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gency), that · Mr. Pite's plan is either to weaken the Prince of Wales's government, or else to be Regent himself.' This is not the Jeait entercaining of the tracts that have appeared in opposition to the idea of a Regency with restrictions.

R......m Art. 49. Regency ; and the Use and Abuse of the Great Seal: contain

ing a correct List of all the Regencies since the Origin of Parliaments to the present Period ; with an Account of the Cause, Mode of Appointment, Limitations and Consequences of each Regency, &c. &c. 8vo. 1 s. Ridgway. 1789.

The chief intention of this pamphlet is, to guard us against the attempts of corrupt parliaments,' and 'parliamentary cabals,' for the porposes alluded to in the title-page. Admitting his instances to be fairly and faithfully extracted from the writers to whom this author refers, the little collection which he has here laid before the Public may possibly be found useful. Art. 50. Detached Hints upon the Queftion, in its present Pofture.

8vo. 60. Debreit. 1789. Tending to Mew that the Heir Apparent, during the King's incapacity, and no longer, has a pre-eminent claim to the full exercise of the royal authority.

B......m. Art. 51. Reflections on the Case of a Regency. By a Gentleman of

Lincoln's Inn. 8vo. I s. 6 d. Ridgway. 1789. After recapitulating the proceedings in Parliament, this Writer examines the several precedents that have been mentioned, and concludes his pamphlet with afferting the right of the Prince, and proposing nine questions for the confideration of the people.

This Gentleman of Lincoln's Inn is not the first lawyer who has proposed quetions that are, if not totally foreign to present exigencies, at least such as have a tendency to withdraw the attention of the people from such material points as merit their utmost consideration. What, for instance, is the intention of his last question, . Whether it is safest for the people to adhere to the old conftitution, or to make a new one, on the occasion of the King's illness?' His opponents, if he should have any, might ask him in turn, Who, on the occasion of the King's illness, endeavours to make a new conftifution?

DO Art. 52. Thoughts on the present Proceedings of the House of Commons.

8vo, Debrett. This Author thinks, that nothing less than the contests of party, and the struggles of ambitious statesmen, could for a moment obscure so plain a truth, as the fimple and obvious mode of restoring the constitutional government to its full vigour, by addresing the Prince of Wales, and calling on him to exercise the regal authority in the name of his father. He offers chis opinion, after having lignia fied his disapprobation of the parliamentary discussion of right. The idea confutez itself. If Parliament have the power to call the Prince to the exercise of regal authority, they are doubtless at liberty to de. bate whether such a step is expedient, and to restrict their delea, gated power in the manner which they, as our national representatires, be & approve.



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Art. 53. The Debate on the subject of a Regency, in the House of Come

mors, Dec. 16, 1788. Containing the Speeches of Mr. Pili, Mr. Fox, &c. &c. With a corre& Litt of the Division thereon. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. Stockdale.

The title fufficiently explains the contents of this pamphlet; which ought not to be overlooked by those who make collections of this kind. Art. 54. The Powers of a Regent conftitutionally considered. 8vo. Is.

'The Author principally objects to any restrictions being laid on the
Regent He more especially confines himself to the maintenance of
the Regent's prerogative of creating peers, and of dissolving the par-
liament. His language is nervous, but for his arguments, let his
readers decide.

R...... m.
Art. 55. Whig and no Whig. A political Paradox. 8vo.

Stalker. 1789.
A whimsical dialogue between William and Charles, in which the
latter is doubtful whether the former is, or is not, a Whig. Wile
liam's principles are sometimes combated by Charles, who seems to
have the worst of the argument. D:
Art. 36. A folemn Appeal to the Citizens of Great Britain and Ireland;

on the present Emergency. 8vo. Stockdale. This performance is evidently the production of a writer who posfeffos a very considerable share of historical and political knowlege.

He sets out with feveral observations, intended to thew, that where the spirit of unbridled freedom prevails, and where the people are accustomed to hear the nature of liberty discussed, a set of desperate men, aspiring after power which their principles do not deserve, or hungry for bread, from which their debts have almost precluded them, may blow up the Aame of discord when it is leaft expected, and embroil in civil confusions and animosities, a community which but a moment before was in peaceable and happy circumstances. He proceeds with enumerating the examples which ancient and modern history afford of the truth of his remarks ; and, Speaking of our own times, he says,

• Let us not, therefore, be so blind, so very much slaves to our own prejudices, as to suppose that ruin, or at least diftra&ion, may not ensue from men of an unrestained ambition, because they call themselves the men and friends of the people.'

. He applies to the present time what the historian applied to the manners of the Roman republic; and shews how far Salluft's characters of the conspirators agree with several persons who now, in our own country, employ much of the public attention.

The author next describes Mr. Pitt, whose character, finished in the richest colours, is contrasted with that of his grea opponent.

As the present situation of affairs renders the times fit for the execution of ambitious views, the author exhorts his fellow-citizens to beware of the mischiefs which must necessarily follow the admission of factious and profligate men into power.

The warmth and energy of his expreslion, which his zeal only seems to have inspired, has produced many harsh refe&tions on the 12


present leading members of opposition, and the highest panegyric on the minister. On the whole, however, he writes like a scholar, and a gentleman.

B......m. Art. 57. Advice humbly offered to the Prince of Wales. By a well

meaning Briton. 8vo. 6d. Hookham. 1789. xhohe The main object of this well-meant lecter is, to suggest to his Royal Highness the propriety and prudence of ftritly observing the řaxim feftina lente, in his conduet, when Regent, toward his father's confidential servants and friends, and not to hurry them precipitately out of place, in order to make room for those who may be too eager to succeed them.–The advice is good, well enforced by jadicious arguments, and delivered in plain language, but not in terms too familiar for the royal ear to which it is addressed, Art. 58. The Royal Dialogue between the P. of W. and the Right

Hon, c. J. F. 8vo. Is. 6 d. Stalker, 1789.
Low abuse of the characters alluded to by che initials inserted in

the title-page.



Art. 59. An Attempt to ascertain the Causes of the K-'s present Illness;

with a new Method of treating it, applicable to all who suffer in
like Manner; most hombly recommended, by a dutiful Subject.

Robson and Co. The anonymous author of this well-meant attempt, attributes the K-'s illness to excellive exercise and extreme temperance. His reasonings on the subje&, as well as his style, are not, throughout, so correct as might be expected from a scientific writer ; but his design feems to proceed from a fincere wish for the speedy recovery of his sovereign. The method of cure which he recommends, is such as the hypothesis certainly indicates. The maxim that omne nimium nocet is incontrovertible, and in the present case, the nimium or nimia with respect to the body are easily ascertained: but it is not allowable to affert that all mental derangements can be referred to corporeal or animal excesses. Experience daily shews them to be solely produced by the violence of certain paffions; and the bodily derangements which are concomitant, are frequently the effect of the diseased mind. The investigation of the causes of diseases is, in general, most intricate and difficult, but more especially so in those cases where the mind is disordered ; which require the most minute attention to every fymptom, and the most accurate comparison of every circumstance. Had the present writer seen the patient, the cause of whose disease be attempts to explain, he might have been better qualified for the inveftigation. Art. 60. A Dissertation on the Influence of the Pasions upon the Dif

orders of the Body. By William Falconer, M. D. F. R. S. Being the Essay to which the Pothergillian Medal was adjudged. 8vo. 35. Boards. Dilly. 1788.

In our account of the Memoirs of the Medical Society *, we mentioned the institution of the Fothergilliäa medal, and said that it

* See Rey. vbi lxxvii.t p. 358.

volilxxvii. Rev. Jan, 1789.



* By James Pettit Andrews, T. A.S.


was adjudged to Dr. Falconer, of Bath, for his answer to the queftion-What diseases may be mitigated or cured by exciting particular affections or passions of the mind? The Dissertation is now before the Public, who, by its perusal, must be convinced that the medal was not unworthily bestowed. Of its comparative merit with respect to the performances of his competitors, if there were any, it is impossible for us to speak, as they are not published.

Before Dr. Falconer offers any arguments on the question, he mentions some general laws by which the human constitution seems to be conducted ; and describes the apparent effects of the passions on the frame and constitution. Having thus established a general system, he proceeds to apply what he has advanced, to particular diseases.

He acknowledges that many difficulties must occur in the management of those precarious and nice inftruments, the paflions; he has, nevertheless, given an excellent view of their effects on the corporeal and vital systems; and has thewn his intimate acquaintance with the best writers on metaphysics and medicine.

Ram. MISCELLANEOUS. Art. 61. The present State of Nova Scotia: With a brief Account

of Canada, and the British Inands on the Coast of North America. The Second Edition, corrected and enlarged, and illustrated with a Map. 8vo. 45. Boards. Edinburgh, Creech; London, Cadeil, &c. 1787.

The loss which Great Britain fustained, in the dismemberment of her empire, by the separation of her American colonies, seems to be, in a very considerable degree, compensated by the Aourishing state of what remains of her former possessions in that part of the world.- According to all accounts, as well as to the representations contained in the volume before us, Canada, and Nova Scotia, &c. bid fair to recompense us, in time, for all the damage that we have sultained by the defection of those provinces which now constitute ibe United States,

The account here given of the rapid growth of the infant fettlement of Nova Scotia, especially fince the termination of the war wich our late colonists, is really astonishing ; and leaves us no room to doubt the very great advantages which will, in all hụman proa bability, accrue to the mother country, from the welfare and profperity of this her youngest child.

of Canada, Newfoundland, Cape Breton, St. John's, &c. the accounts here. given must, undoubtedly, be very acceptable to the public; but, as we have already laid before our readers a review of This work, from the first edition, it is unnecessary for us to enlarge the present article, farther than, briefly, to observe, that this second edition has received considerable improvements; particularly a large, and, to all appearance, accurate map of North America, including, not only the British colonies, as now limited and defined, but also the territories of the United States.

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Art. 62. The Flowers of modern Travels; being elegant and in,

fructive Extracts from the Works of the most celebrated Travel-
lers. Intended chiefly for Young People. By the Rev. John
Adams, A. M. 12mo. 2 Vols. 6s. sewed. Kearlley. 1788.

Mr. Adams has made a very entertaining selection from the books
that have been published within our own memory, by travellers of
different countries; as Lord Lyttelton, Sir W. Hamilton, Baron de
Tott, Dr. Moore, Dr. Von Troil, Messrs. Brydone, Coxe, Wrax-
all, Savary, Swinburne, Lady M. W. Montagu, &c. The works,
at large, of all these writers, have been reviewed by os in the course
of our undertaking; and we think that Mr. Adams hath judiciously
extracted the most proper passages for a miscellany of this kind;
which, to young readers, who are fond of perusing books of authentic
travels, cannot fail of furnishing the most profitable and innocens
Art. 63. Mrs. Stewart's Cafe, written by Herself, and respectfully
submitted to the enlightened Part of the Public: including
her Letter to Lord Rawdon.

4to. is. 6d. Kerby, &c. 1788. This Lady sets forth, that he is 'lineally descended from Grahan Earls of Monteith *, and Stewart, Earls of Galloway, whose common ancestor and mine was Alexander the Sixth, Lord High Steward of Scotland, father to Robert the Second, first monarch of the Dame of Stewart.-She farther states, that the is in great poverty and distress; that Lord Rawdon has, on her application, contributed several times to her relief; but that, of late, he has not only discontinued his bounty, but has also been inftrumental in preventing others from relieving her. She, therefore, now publicly addresses, and reproaches, his Lordship, in the style of a remonftrant, and with all the hauteur and dignity of high defcent and family pride,-increased rather than humbled by adversity. - It should seem, however, as if Lord R. had received some conviction that Mrs. S. had imposed on him, and that he no longer considered her as a proper object of his benevolence: and that he really thinks so, we are thoroughly convinced from circumstances mentioned in her own account. Beside which, we bave observed a letter, figned JUSTICE, printed in the Morning Poft of January 9, 1789, and addressed To Mrs. MARGARET CAROLINE KUDD, alias STEWART." Now, if our high-spirited authoress be really the celebrated Mrs. Rudd, formerly associated with the uo fortunate Perreaus, we can no longer be at a loss to account for the change in Lord R.'s conduct to vard her.

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• This Peerage is now dormant, by the failure of male heirs.
The coheiress daughters were Mary and Helen. Mrs. Stewart is the
grand-daughter of Mary, the elder; and Lord Rawdon is the great
grandson of Helen, the younger. Mary married her coufin, Walter
Graham of Gartur, first cadet of the Monteith family; and Helen
married Sir James Rawdon : consequently, Mrs. Stewart and Lord
Rawdon are presumptive claimants to this dormant peerage.'

Mrs. Stewart's note.


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