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trymen, and he will, we hope, derive some benefit to himself from his useful invention.

This report was given in to the board of admiralty by Capt. Phil. D'Auvergne, commanding the Narcissus frigate, December 29, 1789 – And it contains the result of various experiments and obser. vations made on board that frigate, in the English channel, lince the month of April 1787; in which Mr. M'Culloch's compass was compared with other approved compasses. The result may be judged of from the following extract:

• Sailing through the Race of Alderney in a storm of N. E. wind in December 1787, againit a flood tide, the ship sailing at the rate of eleven miles on the surface, and scarcely making any headway by the land, the sea, as will readily be concluded by naval judgments, was of an awful height, and so extremely irregular, that the motion is ondescribable: None of the compasses of Mr. Adams on Dr. Knight's construction, would stand (in the sea phrase), but vacilated more than four points on each side of the pole; -at this time Mr. M'Culloch's steering compass quickly and readily recovered the vacilations communicated to it by the motion of the ship, and the shocks of the sea, pointing with little variations to the pole, in a manner to command the admiration of all that were within reach to obferve it, and to win the confidence of the most timorous.

· I acknowledge, myself, that I would have put the highest trust in it, had a fog or thick weather come on in the critical situation we were in; while the compasses supplied from his Majesty's stores, were only fit to convey alarm, and inspire anxiety and doubts.'

By other experiments, Captain D'Auvergne found that these compasses (both the steering and azimuth) were equally fuperior; and therefore warmly advises his brother officers to make trial of them. At his recommendation, these compasses were tried on board the An. dromeda, commanded by Prince William Henry; who was so much fatisfied of the utility of the invention, that he honoured Mr. M'Cul. Toch ro far with his countenance, as to appoint him his compassmaker.

We do not doubt that, under such patronage, this invention will meet with such trials as will fairly appreciate its real merits in a short time. If it should prove, in every case, as superior to others as Captain D'A. experienced, it will, indeed, be a very valuable ditcovery.

An...... Art. 28. The Seaman's new Vade Mecum; containing a practical Ef

say on Naval Book-keeping, with the Method of keeping the Captain's Books, and complete instructions in the Duty of a Captain's Clerk, &c. By R. Liddel, Purter in the Royal Navy. 8vo. 55. Boards. Robinsons. 1787.

This performance contains every necessary instruction for keeping the accounts of the ship: the methods now in use are clearly explained, and specimens of the different books are added, as examples of the rules that are given. Forms of orders, certificates, receipts, &c. are subjoined. The methods of keeping the signal book are largely treated, and illustrated with numerous coloured engravings. A brief maritime dictionary is added; which is extremely useful,


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especially for noviciates or landmen :--and the book concludes with an abstract of the act of parliament, coin monly called the articles of war.

From this account of the contents of the present performance, our seaders will easily perceive the purposes for which it has been written; and, as far as we are able to judge, it fecms well calculated to answer the author's intention. R......m.

Art. 29. Two Reports from the Committee of the Honourable House of

Asembly of Jamaica, appointed to examine into, and report to the
House, the Allegations and Charges contained in the several Pe-
titions which have been presented to the British House of Com-
, mons, on the Subject of the Slave Trade and the Treatment of the
Negroes. Pablithed by Order of the House of Allembly, by
Stephen Fuller, Esq. Agent for Jamaica. 4to. 35 Pages. 15.
White and Son. 1789.

By these reports, it appears, with regard to the treatment and fituation of the Naves in Jamaica, that they are under the protection of lenient and falutary laws, suited to their situation and circumstances; and that the decrease of the slaves does not arise from che causes a!. leged in the petitions presented to the House of Commons, but from various other causes not imputable to the slave-holders, and which the people in Great Britain do not seem to comprehend. R......m. Art. 30. The New of Asembly of the Ijland of Jamaica, com

monly called the New Confolidated A&; being the present Code Noir of that Island. Published for the Use of both Houses of Par. liament, and the Satisfaction of the Public at large, by Stephen Fuiler, Esq Agent for Jamaica. 4to. 17 Pages. 1$. White and Son. 1789.

This publication is intended to shew that the Naves in Jamaica are not in so deplorable a state as is generally imagined in England.

Mr. Fuller observes that for near these last hundred years the good government of the slaves has been the great object of the legislature of Jamaica; and almolt every year has produced regulations tending to the melioration of their condition. He hopes, that those who will give themselves the trouble of reading this aa, will see that the slaves in Jamaica are in excellent hands already; and that they will also see how vain and needless it is for corporate bodies on this fide the Atlantic, dispersed in various and distant fituations in Great Britain to endeavour to take them out of the hands of those very men who are most interested in their weifare.'

• For Mr. Fuller's publication of The Act of Afembly of Ja. maica, paffed in favour of the Negroes, in 1787, fee Rev. Sept. 1788, P. 265.

Art. 31. Commercial Reajens for the Non-abolition of the Slave trade

in ibe Weft-India Islands. By a Planter and Merchant, of many
Years Residence in the West Indies. 8vo. pp. 20. 6d. Lane.

We here meet with little more than the common arguments against the abolition of Negro llavery in the British Weit Indies. But those


arguments may reasonably be supposed to receive additional force,
if the author, as he professes, writes from the convictions of expe-
rience, and a personal acquaintance with the fubject.

Art. 32. Public Inprovement; or, a Plan for making a convenient

and handsome Communication between the Cities of London and
Westminster. By William Pickett, Esq. 4to. 37 Pages 25. 6.
Bell. 1789

The plan which alderman Pickett here proposes is, to pull down all the houses between Butcher-row and the Strand; as also those on the north side of St. Clement's church, and to rebuild the church, altering its fituation, so as to make a spacious avenue to Templebar; which gate he also would remove. The pamphlet, beside de. fcribing the particulars of the scheme, gives an account how it has been treated by the court of aldermen and common council, who have repeatedly objected to the proposal. The public-spirited aldera man here answers the objections, and offers additional arguments in favour of his design. The sum requisite for effecting the alteration muit doubtless be very large : no estimate of it is made. The proposer hopes it will not be long before he shall be able to announce to the public that subscriptions will be opened at feveral bankers, in fupport of the measure, and he offers 1031. as his first subscription.

Two draughts are added, one descriptive of the present state of the avenue, and the other of the intended improvement. B......m m.

Art. 33. Thoughts of Jean Jacques Rousseau, Citizen of Geneva,

Selected from his Writings by an anonymous Editor, and translated
by Miss Henrietta Colebrooke. 12 mo. 2 Vols. 7s. 63. sewed. Debrect.

After an eulogium on the abilities of that extraordinary erratic genius, Rousseau, Miss Colebrooke confesses that the eccentricities and errors in his writings may induce well-disposed persons to doubt, whether an indiscriminate perusal of all that he has written, might not be followed by dangerous consequences. But as his writings are all abroad, in translations as well as in the original, we do not readily apprehend, how the free perusal of them is to be restricted; mort certainly not by introducing his works to those who might perhaps otherwise pass contentedly through life without seeing or withing to see one of his publications: and who, if they understand what is now presented to them, sufficiently to excite a curiosily to be better acquainted with the works whence these thoughts are extracted ; any danger they may thereby incur, is chargeable to the officiousness of the cautious collector.

The Translator proceeds to inform us, that what is excellent and useful might not be loit, by an intermixture of any thing improper and offensive, an ingenious Frenchman has made a judicious collection from the writings of Rousseau, of what is best adapted to the formation of rational views, found moral principles, juft taste, and proper manners.

It is a translation of this collection that is now offered to the English Reader. It was undertaken at the desire of

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young ladies.'

certain respectable judges, who were of opinion, that it would furnith a very agreeable entertaiment to all liberal minds, and that it might be useful in the education of youth, and particularly in that of

When we come to reflect on the utility of these volumes for the instruction of youth, we cannot but regret the necessity of our differing, in any degree, from a lady who has belowed on them the labour of translation, from a laudable motive. We have nothing further to say to M. Rousseau now, than what refers to the collection at present belore us; and though the opinion of certain respectable judges is pleaded for the merit of the work, as a book of infruction, particularly for young ladies; we are clear, that his Temarks are in general too refined, abstracted, and singular, to find an easy passage into youthful understandings; and that they call for closer thinking than suits the vivacity of female minds.

It may also be remarked, that eccentric writers, like that uncommon being, the Philofopher of Geneva, may utter many good things that will not combine to form general truths; and a lover of paradoxes is not the most happily qualified for a preceptor : yooth ought to be instructed by plain precepts, and not be left to draw interences from sentences artfully constructed, which require more penetration to analyze, than falls to the share even of every mind that has arrived at maturity. To inspire the rising generation with cynical maxims before they know enough of the world to form an eftimate of their truth or error, cannot, surely, be a proper mode of preparing them to act a becoming part in the social connexions into which they are soon to enter.

Miss Colebrooke renders her author in a natural, easy, style, but it is very rare to find a female writer totally free from occasional inaccusacies in grammar: the most usual of which are, combining plural nouns with fingular verbs.

N. Art. 34. Esays on Education. “By John Weddell Parsons, A. B. Vicar of Wellington in the County of Hereford.

25. 6d. sewed. Cadell.

Many just remarks occur, in the course of these essays, on the importance of education, and the defects attending the present mode of conducting it; but they are too general, and written in too de. clamatory a ftyle, to produce any considerable effect. The author ftrongly recommends to the legislature, the institution of public seminaries for the encouragement of indigens genius. Is not this already done in our free-schools and colleges,? E. Art. 35. Bibliotheca Clasica, or a Classical Dictionary: containing

a full Account of all the proper Names mentioned in ancient Authors. To which are subjoined Tables of Coins, Weights, and Measures in uté among the Greeks and Romans. Large 8vo. 8s. Boards. Reading, printed by Smart and Co. and sold by Cadell in London.

Various compositions, of a kind somewhat similar to the present dictionary, have issued from the press; and it must be acknowleged that they have been very useful to the classical student. The author of this work (Mr. Lem priere, of Pembroke College, Oxford) thinking

that * No name has occurred to us which we have not found in the work.

I 2mo.


I 2mo.

PP. 76.

that his predecessors, in compiling their respective publications, have been partial and unsatisfactory, endeavours io complete what others have left imperfect.

The dictionary now before us, consists of all * the proper names that occur in the classics, viz. of famous men, women, &c. of countries, cities, rivers, customs, laws, religious rites, public festivals, sports, &c. &c. Under each article, beside the account of the perfon or thing which is the immediate subject, several anecdotes and historical facts are introduced; with quotations from suche authors as will afford more ample information on each particular point of inquiry.

From this short account, our readers will perceive that Mr. Lempriere’s Bibliotheca Clasica is a useful school-book : but its use is not confined to schools alone ; the ready information which it af fords to the inquirer, will be a sufficient inducement to every gentleman who postesses a library, to give it a place on the dictionary Thelf. Art. 36. . The History of three Brothers: to which are added, The

Hillory of John Gilpin, Gray's Elegy in a Country Church-yard, and Pope's Universal Prayer.

6d. fewed. Stockdale. 1789.

This moral and entertaining history is extracted from The Children's Miscellany, of which we gave an account in our number for August last, p. 173: and it is here republished in a convenient size, ornamented with five neat wooden cuts, and sold at the very cheap rate above-mentioned.

In matters purely of opinión, no two persons, perhaps, will agree ; for (though at the same time that it is an illustration of the fact, it is, in some measure, an exception to the rule) all will allow that qu08 homines, tot fententia. Various judgments, therefore, will be formed with respect to the utility and propriety of introducing here, Joha Gilpin, with Gray's Elegy, and Pope's Universal Prayer. The former is truly and confefledly humorous and ingenious; but for the very reason that it deserves the first mentioned epither, we feel ourfelves somewhat inclined to dispute that ic assimilates with the accompanying plaintive and mournful elegy, and the solemn and see verential address to the

• Father of All! In ev'ry age,
In ev'ry clime ador'd !”.

Art. 37. Reports of the Special Provision Committee, appointed by the Court

of Guardians in the City of Norwich : with an Account of the Sav-
ings which have been produced by the late Regulations in the Diet
of the Work houses: Exhibiting some important Facts respecting
the Oeconomy of those Establishments. By Edward Rigby. 8vo.
is. 6d. Johnson. 1788.

It is of little advantage to the public, to amuse them with schemes for the better maintenance of the poor, and least of all, for associating the



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