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riority. There is no way so likely to bring some people to reafon, as letting them feel their own weight a little. When that has produced its natural effect, let them be treated with equity and gentleness. Till then, surely it is best to leave them to themselves.

An.....n. Art. XIV. Queries concerning the Conduct which England should fol

low in Foreign Politics, in the present State of Europe. Written in October 1788. By Sir John Dalrymple, Baronet, one of the Barons of Exchequer in Scotland. 8vo.

2 s. 6 d. Debrett. 1789. THOUGH Rufia does not appear in the title-page of this

pamphlet, it relates almost entirely to the commerce of that country with England; and Sir John pursues the same tract, though in a different manner, which Mr. Brough has followed in the foregoing pamphlet. As the same observations will apply to both works, when their general tendency is confidered, we bestowed more attention on Mr. Brough's pamphlet, that our observations on the present one might be curtailed.

After stating that, from St. Petersburg alone, the number of British fhips cleared out in one year was 542, each of which, on an average, was above 300 tons burthen, and that the value of their cargoes before put on board is near 2,700,000l, and near 3,700,000l. when landed, and that these are almott all raw materials, for the use of the manufacturers of Great Britain and Ireland, and consequently, that the shipping, the value, and the ule, are far greater than England ever enjoyed from her connection with the whole of America, &c. our public-spirited author proceeds to enumerate, in the way of queries, the great fuperiority of the Russian trade to this country over that of America; and concludes bis first set of queries with the following general question:

From these premises, is it not the interest of England, for the sake of English commerce, to court and foster up Rullia as she formerly did America, in order to get a new market in place of the old one she has lost; and to prevent the arts and advances of France to the Empress, in her present critical situation, from stealing that new market from England, as she did the old one?'

Some persons will, perhaps, think this rather an unlucky argument for the purpose for which it is adduced, as they will deny that England ever received an adequate return from America for her fostering care; and others will deny that France bas Itolen from us the American trade.

In his second set, Sir John endeavours to thew that, from the nature of the Baltic Sea, Rullia

can never become a great maritime power, to be dreaded by England; but that America may become such a dreaded power;—and thus concludes this set of queries;

• If England, then, has a common political interest with Ruflia, is it not the duty of the governors of England to look forward to fururity, and to make provision beforehand in the friendship of Ruflia, against those dangers which, sooner or later, will fall on their country from America; in order that during war, the Baltic 'trade may be protected, and naval stores brought safely from Russia to England, to enrich the one country, and defend the other?' · He then endeavours to thew, that it is much for the interest of England to support Rullia in the present war, disregarding the conduct of that country to us during the late war; and attempts to prove that, in promoting the armed neutrality, the Empress had no inimical intention toward Great Britain, and that, if she had, it ought to be disregarded by us.

He then tries to convince his readers, that it would tend to promote the interest of this kingdom, if the Emperor Mould be encouraged to proceed in his career against the Turks; and enters into a wide disquisition concerning the balance of power in Europe. As the old balance of power, he says, is now changed, or entirely loft, he proposes that a new one should be established, by forming a grand alliance between England, Pruffia, Denmark, Sweden, Ruha, the Emperor, and Holland, founded on the following principles:

• That the King of Prussia be hereditary King of Poland, with those parts of Poland which lie to the west of the river Viftula, to- ' gether with Lodomeria and Galicia, gained lately by the Emperor from Poland: That the Kings of Denmark and Sweden be one of them hereditary Duke of Lithuania, and the other hereditary Duke of Courland, with Courland, Lithuania, and that part of Poland which lies to the east of the Vistula divided between them: That the free revenues of Courland be guaranteed by the alliance to the present Duke, with his palaces, if he chuses to reside in Courland; and the free revenues of Poland guaranteed by the alliance to the present King, with his palaces, if he chuses to reside in Poland: That the Emperor should have the empire of the Danube; and in return for it, and for the ceslion of Courland by the Empress of Rusia, fould give Podolia to the Empress, in order to make the river Neister a boundary between her on the one side, and the King of Prusia and him on the other: And give the Netherlands to the Prince of Orange, for the protection of Holland against France.'

The remaining part of the pamphlet is taken up in pointing out the various advantages that would result from such an alliance as that which is here proposed ; in removing objections that might be started; and in providing alternatives in case of the refusal of any of the parties to concur in the measure proposed. Nor does Sir John, whose imagination is doubto less of a very active sort, rest here: he carries his views across the Mediterranean, and supposing it might be easily posible for this grand alliance to get poffeffion of Egypt, he proposes that the custody of, is Mould be given to England; who lould then


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open a trade through that country to the Red Sea, that thould not be confined to the allies alone-but be open to people of ail nations,

Such are the general outlines of the pamphlet before us; and from this light sketch, our readers will perceive that Sir John Dalrymple has as little averfion to a bold project now, as he had at an earlier period of his life. Those readers who delight in speculations of this sort will find amusement in this pamphlet, not only from the general tenor of the project, but also from the particular circumstances that occur as illustrations. We could not, however, help being in some measure surprised at the pofilive manner in which Sir John speaks of the innumerable benefits to be derived from the use of double veffuls, on the con ftruction of one lately built by a very patriotic gentleman in Scotland, which, on trial, we have heard, was found not to answer the purposes expected from it; yet of this he speaks as a marter not of doubt, but of the utmost certainty. Of care ronades, likewise, he speaks in terms of admiration, which, we fear, experience will not authorise. We mention there things only as a caution to young persons into whose hands this pamphlet may fall, to guard againft their being carried too far by it. In regard to some other particulars, we had also occasion to fufpe&t, that the author's fondness for system does not allow him to advert with much scrupulous attention to facts, when they flood in his way. E. g. be alks, p. 13 " Whether those politicians must not have licile remembrance of past events, who forget that Paul Jones lay three weeks within three miles of one of the capitals of Britain, when Britain had three hundred thips of war in her service ?' &c. On reading this, we were not able to recollect the circumstance here alluded to. We know very well that this rover entered the Frith of Forth, and came up nearly within three miles perhaps of Leitb; but instead of lying there three weeks, our tecollection carried us to believe, that in three days aíter he had appeared there, a fuperior fleet of Britiih vessels came into the place from which he had already deported; and, on consuliing ihe papers of the time, we found that we were right. This is possibly an error of the press.

Notwithstanding any little inadvertencies, the pamphlet is written in the lively manner peculiar to Sir John Dalrymple, and will afford entertainment even to those readers who shall differ in opinion from the author. From this tract may also be gleaned some useful articles of information, though we fcarcely expect that many of his readers will concur, entirely, with the author, in bis politics: but there cannot be a doubt, that it is the interef of Great Britain to keep on good terms with Rufia, if it be poffible. Perhaps, the beit way of doing that, is to act as a juft, but as an independent power.

An.... Al



For I UNE, 1789.

Art. 15. A Treatise on Fevers; wherein their Causes are exhibited

in a new Point of View, &c. &c. 8vo. Pp. 87. 15. Scatcherd
and Whitaker. 1788.
HIS author endeavours to vindicate the hypothesis, that all in-

fectious and epidemical diseafes, especially fevers, originate
from invisible animalculæ. Linné's Differtation De Mundo invisibile,
misunderitood, seems to have afforded hints for this little treatise. B-m.
Art. 16. Observations on the Brunonian Practice of Physic, including

a Reply to an anonymous Publication, reprobating the Use of Stimua
lants in Fevers. By George Mosiman, M.D. 8vo. pp. 60. Is. 6d.
Law. 1788.

Dr. Moffman here defends the Brunonian do&rine, and offers some
remarks on a pamphlet, intitled, Observations on the medical Practice
of Dr. Brown. See Rev. for July lait, p. 89. The practice in fevers
mutt be directed by the circumstances and appearances; and the
physician's judgment is feldom put to a more fevere trial, than in
the determination of the patient's diathesis. Low fevers, in which
all physicians prescribe wine and cordials, in their beginning fre-
quently put on such appearances as are coin mon to thole of the in-
Hammatory kind, and the contrary : but when once it is clearly de-
termined what the kind of fever is, the mode of treatment necessarily
follows. Sterne's motto, Ταραστα της ανθρωπος και τα πραγμαίο, αλλα τα
περι των πραγμάτων δογμάλα, is remarkably applicable to the Brunonian

Art. 17. Advice to Gouty Persons. By Dr. Kentish, Gower-street,

Bedford-square. 8vo. pp. 100, is. 6d. Murray. 1789.
Dr. Kentish has quarrelled with the physicians; and, to widen
the breach, he begins his pamphlet with the following fentence :

To detail the opinions of medical men on the generality of com-
plaints, is at once an infult to their profession, and to common sense.
No absurdity is too great for the creed of a physician. He who is
orthodox in physic, must Thut his ears to reason, and “ litten with
credulity to the whispers of fancy, or the phantoms of imagination.”
And a little farther, it is added, " The medical mind has been fingu-
larly attached to fystems repugnant to truth, science, and common
sense. Hippocrates was the unintentional cause of this calamity.
He separated medicine from philosophy, and sent it a wandering
amongst the fi&tions of imagination.'

After a few reflections of this fort, Dr. K. delivers a philosophical view of the causes of life, health, diseale, and death, in lixteen propositions. His theory is strongly tinctured with the Brunonian doctrine; being founded on the opinion, that · Life is an adventitious property of matter, requiring the action of certain exciting or capa. citating powers to its maintenance and support.'


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The history of the gout is next given, together with its causes ;and the result of this part of Dr. Kentish's inquiry is, that · The removal, or cure, of a gouty paroxysm, depends on the free use of the capacitating powers, and such medicines as are calculated to remove direct or indirect debility.'

The third, or lait part, contains practical remarks; and is subdivided into two sections: one, on regimen, or the proper management of the capacitating powers; and the other, on medicine, or the use of particular remedies. B-m. Art. 18. An Account of Cures by Velno's Vegetable Syrup. By Isaac

Swainson. 12mo. Pp. 155. 25. fewed. Ridgway. 1789. We have here a number of cases, in addition to those published in Mr. Swainson's former pamphlets *, confirming the eficacy of the fyrup in disorders deriving their origin or malignity from scorbutic impurities, or obstructions in the lymphatic system. We daily hear great things of this medicine. Do Art. 19. A new compendious System on several Diseases incident 19

Cattle, wherein the Disorders are orderly described, and the Symptoms of each Disease obviously laid down; together with a complete Number of Medicines for every Stage and Symptom thereof. There is also annexed, An Essay on the Diseases incident to Calves, and their curative Indications. In the Course of this Work will be found several Observations on the Diseases peculiar to Horses, and their proper Method of Treatment. By Thomas Topham. 8vo. pp. 421. 6s. Boards. Scatchers and Whitaker. 1788.

We are surprised that no person in this enlightened age has presented the pubiic with a scientific and practical treatise on the diseases of cattle. Till such a work appears, the present publication, with Bracken's and Bartlet's Farriery, may be, in some measure, useful to the public: but it must be remarked, that Mr. Topham (whatever may be his experience, and skill, as a cattle doctor) is a very indis. terent writer

Since writing the above, we have received Mr. Clark's Treatise on the Diseases of Horses; of which some account will be given in

our next.

Art. 20.

An Account of the various Systems of Medicine, from the Days of Hippocrates 10 the present Time: Collected from the best Latin, French, and English Authors, particularly from the Works of John Browne, M. D. By Francis Carter, M. D. 2 Vols. 8vo. Vol. I. pp. 200. Vol. 11. Pp. 239.

109. 60. sewed. Murray. 1788.

From seeing these two small volumes offered to the public at so large a price, we expected that their contents would be more valuable than usual; but we were deceived. So far is the author from giving an account of the various Syftems, &c. that he wholly omits several, touches but flightly on a few, and fully explains only one fyftem, viz. that of Dr. Brown.

Dr. Carter seems no less inclined to abuse, than was his late friend, Dr. B.; but he abuses with less art and less keenness.

* See Review, vol. Ixxvi. p. 535.

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