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Mission at Green Bay

page 350

Pensylvania, Education Society of Page 28 Missionary funds

31 Percy's Key to the New Testament, error sermon, Rev.H.U.Onderdonk's 41 in corrected

366 hymn 127 Philosophical lamp

60 Society of Salern, New Jersey 216 Pomare III. his coronation

160 Modern liberality

276 Pray er days, on the observance of 185 Moon, Gruithausen on the inhabitants of the 29 Priestly office, Onderdonk's sermon on the 161 Moore, Bishop, his conventional addresses 289, Protestant Episcopal churches in Philadel


93 Mummy, unclothing of the 31 Providential escape

30 Nelson, Miss C. verges on the death of 32 Purifying gas

60 New-Jersey convention

192 Ravenscroft, Bp. his sermon reviewed New-Hampshire, church grants in


his conventional address 259 New publications

his charge

265 New-York Protestant Episcopal Mission

his address at an ordination 643 ary Society


review of the attacks on him 371 New-York Athenænm 31 Religion, verses on

S52 New-York, deaths in the city of, in 1824 95 Religious eharities, claims of

270 New-York, real estate in the state of

dissipation, remarks on

250 New-York Auxiliary Bible and Common Remarks on Dr. Miller's reply to Catho. Prayer Book Society, ninth report of 105 licus

49 New-York Protestant Episcopal Tract So Review of the proposed hymns 51, 80, 143, 202 cietv, fifteenth report of the

112 Review of Spring's sermon on the Female New-York Bible and Common Prayer Book Character

79 Society, fifteenth report of the 114 Review of Cuming's “ Church perfect and New-York Sund. School Sac. 8th report of 149 entire"

122 anniversary of 159 Review of Bishop Hobart's sermons 171, 339 North-Carolina, gold found in

94 Review of the Lady of the Manor, &c. 361 North-Carolina convention 192 Rich's manuscripts

252 Norwich grand musical festival

29 Sermons, notice of Bishop Hobart's 93 Nova-Scolia, consecration of the Bishop of 191 Ship, a large one

94 Obituary notice of M. S. Miller

6 Society for enlarging and building churches 8 George Warner 62 Society of Inquiry, annual mecting of 263 Rev. J. M. Gilbert 62 Society Islands, improvements in

352 Rev. John Crutzer 63 South-Carolina, Society for the AdvanceRev. Henry Loomis 63 ment of Christianity in

110 Rev. Philo Shelton 128, 157 Spring's sermon on the Female Charac. Miss Betsey Church ter, review of

79 General M. Clarkson 158 St. Ann's church, Brooklyn, consecration of 254 William P. Coffin 159

confirmation in ibid Ann L. Barbauld 159 St. John's church, Elizabeth-Town, noRev. J. D, Welton 192 tices of

209, 225 Rev. R. S. Symmes 192 St. Luke's church, Rochester

345 Mrs. Julia Beach 217 St. Stephen's church, New-Hartford

286 Bishop Mountain 222 Steam-boat accidents, means of preventD. D. Tompkins ing

191 David R. Lambert

Steel cut by soft iron

126 Susannah Marshall 255 Strychnia, the principle of the upas poison 159 Maria L. Johnson 255 Sugar from the red beet

Rev. J. Pilmore 256 Sunday school teachers, association of 10
Rev. L. Low
286 Suttee, account of a

126 Rev. O. Norris

287 Swords's Pocket Almanack, noto respectCharles Denison, Esq. 287 ing

288 Charles C. Pinckney 319 Sydney, tread-mill at

61 Thomas Barrow 320 Theolo. Seminary, abstract of the proceedMiss Lydia A. Sprague 320 ce ings of the trustees of

10 William Clarkson 351

meeting of the trustees 253 Miss L. Marshall 379

laying of the corner-stone 253 Rev. C. B. Snowden 379

annual commencement 254 Ohio Seminary, queries respecting the 119

proceedings of trustees 284 Ohio, Episcopal Seminary of

159 Trinity church, Utica, third report of the Onderdonk, Rev. B. T. his sermon 161 Female Missionary Association of 252 Onderdonk's claims of religious charities 270 Tribute to Bishop Middleton

58 Onderdonk, Rer. H.U. his missionary ser University of Oxford

S52 41 Virginia convention

192 Onderdonk, Dr.John, his inaugural address 344 Wandering pastors and wandering flocks 27 Ordinations 32, 63, 127, 160, 191, 224, 319, 350 Week, The, review of

S63 Oxford, new scholarship at 252 Welch antiquities, ancient tablet

314 Patrons and correspondents, note to 380 Western canals

222 Pennsylvania, Society for the Advancement What is prayer?

64 of Christianity in 108 White, Bishop, his conventional address

237 Pennsylvania, convention of

191 Winthrop, memoirs of Mrs. Elizabeth B. 315






No. 1.]

JANUARY, 1825.

[Vol. IX.

For the Christian Journal

us unobserved; nor must we suffer them A Sermon, delivered in St. Paul's to vanish from our recollection. It is

Church, Troy, at the Funeral of the the design of God, in these instances of Rev. James Lawrence Yvonnet, Sept. his providence, to awaken our attention 23, 1824, by the Rev. David Butler, to our true state and condition in this Rector of suid church.

world, and that the impression should [See our vol. viii. p. 316.]

remain upon our minds. More is inGRIEF cannot be eloquent; it can

tended by them, than that we should find no adequate expression in words; merely turn our thoughts upon death; it must vent itself in silence, in solitude, be agitated a few moments with grief at in secret. I have now no such privi- the loss of those we love; overcast with lege; I must discourse upon the subject gloom at depositing them in the grave; of mortality; inculcate the lesson it is and by recollecting that we tuo must designed to teach; and allude to a me

soon lie down in the same dark and lancholy event, that deeply interests the dreary abode. hearts of us all. I know not how to do

All this does not answer the design it. It is difficult to talk when the heart of providence in the instances of moris full; it presses the tongue with a tality that he causes to pass before us. force that paralizes it. Still the effort Viewing death with dread; grieving at must be made, and, with divine assist- the loss of friends; and looking down ance, it may be enabled to impart a into the grave with horror, are not acts small share of the emotion that is felt; of religion, but merely the instinctive and which naturally claims another me- emotions of our sensitive nature, equally thod of utterance. But I fear, my bre common to all who have not, by the thren, that too much is already excited deepest depravity, extinguished in their to leave you sufficiently composed to bosoms every tender, humane, and virbe greatly benefited by any thing I can tuous tendency in the heart of man. say. Let us, however, try to moderate These emotions, I say, are merely inthe agitated affections of our "hearts, stinctive, and are of nu farther use than that we may profit by the serious con as they tend to excite our consideration sideration of our mortality; which is to objects that lie beyond those by most powerfully awakened at this time, which they themselves are moved. by an event that comes home to the This, it is true, they are calculated to bosoms of every one of us.

That this effect. By the death of a friend we are may be the case, I have chosen, as the grieved; but there is no virtue merely ground of our present meditation, the in this grief. Still its tendency is to following words, written in the fourth make us reflect upon the cause of death. chapter of St. James, at the 14th verse Sin brought death into the world. This

is the origin of the evil we deplore. “ Ye know not what shall be on the morrow: for what your life? It is even a vapour,

Under this impression, the next inquiry that appeareth for a little time, and then ra that naturally arises in the mind is, nisheth away.

whether this evil does not cleave to me; We now feel the full force of what is and if so, how shall it be removed here asserted. Another of our dear Thus a train of thought is excited, that friends is gone to his long home, and may lead to the happiest consequences; brought it fresh to our memory. It be the mind is directed into the path of comes us to notice such events with the truth, and moved by an impulse which, strictest care. They must not pass by it yielded to, will lead to the attainment


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of that moral excellence, which will se our frailty, and to look forward, and cure the favour of God, and entitle both conjecture what will become of that soul and body to a blessed immortality. part of us by which we now reflect upon By looking down into the grave, it is this, and which is grieved at the loss seen to be a dark and gloomy place. we have sustained; what will become The mind is dreadfully agitated with of this when we die—then our minds are the view; the thought of having our in a suitable frame to receive the imbodies lie there; being fed upon by pressions of divine grace, and to be beworms; wasted by putrefaction, and nefited by their holy influence. If we mouldered into dust; this fills us with pursue the train of thought thus excited, solemnity and awe. But this solemnity we shall be led to embrace all the gloand awe constitute no part of religion; rious objects laid before us, and freely these are emotions in themselves of no offered to our acceptance in the Gospel moral value: their tendency however of Christ. The dark and gloomy cloud is good; they may be turned to the best under which we commenced our conaccount, therefore it is better to go to templations will be dissipated; light the house of mourning, than to the will break in upon our ininds, and we house of feasting. By looking down shall be filled with the cheerful hope of into the grave we are naturally led thus a blessed immortality. Death is not to reflect: Is this, can it be the final end what it appears to our natural eyes. It of man? must he lie here in eternal is true, it was brought upon us by sin, silence ? must he perish for ever? Is and was inflicted as a curse. Such it the spark of intelligence that was in still appears, and such it truly is, to the him extinguished? has that mind which mind unenlightened and uninfluenced was susceptible of knowledge, and by the revelation of God. But a foungrasped after it ; that brought into view tain has been opened for purification the whole of the visible creation, and from this sin, and this curse has been comprehended many of its laws; that removed. The blood of Jesus Christ knew there was a Creator who presides has been poured out to wash away our over, and governs it all by infinite guilt, and he has taken the curse from wisdom, goodness, and power; that us by bearing it himself. He has, therestretched its thoughts into the most dis- fore, totally changed the nature of death tant futurity, and longed for immorta as to all those who die in him; all lity; that had implanted in it affections those who, sensible of the thraldom of capable of being directed to the most their nature, flee to him for refuge; noble objects; that could love goodness, who are humbly sensible of their nafeel gratitude, and detest what is wrong: tural depravity; deeply mourn for their has this nobie, this intelligent principle sins; embrace him in all his offices of his nature, perished with his body? with ardour, with that faith and reliance Is it, like that, unconscious, insensible; upon his merits which influences them and is the grave to shut up for ever all to endeavour to do his will; to regulate that belonged to him whose body is to their hearts and lives by his Gospel; to lie there, moulder into dust, and perish yield submissively to the sanctifying inlike other animal substances ? Such Auences of his Holy Spirit: from all reflections as these are awakened by such the curse is removed; it is changed looking down into the grave; and these, into a blessing : for he himself assures if pursued to their proper termination, us, that “ blessed are the dead who die will make us wiser and better. That in the Lord; they rest from their lathey should be so pursued, is the design bours, and their works do follow them." of providence in commissioning death to attain this blessedness is now, approach near to us, and calling upon my brethren, within the reach of us us to attend our friends and neighbours all; the death that we so greatly dread to their long home, the place appointed may be changed in its character; and, for all living.

in a great measure, lose its sting and its When the reflections I have now terror. The Son of God, seeing us in. mentioned are aroused by such events; volved in sin; alienated from our Creawhen we are led by them to consider tor; mortal, dying in our bodies, and

our souls sinking down into everlasting produced the fruits of holiness in a misery; seeing this he compassionated pious and virtuous life. Such as these our wretchedness; assumed our nature rest before they have hardły cominto his own; fulfilled the law adapted menced their labours, and have no to our condition; suffered the penalty works to follow them, but barely their due to our guilt, and thus perfectly an- penitence and faith, so that it seems swered, in our stead, the demands of only possible that they should enter into justice; procured for us a new covenant the joy of their Lord. Repentanceupon adapted to our state; the terms of the brink of the grave is not much to be which are penitence for our transgres- relied upon. The best test of its sinsions; faith in him as an acceptable cerity must necessarily be wantingMediator between God and man; re that of a pious and virtuous life. It liance on his merits, and the grace he must, therefore, present itself before has procured for us, to renew and sanc God without any of its fruits; it has no tify our nature; this, with a compliance good works to follow it. with all his holy institutions, and ha Thus we see the warning we should bitual efforts to bring into exercise all take by the death of others; the effect the pious dispositions and virtuous ac- that it should produce upon our lives. tions demanded by him ; this will fulfil In this way God in kindness admothe conditions of the Gospel covenant, nishes habitual sinners; those who live and reconcile us to God." Those who regardless of their duty to him, to turn are thus qualified are said to be in from their evil ways, to repent, and be Christ. They are united to him

by that converted, that their sins may be blotliving faith which influences them to ted out. And in this way he reminds become like him in the tempers and those who have commenced a life of dispositions of their minds, and the con- piety and virtue to increase their vigiduct of their lives. When this is the lance; to watch and pray; to keep fixed and settled kabit of the mind, the their lamps continually trimmed and failings that proceed from human infir- burning : this he does by setting before mity are forgiven, are overlooked by them the extreme uncertainty of human our gracious God, through the merits of life, and giving them to understand, by our blessed Redeemer; and his grace examples, that the Bridegroom may is indulged to increase our moral come in an hour when they look not strength; to bring us nearer and nearer for him. Thus we see, my brethren, to himself; and we thus go on from one that our Saviour has not secured to his degree of strength to another, gradually disciples an exemption from death, but increasing in our resemblance of God, sanctified and blessed it to them. like the light which shineth more and He undertook his office for us after more unto tke perfect day.

we were placed by sin under the power Whenever we bring into exercise of death. His design was to retrieve, genuine repentance, with entire confi not to preserve us from death. Our dence in the true character of Christ, guilt he engaged to remove, and to reand, with full reliance on his merits, store us from the dominion of the king throw ourselves upon the mercy of of terrors. He, therefore, took the God, resolving for the future, through burden of our guilt upon himself, and the assistance of his grace, to devote answered the demand that the justice ourselves wholly to his service, we are of God required for it. He likewise then forgiven by our gracious God; subjected himself to that death which accepted by him; justified in his sight; was inevitable to our fallen nature; and, from that time, if we coutinue in submitted to a separation of soul and the course we have begun, we may be body, that he might rescue both from said to be in Christ Jesus; and if we their captivity. He went with the fordie, even upon our first entrance on this mer into the place of departed spirits; state, we shall die in the Lord, and of while the latter was laid in the silent course our death will be blessed. Still tomb. While his body lay thus prosthe reward will be less in those who trate and sunk in death, his soul winged thus die, thạn in those whose faith has its fight into paradise, the sacred repo.

sitory which contained the spirits of not only reminded of our own frailty,

just men placed there in virtue of the of the slender thread by which we are mediatorial office he had undertaken. suspended over our graves, but of the

There he appeared as their Deliverer, momentous consequences that must foltheir Redeemer; and it was doubtless low the extinction of our lives. None there that he went and preached to the hut Christ can rescue us from the ruin spirits in prison ; reviving their hopes; that must ensue upon death as the naassuring them of a higher state of bliss tural effect of the sin that produced it. and glory when his mediatorial king- He has unconditionally procured for us dom should cease by being resigned up the resurrection of our bodies. Be our to the Almighty Father. While he was character what it may, we shall, in virthere executing his high office, as a hu tue of Christ's mediation, rise from the man soul, like the rest of his brethren dead. But we shall rise to be judged; around him, his body lay in the silent and, when judged, we shall certainly tomb, unheeded, unthought of, except be condemned, unless we are of the by a few despised disciples, who doubt number of those who die in the Lord. less thought, that, like other human It is conditionally; only we must rebodies, it would perish there. Thus member, that Christ has procured for humbled under the hand of death lay us a happy and glorious immortality. the blessed Jesus for three days; the Thus, then, we are reminded by the tomb giving no indication that it con death of our friends and neighbours, of tained any thing more than the remains the uncertainty of life, and of the treof a mortal man mouldering into dust. mendous consequences that attend its Thou triumphant king of terrors, never extinction ; and it should awaken our before didst thou hold such a prisoner attention to the things that belong to under thy dominion! But thy strong pur everlasting peace. We know not hand was weak; thy iron chain as the what shall be on the morrow; we see slender thread, when the Omnipotence that our life is even as a vapour, that to which thy captive was united de- appeareth for a little time, and then vamanded back thy prey. The mighty nisheth away. We should, therefore, dominion of death was soon at an end. be excited to improve every moment of On the third day the soul of our Re- it while it lasts, in securing to ourselves deemer left the place of departed spi- those glorious objects procured for us rits; exerted the divine power to which by our blessed Saviour, which he has it was united; returned and reanimated put within our reach, and offered to our its lifeless body; arose from the tomb acceptance. Those who live regardthe glorious conqueror of death; aş- less of their God and Saviour; who are cended up on high ; took his seat at the wholly devoted to the objects of the right hand of God, where he now world, whether old or young, stand dwells as our Advocate, our Interces

upon an awsul precipice, from which sor; possessing the power of raising the arm of their Redeemer is perpetuour dead bodies, and uniting them with ally stretched out to rescue them; and, our souls; which he has promised to without laying hold of which, they must, accomplish at the great and last day; at their death, plunge into remediless to assemble the whole world before him, ruin. All such he now invites to rethe living and the dead, small and great, pent; to mourn for their sins; to and then to judge them; clearing the change their course of life; to yield to penitent and believing from guilt, and the sanctifying influences of his Holy taking them with him into the highest Spirit, thus to escape from the ruin that heavens, there to reign with him for awaits them, and become qualified for ever and ever; and sentencing those the heavenly felicity. He not only by who have neglected and despised his his word, by his ministers, by the influoffers of pardon and mercy, to those ences of his Holy Spirit, but by his prodreadful regions of misery where the vidence, awakens us, alarms us, shows worm dieth not, and the fire is not us the necessity of perpetual watchfulquenched.

ness and care. When he snatches Thus, by the death of others, we are away our friends and neighbours by

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