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cumstances, &c. confining himself to a plain and fimple narration of the occurrences, and as faithful a report of the parliamentary debates, on the occasion, as could be collected :' hoping, and confidently presuming, that nothing of moment has been omitted.' The judicious and impartial reader will not value this compilement the less, for the editor's abstemiousness, in the respect here mentioned.

The Appendix contains copies of Mr. Pict's Letter to the Prince of Wales, with his Royal Highness's Answer; Extracts from the Examination of the Physicians; Transactions at the Meetings in London and Westminfter; A List of the Addresses; Proceedings of the Parliament of ireland ; and other particulars. Art. 50. An Oration, delivered on the Secular Anniversary of the Re

volution. By Wiliam Sharp, Junior, President of a Society devoted to Public Freedom, at Newport, Ille of Wight; with an Appendix. 8vo. Pp. 31. 15. Johnson. 1789.

In this o ation are many sensible observations, and some things which might as well have been omitted. We bere refer to what the author tays, page 13, ‘Not a single spot appears to stain the snowy ermine of the elder Georges. No illegal invasion of civil property: No infringement of the sacred rights of private conscience, are to be traced in iheir amiable memoirs. And, though the present reign has not uniformly shone with such propitious beams; we hope the clouds are for ever dilipated, which obitructed its lustre.' We have nothing to object either to George the Ift or IId. They were patrons of liberty: the friends of mankind; and we are much indebted to their salutary administration. But why cast a flur on George III ? Surely Mr. Sharp forgets that to him we are indebted for a full and free toleration, and the independence of our judges, which is the best security for our liberties.

As to the songs in the Appendix, though we cannot say much in favour of the poetry, yet we approve the sentiments.

By.....W NEGROE SLAVERY. Art. 51. The Speeches of William Wilberforce, Esq. &c. on the Aboli.

tion of the Slave-Trade, in the House of Commons, May 12, 1789. 8vo. pp. 32.

Stockdale. This publication contains, likewise, the speeches of Messrs. Fox, Pitt, Gascoigne, Grenville, Burke, Dempster, Lord Penrhyn, &c. &c. to which Mr. Wilberforce's twelve propositions are added. Art. 52. No Abclition; or, an Attempt to prove, to the Conviation

of every rational British Subject, that the Abolition of the British Trade with Africa, for Negroes, would be a Measure as unjust as impolitic, fatal to the locerelts of this Nation, ruinous to its Sugar Colonies, and more or less pernicious in its Consequences, to every Description of ihe People. 4to. pp 51. 2s. Debrert. 1789.

To those who would impartially view the subject of negroeslavery, in a commercial light, with respect to this country, the present publication will appear to be of great consequence. The author seems, as far as we can pretend to judge, to have made his estimates, and stated every circumstance, with the utmost exactness; and to have given due sanction to the whole, by a number of important extracts

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from the report of the Rt. Hon. Committee of Privy Council. His concluding paragraph runs thus:

• I leave it now to every honest and considerate man in Great Bria tain, who is at present unwarped by prejudice and passion, to put these stubborn facts and figures which I have displayed before him, in competition with all the oratory and all the merits of Mr. Wand his followers, however transcendent they may be; and then let him calmly decide, not without a fair and candid examination of evidence on one side, as well as the other, whether he recollects that there ever was propounded to this nation, any measure so rash and puerile; so enormously unjuft and absurd; so advantageous to foreiga powers, particularly France; and so hostile and mischievous to our nation and its colonies, as that of the Abolition of the British Trade with Africa?'

We cannot quit this publication without noticing fome flips of parfion in the writer; who, forgetting what is due to candour and Christian charity, has disgraced his performance by the following paragraph:

• When the present mania abates, the public will judge of the fit. ness of men to conduct the concern of a great, a powerful and wise nation, who would facrifice its most important interest, and rob fifty-eight thousand of our fellow subjects of the means of existence, to humour the cant of hypocrites, and the folly of projectors; or to serve a temporary, selfish, political purpose, which sooner or later will disgrace all its abertors."

For a confirmation of the prophetic part of the last paragraph, we must refer to time. Art. 53. An Esay on the comparative Efficiency of REGULATION or

ABOLITION, as applied to the Slave Trade. Shewing, that the latter only can remove the Evils to be found in that Commerce. By the Rev. T. Clarkson, M. A. Svo. pp. 82. is. 6d. Phillips, 1789.

Those who are acquainted with the former writings of Mr. Clark. son, respecting the slave trade, and with the ample extent of his knowlege of the subject, will need no assurance from us, of his ability to make good the position advanced in the title-page of the present tract. We have not room, nor is it any longer necessary for us to enter into particulars relative to this almost exhaufted topic. Suffice it, therefore, with respect to the present article, only to add our general opinion, that Mr C. has clearly shewn, that no bill of regulation for carrying on the negroe-trade, will effectually remove the enormous evils, of which we have heard so much complaint; and that a total discontinuance of that tradę can alone prove efficient for the accomplishment of the great and desirable purpose, contended for by those f.iends of human liberty, who wish to see an end of the negroc flavery.

This pamphlet is full of curious information and cogent reasoning-Many repetitions of estimates, facts, reports, and arguments that have been formerly adduced, are necessarily again brought forward; but, at the same time, it must be observed, that much new matter will be found in this elaborate and valuable performance :which, therefore, deserves to be attentively perused, and well con.

sidered

fidered, by all who wish to become thoroughly acquainted with the real state and merits of this Great QUESTION OF HUMANITY. Art. 54. Confiderations on the Abolition of Slavery, and the Slave

Prade, upon Grounds of natural, religious, and political Duty. 8vo. Pp. 169. 25. 6d. Printed at Oxford. London, Elmlley. 1789.

We have here one of the most capital of our modern publications on the subject. The learned and humane author warmly espouses the abolition scheme; and among other able exertions of his great ability, he gives a complete refutation of Mr. Harris's Scriptural Researches. This elaborate work is written in the form of a Letter to a Friend, and the signature, at the end. is · T. Burgess. C. Ç. C. Feb. 1789. Art. 55. Scripture the Friend of Freedom ; exemplified by a Repetition

of the Arguments offered in Defence of the Slavery, &c. 8vo. pp. 79. is. 6d. Phillips, &c. 1789.

Another respectable opponent of the author of the Scriptural ReSearches. The present writer being a foreigner, as well as Mr, Harris, apologizes for any defects of style, &c. in his composition. He was chiefly solicitousto detect what he conceives to be misconstructions of scriptural passages, artfully fabricated for the purpose of giving sanction to a trade, the pursuit of which must deeply wound the feelings of every true Chriftian.'

THEOLOGY.
Art. 56. The Right of Proteflant Diflenters to a complete Tolera-

tion, asserted; containing an historical Account of the Test Laws,
and shewing the Injustice, Inexpediency, and Folly of the Sacra-
mental Test, as now imposed, with respect to Protestant Dissenters;
with an Answer to the Objection from the Act of Union with
Scotland. By a Layman. The second Edition, corrected *. 8vo.
25. Johnson.

The narrative part of this piece states, fully, and we think, fairly, the history of the test laws; the argumentative part reasons slearly and forcibly on the injoftice and impolicy of excluding from public ofices a part of the community, who have given every possible proof of loyalty, and are as able, and as well disposed, to serve their country in civil capacities, as the rest of their fellow citizens. In the following passage, the writer refutes the notion of danger to the church from the proposed repeal ;

· The repeal of the test laws, while it would be a relief to many of his Majesty's faithful subje&s, would in no way affect the church. It was established long before these acts were made, and so would continue, if they did not exist. Its doctrine, discipline, revenues, and preferments, would remain exactly the same as at present. Not one article of its doctrinés, not one rule or ceremony of its discipline, not one particle of its revenues, or the smallest preferment, would he turned out of its present channel. That repeal would leave them where they are, fully protected by statutes, and fenced in by canons.

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No legal power or privilege would be taken from the church, nor would any thing be introduced which could pave the way for future danger. On the contrary, the friendship of a respectable body of men, rendered contented by such a measure, would add to their security; especially if there is the least colour for pretending, that the dissenters have it in their power to become formidable.

• If questions of late have been agitated concerning tythes, has it not been by the landed interest? or if concerning ecclefiaftical courts or powers, has it not been in the legislature only? Have not the dif. fenters been filent as a body, except when attacked, or as mere controversial wricers on points of doctrine, and not of power or poffelfions ?-And on the other hand, have they not fought the general cause of religion against deists and atheists, and, by the confeffion of many dignitaries in the church (who have made the circumstance matter of reproach to their own inferior clergy), have they not done it with great zeal and effect, and has not this ultimately itrengthened the establishment? - In short, they have founded their chief comfort in tranquillity; and manifested every mark of satisfaction in the civil and religious conftitution of their country, their own hardships excepted.- Their minifters have made no ill use of the enlarged coleration lately granted; nor will their laymen of that now fought for. The church may therefore rest assured, that the diffenters are never likely to attack their rights, unless is should be indispensable for the restoration of their own; and that the most effectual way of disarming them as foes, is by making them friends.'

The facts and arguments, stated in this publication, so decisively establish the expediency, as well as the justice, of the repeal of the test acts, that we cannot suppose that it will long be in the power of the obsolete cry,

“ The church is in danger,” to prevent it. E. Art. 57. An Address to the Dissenters, on the Subject of their poli

tical and civil Liberty, as Subjects of Great Britain. By Samuel Catlow, of Mansfield. 8vo. pp. 19. 40. Johnson. 1788.

The same lubject cursorily treated, in a way which is rather more declamatory than argumentative.

DO Art. 58. Hints submitted to the serious Attention of the Clergy, Nobi

lity, and Gentry, newly associated. By a Layman; a Friend to the true Principles of the Constitution in Church and State, and to religious and civil Liberty. The second Edition, revised, with Additions. 8vo.

White. 1789. The first edition of this very respectable tract was noticed in our Review for February lait, Art. 73. of the Catalogue. The unknown author continues to urge, with zeal tempered by moderation and candour, the long-wilhed revisal of our Liturgy and he has here made confiderable additions to his former arguments. The following advertisement is prefixed: · The public affliction affecting all orders of people (but now most happily removed), caused the first edition of this pamphlet to be called in, when few copies had been sold.; for such a publication would then have been ill-timed. As the alterations are considerable in this second, any one poffeffed of the first edition may have this in exchange, by bringing the former to the bookleller.'

IS.

Art.

*

* By the Duke of Grafton

Art. 59. A History of Chrift, for the Use of the unlearned: With

short explanatory Notes, and practical Reflections. Humbly recommended to Parents, and Teachers of Youth in Schools. By Will. Dalrymple, D.D. one of the Ministers of Ayr. 8vo. pp. 600. 6s. Boards. Printed at Edinburgh. London, Robinsons. 1787*.

It must afford the pious reades great pleasure, to see a faithful minister of the gospel, who has worn himself out in his Master's service, and might weil claim the privilege of an Emeritus miles, employing his last moments, as it were, in compiling an History of his Saviour's Life and Actions, for the benefit of his hearers in parti. cular, and posterity in general. It is not easy to determine which is most conspicuous, the humility and modesty, or the zeal and affection of the author. His humility and modesty, if there were any imperfections in this work, would, in a great measure, difarm criti cism. His zeal for promoting the Christian religion, and his affection for the objects of his paltoral care, are such as might be expected from one who had consecrated his youth and riper years, and is now devoting his old age, to the service of the sanctuary. The notes and reflections are sensible and pertinent, and will be very useful to young students in divinity, and others who have not an opportunity of consulting various authors.

An index is added, to the chapters, verses, and sections. We heartily with the good Doctor may live to see this publication answer his warmest wishes. By way of appendix are added, Testimonies of early Christian writers, of Jewish and Heathen writers,--and of sceprical writers. This is not the least valuable part of the book. In compiling it, the author has not failed to avail himself of the labours of Lardner, Newcombe, &c. &c.

Br....W Art. 6o. Lelons of Moral and Religious Instruction, for the Benefit

of the Poor in general, and the Use of Sunday Schools in particular. 18mo. Pp. 74. 4d. Rivingtons.

These lessons consist of easy dialogues, many of which are rendered interesting by the introduction of natural incidents. They are, both in sentiment and language, well adapted to the purpose for which they were written.

E. Art. 61. Remarks on Dr. Horsley's Ordination Sermon: in a Letter to

the Lord Bishop of Gloucelter. By Gilbert Wakefield, B. A. and late Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge. Small 8vo. Pp. 15. Ad. Deighton. 1788.

A very free, but, in our opinion, not entirely an ill-grounded censure of some of the leading sentiments of a discourse, which has already passed under our notice.

DO Art. 62. A Letter to the Lords Spiritual of Parliament, with Anec

dotes of the Character and Vices of the present Clergy. 12mo. pp. 79.

Is. Od. Stockdale. 1789. The chief objects of censure in this pamphlet are, the superficial manner in which candidates for holy orders are examined, 'the in. equality of the provision made for the support of the clergy, and the

Though the date of this volume is two years old, it did not make its appearance in London till very lately.

prophaneness

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