb. in Salisbury Cath. Rev. J. Gordon, to a Preb. in Wells Cathedral. Rev. F. Lear, to a Preb. in Salisbury Cathedral. Rev. W. Short, to a Preb. in Salisbury Cathedral. Rev. S. II. Alderson, Loudham with Petistree V. . Suffolk,
Rev. W. H. Apthorpe, Bierton with Buckland V.
Rev. T. Bisset, Chap. to the Earl of Aberdeen.
The Duke of Wellington, Chancellor of the Uni-
Jan. 13. At Penzance, the wife of Col. Glover, a son. 20. At Dunkerton, the wife of Captain Peach, a dau. 21. At Sowton, Devon, the wife of the Rev. Archd. Barnes, a dau. At Woolwich, the wife of Wm. Morris, esq. Royal Arsenal, a dau. 25. At Ludlow, the wife of Allen J. Nightingale, esq., Assist. Comm.-gen. a son.
26. At Munich, the Lady Dormer, a son. At
At Exeter, the wife of Edw. Baring Gould, esq. a son and heir.—29. Mrs. Ambrose Poynter, Poet's Corner, a dau.
Feb. 2. At Reading, the wife of the Rev. H. H. Milman, a son. 3. At Clifton, the wife of the Rev. H. Street, a son and heir. At his residence, Old Ford, near Bow, Middlesex, the wife of Mr. Scales, a dau. At Reading, the wife of Lieut. John Rainier, R.N. a son.—#. At Albemarle-strect, the wife of the Hon. Mr. Warrender, a dau.--At the Rectory, Carlton, the wife of the Rev. Charles Eyre, a son. 5. In Upper Gower-street, the wife of J. H. Cancellor, esq. a son. At Trereise House, Cornwall, the wise of Day Perry Le Grice, esq. a dau.-6. At Handley, the wife of the Rev. T. Mason, a dau.-8. At Powis Castle, Lady Lucy Clive, a son. At Llysnewydd, Carmarthensh. the wise of John Harry Hammond Spencer, esq. a son. 12. At Montagu.-sq. the Hon. Mrs. Trotter, of Ballindean, a son. 13. At Westerfield, the wife of the Rev. Geo. Whitefoord, a son.
Jan. 3. At Edinburgh, James Ker, esq. Madras service, to Eliz. 2d. dau. of Sir Jas. Montgomery, of Stanhope, Bart. 8. Henry Gore Booth, esq. 2d son of the late Sir R. G. Booth, Bart. to Isabella, 2d. dau. of James Smith, esq. of Jordanhill. 18. At West Farleigh, Richd. Miller, esq. of Linton-hill, Kent, to Mary, eldest dau. of the late Edw. Charlton, esq. of West Farleigh.-20. At Exeter, the Rev. T. Atkinson, Rector of St. Edmund's, to Miss Williams. 21. John Matth. Quantock, Esq. of Norton, Somersetsh. to Sophia, only dau. of Lionel Place, esq. of Waddington. castle, Warwicksh. At Brittord, the Rev. Geo. Lewes Benson, of Salisbury, to Sarah, relict of the IRev. Geo. Taunton, Rector of Stratford Tony. At Newport, Isle of Wight, Wm. Spencer, esq. to Jane, dau. of the late Lieut-Col. Forster, of E.I.C. At Bath, H. P. T. Aubrey, esq. of Broom hall, Salop, to Mary, eldest dau. of the late Cha. Luxmore, esq. of Witherdon.—23. At Paddington, J. T. Williams, esq. to Eliz. Sophia, eldest dau. of Sir Rich. Ottley, late Chief Justice of Ceylon. At St. George's, Hanover-sq. Vane Jadis, esq. to Angelica Frances, youngest dau. of the late Dr. Harris. At Tunstall, Suffolk, the Rev. T. G. Ferrand, to Georgina, widow of the late R. II oughton, esq. of Conduit-street. At Northficet, Kent, the Rev. J. Bowman, to Mary, eldest dau. of Mr. Weeks, Shrewsbury. *4. At Dublin, Charles Patten Vale, esq. late Inspector-gen. of Civil Public Accounts in Ireland, to Eliza Sarah, 2d dau. of Cha. Coote, of Bella mont Forest, esq. and niece to the late Lord Baron Cremorde. At Rushton, Rich. Palmer, esq. to Caroline Matilda, third dau. of the late R. Booth, esq. of Glendon Hall, Northamptonsh. 26. At Naples, Count Ferdinand de Lucchest Palli, uncle of the
. Jan. 12. At his seat, Dropmore, Buckinghamshire, aged 74, the Right Hon. William Wyndham Grenville, Baron Grenville, of Wotton under Bernewood, co. Bucks, a Privy Councillor in Great Britain and Ireland, Auditor of the Exchequer, Chancellor of the University of Oxford, High Steward of Bristol, an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, a Trustee of the British Museum, a Governor of the Charter House, D.C.L. and F.S.A.; uncle to the Duke of Buckingham.
This distinguished statesman was born on the 25th of October, 1759, the third son of the Right Hon. George Grenville, Prime Minister of England in 1763. 1765, and of Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Wyndham, Bart. by Lady Catherine Seymour, and sister to Charles first Earl of Egremont.
He received his early education at Eton, where he was concerned in the grand rebellion under Foster, when all the boys left the school, threw their books into the Thames, and marched to Salt Hill. He was, however, persuaded by his father to return for a few weeks; and then removed to Christ Church, Oxford, where in 1779 he gained the Chancellor's prize for a composition in Latin verse, the subject being Wis Electrica. He took the degree of B.A.; and then entered one of the Inns of Court, with the view of qualifying for the bar. His attention, however, was quickly diverted to the business of politics. In Feb. 1782 he was returned to Parliament on a vacancy for Buckingham, and in Sept. following, when his brother Earl Temple (the late Marquis of Buckingham) was for the first time sent to Ireland, as Lord Lieutenant, Mr. W. Grenville accompanied him as Private Secretary, and he was sworn a Privy Counsellor of that kingdom. The period of Earl Temple's vice-reign terminated in the June of the following year; in December following, Mr. Grenville accepted office at home, being appointed to succeed Mr. Burke as Paymaster of the Army. His active senatorial career now commenced, and his industry and acquirements, added to strong natural talents, soon made him of consequence in the House of Commons. He was the able coadjutor of the youthful minister, his cousin-german, who was only a few months his senior; firm to his post, and in full possession of all his faculties. If he wanted the brilliant eloquence of his relation, he possessed more minute
ness of knowledge and accuracy of detail. The routine of office was almost hereditary in him. He seemed to have imbibed all the ideas and habits of his father, even though he was a child at the death of that persevering statesman. At the general election of 1784 he was chosen one of the County Members for Buckinghamshire, after one of the most vigorous contests ever known. He was re-elected in 1790, but before the close of that year had been removed to the House of Lords. He had not completed his thirtieth year, when he was chosen to preside over the House of Commons, being elected Speaker Jan. 5, 1789, on the death of the Rt Hon. Charles Wolfran Cornwall. Before four months, however, had elapsed, he was summoned from that station to the still more responsible if not more arduous one, of Secretary of State of the Home Department. He was moved to the House of Lords by a patent of peerage dated Nov. 25, 1790, and thenceforward became the representative and echo of Mr. Pitt in the Upper House. In the following May he exchanged the seals of Home Secretary for those of the Foreign Department; the latter he retained until the resignation of Mr. Pitt, in Feb. 1801. In 1791 he was appointed Ranger of St. James's and Hyde Parks; which post he exchanged in 1795 for the lucrative office of Auditor of the Exchequer. He filled the important situation of Foreign Secretary, during one of the most arduous and gloomy periods of our history, with industry, talent, and skill. It was a function for which his natural and acquired powers were in many respects well suited. He was skilled in the detail of the politics of Europe; he had studied deeply the law of nations; he was acquainted with modern languages; he could endure fatigue; and had not an avocation or a leasure to interrupt his attention. He oved business as his father did ; it was not merely the result of his ambition, but his amusement; the flowers of imagination, or the gaieties of society, never seduced him astray. There was nothing to dissipate his ideas, and he brought his mind to bear on the subjects before him with its full force. One of the most important duties required of him was to maintain a stern and undaunted bearing towards the French Directory. In his correspondence with M. Chauvelin, who had been Ambassador in London previously to the death of Louis, and claimed to be still recogmised in that capacity, the letters of Lord Grenville were couched in a severity of retort rarely equalled in diplomatic discussion. he French government dispatched M. Maret, to negociate the neutrality of this country; but so determined was Lord Grenville not to allow the least opening to their influence, that he persisted in refusing that emissary even to visit him, contrary, as was thought, to the opinion of Mr. Pitt. Lord Grenville's talents as an orator were more than usually distinguished in 1795, on occasion of the attack which had been made upon the King during his Massage to open Parliament. He brought in a Bill to provide for the safety and protection of the royal person, which gave rise to a long and stormy debate, and afforded ample opportunity to Lord Grenville for the most loyal exertion of his rhetorical abilities. He had the satisfaction of seeing his motion carried by a large majority; and he followed up his success by another Bill, to suppress the
formation or continuance of seditious
societies. Lord Grenville took an active part with Mr. Pitt in promoting the Union with Ireland, and shared with him in giving the intimations, on which the Roman Catholics of that country founded their claims to emancipation. When it was found that Government was unwilling to forward those views, the Ministry felt themselves obliged to resign their offices. When application was shortly after made to Mr. Pitt, to join the parties then in power, he refused to accede, unless Lord Grenville was included in the arrangement; which proposal being rejected, the negociation ended. But no long time elapsed, before Mr. Pitt found himself obliged to yield to the urgent necessities of the state, and he again took his seat as first Lord of the Treasury, in May, 1804, without having o for Catholic Emancipation. ord Grenville, with Mr. Windham, refused to join him; and from that time, until the death of Mr. Pitt in Jan. 1806, Lord Grenville took a prominent part in the ranks of Opposition. On Mr. Pitt's death, the Administration was formed which, though intended to combine “all the Talents,” and therefore all the means of good government, has since been generally derided by political writers as anomalous, visionary, and impracticable; and sometimes as even monstrous and disgraceful. It was, indeed, extraordinary that when Lord
Grenville was the Prime Minister, Mr. Fox should have become his Secretary of State. The perverseness of human nature, and the interests of trading politicians, were directly opposed to so unprecedented a sacrifice of political animosities. It is probable that a mischievous world would not have permitted such a union to exist for long, even if the parties themselves had been determined to the uttermost to abide by it; but the failure is, of course, ascribed to the discordant elements comprised in the attempted union. It was an important obstacle to its duration, that the religious principles of the Monarch were directly opposed to the measure to which Lord Grenville considered himself pledged ; a party equally zealous as the Sovereign in their resistance to the claims of the Roman Catholics, proved too powerful for the continuance of the Ministry beyond the brief period of 13 months. During that time Lord Grenville suffered not a little in his popularity, by obtaining an Act of Parliament i. him to hold, together with the Premiership, the profitable, but nearly sinecure, office of Auditor of the Exchequer, which had been conferred upon him in 1795, and which he retained until his death.
His Lordship did not subsequently accept any more prominent office. In 1802, when the resignation of Lord Castlereagh and Mr. Canning left Lord Liverpool the only Secretary of State, performing the business of the three departments, official letters were addressed to Earl Grey and Lord Grenville, proposing the immediate formation of a combined ministry. They were both in the country when these communications reached them. Earl Grey at once declined all union with Mr. Percival and Lord Liverpool, and did not come to town. Lord Grenville, who was in Cornwall, came immediately to town, but the next day declined the proposed alliance, because he should not be able to view it in any other light than as a dereliction of principle.
At the close of the same year, his Lordship was chosen Chancellor of the University of Oxford. His predecessor, the Duke of Portland, died on the 30th of Oct. 1809. On this vacancy the candidates were Lord Grenville, Lord Eldon, and the Duke of Beaufort. The election commenced at ten o'clock on Wednesday morning, Dec. 13th, and continued sitting day and night, without any adjournment, till ten o'clock on Thursday night, when the numbers were declared as follows:–
For Lord Grenville . . . . . 406 Lord Eldon . . . . . . . .303 Duke of Beaufort . . . 238
Majority for Lord Grenville 13 The number of those entitled to vote amounted to 1282, of whom 1037 polled. His Lordship was presented to the degree of D. C. L. by diploma, nine days after his election; and his installation took place in the Theatre, on Tuesday, July 3d, 1810. Lord Grenville continued in opposition to the Government during the war; but, on the final defeat of the French in 1814, he heartily congratulated the country on the prospect of an immediate peace, and in the following year supported Ministers in their resolution to depose Napoleon. From that time he ceased to take so prominent a part in parliamentary discussions as he had previously done, except during the debates on Catholic Emancipation, of which he deemed himself to be enlisted as the pledged and expected supporter. In 1804, Lord Grenville edited the Letters which had been written by the great Earl of Chatham to his nephew, Thomas Pitt (afterwards Lord Camelford) when at Cambridge. Besides several Speeches, &c. he also published a “New Plan of Finance, as presented to Parliament, with the Tables, 1806.” “A Letter to the Earl of Fingal, 1810.” He also defended his Alma Mater in a pamphlet, against the charge brought against her of having expelled Locke. He enriched an edition of Homer, privately printed, with valuable annotations; and translated several pieces from the Greek, English, and Italian, into Latin, which have been circulated among his friends under the title of “ Nugae Metricae.” His Lordship, as well as his brother, the Right Hon. Thomas Grenville, had collected a very valuable library. Lord Grenville was the contemporary of some of the greatest men that ever adorned this country; yet his abilities were not eclipsed in their presence. As a statesman he was remarkable for sound practical views. As a speaker he was, perhaps, one of the most powerful debaters that ever appeared in the House of Lords. There was a commanding energy in his delivery as well as in his style, which never failed to arrest the attention and command the admiration even of those who differed from him in sentiment. It has been said of him, that no orator ever produced so strong an impression by his manner in the first ten minutes of his speech; but the want of variety was a defect which began to be perceived after GENT. MAG. Vol. J.
some time, and which in the course of a long address, seldom failed to impress itself rather painfully upon the hearer. He always took care to prepare himself on every subject on which he spoke, and his #. were, therefore, full of matter. e did not possess the fire, the acuteness, and the indignant sarcasm of Lord Grey, but during a long period he was considered only second to his lordship, as an effective debater in the House of Lords; and the two were associated as the heads of the Opposition, with whom negotiations were carried on during several emergencies, when it became necessary or politic to make overtures for a new Ministry. The secret of the authorship of “Junius” is known to have been entrusted to the shelves of the library of Stowe, and it has often been said that there would no longer be any reason to conceal it after the death of Lord Grenville. To his nephew, Lord Nugent, from his taste for literary employment, may perhaps be confided the office of disclosing this much agitated secret to the world. We have understood that a most curious feature of the case is, that the real author has never been one of the favourite candidates. Lord Grenville married, July 18, 1792, the Hon. Anne Pitt, only daughter of Thomas first Lord Camelford, and sister and sole heiress of the second Lord, who was slain in a duel with Mr. Best, in 1804. Her ladyship survives him, and, as they never had any issue, the Barony of Grenville has become extinct. A portrait of Lord Grenville, by Hoppner, appeared in the Somerset House exhibition in the year 1800; one by W. Owen, R. A. representing him in his Chancellor's robes, was published in 1815, in Cadell’s “Contemporary Portraits;” and one by J. Jackson, R.A. was published in Fisher's National Portrait Gal. lery, in 1829.
Nov. 15. At Walcot-place, Lambeth, the Right Hon. Matthew Barnewall, sixth Viscount Barnewall of Kingsland, and Baron of Turvey, co. Dublin (1646).
He was descended in the fourth degree from Francis, younger son of Nicholas the first Viscount, who was created a Peer for his services to King Charles the First. On the failure of the elder line of the family, by the death of George the fifth Viscount, April, 5, 1805, he inherited the titles; being the eldest son of Matthew Barnewall, Esq. (son of Nicholas, son of the Hon. Francis Barnewall) by Anne, daughter of Thomas M'Cann, Esq.
His Lordship was three times married; and by his first wife o issue, John now