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kind *, it cannot be expected that such behaviour should ena tirely cease. Farther, we hope that the wealthy in general will collect from it, that they should at no time employ as a lacquey, or in any base and servile way (as is much too commonly seen), the person on whom they may have conferred an obligation; but carefully keep in remembrance, that it is not the favour received, but the manner in which that favour is granted and continued to him, that can bind in the ties of gratitude the fenfible, feeling, well-judging man.

The following remark is pointed; and we recommend it to the attention of all whom it may concern :

What are you, gentlemen politicians, more than the rest of mankind, that you alone should be exempted from going through your degrees, and start up at once doctors and professors of the un. taught mysteries of government? Happy inspiration, if it were so ! miserable people, to be governed by upstarts and empirics, if it be not so !

The story of this novel is conducted with some degree of art. The language is, for the most part, clear and perspicuous, though occasionally sullied by vulgarisms t. We are surprised at finding the following expressions in letters supposed to be written by well-educated people. “That fetch would not save me' It was to be apprehended certain names would be used that I was determined thould not get out if I could avoid (hinder] it'- My impatient brother opened upon me'- Mr. A. is of 1 a sudden become heir,' &c.-' He called upon my uncle and be gan to round him with fine speeches'- I must give him a fat refusal the very next time he baits me with his addresles'-His whole frame trembled, and if he had not squatted down upon the Iteps' - Sir G. Revel, whom all the ladies think so great a catch,' &c. &c. These, perhaps, will be confidered by many as petty blemishes. They are, however, such as ought by no means to fall from the pen of Mr. Cumberland.

The little pieces of poetry which are scattered through these volumes, are of a superior kind. We will transcribe a stanza or two from the Address to Solitude.'

· Thou, Solitude, art Contemplation's friend,
On thee the rational delights attend ;

No gilded chariot haunts thy door,
No flambeaux blaze, no drunkards roar,
No rattling dice, no clashing swords,

No squand'ring fool, no wretch that hoards,
No lordly beggars, and no beggar'd lords.'
*Dans l'adverfité de nos meilleurs amis, nous trouvons toujours
quelque chose qui ne nous deplait pas. La RocheFOUCAULT.-How
disgraceful to our nature ! and how certainly true!

† Near the conclusion, also, in particular, it is somewhat reprehensible on the score of voluptuousnels, and even indelicacy.

• No.

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· Nobility! thou empty, borrow'd name!
I leave thee for substantial, felf-earn’d fame;

And ye that on the painted wing
Flutter awhile, then fix the sting,
Ye infect tribe of pleasures gay,

I brush your flimsy forms away, -
Be gone, impertinents ! you've had your day.'
• And, o deceitful world! too well I know,
How little worth is all thou can't bestow,

The reputation of a day,
Which the next morning takes away,
The flattery that beguiles the ear,

The hypocrite's fictitious tear,
These thou can'ít give, this semblance thou can't wear.'
Mr, Cumberland has been styled by a late ingenious writer,

". The Terence of England, the mender of hearts ;"! and we think him highly deserving the commendation. His compositions have ever bad for their object the establishment of moral goodness, by inculcating its principles and perfe&ions with unwearied affiduity and care.


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Art. XII. An Account of the Advantages and Method of watering

Meadows by Art, as practised in the County of Gloucester. By the
Rev. T. Wright. Small 8vo. 14 Pages. 1s. 60. Scatcherd
and Co. 1789.
N the Correspondence, at p. 671 of our lxxviiith volume, we

printed a letter from Mr. Wright, correcting a small mistake into which we had fallen on the subject of watering meadows, with a short note, inviting the writer to publish an account of that improvement as practised in Gloucestershire, which we are glad to find has been in some measure instrumental in producing the present pamphlet : a publication which, we have no doubt, will prove very beneficial to many parts of the country, where water is suffered, at present, to run entirely to waste.

The ingenious writer of this small performance divides the subject into three parts; viz. The advantages of watering-the mechod-directions in each month-and answers to objections.

Those persons who have never had an opportunity of seeing the effects of water properly distributed on grass-land, will be difposed to think that Mr. Wright has somewhat exaggerated under the first head, when he says that land, by watering, whatever be its kind and quality, is increased to double or treble its former value-that land under this management does not require dung, but is itself a constant source of manure to other fields-that is raises grass in the spring a full month sooner than the same fields could otherwise be made to yield it--that the spring feed is worth at least a guinea per acre-ihat it will yield of hay, beside the Spring feed and aftermath, two tons per acre--and that the lat.


ter math is always worth a pound, &c. &c. But we, who have ourselves seen and experienced the effects of this improvement, have no doubt of the facts; and therefore warmly recommend this subject to the attention of our agricultural readers.

The directions in this treatise are plain and concise; but the author is right in advising those who are not at a great distance from Glouceftershire, to get some persons from that county, who are acquainted with the operation, to teach them the practice ; a Night idea of which may be obtained from the few following hints :

• The fall of the ground in every meadow ought to be about half an inch in a foot [but great diverfity in this respect is admisible]. The water ought never to flow more than two inches deep upon the surface of the land. When the grass is two inches high, the water ought never to show itself except in the various ditches.' ... Every meadow, before it is well watered, must be brought into a form something resembling a ground that has been left by the plough in a ridged state.'

He advises the water to be turned on the field in the beginning of November, after a shower, when the water is thick and muddy. In this month, he adds, the water contains much more salt and richness than later in winter. This last position is difputable, and many practical waterers will be of opinion that the muddinefs of the water is of little consequence,

In December and January, the chief care confifts in keeping the land feltered by the water, from the severity of the frosty nights. In February, if you suffer the water to remain for many days, a white scum arises that is very destructive to the grass : and if you now expose the land, without the covering of the water, to a severe frofty night, the greatest part of the grass will be killed. The only way to avoid both these injuries is, to take the water off (in the morning) and turn it over at night. * At the beginning of May, when the spring feed is eaten off, the water is used for a few days, and again when the hay is carried off.'

In other districts where watering has been used, the practice varies from that described in this essay, in several respects; and we hope the public will soon be favoured with distinct accounts of this improvement as it is practised in Hampshire, Herefordshire, and other places. It is prebable that useful bints may thus be obtained from their different modes of practice, which may tend to the advantage of each.

The public are much indebted to Mr. Wright for this treatise, which we beg leave to recommend to the perufal of all our country readers. Could gentlemen be induced thus to publilh distinct accounts of particular useful practices in agriculture, unsophisticated by theoretical gloffes, they would conter a great and laiting benefit on the community.

An...... Art.

Art. XIII. The Botanic Garden. Containing, The Loves of the

Plants ; a Poem : with Philosophical Notes. 4to. Pp: 184: 125. Boards. Printed at Litchfield; and sold in London by Johnson. 1789.

THE general design of this very singular work is (accord

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tion under the banner of Science, and to lead her votaries from the looser analogies, which dress out the imagery of poetry, to the stricter ones, which form the ratiocination of philosophy. The particular design is, to induce the ingenious to cultivate the knowledge of BOTANY; by introducing them to the vestibule of that delightful science, and recommending to their attention the immortal works of the celebrated Swedish naturalist, LINNEUS.'

The whole work consists of two parts, but only the second is now published; in which the sexual system of Linneus is explained, with the remarkable properties of many particular plants.' The first part is entitled, the Economy of Vegetation, and in this the physiology of plants is delivered, with the operation of the elements, 10 far as they may be supposed to affect the growth of vegetables : but the publication of this part is deferred to another year, for the purpose of repeating fonte experiments on vegetation.

By way of preface, the author gives a general view of the sexual system ; and in the poetical exhibition of each particular plant, he has distinguished its place in the system, by printing the name or number of the class, or order, in Italics. Thus, Two brother swains-Five fifter nymphs-One house contains them-Secret or clandestine loves.

Previous to the opening of the poem, he invites the reader, if perfectly at leisure for such trifling amusement, to walk in, and view the wonders of his INCHANTED GARDEN.

" Whereas P. Ovidius Naso, a great necromancer in the famous court of Augustus Cæsar, did, by art poetic, transmute men, women, and even gods and goddesses, into trees and flowers; I have undertaken by similar art to rellore some of them to their original animal. ity, after having remained prisoners so long in their respective vegetable mansions; and have here exhibited them before thee: which thou mayft contemplate as divers little pictures suspended over the chimney of a lady's dressing room, connected only by a slight feftoon of ribbons: and which, though thou mayst not be acquainted with the originals, may amuse thee by the beauty of their persons, their grace ful attitudes, or the brilliancy of their dress.'

We have accordingly walked in, and viewed the whole exhibition; and we have received from it so much pleasure and inftruction, that we give our readers a warm invitation o follow us, and do not hesitate to enroll the author among the disRev. April, 1789.



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tinguished favorites, as well of the Muses, 18 of Minerva.

Though the different objects are connected, as be acknowleges, but by Night festoons, they are rendered interesting by high poetic imagery, and many beautiful allusions, both to clasic fable, and to modern persons, manners, and inventions. The versification is, in general, harmonious and elegant; but we will transcribe the exordium, and let our readers judge for themselves :

• Descend, ye hovering Sylphs ! aerial quires,
And sweep with little hands your filver lyres ;
With fairy footsteps print your graffy rings,
Ye Gnomes ! accordant to the tinkling strings ;
While in soft notes I tune to oaten reed
Gay hopes, and amorous sorrows, of the mead.
From giant Oaks, that wave their branches dark,
To the dwarf Moss, that clings upon their bark,
What beaux and beauties crowd the gaudy groves,
And woo and win their vegetable loves;
How Snow-drops cold, and blueeyed Harebels blend
Their tender tears, as o'er the stream they bend;
The love-fick Violet, and the Primrose pale
Bow their sweet heads, and whisper to the gale ;
With secret sighs the virgin Lily droops,
And jealous Cowslips hang their tawny cups.
How the young Rose, in beauty's damask pride
Drinks the warın blushes of his baful bride ;
With honey'd lips enamour'd Woodbines meet,
Clasp with fond arms, and mix their kisses sweet.

Stay thy soft-murmuring waters, gentle Rill;
Hush, whispering Winds; ye ruftling Leaves, be ftill;
Reft, filver Butterflies, your quivering wings;
Alight, ye Beetles, from your airy rings ;
Ye painted Moths, your gold-eyed plumage furl,
Bow your wide horns, your spiral trunks uncurl;
Glitter, ye Glow-worms, on your mofiy beds;
Dekend, ye Spiders, on your lengthen'd threads;
Slide here, ye horned Snails, with varnish'd shells;

Ye Bee-nymphs, listen in your waxen cells.'
The BOTANIC Muse is then invoked, to

• Say, on each leaf, how tiny Graces dwell ;
How laugh the Pleasures in a blofiom's bell;
How in sečt-Loves arise on cobweb wings,

Aim their light hasts, and point their little ftings.' The plants which the poet bas selected for his exhibition, are chiefly those which have some peculiarities in their own ceconomy and process of fecundation, or some remarkable properties, beneficial or injurious, to man or other animals. By judiciously availing himself of these circumftances, he has produced a most pleasing variety in his poetic descriptions, and made every plant an entire new object. We shall cite one or two of the Dortest examples ;


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