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paupers of several parishes into larger incorporations; if no security
is provided for a cautious vigilance in the regulation of their domestic
economy: Indeed we have ever been of opinion, and have occa-
fionally hinted our doubts, that the requifite knowlege and affiduity
for this truít, were little to be expected in committees of gentlemen
associated for the guardianship of the receptacles of our poor; though
they may readily lend their names, or even afford a formal attendance,
for the carrying new plans into execution. Mr. Rigby, however, is
not to be ranked in this indolent class; he appears to be a gentle-
man in the medical line *, and has incurred very undeserved odiurn
for a commendable activity, in the capacity of one of the guardians
in the city of Norwich, in scrutinizing into the mode of supplying
the poor houses with the various arıicles of provisions. According
to the itate of the accounts here laid before the public, which we have
no reason to question, such an investigation appears to have been by
no means unnecessary; as we find that reformations were introduced,
even to the benefit of the paupers, whichån the three years of Mr.
Rigby's remaining among the guardians enabled them to pay off a
debt of five thousand pounds, and to reduce the rates from four, to
three shillings in the pound. The pamphlet is well worth the atten-
tion of every gentleman who wishes to act up to the intention of such
an appointment.

Art. 38. The Art of Manual Defence; or System of Boxing, parti.

cularly explained, in a Series of Leffons: Illustrated by Plates.
By a Pupil of both Humphreys and Mendoza. izmo. pp. 133-
25. 6d. sewed. Kearsley. 1789.

In this system of manual defence, the rules are illustrated by ten very tolerable copper plates; and characters are given of the principal of the present race of boxers; with remarks on the different modes of attack and defence, as practised by the several learned profeffors of the art. The work is introduced by a prefatory discourse, in honour of the science, and pointing out its utility, particularly in the fuperior walks of life. - For us, Reviewers, we can only exclaim with the veteran in the DUNCIAD:

And are we now three score !
Ah why, ye gods! should two and two make four !
Art. 39. Sir Philip Sydney's Defence of Poetry; and Observations on

Poetry and Eloquence, from the Discoveries of Ben Jonson. 8vo.
25. 6d. sewed. Robinsons.

1787. Two pieces of criticism, of no small merit, are here re-published for the sake of those who have not an opportunity of procuring them in any other way. The first was published at the end of the Arcadia, the second at the end of Beo Joolon's works. The characters of the authors being sufficiently known, it is unneccfiary that we should enter into an examination of the merits of these two treatises, which have for a long time been before the public, and which have been decmed, though the earliest pieces of criticism in our language, by no means undeserving the attention of both the modern critic and the poét.

R.....m. * See Rev. vol. lv. p. 123. vol. lxxix. p. 182.




Art. 40. Maxims and Observations, Moral and Physical: interspersed

with Characters from the most approved Authors. 8vo. 35. Boards.
Bladon. 1788.

The passages contained in this volume, though thrown together miscellaneously, have not been collected without judgment and good fense. The editor claims no meric from novelty ; but we strongly fufpect, from the uniform air of the work, that most of the pieces have received free touches from his pen. He makes no references to his originals; but in several places we trace a close imitation of the ancient moralists.

Art. 41. Cantabrigienses Graduati ; five Catalogus, &c. i. e. An al-

phabetical List of the Names of those on whom the University of
Cambridge has bestowed any Degree from the Year 1659 to 1787,
compiled from the Register's Books. 4to. 55. sewed. White, &c.

This book, as the title-page says, is a mere list of names of the
graduates, the college to which they belonged, the degrees with
which they were honoured, and the year in which each degree was
conferred. Thus,

Newton, Isaac. Col. Tr.-A. B. 1664. A. M. 1668.
Of these names there are about twenty-two thousand, which make
a large quarto volume. We with the compilers had prefixed fome
kind of introductory discourse, describing the customs of the univerlity
in conferring degrees, or containing some particulars relative to the
degrees themselves, and what are the necesary qualifications of the

As to the correctness of this work we can say nothing; neither can
we deterinine that it is complete : but as it is compiled e libris fube
fcriptionumythere can be little doubt of its accuracy, and none of its
Art. 42. The Will of King Alfred. 4to. pp. 51. 35. 6d. Printed

at Oxford, at the Clarendon Press; and sold in London by Elms-
ley. 1788.

This will is said to have been preserved in a register of the abbey
of New.minlier, at Winchester, founded by Alfred a short time be-
fore his death. The greater part of this register, and particularly
chat in which the will is inverted, appears to have been written bé-
?ween the years 1028 and 1032, so that it is here observed, the entry
in the regilter could not have been later than one hundred and thirey-
two years after the foundation of the abbey, and probably most have
heen earlier. This register, it seems, remained un-noted from the
time of the disolution of abbies and monafteries, till 1710, wher
it was in the posseflion of Walter Clavel, Esq.; it afterwards was
the property of the Rev. Mr. North, on whose decease it came into
the hands of the Rev. Dr. Lort, one of the Vice-Presidents of the
Society of Antiquaries; who, in 1769, deposited it in the manu-
fcript library of Mr. Afle. It has now been determined by the de.
legates of the Oxford press, to lay it before the public, conlidering
it as a monument which will séfect honour on the memory of the


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royal founder of the university.-Nothing, indeed, we apprehend, can add to that just respect which attends the memory of king Alfred, who shines as a light remarkably conspicuous in those dark and fuperftitious times. The will, however, tends to confirm our good opinion of that great prince, as it appears farther to discover the fimplicity, truth, and rectitude of his mind. The editor remarks, that we learn, hence, the ideas that were entertained by the king, and the great men of the realm, concerning the succession of the crown, in the times of the Saxons. But what chiefly strikes us, on the perusal of this literary curiosity, is, that the king had no conception that the disposal of the crown was at all in his own power, for the will says not a word concerning it. Some notions, it is also observed, may be gained from this document, of several particolars relative to the rights, liberties, and privileges of different orders of men at that early period. We agree that it may furnish some little information of this fort, though very imperfect if there were no other helps. We admire the honour and benevolence of the prince who fo fervently says, • I do intreat, in the name of God, that none of my kindred or heirs would abridge the freedom of those whom I have redeemed from servitude.' And again, · But for the love of God, and the health of my own foul, it is my desire that they remain free and at their own disposai: And I do entreat, in the name of the living God, that no man do oppress them by prosecutions for money; or, by any means, obstruct them in chuling such landlord as they shall think fit.' We have, in this pamphlet, the original Saxon will, attended by a literal translation; then follows a free translation, to which is added another in Latin, with many notes, relative to a former translation, which appears to have been very deficient and erroneous.

We only farther remark, that Mr. Croft, of Oxford, is the editor of this work, by the desire of the delegates of the Clarendon press, oa account of his intended dictionary.


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Art. 43. A Supplement 10 Bacon's Abridgment; containing, it, A

Table of the Names of the Cases; zd, À Table of the Statutes, or Acts of Parliament cited, referred to, or explained; 3d, A Table of the Reporters and other Writers, with their several Contractions and Editions : together with a new and copious General Index, or Table of the principal Matters. By T. Cunningbam, Eiq; Barrister at Law. Fol. pp. 98. 6s. ftitched. Robinsons and Brooke. 1786.

Mr. Bacon's new Abridgment is, very deservedly, in great repute ainong the practisers of the law. It is supposed to have been compiled irom materials coliected by Lord Chief Baron Gilbert, whole profound knowlege of Englit law is universally known.

This fupplement is a fresh proof of Mr. Cunningham's indefatigable industry in literary labour.

But... Art. 44. Aport Treatise on the Law of Bills of Exchange, Cash Bills,

and Promisfory Notes. By John Bayley, Scudent of Gray's Inn. 8vo. 80 Pages. 25. Brooke. 1789.

This is a very useful treatise on a part of law on which little has ye: been writies.

DO 10


Art. 45. Two Law Tracts : The one being Reflections upon Estates

for Life, the Doctrine of Waste, and the Principles of Injunctions; the other, a Treatise on the Game Laws, including the laft Acts, and the latest Determinations; with some Observations upon

those Laws, and the Principles of them. 8vo. pp. 84. 25. 63. Uriel. 1786.

'Go seek your fortune. If you have merit, the generous public will countenance and encourage it; if not, the fault is yours and not the public's.' Thus the author addresses his work; it has merit, and deserves countenance and encouragement. Buti Art. 46. Commentaries on the Laws of Arrests in Civil Cases, as de

livered to a Private Society of Law Students; in which they are deduced from their Origin to the present Time, and their Repugnancy is Mewn, contrary to the general Good of the People, with a proposed Reform. By M. Dawes, Esq; of the Inner Temple. 8vo. pp. 44. is. Whieldon. 1789.

With respect to the policy and expediency of arrefts for debt, the author of this pamphlet gives his opinion decidedly against these measures. . He professes not to have offered any thing new on the subject. The reader, therefore, is to expect nothing more than a deduction of the several laws of arrest in civil cases brought into one point of view, from the 11th Edward I. to the present time; together with such observations as have occurred to the author in the course of some experience in the profession. What he has undertaken, he has executed; and those who are uninformed on the subject, may, by a perasal of this pamphlet, be saved the trouble of a very arduous research.

Ree Art. 47: An Institute of the Law relative to Trials at Nifi Prius.

Originally published in the Year 1760. A new Edition, with Alterations and Additions. By Arthur Onslow, Esq; Barrister at Law. 8vo. pp. 284. 6s. 6d. Boards. Whieldon. 1789.

On the original publication of this work, it was universally, and we believe with truth, ascribed to the present Earl Bathurst, then one of the judges of the Common Pleas. It was afterwards republished by Mr. Justice Buller, with additions, and now by the present Editor; who has added a number of modern cases not inserted in any former edition. The additional cases appear to have been judiciously selected ; and the work is rendered more useful than heretofore, by being printed in a portable size.

Art. 48. Two Sermons: By William Lord Bishop of Chefter, ad.

drelied to the Clergy of that Diocese. Preached at St. Mary's,
Oxford, 25th November 1787. 8vo. 48 Pages. 15. Printed as
Oxford; and sold in London by Payne and Son, &c. 1789.

The first of these sermons is on the Lord's supper, and has for its text, i Cor. x. 16. The second is on a discourse of our Lord's, in the 6th chapter of St. John's Gospel; the text, John, vi. 56. In an address to the clergy of his diocese, the bishop informs them, that, in the first of these discourse's, he has endeavoured to fix the true notion of a rite, confidered by our church as generally necessary to falvation ; Rev. May, 17893



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and, in the latter, he says, • I Mall be glad if I have established the just interpretation of a discourse of our Lord's, which appears to me to enforce, as its primary object, the necessity of that rite, as well as to point out the great benefits of it.'

Much folid argument and great judgment are displayed in these discourses; the design of which is to shew (in opposition to those who have interpreted the eating and drinking Christ's body and blood, as no more than keeping his commands), that it alluded to something more analogous to the literal sense of the words :--and (in opposition to those who interpret it only as the thing hignified in the facrament of the supper), that it includes the signs also, without which, the notion of spiritual manducation is unfounded, and the passage, boch to Jew and Christian, inexplicable:'-and, laitly (in opposition to those who consider the Lord's fupper fimply as a remembrance of his death), ttiat it is a commemoration of the facrifice for fin made by his death; and a symbolical feast upon that sacrifice; and is therefore a pledge and means of communicating to us all the benefits of chat sacrifice.'

Bro. S..W.
Art. 49. A Discourse concerning Resurrection Bodies; tending to

fhew, from the Writings of Heathens, Jews, and Christians, that
there are Bodies, called our own, which will not be raised from
the Dead ; that there are Bodies, properly called our own, which
will be raised from the Dead: By what Means the Perfection and
Immortality of the Resurrection Bodies are to be obtained ; and
by whom to be effected. By Philalethes. 8vo. 70 Pages. 2s. sewe
ed. Davis. 1788.

We have read this elaborare discourse with due attention, and find in it fome ingenuity, a great display of reading, and much conjecture. The following are fome of the author's original observations: - P. 5. he lays. the body is not always included in the term dead; and the resurrection of the body is not always included in the resursection of the dead; and the resurrection of the foul is a resurrection of the dead, in St. Paul's estimation.'-P. 69, he says, our earthly body being dead, the foul leaves it, being clothed with that body alone, which by the bread and wine received by the earthly body, is made that immortal and bappy body in which she will be raised.-The raised body will be, on this our fuppofition, truly and properly our own body, though it be not this carnal body; we having had it from our creaiion. This, we own, is above our conception, but the pamphlet is not unworthy of the learned reader's actentive perusal.

Art. 50. A new Essay on the celebrated Prophecy, Isaiah, vii. 14, 15, 16.

Behold a Virgin, &c. compared with Matth. i. 18—23. By Philip
David Krauter, D. Di 8vo. 15. 6d. Dilly. 1788.

Dr. Krauter here offers a new translation of the prophecv in question, which he supports with much learned and critical labour; but which does not appear, to us, to clear away the difficulties attending this passage. As the critique does not easily admit of abridgment, we inult refer those who wilh to be acquainted with the author's proposed elucidations to the work itself, after barely laying before them his vertion.


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