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punishing those whom they are willing to protect, and the general confusion that would dis< turb the peace and tranquillity of the rich, and draw down inevitable destruction on the poor. For in such, an unfortunate 'uncture, every Catholic possessed of a feather bed, and comtmodious habitation, would join his protestant neighbour in their mutual defence. The aggregate body of them would not be a match for regular forces, yet they would be an overmatch for you. They would unite in one common cause ; you would be divided amongst yourselves, exposed to each other's encroachments, and overpowered by all parties.


Such, my brethren, would be your situation, should you be unhappy enough to strike from the path of a peaceable and Chrislian conduct.

Forbid it Heaven, that it should be ever your

case ! Iconceive better hopes of you. Your unshaken loyalty under the most trying cicumslances--the calm and quietness that reigned in your peacesul huts scattered up and down the extensive counties of Cork and Kerry, where the Catholics are poor and numerous, whilst other parts of the kingdom were infested with Hougherr, W'hitc Boyr, Heart; of Oa/c and Steel, and alarmed at the continual fight of judges, chains and gibbets--the quiet and peaceable manner in which' you beltaved on a late occa' ' lion, sion, when you imagined the enemy at your doors; all these circumstances are pledges of your loyalty and good conduct, and happy omens of your steady perseveranee in the sameline.

Your bishops and clergy have enforced the doctrine of peace, subordination, and loyalty from the sacred altars, where the least lie would be a sacrilege, and crime of the first magnitude. The Catholic gentlemen have set forth the example to you. Both have bound themselves to king and government, by the most sacred ties; They have souls to be saved, and avould be sorry to lose them by wilful perjury : they who would be on a level with their Protestant neighbours, if they took but the qualification-oath against the conviction of their consciences.

But the doctrine and example of the learned, prudent, and betier sort of your profcsfion, should be the only rule Of your conduct : for in all countries, the generality of the common people are ill qualified to judge or determine for themselves. They are easily governed by the senscs ; hurried by their paffions ; and misled by a wild and extravagant fancy that intrudes itself into the province of Reason.

Fai- be it from me to suspect you for any design to avail yourselves of the calamities of your nation, nation, or to commit, in time of war, a robbery which you would detest in time of peace. Is the crime less heinous, because it is committed against a neighbour, who is doubly miserable from the terrors of a foreign foe, and the outrageous assaults of a treacherous fellow-subject?

When the soldiers aiked St, John the Baptisi, what they. should do ? He desn'ed them, " to " do violence to no man ; not to accuse any a one salsely ; and to be vcontent with their " wages." * Hence all divines are agreed, that the empire of justice is so extensive, that war itself must acknowledge its authority. Kings, in declaring war, make a solemn appeal to the tribunal of Heaven, for the justice of their cause. The soldier cannot, in conscience, plunder or oppress the merchant or husbandman in his enemy 's country : he must strictly abide by the orders of his commander. If justice, then, in certain circumstances, must sheath the enemy's sword, how much more Forcibly must it not restrain the citizen's hand from invading what he cannot en joy without guilt here, and punishment hereafter ?-A punishment the more to be dreaded, as perhaps there would be no time for restitution and repentance !-Indispensible obligations, to which every robber is liable, andwithout which he has no mercy to expect. But

_* Sr. Luke, Chap. vru. if

if a robbery committed on a private man, ded serve death and damnation, what must not be the guilt of those who would flock to the enemy's standard, to the total overthrow and de,struction of an entire kingdom B It would be vain to plead the hardships you suffer; the' prospect of being reinstated in the lands of which your ancestors have been deprived in times of general consusron ; a more free and unlimited exercise of your' religion ; in fine, the last argument of a desperate man, " If they " come, GI have nothing to lose." Those reasons' I have not heard srom yourselves : I have read them with surprise in speeches and essays against the repeal of the penal laws ; and'I hope in God, that your conduct shall for ever contra; dict them.

When an enemy lands in a country, every person has something to lose. The labourer who refreshes his weary limbs with balmy sleep, and: for whose soft flumbers the gouty rich man would exchange his bed of down, would lose his rest from continual fears and apprehensions, When public works would be discontinued, and tradesinen dismissed by their employers, carpenter's, masons, slaters, &to. would lose their hire. It would not be with a view to feed an hungry Irishman, that a number of French dragoons would make excursions from

' their their camp : it would be with a design to carry off his calf or pig, and to kill himself if he resisted. Whatever distincti'on the laws of this unhappy kingdom may malce between Protestant and Papist, a conqueror's sword makes none.

War levcls and confounds all religions, where'

their professors are subjects' of a monarch whose kingdom is invaded.

When the French joined the Americans, it was not from love for the Presbyterian religion. If they landed here, it would not be with a design to promote the Catholic cause. When Oliver Cromwell beheaded Charles the first, brother-in-law to the king of France, and issued a bloody decree, whereby all the English Catholics were commanded to quit the kingdom in the space of two mouths, the French, far from resenting the injury offered to the blood-royal and to the Catholic religion, sided Cromwell against Spain ; and ordered the dutd chess of Savoy to promote and protect her Protestant subjects, whilst the English Catholics were sinarting under the scourge of persecua tion, and threatened with total extermination. *

Thus all religious are alike to a political people, whose only aim is interest and conquest. Hence, in France, Protestants of all denomina

it Leti's Life of Cromwell. ' tions.

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