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whose religion are so tolerant in Holland and Switzerland, consider their Catholic neighbours as so many [laves ready to cut their throats, at'the first fignal given by their royal masters, without whose concurrence the chain could never have been fastened to their bodies. The

i kings of England on the other hand,

whose treasury would be better supplied by opulent subjects than by a million of naked and samished objects, are obliged at an enormous expense, to hire foreign mercenaries of every religion, with their respective chaplains, whilst their dauntlels subjects are forced to throw themselves into the arms of those sovereigns Who pay them for fighting, and permit them to pray as they think fit. Thus government is distressed on one hand, and the kingdom is deprived of its fircngth and internal resources on the other. The Catholics, between their

' fellow subjects and the throne, are like

the sorlorn hope between two armies. They are doomed to civil destruction be

' tween both.

Europe will soon bear a different

aspect :

aspect: and the examples set by those princes, who, for the aggrandizement of their flates, are doing away all religious

difiinctions, are so many Warnings to'

copy after them. The Gauls, the Romans, the Carthaginians, thought themselves once invincible; Their divisions precipitated their downsal. 'No oracle has as yet declared that foreign candidates for glory and conquest will be deferred from attempting' to become our mafiers. The power to resist becomes greater in proportion to the number of the subjects. In proportion to the fiake they have to defend, their attachment to their country, their attachment to each other. A small state, rich, populous, and well united, is preferable to a large but divided kingdom. Let religious distinctions, then, be laid aside. lt is equal to the Israelite, released from bondage, whether his temple be built by Solomon or Cyrus; provided he has liberty to pray unmolested, and to sleep under his vine and fig-tree. Diseases,-sickness,* death, which mows down the young and old,-emigrations,-the waste of war,

countries countries, now unknown, which will be'' hereafter discovered,-colonies that ever and always depopulate the parent-state, --rising empires,_and princes inviting flrangers to settle in their dominions,-*

_ will leave land enough in Ireland, to the

end of time, for ten times the number ofss its inhabitants.

The world is in a continual change.NeW monarchs sway the sceptre. New ministers direct their councils. New characters are daily mounting the fiage of

life, to'become the objects of the ap' plause, derision, or censure of mankind.

Every new generation is a new World,raised on the ruins of the former, aiming. at their present advantages, without any retrospect to past transactions, i'n whichthey are noWays concerned. We frequently change our bodies. Reasonon its travels from age to age, acquires a new mode of thinking. Inaword; every thing is liable to change; and it is high time to change from division to union.

Let not religion, the sacred name of

religion, which even in the face of an enemy

enemy discovers a.brother, be any longer a wall of separation to keep us asunder : though it has been often perverted 'to the worst of purposes, yet it is easy to reconcile it with every social' bleffing.

In the course of this work, l intend to make it a citizen 'of the world, instead of confining it to one kingdom or province. I am not an able, neither am I a partial advoc'atesi Iplead for the Protestant in France, and for the Jew in Lisbon, as well as for the Catholic in Ireland. In future ages should fanaticism attempt to re-establish her destructive empire, and, crying out with the frantic queen, " exo" riare aliquis ex osiibus nofiris," summon the furies to spring from her embers, which I attempt to disperse and deprive of their noxious heat, let this votive offering, hung up in the temple of the Order of the Monks of St. Patrick, announce to pofierity, that in seventeen hundred and eighty one, the liberal-minded of all denominations in Ireland, were reconciled, maugre the odious distinctions which the laws uphold, and that those

very laws, enacted before We Were born, " but

but not the dispositions of the people, are the only sources of our misfortunes.

Whatever tends to promote the public good, is a tribute due from an adopted brother, to great and illustrious characters, whose refined feelings can only be equalled by the culturc of their minds: Who have transplanted to the Irish nursery the flowers of Rome and Athens: Who in their Writings and speeches, have displayed to Europe the scene of eloquence, diversified with the fire of Demosthenes and the majesty of Tully, and .Wrested their thunderbolts from those orators, in order to assert What they deemed the rights of mankind, and to crush the false divinities that should attempt to erect their altars, on their ruins.

I have the honour to be,
Reverend fathers, and
Illustrious brethren,
Your affectionate brother,

D bl; , 1 , u lnffiiljy 15 ARTHUR O'LEARY.

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