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Art. 63. The Poet's Restrictions; or, the Prince of Wales's Laureate;

with political and literary Characters. 4to. PP. 36. 29. Stalker. 1789.

This author, though not a Swift, a Prior, or a Peter Pindar, por. fesses fome jocularity; and jocularity would, perhaps, constitute his beit pretension to what he here solicits; viz. the office of Poet Lau. teate to Carlton House, • Addresling himself to the Prince, he reminds his Royal Highness of the importance of poetic praise :

• Your stately columns tower in vain,
Where yet no Muse has rais’d her strain.
In vain yon architraves ascend,
Where Pegasus was never kenn'd.
Your tablatures in vain are hung,
Where never Poet sweetly fung;
Th' unsocial board is idly spread,
Where bard ne'er shew'd a laureld head.
Each glass--the tafteless wines disgrace,
Where Lyric never found a place.

Then make the rising pile complete,
The Prince's-and the Poet's seat :
So shall astonish'd Grub-street see

No Prince like you, nor bard like me.'
The foregoing lines may serve as a specimen of the would-be Lau-
reate's abilities :-they are far from being the worst in the poem.
Art. 64. The Female's Meditations; or common Occurrences fpi-

ritualized, in Verse. By Hannah Wallis. 4to. 35. 6d. sewed. Matthews, &c. 1787.

Specimen,- taken from the introductory poem, entitled ' A Prayer to God for a Blessing to this Work:

• Correct this work, my God, I pray,

Let it corrected be:
Amend each line, when 'tis reviewed,

Thou all its faults can see.' There is more propriety in this request than some may imagine ; for it does not seem to be in the power of any human being to render tolerable the verses of this poor Methodist, -as we fuppose her to be.She has furnished, however, a new image for the humorous author of the Treatise on the Bathos, were he still living:-To his catalogue of earthly employments for the most sublime of all Beings, he would add that of A CORRECTOR OF THE PRESS.

ARTS. Art. 65. An Address to the Public, on the Polygraphic Art; or the

copying or multiplying Pictures, in On Colours, by a chemical and mechanical Process, the Invention of Mr. Jofeph Booth, Portrait Painter. - 8vo. pp. 18. 15. Cacell, &c. 1788.

Mr. Booth possesses the art of copying (we believe, mechanically) pictures in oil colours. The pamphlet before us is not a description T4


of the method which he uses, but a display of the good effects of his invention, and an invitation to the Public to see his exhibition. We saw it with pleasure, last winter. The original pictures are placed in the middle of 20 or 30 copies of each, and we acknowlege, that it requires Lyncean eyes, with the nicest skill, to discover the original, amid the surrounding copies. Mr. Booth will, no doubt, meet with that encouragement froin the discerning Public, which his ingenious invention seems to merit. R ......m.

THEOLOGY. Art. 66. Obfervations sur les Ecrits de M. de Voltaire, principale

ment sur la Religion. Par M. E. Gibert, Minifire de la Chapelle Royale de St. James. I 2mo. 2 Vols. 75. sewed. Payne, &c. 1788.

The pious author of these volumes acquaints us, in his preface, that, alarmed at the progress of Infidelity, he has taken up the pen, in order to guard the weak and unthinking, against the sophisms, misrepresentations, and lies ( mensonges), so generally prevalent in the works of M. de Voltaire. - We doubt not his sincerity, and we commend his zeal. It is the duty of every good shepherd to watch continually over his flock, and to guard them, perpetually, against every attempt of the wolf.

M. Gibert deserves encouragement, not only on account of the goodness of his intention, but because his work, as far as he has yet proceeded in the publication, abounds with judicious observations, and weighty arguments in defence of our religion, against the attacks of a witry and most licentious writer.-lle informs us, in an advertisement, that should the prefent specimen be approved by the public, it is his intention to continue the work ; and that the whole will be comprised in fix or eight volumes. May juccess, and a numerous subscription, attend bim!

We would not, however, advise M. Gibert to think too lightly of his adversary, nor affict so treat him as a filly fellow * Any want of liberality on the part of the Christian, may only tend to dircredit his good caute, and to throw some scight into the scale of an ingenicus opponent. Art. 67. A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Diocese of Landaff,

in June 1788. By R. Watson, D. D. F.R.S. Bishop of Landaif. 8vo. pp. 76. 25. 60. fewed. Evans.

This pamphlet contains iwo tracts; the first of which is the charge above mention-d; the other is, an Address to young persons after confirmation. Concerning the latter, we are informed that it is foon to be published separately, at the price of one thilling, which we hear with pleasure, as we think it calculated to be of elsential


j'avcue que la manire dont je l'attaque, dans plusieurs endroits, a quelque chojë qaz repugne sa façon de penjir ; car je trouve la religion un jujet rrufserieux pour qu'il convienne d'y faire intervenir l'ironie o la jaryre., Mais ceux q:41 ont lu cet auteur conviendront, periêtre, avec mei, qu'il est imposible de i at:aquer d'une autre maniere, et que s'il fút jamais


ropos de faire uforge au conseil de Solomon, Prov. xxvi. 5, o'iti dans la pri Jenie o lj litio'


Services service. The Charge is, as might be expected, sensible, judicious, and replete with liberal and useful sentiments. The candour and piety, as well as the knowlege and learning of the Author, are difplayed in recommending with great earneftness, to his clergy, the careful study of the evidences of Divine Revelation ; and at the same time while he mentions those parts of practical truth and religious doctrine in which all Christians agree, advising, by implication at leait, modesty and diffidence as to those points in which the wise and the worthy have constantly seen some cause to differ : The following is one of the directions— Not to narrow the foundations of faith, not to teach any doctrine as necessary to be believed, how true soever you may esteem it, which is not in Scripture expressly declared to be neceffary.'-We read, with similar fatisfaction, the Bishop's remark- that the present Church of England, had the the power, would be as far from treading in the fanguinary footsteps of the former Church of England, as the British legislature would be now from granting her the authority of doing it, which was so superftitiously conceded to her, in an age of ignorance and ecclefiaftical domination.'-We derive equal pleasure from the hint which his lordship gives, when he says, -* The day, we trust, is not far diftant, when profession of Belief in the Divine Million of Jesus Christ, as related in the authentic records of the Bible, will be considered as a comprehensive bond of Charity, ficred to unite (which is the main thing) in mutual forbearance and good will at least, if not in coma munity of worship, all denominations of Christians.'-But we recommend it to the reader to peruse the pamphlet himself; and we praceed to take a little farther notice of the other treatise, which is as well adapted to promote the great and important caute of early piety and virtue, as the former is to admonish and animate the clergy. It manifests a benevolent zeal for the best interests of youth ; it has energy of diction, and strength of sentiment; and the style, we apprehend, is sufficiently plain and clear for every class, especially if they will read it with due attention,

Hi. Art. 68. Esay on the Kingdom of Christ. By Abraham Booth.

Buckland. 1788. This writer follows numbers who have well"displayed the spiritual nature of Chriltianity. Dr. Hoadly, bishop of Winchester, ranks among the first of these, yet we conceive he would hardly have concurred with the present author in asserting that national establish. ments are secular kingdoms, and unworthy the name of Christian churches. What,' he asks, has the policy of princes or of prelates to do in maintaining, or in extending an empire of truth and of rectitude ?- They may adorn the exterior of public worship-may dignify the minifters with pompous titles, -and invest them with temporal power, &c. &c. - but the empire of Jesus Chrift disdains them all, because they belong to the kingdoms of this world.'Again, - As the laws of Christ say nothing about the admission of one or another, on account of his domestic or civil connections, nor yet for his wealth or influence, his parts or learning ; so they are equally silent about pecuniary fines, or satisfactory penances, about civil disabilitics and corporal punishments ;- the former being quite





foreign to qualifications for a spiritual kingdom, the latter must be
utterly abhorrent from the laws with which it is governed, being
manifeftly the inventions of antichrift, and the supporters of his cruel
throne. Civil penalties, in this case, are adapted to gonerate fear,
and promote hypocrify; to suppress truth and render Christianity
itself suspicious.' – Though we cannot withhold our affent from fé-
veral of this writer's observations, yet, in other instances, we cannot
entirely concur with him. His censures fall, in a degree, on differ-
'ent parties of Christians. – Any person, however, may peruse the
book with advantage, although he may not always adopt the author's

Art. 69. Confiderations upon the Use and Abuse of Oaths judicially taken;

particularly in respect of Perjury. By the Rev. Robert Pool
Finch, D D. Prebendary of Westminiter, and Rector of St.
John the Evangelist in that City. 8vo. 6 d. Rivingtons.

The sanction of an oath is the strongest hold that the law can take of the consciences of men, to bind them to adhere to their obligations, or to declare the truth when they are questioned on occasions which concern the welfare of society. The Rev. author of this well intended tract, observes, that both from the nature of man and the nature of things, there arises a necessity for, oaths in a judicial sense, whenever the deareft privileges, interests, properties, and enjoymenis of mankind are at itake, inasmuch as without this fanco tion, distress, and confusion of the very worst kind must ensue,' Hence he argues the great importance of administering them with folemnity, and of establishing their force and influence. The frequent imposition of them, which the various transactions in fociety have been thought to require, is one great cause of weakening their force ; for oaths given and taken frequently, will be given and

taken irreverently, till at laft, many will regard them very litile more than they do common swearing. The author very juttly imputes the guilt of perjury, to the frequency of common swearing, which deitroys all reverence for a solemn appeal to the great Author of nature for the truth of our words or actions on particular occafions; the vulgar habit of disfiguring conversation with horrid expletives, ought therefore, if the general relaxation of morals will allow it, to be discouraged by all the powers vested in magistracy. The judicial mode of administering oaths to witnesses, or of taking affidavits before masters in Chancery, will not impress the parties (worn, with a becoming sense of the awful act they are about. In the former case, the oath is hurried over as fast as the words can be carelessly uttered by the clerk, the time of administering being an interval of inattention to the whole court, till it is recalled by the questions proposed to the party sworn. In the latter case, the door of a room, wherein a master in Chancery is presumed to fit (for be is not always seen), is just opened so as to admit the clerk to fill the gap, and rehearse the oath to the party standing without! Is there any thing in all this calculated to inspire men with a religious reverence for truth? Do not the parties administering such oaths consider them as mere matters of form, and rest solely on the terrors of legal punishment, if falfity can be detected ?


Dr. Finch thinks, on account of the enormity and fatal conse. quences of perjury, that the crime should be punished with death. But a man hanged for an example, is soon forgotten; the punishment is far more severe, and the example more lasting, when he is left to exist, branded with the disgrace and incapacities involved in a conviction of the crime : if he is shameless enough to remain at home, he walks about under the infamy of being a wretch unworthy of any confidence, because no obligations can bind him; if he flies bis country, no one can be better spared ; and Mould he have any compunction, he has time to repent, and recover some character elsewhere.



pp. 18.


SINGLE SERMON S. I. Preached at the Anniversary Meeting of the Sons of the Clergy,

at St. Paul's, Max, 1o, ti By Anthony Hamilton, D.D. Archdeacon of Colchester, Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty, &c. &c. To which are added, Lists of the Siewards for the Feasts of the Sons of the Clergy; together with the Names of the Preachers, and the Sums collected at the Anniversary Meetings fince the Year 1721. 4to. 19. Rivingtons. 1788.

Though this discourse is well adapted to the occasion, it contains nothing sufficiently new, or interesting, to require our particular attention. II. Preached before the Lords, &c. in the Abbey Church of Welt

minster, January 30, 1789. Being the Anniversary of King Charles's Martyrdom. By George, Lord Bishop of Lincoln, 4to.

Cadell. This discourse, founded on John, viii. 33. is fenfible, liberal, and elegant. The Bishop has created his subject with judgment and candour. He acknowleges that Charles I. avowed the most unconftitutional principles; that he manifelled a determined contempt for the deareft rights and most valuable privileges of the people, and that he repeatedly violated his promise respecting the discouragement of popery –He observes that a silent acquiescence in these exertions of lawless power must have quickly ended in the systematic establishment of absolute monarchy, and probably in the restoration of popery. It became, therefore, the duty of every individual to check the progress of the pernicious measures.'

His Lordship confefies, that many of those, who took a leading part in the beginning of these troubles, were actuated by the purest motives; their only with was to save the Constitution, by restraining the King's authority within its due bounds.'

He adds, · Whilst they were seeking redress for the illegal con. duct of the King, they were promoting such an act of injustice and murder as no other history affords.' How far the transactions of that day deserve these barih epithets, we leave to our readers to determine,


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