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How God, and good men, hate so foul a liar.
K. Rich. Mowbray, impartial are our eyes and ears :
Such neighbour nearness to our sacred blood 120 Should nothing privilege him, nor partialize
The unstooping firmness of my upright soul.
Nor. Then, Bolingbroke, as low as to thy heart,
For that my sovereign liege was in my debt, 130 Upon remainder of a dear account,
Since last I went to France to fetch his queen :
But, ere I last received the sacrament, 140 I did confess it; and exactly begg'd
Your grace's pardon, and, I hope, I had it.
Even in the best blood chamber'd in his bosom : 150 In haste whereof, most heartily I pray
Your highness to assign our trial day.
K. Rich. Wrath-kindled gentlemen, be ruled by me :
'We'll calm the Duke of Norfolk, you your son. 160 Gaunt. To be a make-peace shall become my age.
Throw down, my son, the Duke of Norfolk's gage.
K. Rich. And, Norfolk, throw down his. Gaunt. When, Harry? when ? Obedience bids, I should not bid again.
K. Rich. Norfolk, throw down, we bid; there is no boot.
Nor. Myself I throw, dread sovereign, at thy foot ;
To dark dishonour's use thou shalt not have. 170 I am disgraced, impeach'd, and baffled here ;
Pierced to the soul with slander's venom'd spear ;
K. Rich. Rage must be withstood :
Nor. Yea, but not change his spots : take but my shame,
Men are but gilded loam, or painted clay. 180 A jewel in a ten-times-barr’d-up chest
Is-a bold spirit in a loyal breast.
K. Rich. Cousin, throw up your gage ; do you begin.
Boling. O, God defend my soul from such deep sin ! Shall I seem crest-fallen in my father's sight?
Or with pale beggar-fear impeach my height 190 Before this outdared dastard ? Ere my tongue
Shall wound mine honour with such feeble wrong,
At Coventry upon Saint Lambert's day ;
The swelling difference of your settled hate :
SCENE II.- The same. A Room in the Duke of Lancaster's
Duch. Finds brotherhood in thee no sharper spur? 10 Hath love in thy old blood no living fire?
Edward's seven sons, whereof thyself art one,
Is crack'd, and all the precious liquor spilt ;
By envy's hand, and murder's bloody axe.
Call it not patience, Gaunt, it is despair :
Thou shew'st the naked pathway to thy life,
Gaunt. God's is the quarrel ; for God's substitute,
Hath caused his death : the which, if wrongfully,
Duch. Where then, alas ! may I complain myself?
Duch. Why then, I will. Farewell, old Gaunt.
Or, if misfortune miss the first career,
That they may break his foaming courser's back,
Gaunt. Sister, farewell : I must to Coventry :
Duch. Yet one word more ; Grief boundeth where it falls, Not with the empty hollowness, but weight : 60 I take my leave before I have begun;
For sorrow ends not when it seemeth done.
Unpeopled offices, untrodden stones ?
Therefore commend me ; let him not come there,
(The numbers refer to the lines.) A general account of this play will be given in a future number.
Scene I. 1. Old John of Gaunt; John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and fourth
son of Edward III., was born in 1340, at Ghent, from whence he derived his name. As this play opens in the year 1398, he was then only 58 years old, though Shakespeare describes him as a very old
He died in 1399. 2. band; equivalent to "bond,” that with which any one is bound. So in Antony and Cleopatra, Act III. Sc. 2,
“ As my farthest band Shall pass on thy aproof.”
3. Henry Hereford ; Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford, eldest son of
John of Gaunt, and afterwards Henry IV. He was called Bolingbroke from the name of the castle in Lincolnshire where he was
born. 4. boisterous late appeal ; the loud accusation which he lately made. 12. sift him on that argument; examine or scrutinize him on that
subject. 13. apparent ; appearing, manifest. So we speak of the “heir apparent." Compare Julius Caesar, Act II. Sc. 1,
“these apparent prodigies. 18. high stomach'd ; " stomach " is “pride.” So in Henry VIII., Act
IV. Scene 2, Wolsey is described as being “ of an unbounded
stomach.” 20. befal ; infinitive mood, gov. by“may” understood. 22. Each day, etc. ; may each day's happiness exceed that of every other
which has gone before it. 23. hap; fortune, luck-that which happens. Compare Ruth ii.
“Her hap was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz. 26. the cause you come; the cause (for which) you come ; ır, the cause
you come (on). 28. object; to offer in opposition, oppose. (Lat. jacio, I throw.) 30. record ; register, witness. 32. Tendering ; esteeming, heeding, regarding. 38. divine ; godlike, immortal, immaterial, partaking of the essence of
the deity. 39. miscreant ; (Lat. credo, I believe), properly, an unbeliever; then, an
infidel, a vile, wicked wretch. 43. aggravate the note; (Lat. gravis, heavy) to render heavier, make
more distinct and emphatic the note or mark (Lat. nota) of infamy
with which I brand thee. 45. so please my sovereign ; adv. sent. (condition) to “and wish.” (If it
may) so please my sovereign. 46. right-drawn; drawn in a rightful cause. 47. accuse ; charge with insincerity or indifference, blame my (want of)
zeal. 49. eager ; sharp, keen (Lat. acer; Fr. aigre). Comp. Hamlet, I. 4,
** It is a nipping and an eager air.” 56. post; to travel post, or with great speed. Comp. Milton, Sonnet 19,
“ And post o'er land and ocean without rest.” 59. let him be; the more regular construction would be, "and letting him
be,”-i.e., supposing him to be. 63. tied; bound, obliged. 65. inhabitable ; not habitable, uninhabitable. 67. this; this defiance (contained in the next line). 69. gage ; a pledge or pawn, a challenge to combat represented by a glove,
cap, or some other article, thrown'down by the challenger, and picked
up by the person who accepts the trial by arms. 72. except; to take out, not to include (Lat. capio, I take). 77. or thou canst worse devise; if I do not make it good against thee, then
thou canst devise worse things (than thou hast already devised). Eo. fair degree; fair mode of trial.