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Mr. Hughes appears to have conducted this farther prosecution of his fabject with the fame judgment and ability which we applauded in the former part of his undertaking; and after completing his refutation of Mr. Harris's defence of the practice of Negroe-lavery, he takes leave of the reverend and pious refearcher with tarily advising him, when he writes his nexi defence of the African Slave: trade, to quote some authority better calculated for the support of tyranny and injustice than his Bible.' Art. 21. Am I not a Mar, and a Brother with all Humility

addrefled to the British Legidature. 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Payne and Son. 1788.

This writer, who is a zealous advocate for the entire abolition of the negroe lave-trade, has added an elaborate tract to the confi. derable number of those that have appeared on the same fide of this very interesting question : in which he has included an Answer to Mr. Harris's Scriptural Refearches, commonly kyled the Liverpool Pampblet. Our anonymous Author has taken pains with his subject, in order to evince that negroes are 'men, that they are capable of an idea of civil government, of moral difinations, of religion, of a God, and a future fate of exifeace ; and that as men, they have an absolute right to life, limb, property, liberty, &c. In brief, his production, though it does not contain a great deal that is new, is not, on the whole, unworthy of the public attention.

L A w. Art. 22. A Treatife or the Law of Mortgages. By John Jofeph Powell,

Elg. of the Middle Temple, Barrister at Law. The second Edition', revised and corrected by the Author. 8vo. 6s. Poards, Whieldon. 1787.

The subject of this treatise is of very extenfive concern, as there are few estaces in the kingdom, that have not, at one period or other, been held in the legal fetters of mortgage. Mr. Powell has, with great labour and aliduity, collected and arranged the various decikoos that have palled in the courts, respecting this complicated branch of jurisprudence. This gentleman is likewise the author of the two following treatises,

Tou..A. Art. 23. An Efay on the Learning refpetting the Creation and Execution of

Powers; and also respecting the Nature and Effect of Leasing Porvers; in which the Doctrine and the Judgment delivered by the Court of King's-Bench, in the Case of Pugh and the Duke of Leeds, and the principal Authorities for and again{t it, are considered. By John Joseph Powell, Esq. Barrister at Law, of the Inner Temple.

8vo. 8s. Boards. Whieldon. 1787. Art. 24: An Ejay upon the Learning of Devises, from their Inception by

Writing, to their Confummation by the Death of the Devisor. By John Joseph Powell, Esq. Barriter at Law. 8vo. 9s. Boards. Uriel, Whieldon, &c. 1788.

Each of the two foregoing treatises, on the Execution of Powers, and on the Law of Devises, involves questions of nice and intricate

* The firft edition, which was published in 1785, escaped our no. tice; as have several other law. books; but we propose to discharge chis debt, with all convenient speed.

difcuffion,

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IS.

discusion, and they are both materially connected with the law and
practice of conveyancing; which the author seems to have made the
peculiar object of his study. Though of a technical nature, and not
furnishing any thing likely to intereft, or entertain, the generality of
our readers, yet thele volumes will certainly be deemed of great im-
portance in THE PROFESSION. T.
Art. 25. Trial in the Court of King's Bench, bifore Lord Kenyon, and

a Special Jury, between Edward Dodwell, Esq. Plaintiff, and
the Rev. Henry Bate Dudley, Defendant, for Crim. Con. Svo,
I s. 6d. Symonds. 1789.

One of those recitals which too often occur, to disgrace the annals of mankind. Art. 26 Laws for regulating Bills of Exchange, &c. By J. Blagrave,

Notary Public. 12mo. Green and Co. 1788.
A new edition of a useful little tract, which we noticed at its first
pablication : see our General Index.

ARTS, SHORT-HAND WRITING, &c.
Art. 27. An Efay intended to establish a Standard for an universal System

of Stenography or Short-hand Writing, upon such simple ana ap-
proved Principles as have never before been offered to the Public;
whereby in a few Days a Person may inftrućt himself to write Short-
hand correctly, and by a little Practice cannot fail of taking down
any Discourse delivered in Public. By Samuel Taylor, many Years
Prosessor and Teacher of the Science at Oxford, and the Univer,
fities of Scotland and Ireland. Large 8vo. il. is. Boards. Bell.
1786.

To be able expeditiously and faithfully to write, in legible and unequivocal characters, the whole of what passes in conversation or is delivered by a public speaker, is the ultimate end of short-band. That system, therefore, which accomplishes these purposes in the easiest and simplest manner, must undoub:edly claim a superiority over all others. Whether ihis be the case with Mr. Taylor's system, we cannot, from our own experience, affirm; but from its similarity to other methods, and the eale with which the words are formed, there is no room to question bin that, in practice, it will be found every way calculated to answer the intention.

Ar. Taylor's characters, like those of many of his predeceffors, are simple straight, and crooked, lines: his f, 1, 1, r, s, t, are the fame as Byrom’s, other letters are Byrom’s changed ; thus Taylor's k or 9 is Byrom's in ; and Taylor's m, Byrom's kor q; and some are different. The method of joining the letters is also similar. The choice, or rather the designation of the characters, is not arbitrary, but ought to be such as will best answer the purpose of easy junction, op which alone the ex pedition of writing depends : it is on this account that writers have adopted inany peculiarities, every man's fancy directing him to a particular mode; and on this account every practitioner deems his own method (very juftly) superior to all others.

Praciice, however, is the moit esscntial part, and without a great deal of it, we speak from experience, the best calculated and most approved system will be found insufficient for any other purpose than for memorandums, or for abbreviations in private writings.

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Art. 28. The Art of making coloured Crystals to imitate precious Stones.

Translated from the French of Monf. Fontanieu, Member of the Royal Academies of Sciences and Architecture. To which are added numerous explanatory Notes, and a new Theory of Phlogitton, Electric Fluid, &c. By William Drew, Esq. 8vo. Symonds.

A prefixed advertisement informs us that the original of this little treatise was read by its ingenious author before the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris in 1778, and that its having met with much approbation in France, is a fufficient apology for its appearance in the English language.

It contains directions for making coloured glass, merely practical, without much scientific investigation. That the operations here described will produce coloured glass of various kinds, is beyond a doubt; yet in the art of vitrification, so much depends on the degree and continuation of the fire, that it is extremely difficult to produce two mafies perfectly alike. M. Fontanicu says, however, that he has succeeded in making, constantly and invariably, these different compofitions; and he trusts that whoever accurately follows the processes which he dire&s, will equally succeed. If practice confirms this assertion, his treatise is valuable.

With respect to Mr. Drew's new theory of phlogiston, ele&tric fluid, &c. we shall transcribe the whole of what he says on this head :

• This publication affords me an opportunity of advancing a new theory of pblogifton, which explains, in a satisfactory manner, many remarkable phenomena attending combustion and the calcination of metals. I maintain that pure phlogiston and electric fluid are formed by a chemical combination of the matter of light, the matter of fire and aerial acid in certain proportions and that light inflammable air is formed of the same elements, but with a larger portion of the matter of fire. This theory, supported by experiments and observations, and applied to the solution of many intricate phenomena of nature, I hope foon to offer to the world.'

R.....m. POETRY Art. 29. The Poetical Flights of Christopher Whirligig, Esq. Cornet of Horse. 4to.

Is. 6 d. Wilkie. 1788. The maggotty name assumed by this author, in his title-page, led us to expect that Mirth was now in the humour to admit us of his crew,” (a favour in which the Jolly Being does not so often indulge us as we could wish); but we were disappointed. Instead of “Quips, and cranks, and wanton wiles,-Nods, and becks, and wreathed (miles" — we have, for the most part, been amused with lovers complaints of the absence or cruelty of their adorable nymphs,. and “ woeful ballads made to their miliresses eyebrows :"--and these not marked with very strong traits of poetic genius. The pieces are generally written in easy verse ; but mere verse and rhyme do not conititute REAL POETRY. The best performance is that which is enciiled Henry and Delia; in which the author discovers more of imagination than in the rest of his productions.-If, as we guess, the bard is in his youth, he may, in time, improve.

Art.

F4

Art. 30. Four Odes, by a Gentleman. 450. 19. Baldwin. -1788.

In these odes, which are said to have been written by a person lately deceased, we perceive the traces of an elegant mind; but they have no great share of positive merit. The following lines may be termed pretty :

То тHЕ Cucкow.
• Reclin'd yon glift'ring mead along,
The primrose, and the

violet,
The daffodil with drooping head,
The daily ermin'd, freak'd with jet ",
'The cowslip sprent with dew-drops cold,
Her wavy mantle steep'd in gold,
Shall wreathe for me an od'rous bed
While the dun Cuckow coos his distant song,
• Untutor'd glad'ner of the grove !
Responsive to thy rustic note
The lark his matin choral rings,
The blackbird from the plumb-tree sings,
And the blithe linnet strains his tender throat;

Plowman hoarse approach not nigh,
Nór milkmaid heedless, ruftling by,

Scare the blest harmony,

Nor break the general chain of joy and love !' In one place we meet with, Ah, too soon my bleaching hairs' - k. hairs which make white, for hairs which grow white : an active instead of a passive signification. The faulc indeed is common to other poets. Bleac bening or whitening is here required; but the former is fome what harsh.

Pulchri aliquid fcripfifti ? Amici taceant. - Aliquid famofi ? Taceant.Solum mediocritate liberi loquantur : says the 'Editor's morto. And is it even so ? Alas, poor genius, tenderest and most delicate of flowers! how then wouldest thou dwindle, were it not for the foilering hand of criticism, generous, disinterested criticism! whose greatest delight is to awaken thy infant buds, by placing them in the funshine of public favour. AB. Art. 31. The Fall of the Rohillas. An Historical Poem. In Three

Cantos.

410. 15. 6d. Symonds, &c. The story of this poem is pathetic, and the composition is, in feveral parts, not without merit ; but this merit is often obscured by prosaic and low phraseology, by harsh numbers and careless rhimes. Before the Author can claim the praise of correct poetry, he must improve his ear and taste, till he cannot bear either to write or read Juch ver fes as the following:

• The noble beast came tumbling to the ground,
And plung'd, and roll’d, and Splash'd the gore around.'
• Send the great sword of righteousness abroad
And o'er the world make thy true b’liever lord.'

* Borrowed from Milton's Lycidas,

That

*

Tbat future ages from thy works may learn,
How fortune favours oft a coward's arm.'
• When round thy guilty neck the bow-string's fast,
Thou, like a throttled cur, fhall growl thy last.'

E.
Art. 32. A Poetical Address to the Fashionable Ladies of Great Britain.

4to. 15. Egertons. 1788.
A keen, and not ill-written, fatire, on the folly of encouraging
men to encroach on the proper occupations of females, particularly
by employments in the shops of milliners, &c.

E.
Art. 33. Elegy written on the Antbor's revisiting the Place of his former

Residence. 410. 15. Law, &c. 1788.
There is a charm in this pensive kind of poetry that always recom-
mends it to the admirers of nature; and this is the characteristic of
che elegy now before us. Here is no artful play of the fancy with
imaginary beings. Here are no Lares, Penates, orGenii; no Dryads,
Hamadryads, Nymphs, River Gods, and the rest of that worn-out
machinery which often renders modern compofitions at once artificial
and uninteresting. This bard, with the fimplicity which delights
us in Gray's Elegy, expresses his ideas like a man of the world in
which we live. He speaks as we speak, and feels as we feel; and
thus he fails not to intereft us in what has interested himself. The
following verses, which will not prove unacceptable to the fenti-
mental reader, are given as a fair specimen of the poem;

: When the last streaks of How receding light,
Above the duky hills, were faintly seen,
When the pale glow-worm Ihone serenely bright,
And gradual darkness veil'd the rural scene;
When Nature's softness harmoniz'd my mind,
How was I charm'd my pleasing home to seek;
How charm’d congratulating love to find,
With sweetness unaffected, Toft and meek.
How pleas'd amid the dark tempestuous night,
When in the howling storm returning late,
To see my windows lhed the taper's light,
And hear the watch-dog barking at the gate.
Pleas'd to anticipate with fond defire,
(Whilft all around was dreary, cold, and wild)
The circling pleasures of the ev'ning fire,
Where friendship met, and love connubial smild,
There oft around our sportive infants play'd,
There oft we smild their harmless arts to see;
There oft with fond exchanging looks survey'd
The traits of nature undisguis’d and free.
Then as I saw each young and budding grace,
” Shall e'er such innocence and truth be loft?"
I cried : (whilft fearful tears bedew'd my face)
Shall these on life's tempestuous seas be soft ?

Then

* By I. Bidlake, A.M.

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