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Griesbach's Critical Collations. the maxim of Cardinal Mazarin, Let the French fing their catche: in peace, provided they let us do our business.'

Well and good! but it is proper to observe, that what the king and Voltaire call gross invectives and horrible things in this performance, is nothing more than the just ridicule, which author threw on the pretended philosophers, and their illuftrious protectors.

Dr M,


D. Jo. Jac. GRIESBACHII Symbole Critica, ad fupplendas et corri

gendas variarum Novi Teftamenti Lectionum Collectiones : i. e. Cri-
tical Collations for the Purpose of compleating and appreciating
the various Readings of the New Testament. By JOHN JAMES
GRIESBACH, D. D. and Professor in the University of Jesi.
Printed at Halle.
HIS work, of which only the first volume is yet published,

is intended as a supplement to the learned author's edition : of the New Testament; in which he had mentioned some read. ings that had been omitted by Wetstein: these are here collated, and are followed by the readings quoted in the manuscript maginal notes of a copy of the firft edition of Mills's New Testa: ment, preserved in the Bodleian library : they are said to have been written, partly by Mills, and partly by Hearn : many of them are taken from a Greek manuscript of the New Testament

, cited by the abridged title of Hal: of which Dr. GRIESBACH says, he can obtain no account. Some of these readings were published as an appendix to Mills's edition, and were thence copied by Kufter and Wetftein. Our collector has also given the readings, that differ from the common copies, in two Latin manuscripts in the Harleian library.

Prefixed to these collations, is an introductory discourse, in which the author has examined the comparative merits of several manuscripts of the New Testament; particularly those which Wetstein has distinguished by the letters C, D, G, L. In this differtation Dr. GRIESBACH has displayed much learning and critical acumen; and, on the whole, his diligence, in examining and comparing above 150 manuscripts and printed copies, de ferves great praise, even from those who may differ from him concerning certain passages, but we are sorry to find from bis preface, that he has, on this account, been created with abuse, by some, whose zeal for particular opinions was greater than their candour or their liberality. To such an unchriftian (picil

, Dr. GRIESBACH shews himself greatly superior ; and his con, troversy with Dr. Woide and Weber concerning the celebrated passage i Tim. iii. 16. is carried on with politeness, as well as fpirit. Dr. G. maintains that in the manuscript, which Wet. Stein had diftinguided by the letter C, preserved in the royal library in Paris, and now marked No. 9,

* Notum eft, primam fcripturam innumeris in locis mutatam effe ab alia manu rudi et imperita, licet fatis antiqua. Ab hac manu adjektam le lineolam, qna litteris o C impofita cernitur, nullus dubitavi, cum praftantiffimum librum tra&arem. He juftly observes that the question here is not, utrum lectio è; præferenda fit lectioni fos ; fed de hoc unica bic difceptari, utra firmioribus nitatur argumentis fententia, eorumne, qui primitus in codice C Dios extitisse autumant, an eorum, qui is a prima manu in hoc libro feriptum fuiffe cenfent ?

After giving the arguments of bis opponents, and particularly of Weber, together with his own replies, he adds the following observation concerning the state of the question :

Jam fi ea, quæ in utramque partem disputata funt, colligas, intentaque mentis acie uno quasi obruta perluftres, patebit tibi, patronos leéti. onis Deos neutiquam juftis argumentis evicisse, lineolan, os in Jeos mutanten, neceffario ipfi librario tribuendam efle, nec poffe eam a correctore re. centiore additam videri ; fed hoc tantum oftendise eos, posse lineolam litteris o C impofitam ab ipfius librarii manu profe&tam effe. Contra vero probase nobis videmur, non modo, poffe eam correctori attribui, nec quidquam obftare, quo minus ferius eam additam effe ftatuamus, verum adesse etiam indicia plufcula nec levia, quæ primitus abfuille lineam prodant.'

'This question must be decided by the authority of other maW nuscripts of the Alexandrine class, of the versions and fathers,

that follow this edition of the text. If these could be produced

against him, Dr. G. declares he would own himself convinced ; Td but adds,

Cum nullum omnino exemplar, quod quidem ad eandem cum nostro familiam referendum fit, pro lectione Deos aperte militet, fed omnia, de quorum lectione certo nobis conftat, lectioni ós patrocinentur, non proba. bile tantum, fed certum omnino elle fatio, librarium noftrum fcrip. file öz'.

He therefore undertakes to thew that the codex C is an Alexandrian manuscript, and that all the Alexandrian copies of the earliest times have this reading.

Only three Alexandrian manuscripts are known, in which the text is sufficiently pure to be referred ro, as of authority. That which Dr. Woide has lately published, should be excepted in this argument, because his opinion may be fairly set in oppofition to that of Westein, on which Dr. G. inlifts. Of the manuscript marked C, we have already given his opinion; concerning the third, which he calls 17, he confirms the affertion of Wetftein, that the word is there written is; he also observes that this reading is preserved in the Coptic, Ethiopian, Armenian, and Syriac versions; and that it was adopted by Cyril, Origen, Clemens, and other Greek Fathers, be says, is evident from the best copies and editions of their works, and from the tenour of their argument when they quoted the text.

For particular quotations in support of this opinion, we must refer our critical readers to the work itself;, an attentive perusal

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of which, and a comparison of its arguments with those of Dr. Woide, are necessary to form a candid judgment of the controverly between him and Dr. G. concerning which we presume not to decide. It is a queftion of fact, and not of opinion, nor can we consider it of that importance, which some bave supposed; for it cannot surely be pretended, that the authority of a doctrine, essential to Christianity, can depend on a circum. ftance so uncertain as the reading of a single paffage : and, when we reflect through what hands the New Teftament has been transmited to us, instead of being astonished that there thould be a few inftances of verbal inaccuracy in some of the copies, we have much reason to wonder that these inaccuracies are not more numerous, and of greater importance. Sow.

ART, XIV. Antwoord op de Vraag Van Teylers Teveede Genootschap, &c. Prize

Differtation on a Subject proposed by Teyler's second Society; ! by JERONIMO DE Bosch, Senior Clerk in the Secretary's Office in Amsterdam, Member of the Philosophical Society at Haarlem, and of the Dutch Literary Society at Leyden. 410. 331 Pages. Haarlem. 1788. HE object of the Society, in the subject proposed, was to

give those Dutch poets, who are unacquainted with the ancient languages, an introduction to such an acquaintance with the beautiful and sublime passages of the Greek and Roman bards, and especially of Homer, as may enable them co trans- ! fuse these beauties into their own works, or to catch the spirit of these great masters; and to create new poetical embellifhments in the same Ityle.

To answer this purpose, the work before us was composed ; and the prize was conferred on its author, as a teftimong of the Society's approbation. Its text consists of the arguments of each book of the Iliad, and is accompanied with notes; in which the moft beautiful and admired passages of the poem are explained and illuftrated. They are judiciously selected, and contain the substance of what has been laid on the subject by the best critics, ancient and modern. In thort, the execution of the plan gives us a high opinion of the author's learning and taste; but we are by no means convinced that the plan itself is well adapted to answer the end proposed. To those who have already formed some acquaintance with the writings of Homer, though it should have been only by the medium of a tranflation, these notes may be of excellent service ; but to those who have not bad this advantage, they will convey a very faint idea of the beauties of the Iliad. We cannot help thinking that the purpose would be more effe&ually attained by a judicious tranflation of the poem, even

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in profe, but much better by one in verse; and if M. DE Bosch's poetical talents be equal to his literary abilities, no one can be better qualified, than he is, to render this important service to the unlearned poets of his country. Sow.


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Rapport fait à la Société des Sciences Physiques de Lausanne, &c. i. e,

Report made to the Philosophical Society of Lausanne, by Messrs.
commiffioned by the Society to inquire into a Case of Noctam-
bulation. 12mo. 61 Pages. Lausanne. 1788.
HE case bere related is curious; but this account of it is

calculated rather for the philosophical, than for the medical, reader. The patient, whose name was Devaud, was a lad between thirteen and fourteen years of age, who, though apparently fout and robust, had every indication of an extraordi. nary irritability of nerves: his senses of smell, tafte, and feeling, were remarkably delicate, and he was subject to involuntary fits of laughing and weeping. His disorder was very irregular with respect to the periods of its return; sometimes several weeks intervened between the paroxysms, which, at others, attacked him two or three nights succeslively. They generally com. menced between three and four o'clock in the morning, and fometimes lafted three or four hours, A paroxysm might be accelerated, or prolonged, by tickling his nose with a feather, or by whatever caused a flight irritation of the nerves. On the evening before the fit, he was generally observed to complain, after supper, of a heaviness in his head and eyelids; and his sleep, which was seldom very quiet, was then attended with more agitation than usual. When the paroxysm came on, he muttered broken len tences, in a manner scarcely intelligible, started up in his bed, then lay down again, till at length he arose and pursued the ideas which his dreams suggested : these were such as commonly occur to lads of his age; but he is particularly atraid of thieves and apparitions, and if a story be told relative to either of these, it is certain to influence his dreams, which are observed to be of a more melancholy and terrifying nature, when he eats more than usual at supper. His recovery is always preceded by a tranquil sleep during two or three minutes, attended, however, with Inoring; after which, he rubs his eyes, and awakes without any recollection of what has happened; but feels himself fatigued, and, sometimes, fick : when the commiffioners saw him, this was accompanied with violent vomiting, from which he foon recovered. To awaken him suddenly is dangerous, as it has been found to throw him into violent convulfions, from the fright which it occasioned,


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During the paroxysm, his smell is very acute, and be es. presses his dislike of any disagreeable odour that is presented to him : when some wormwood wine was offered to him, he said, he knew, by the smell, that it was not the wine he drank at table; some of the latter being given him, he drank it with avi. dity; but it rendered him more eager and vehement in his words and actions, and even occasioned involuntary iwitches in his countenance. At these times he dresses himself with great regularity; one night, when his clothes were laid on a large table, intermixed with those of others, he perceived the trick that had been played, and complained of it; but a small caper being brought, he was seen to dress himself with the utmot er. a&ness. If any one flightly pinches him, be immediately feels it, unless very earnestly employed, and endeavours to strike the offender ; but his resentment is directed, not against the person who has thus difturbed him, but againft the ideal phantom of his dream, after which he will run with great violence round the room, without touching the furniture ; nor can he be diverted from the pursuit.

When he wants to look at an abject, he endeavours to open his eyes; but this is not effected without difficulty, nor can be raise the eyelid above a line or two, and his eye appears fixed and dull. When told that any thing is offered to him, he will thus open his eyes, but fhuts them again, as soon as he has taken what was presented.

In one of his noctambulations, the commissioners persuaded him to write an exercise; this happening to coincide with his dream, he lighted a candle, took pen, ink and paper oyt of his table drawer, and wrote the exercise dictated to him. At another time, he did this of his own accord, and, as he was going to begin

, he either perceived, or remembered, that something had already been written on the upper part of the leaf, and immediately began lower down, where the paper was fair ; while writing, he recollected that he had spelt a word or two wrong, and, in: ftantly recurring to them, made the proper corrections ; it

, while he was thus engaged, any thing was held before his eyes

, so as to intercept the light of the candle, he still continued to wrice, and to form his lecters with the same exactness as before; but complained of the interruption. In one of his paroxylans

, he took it into his head to write a piece, confifting of text, round, and running hand, in order, as he said, to please his master. This be performed with great care, taking the proper pin each kind of writing, and, afterward, asking for a erased a blot of ink, that had fallen between two letters, without damaging either of them. When he thus fits down to wriie, he generally opens his eyes to ascertain the position of



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