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practice of the Catholics, in all ages, conformed ble to the decifiorn.
** The pope can persuade the members of " his church to whathe lists, and enjoin it " them, on pain of eternal fire." Doubtless! He can perswade me to kill my mother, and enjoin it me, on pain of fire. He can per-finde me that] eat my victuals with the big toe of my left foot ; or that John Locke's mother was a virgin, when she was delivered of the author of the " Essay on human understanding."
Still the pope could not per/Male the English Catholics to give their benefices to Italian incumbents, in the time of Richard the sccond, nor diffuade a Catholic parliament from introducing the premunire, against provisions obtained at the conrt of Rome ; an evident proof that they knew the distinction between the church and the court. Pope Boniface VIII. could not persuade the Catholics of his time to believe that he was lord paramount of all the kingdoms of the earth ; 'nor dffluade the king of France' from writing the following letter to him: " We" would have your Madness know, that we ac" knowledge no superior in tcr'nporals but God
" alone." Pius the Fifth, and Sixtus (Dintug in pub
lishing their bulls of deposilion against queen Elizabeth,
Eliza'bethfit and absolving her subjects from their allegiance, could not pe'firade the Catholics of England, to rise up in arms against their sovereign, though they were superior in numbers, and had room to expect every assist-' ance.
Two proofs which will ever stand upon re.cord, that Catholics never hold difference in religion, as a sufficient plea for dethroning kings; nor a pope's bull a sufficient cause, for withdrawing their allegiance.
In the dark ages, popes were deposed by the 'council of Constance: and John the twentysecond, who preached up the Millenarian doctrine, and held that souls do not enjoy the clear sight of God until after the resurrection, could not per/'unde the members of his church to believe him ; nor dzffitacle the university of Pfiris from censuring a doctrine, which the head of their church preached from the pulpit at Avignon, and which he himself retracted before a notary public, and several witnesses in his last sickness; nor dtsuade a French 'king from
writing this short letter to him, " Retracte, on '
" je te ferai ardre "--retract or I will get you burned.. An evident proof that the pope can
* Such proceedings are accounted for in Loyalty Assa.ted,
in the discussron os'the deposing? power.
not " persuade the members of his church, to
" what he lists : nor enjoin it them on pain of " eternal fire."
For the honour of Locke's memory, let my correspondent throw the fifty-ninth page of his treatise on toleration into the fire; for it is a jumble of nonsense. '
All the popes bulls from the time of St. Peter, to the end of ages, cannot make an article of faith for Roman Catholics, without the aeceptance of the Universal Church, and the church has no power over the temporals of kings, much less to command any thing against the laws of God.
Catholics never follow an arbitrary doctrine. The standard is fixed. The boundaries are prescribed, and the pope himself cannot remove them. They consider him as the head pastor of the church. Subordination in every society, requires pre-eminence in its rulers. But his will is not their creed.
As to Mf. VVefley. His reply to me is little more than a repetition of his first letter. He denies "4 that he himself, or his followers, were " ever persecuted." For the truth I appeal to his own conscience. I appeal to his " Farther
** appeal " to men of reason- and religion, i wherein wherein he defcribes the sufferings of several of his followers in England ; how he himself was dragged by the mob ; and the proceedings of a magistrate who' dispersed a pamphlct, entitled, " A parallel between the Papists and " Methodists," in order to kindle the rage of the populace against him. Iappeal'to the letter he wrote, many years ago, to doctor Bailey of Cork, wherein he complains that the grand jury of that city found indictments against Charles hVesiey, who makes the hymns, and ordered him to be transported as a vagabond. Mr. &Vefley has got the letter printed, with the names of the grand jury. But, after having weathered the storm, the mariner on shore forgets his distresses as well as his sea-chart.
To shew that his friend, John Huss, never " kindled any civil wars in Bohemia, and that " he was quite innocent of any offence what" ever ;" he quotes the following testimonial, given to John Huss, by the bishop of Nazareth. " We Nicholas, do, by these presents, make " known unto all men, that we often talked " with that honourable man, John Huss; and " and in all his sayings, doings, and behaviour, " have sound him to be a faithful man ; finding " no manner of evil, sinister or erron.eous dos " ings in him, unto these presents." Tethis Mr. VVefley subjoi'ns, a testimonial from the
archbishop archbishop of Prague; declaring, " that " knew not that John Huss was culpable or " faulty in any crime or offence whatsoever."
Let us now suppose those testimonials to be genuine, and grant them to Mr. Wefley to get rid of a bad cause' What advantage can he derive from them ? The bishop of Nazareth declares, that he tal/ced very often' with John Huss, and that in their conversation, he discovered nothing sinister or erroneous in him. Doubtless, in conversing with abishop who' was an Inquisitor, John Huss was' upon his guard. The archbishop a knew not that he " was culpable."v The conversation of the first, and the know not of the other, r'nuflv counterbalance the positive and decisive proofs, produced on a criminal's trial, in presence of a general council, no ways interested in the condemnation of a man, 'in whom there " was no " evil, 'nothing sinister or erroneous." Testimonials are often granted to people from tender-ness, or ignorance, which will avail but little'
' on a trial.
The thirtiet'h proposition', extracted from' Huss's works, "and condemned by the council,runs thus:' " There is no temporal lord', there ** is no pope, no bishop, when he is 'm the state' ** of mortal sin." Huss himself acknowledged this seditious proposition, which authorizes the: