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The gard'ner now for just revenge up sprung,
And fiercely in his turn pursued the knight!
Who scald the walls, alas ! and vanilh'd out of sight;
To find the empress, p'rhaps, and tell her Grace . The merry hiftry of the chace.
At length the gard'ner, swelld with rage and dolor,
And bless'd with fav’rite oaths, abundance show'rs; –
* More than your soul is worth, to kill my flow'rs! “ See how your two vile hoofs have made a wreck“ Look, rascal, at each beauty's broken neck !" Mindless of humbled flowers, so freely kill'd,
Although superior to his soul declar'd,
Superior, too, to all reward;
“ Gone is my soul's desire, for ever gone!”.
The Empiror of Morocco-thought my own!
Contemplating around his ruin'd wares ;
“! Mad, madder than the maddest of March hares !
In so Peg-Nicholson a situation ;
Like JEREMIAH, midit his Lamentation.
had he been at our elbow, while we were transcribing the lines, would not have equally enjoyed the joke. It is said that he is no enemy to a litile harmless ridicule; and, if so, he would only have found himself tickled, not hurt: for hurt no individual can be, by a satire that applies, generally, to every collector of natural history, but not, with any peculiarity, tò himself.
G. Art. XIII. The Amicable Quixote ; or the Enthusiasm of Friendship. 12mo. 4
Vols. 1os. sewed. Walter. 1788. o improve the virtues of the heart, and to give pleasure to
our feelings, are the principal objects which the writer of a novel should keep constantly in view. Perhaps, indeed, the latter may be considered as the way which_most certainly leads. to the accomplishment of the former. The same destination which Bishop Lowth*, in his elegant Prelections, points out as fubfifting between the poet and the philosopher, extends to the preacher, and to the novelist. The office of poetry is to perfuade, of philosophy to convince. In the one case, the feelings are addresled; in the other, the understanding is the object. The philosopher represents truth and virtue in their naked and unornamented state, but delineates them with such accurate justness and masterly force, that reason immediately acknowleges their excellence, and judgment is satisfied with its de. cilion. The poet embellides them with all the decorations of fancy, and paints them in the most fascinating colours which the imagination can suggest, and thus allures the affections of the heart to cultivate and embrace them.
One of the offices of the preacher is to inculcate the duties of moralityf to teach mankind what they owe to themselves, and to their fellow-creatures; to describe the exact point where virtue ceases, and where vice appears; to thew that the propriety of most feelings consists in their moderation, in their maintaining an equal distance from the one, and the opposite extreme, All this the preacher endeavours to accomplish by demonstrating, in a cool didactic manner, the truth of his affirtions; he addresses the understanding in such a way as to render it impoffible that it should resist his evidence, and thinks that the pailive obedience of the affections is a necessary and unavoidable consequence of the conviction produced on, and the aflent bestowed by, the judgment.
The novelist has a similar duty to discharge; he likewise is to inftruet us with respect to the conduct of life, to rectify our errors, to increase the number, and to enhance the value, of our
Vide“ Prelectionem primam de Poetica Fine Utilitate.”
virtues. To gain this desirable end, he is entrufted with powers nearly as large and as ample as those of the poet; he may indulge in various Aights of fancy, and excursions of genius; he is permitted “ to collect, combine, amplify, and aniñatá' every thing that will be subservient to his purpose. He is allowed to exhibit not only what has already happened, but what he can imagine, without violence to reason, may in future appear. Of the novelist, it may, with propriety, be said,
“ Each change of many-colour'd life he drew,
Exhaufted worlds, and then imagin'd new ;" He may personify the virtues which he wishes to recommend, and may illustrate them with examples; he may delineate interefting characters, and place them in interesting situations. Sometimes he may pourtray a faithful picture of human life,
“ And catch the living manners as they rise:” Sometimes his observation will furnilh him with the power of giving instruction; sometimes his imagination will enable hinn to convey entertainment to the mind. He may introduce an assemblage of various characters ; or he may thew united, in one character, both virtuous and depraved qualities; from a confideration of which, the reader may perceive and determine what is valuable to adopt, and what it will be safe to reje&t : from such a view he may be enabled to fashion his own mind, to introduce into his heart many amiable affections, and to banish from it those harsh and rugged feelings and propensities which may have taken root in it, like weeds in a rich soil.
The very fingular work now before us, which produced the foregoing reflections, possesses considerable merit. Much ingenuity is displayed in the delineation of many of the characters. The author thews great experience in the ways of men; and there is bumour in the manner in which some of the incidents are conducted. We observed, however, with regret, several puns, which, though fairly and aptly applied, add little to the merit of these volumes ; and notwithstanding all the allowance that we cao reasonably make for Quixotism, many situations into which some of the personages are introduced, are unnatural; and some of the characters partake more of caricatura than of real life. We must declare, at the same time, that the errors which we have noted, are not, in our opinion, the errors of a common writer; they proceed from an exuberance of imagination that hurries its poffeffor along, without permitting him to conful his judgment. Beside shrewd remark, which is the offspring of good sense, we discover much information and learn. ing. With respect to the latter, perhaps, we may say, “ Something too much of this."
The author, however, pofleffes excellencies more than fufti. cient to counterbalance such partial defects, which in future may easily be avoided, as not resulting from any deficiency of genius.
Art. XIV. Observations on the pernicious Consequences of the exceffive
Distillation in this Country (Ireland). 8vo. Pamphlet, printed
HE national grievance here complained of, with respect
to the inhabitants of the kingdom of Ireland, appears, indeed, to be of most enormous magnitude, and such as loudly and pathetically calls for redress. The lower ranks of people in that country, it is well known, are so extremely addicted to the use of their common, pernicious, dram, whiskey, that it is become an evil of the most alarming and ruinous consequence ; and appears equally destructive to the health and to the morals of the populace. The dreadful effects of their fondness for this intoxicating spirit, and the prodigious excess to which this miserable species of inebriation is carried, with all its horrid effects, are here painted in the most lively and glowing colours ; and we do not doubt that the pencil of truth has alone been employed in the delineation.
To remedy such fatal mischief, by at once ftriking at its root, the very fenfible and patriotic Author of these Observa. tions proposes to the Parliament of Ireland, an entire and abroJute prohibition of the diftillery; and, certainly, this measure would prove a radical cure for this political disorder : for if no whisky is made, none can be drank. He would not, however, deprive the labouring people of a proper and agreeable beverage: but instead of the baleful and poisonous liquid to which they have been too long unhappily accustomed, he would substitute another, more innocent, more pleasant, and more wholesomePORTER :-a liquor which gives pleasure, health, and strength, to the English labourer, without inebriety, and all those terrible effects which are daily experienced in Ireland, from the madness and excesses of the whiskey drinkers.
As a farther recommendation of his plan for encouraging the porter-brewery in Ireland, instead of their present ruinous diltillery, he makes it appear, by proper eftimates and calculations, that government would sustain no injury by the loss of the duty on that pernicious ardent spirit which he wilhes to abolish; but that, op the contrary, the revenue would be greatly increased by the malt-duties : so that, in point of policy, as well as of patriotism (which, indeed, is true policy), there can be no reasonable or folid objection to the scheme here so care nestly and pathetically recommended,
If it be objected that spirits of another kind would fill be used, if whiskey were annihilated, the Author lhews that the importation of brandy from France, or of rum from the WestIncies, would be attended with advantages to the revenue, which would amply compensate for the former duties on the article which he hopes will be suppressed. He obferves, that
these spirits are imported in our own thips, which encourages navigation; and they are received in return for our manufactures exported, which excites commerce. We therefore conclude, that the distillation of whiskey is a loss to the country, because the material would sell for more than the manufacture; that it is injurious to revenue, because it prevents the introdu&ion of foreign spirits, which pay treble the duty;, and that the importation of foreign spirits is highly advantageous, as it promotes navigation and commerce, and encreases revenue.'
Should it be imagined that the Author writes from interested views, we can only copy his own declaration, on this head, for the satisfaction of our readers :
• Neither selfish or partial views have contributed, in any degree, to the production of this discourse; the Author writes not from mercenary ends, nor with a view of injuring any denomination of traders ; his role motive is, to attempt the alleviation of misery, and the diffufion of happiness; and he hopes that the purity of the intention will procure an indulgent eye to the defects of the compofition.'
Swift gained immortal honour by his letters against Wood's half-pence; and we think that the unknown Author [he is totally unknown to us] of this well-designed tract is not leis entitled to the grateful acknowlegements of his countrymen, for the very lauJable exertion of his respectable talents, on a subject of infinitely higher importance to the welfare of the community to which he belongs.
Art. XV. 'The Poetry of Anna Matilda: Containing a Tale for
Jealousy, the Funeral, her Correspondence with Della Crusca, and several other poetical Pieces. . To which are added Recollections, printed from an Original Manufcript, written by Gederal Sir William Waller. izmo. 35. 6d. sewed. Beil. 1788.
'E expected, as the publication of this little volume was
in it more last words of Anna Matilda, notwithstanding her former poems concluded with telling us, • Her book was clos'dher lyre was broke.' But we were able disappointed. The poems of this fair incognita which appear in this little col
* See Review for November last, p. 449.