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Art. 92. The Universal Restoration : exhibited in a Series of Dia.

Jogues between a Minister and his friend ; comprehending the
Substance of several Conversations that the Author hath had with
various Persons, both in America and Europe, on that interesting
Subject: wherein the most formidable Objections are stated, and
fully answered. By Elhanan Winchester, 8vo.
Marsom. 1788.

The doctrine of the final salvation of all men, which has lately, as well as in former times, had several advocates, is here treated in a familiar and popular way, more adapted to engage the attention of the generality of readers, than to afford entire satisfaction to the accurate critic in biblical learning. But, whatever becomes of his doctrine, we cannot but commend the philanthropy of the writer.

35. sewed.

SERMONS in Commemoration of the Revolution
I. Two Sermons, preached at Mill-bill Chapel, in Leeds, on

the Celebration of the hundredth Anniversary of the happy Re-
volution. By William Wood. 8vo. 15. 6 d. Johnson.

The text of the first fermon is from Pfalm cii. 18—20, The subject is the rise and progress of civil liberty, a subject with which the Author seems well acquainted, and which he has treated with great judgment. The conclusion of this discourse is very animated and pathetic. Speaking of our patriotic countrymen, who were virtuously active for our welfare, as well as their own, in 1688, and who now are numbered with their fathers, he adds :

Though dead, they yet speak to us with the impreflive elo. quence of their never to be forgotten deeds. Closed as they are in their honourable tombs, their venerable forms this day present themfelves to our eyes, and conjure us to preserve, and to improve the rights, for which they bravely risqued their fortunes and their lives, and which they happily secured without the effusion of human blood. They charge us to transmit what we have received from them, pure and entire to our descendants, and to fit them for is, by instilling into their minds a love of piety and virtue, a reverence for the laws, and a public-spirited ambition of acting, in every department of life, with the exemplary usefulness of good citizens.-- Yes, ye illustrious shades, we will be faithful to the deposit which you have committed to our trust: we liften with awful respect to your sacred commands; we will not disturb your ballowed sepulchres by our unrighteouslives. Reft in peace, till the blissful refurrection of the juít; we will then hail you as our magnanimous fathers, and you shall not spurn us from you as degenerate children.'

The text of the second sermon is Gal. v. 13. The subject, religious liberty, or the purity of religion and the rights of conscience. Mr. Wood informs us, that the just principles of tolerance were Jittle known till the superior genius of Cromwell discovered their force, and openly profesied, that in matters of religion all men have a right to think and act for themselves, and that while they lived in peace with the rest of mankind, they were free to dissent from the magistrate and the priest. The author's opinion on this

See the lift in the last month's Review,

point is very evident from the following quotation, which breathes i troly candid and liberal spirit :

• Let os efteem as a friend and a brother every honest and good man, by whatever religious denomination he may be diftinguished; whether he worship at the church or the meeting-house, the masshouse or the synagogue; whether he use a prescribed or a discretional form of prayer ; whether he prefers an episcopal, a prelbyterian, an independent, or any other form of church government. In the moft corrupted religious communities, numbers are to be found who are ornaments to their own, and would be an honour to any profeffion; the purest and the best are disgraced by unworthy members. Then let us not judge of others by the narrow model of our own creed ; but love all who love God, and defire, by a patient perseverance in well-doing, to obtain eternal life. As we are blest with the enjoyment of civil and religious liberty, let us manifeft our gratitude to the protecting magiftrate by a regular and exemplary conduct, by an active discharge of our respective duties, and by an animated zeal for the public good. Let us be at peace with each other, and with all mankind, and the God of love and peace will be with us.'

As we have been much pleased with the perasal of these ingenious discourses, we recommend them to the particular attention of the Public.

Br.....W. II. A Century. Sermon on the glorious Revolution ; preached in

London, Nov. 16, 1788, being just 100 Years from the landing of William, Prince of Orange, afterwards King of England. In which the Events of 1588, 1088, and 1788, are mentioned, and the Blellings of civil and religious Liberty considered. By Elhanan Winchester (from America). 8vo. 9 d. Johnson, &c.

The text, Exodus, xv. 11. We have (and we assure our Readers, with no small degree of patience) read over this long and tedious fermon. Had the Author closed it at the 25th page, it might have been called a plain practical discourse: but, not so contented, he favours us with 15 pages more, in order to give us a panegyric on America -to introduce a comparison between King William and our Saviour to tell us that he expected that the last century would have produced much greater events than it has done—and to prophecy what may be expected shortly to come to pass. This discourse feem's calculated for the meridian of Tottenham Court Road; and will, no doubt, have many admirers.

DO

SINGLE SERMONS, on other Occasions. I. Preached on the Death of the celebrated Mr. J. Henderson, B. A.

of Pembroke College, Oxford, at St. George's, Kingswood, November 23, and at Temple Church, Bristol, November 30, 1788. By the Rev. W. Agutter, M. A. of St. Mary Magdalen College, Oxford. 8vo. 6. Rivingtons, &c.

The deceased, according to the account here given of his character, was a person of most extraordinary er.dowments and accomplishments. He excelled in divinity, law, phyfic, and chemistry, and his knowlege was applied for she benefit of oshers. He relieved

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the poor by his alms, and the fick by his medicines. He consoled the afflicted, and instructed the ignorant. He defended the injured, and extricated the distressed, &c. &c.' With respect to his notions of religion, some idea may be formed, from what is here faid, in his own words, on a particular and leading article of faith. The paliage is given us as an extract from one of his own letters.--"I firmly believe that Jesus is very God of very God; is my God as much as the Father, and I adore him and pray to him as such. I beJieve that He, as God, in his divine nature, took upon him human nature, i.e. the soul and body of man. I believe that the Godhead was fully and wholly in his humanity; and that the Father, whom po one man hath seen, or can fee, in his own person, became visible in the person of Jesus, &c. &c. *"- Mr. H. we find, had been con: nected with the late pious Mr. Fletcher of Madely, and was with him at the college of Treveka, where,' at twelve years of age, he taught Greek and Latin. In a word, he seems to have been a second Barátier ; and the preacher of his funeral sermon appears to have omitted nothing that zeal and affection could poslibly suggest in his praise.

* If this be not what some people call rational, it is what others term orthodox; and the former, no doubt, will always be out-voted by the latter. II. On the African Slave Trade-Preached at the Maze. Pond, South.

wark, Nov. 30, 1788. By James Dore. 8vo. 6d. Buckland, &c.

Several very material points of national consideration, relative to the criminality of the man-trade, are here adduced with force and feeling; the inhuman treatment of the Negroes, in the transportation of them from their native soil, is pathetically represented, from the testimony of several writers on the subject; and we are earnestly exhorted, as free-born Britons, nursed in the lap of Liberty, to pay due regard to the natural rights of our fellow-mortals,—and to lend our belt alliitance to promote the benevolent design of freeing the poor Africans from the bondage in which they have been so long, unjuftly, and so cruelly held.--The discourse is written with good fense and animation.

* For this author's Letters on Faith, see Review, vol. lxxvii.
P332.
III. Preached in Lambeth Chapel, at the Consecration of the Right

Reverend Father in God Samuel Lord Bishop of St. David's, on
Whitfonday, May 11, 1788. By Charles Peter Layard, D.D.
F.R.S. F. A. S. 4to. is. Walter.

Dr. Layard very briefly, and in general terms, complains of
the uncandid and violent attacks which have been made on the most
important tenets of the Christian faith, and on the venerable form of
church government derived from the Apostles and their immediate
fucceffors; and he exhorts the friends of true religion vigorously to
defend the faithful word delivered to the sainis. E.
R Ap-

Answers to various Correspondents will be found in our Ape pendix (P. 702. a published with this Number...

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MONTHLY REVIEW,

For FEBRUARY, 1789.

WE

ART. I. The Rural Oeconomy of Yorkshire; comprizing the Manage

ment of landed Estates, and the present Practice of Husbandry in the agricultural Districts of that County. By Mr. Marshall. 8vo. 2 Vols. 12 s. Boards. Cadell. 1788.

E congratulate the Public on the early appearance of

another performance on the rural economy of districts in England by Mr. Marshall. In our account of the Rural Oeconomy of Norfolk *, we gave a general sketch of the author's plan, and the manner of his executing his truly interefting work; and it is only here necefsary to recall to the Reader's recolle&tion, that Mr. Marshall professes to give a distinct account of the practice of agriculture, and the general management of land, in the different provincial districts which he may select for that purpose, rather than a didactic performance on the subje&t ;-without, however, precluding himself from making such observations, tending to improve that practice, as may occur. We think this plan, if executed with due caution, cannot fail of proving highly beneficial to the interests of agriculture, by the diffemination of useful knowlege:-which muft, in the natural course of thiogs, conduce to the general advantage of the kingdom.

The author has now selected the diftri&t of Pickering, near Scarborough, in the north-eaft corner of Yorkthire, as the pare ticular scene of his observations. This is a fertile vale, of conderable extent; its largest diameter being about 35 miles in length, and its width about 12, including in its area, and the cultivated lands on its banks, about 300 square miles, or 200,000 acres. It is bounded on the north by a great extent of high ground, called the Eastern Morelands; on the fouth, by a ftilt more extensive tract of lower chalky bills, called the Wolds; on the west, by some irregular rising grounds that separate it from the great vale of York; and on the east, by a narrow ridge of bigh land, between it and the sea, to the southward of Scarbo.

* See Review for Auguft 1787. VOL, LXXX.

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rough. Mr. M. says it is ' a lake left dry by nature : a balon formed by eminences on every side, save one narrow outlet of the waters collected within its area, and upon the adjacent hills, Nature, perhaps, never was so near forming a lake without finishing the design. A dam of inconsiderable length across the Derwent, near Malton, would deluge the entire vale, and the first paffage of the waters wouid, in all probability, be down the sea cliffs which are its eastern boundary." To render intelligible the geography of this district, our author, always attentive to whatever may convey real information, has illustrated his work by two elegant maps :—the first, a general bird's-eye view of all Yorkshire; in which the several hills and dales, and other irregularities of surface, are distin&tly delineated : --the second, a plain unshaded outline-map of the vale of Pickering, with its several towns and villages, and the rivers and rivulets which water the vale, as they descend from the high grounds that fur. round it; all distinctly marked, and traced through their smaller ramifications. How frequently have we occafion to regret the Want of such aids, when accompanying an entertaining tra. veller or instructive biftorian; many of whose most interesting descriptions are rendered, in some measure, obscure and unin telligible to the greatest part of their readers, because of this omiflion !

The general outlet for the water of this vale is through the channel of the Derwent, whose stream is augmented by the junction of the Rye, a little before it iffues from the vale. These two rivers move with a flow and fuggish course along the bottom of the vale: the Derwent from east to west, and the Rye in an oppofite direction, receiving the smaller streams from either side.

* As a proof of the general Ratness of the vale, the waters of the Rye are four or five days in palling from Hemiley to Malton (about fourteen miles): and those of the Derwent not less than a week in moving from Ayton (about fifteen miles) to the same general outlet. It is highly probable, that in a state of nature a principal part of the vale was subject to be overflowed. Even now, fince rivers have been cut, and embankments made, extensive fields of water are still to be seen in times of floods; not, however, through natural necessity, but for want of farther exertions of art. By increasing embankments, and by removing obstructions natural and artificial *, the rivers, in their highest swell, might be kept within due bounds.'

The acclivity rises on either side with a gentle slope, and displays an ample scene of hanging fields around the fat. Such

The cataract mill-dam across the Derwent at Old Malcon is a public nuisance, which reflects disgrace on every man of property the Vale, It appears as if intended to finid what nature has left endone!

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