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could no more dispense at that time, than James the second could in his.

" But," says Mr. Wefley, " sure Huss would

" not have come to Constance, had he foreseen ** the consequence." That regarded himself. Obstinate persons seldom think themselves in error. strange instances of this obstinacy can be met with in the trials of the regicides : some of whom declared, at the hour of death, that they gloried in having a hand in the king's. death, and would chearfully play over the same tragedy. &Ve have a more recent instance of this obstinacy, in one of Mr. Wesley's martyrs. Scarcely could the Protestant clergyman prevailon one of the rioters, who had been very active in plundering the city of London, last year, to take the blue cockade out of his hat, in going to the gallows. He cried out that he died a martyr to the Protestant religion. We have daily instances of people giving themselves up to take their trial, who are disappointed, without any imputation on their judges.

Jerome of Prague, who maintained the same error with Huss, came to Constance, after his confrere's execution. The council sent him a a safe-conduct, with this express clause ; " salvo "jure concilii "Freserving to the council its right to judge you. He came : and the council judged and pumsbcd him with degradation, as it

had had done with regard to Huss ; and lest him to the secular arm: as Calvin, queen Elizabeth, and king James I. did to the heretics whom their consifiories and bishops had judged and found guilty of heretiml pravity. ** But was not " the emperor Sigismund cruel in putting those V two men to death ? " It is not his lenity or cruelty that we examine. I only vindicate myself and the Catholic Church from a flanderous doctrine. He was not more cruel for putting seditious men, one os whom had committed wilful murder, to death, than Protestant sovereigns who doomed old women to the stake, sor a kind of gibberish about the incarnation. My sentiments on that subject I have explained.

Jerome of Prague's coming to the council, shews that it did not violate faith with John Huss. Neither doth any one accuse the council of violating saith with Jerome. They were both more obstinate than Mr. Wefley, who ran away from the bailiffs of Georgia, and would not return to them. In this he followed Sancho's maxim : a Many go to the market for wool, that come ** home shorn."

ARTHUR O'LEARY.

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E S S A Y

TOLERATION:

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MR. O'LEARY's PLEA

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LIBERTY or CONSCIENCE.

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MY design, in the following sheets, is-to throw open the gates of civil toleration for all Adam's children, whose principles are not inconsistent with the peace of civil society, or subversive of the rules of morality; to wrench, as far as in my power lies, the poniard so often tinged with human blood, from the hand of persecution ; to sheath the sword, which misguided zeal has drawn in defence of a gospel which recommends peace and love; to restore to man the indelible charter of his temporal rights, which no earthly power has ever been commiffioned

by Heaven to deprive him of, on account.

of his mental errors; to re-establish the empire of peace, oVerthrown so often by religious =feuds; and to cement all mortals, especially' A 2_ Christians,

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