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that all the things we see speak something to the mind, to inftru& and improve it.' On such a principle this little book is formed : and we are inclined to speak of it as a pretty and a useful performance. The design is ingenious and sensible, the execution also agreeable, and well adapted to the intention : yet, we unwillingly add, there may perhaps be a few instances, in which the remarks here made may tend to form prejudices in the young mind, or give is a bias not alcogecher favourable to candid inquiry and liberality.
'Hi. Art. 67. Lilly's Accidence enlarged; or, a complete Introduction, in
English Profe, to the several Parts of English Grammar, and a Syltem of Rhetoric illustrated by Examples of Classic Authority, 12 mo. 1 s. 6 d. Lowndes. 1788.
This is the seventh edition of the present work, with improvements.
DO Art. 68. Sacred Extraits. 8vo. 4 s. bound. Dilly. 1788. This book is designed for the use of schools, and probably was compiled by the same hand which a short time since furnished col.. ledions from the Latin and Greek classics. A few proper reasons are mentioned in the preface. It is here supposed, that one great cause of the neglect of the scriptures in places of education is, a dir. approbation of reading them indiscriminately. It is also remarked, that while they are loling ground, many trifling and uninteresting þooks fupply their place : even histories of Jesus Christ and of the Bible, it is added, are conveyed in language, which tends to debase the subject. On such confiderations the present extracts are offered. The chapters which are chosen from the New Testament are those particularly recommended by Dr. Anthony Blackwall.
DO PHILOSOPHY, &c. Art. 69. An Essay on the Causes of the Variety of complexion and Fi.
gure in the bunian Species. To which are added, Strictures on Lord Kames's “ Discourse on the original Diversity of Mankind.” By the Rev. Samuel Stanhope Smith, D. D. &c. Philadelphia printed. Edinburgh reprinted. (With some additional Noies, by a Gentleman of the University of Edinburgh), for
Elliot and Co. London. 8vo. 3 s. 6 d. sewed. 1788. Art. 70. Another Edition of the above-mentioned work, reprinted
by Stockdale, in Piccadilly. 8vo. Dr. Smith here pursues, with much ingenuity and labour, a very curious enquiry. From observing nature, and her operations, and the effects produced in them by diversity of climate, by favage and social life, by diet, exercise, and manners of living, the author Thews, that all the different nations of mankind may have sprung from one original pair; and he thence in fers, that there is no occafion to have recourse to the hypothesis of several original stocks. The subject has been amply discuffed by Lioné in his oration on the increase of the habitable world, printed in the second volume of the Amanitaies Academice, a work which Dr. Smith has not perhaps seen, and which is not confined to meo alone, but treats of animals in general,
28. 6 d.
Dr. Smith's arguments would lose much of their force if detached or abridged. Recommending therefore the whole work to the perusal of the naturalist and the divine, we shall conclude with one brief remark, en passant, on what our author, in contending for the power of climate, and the changes it produces on animals, &c. fays of the negroes. He affirms, that the native blacks in America mend in their colour, features, and hair, in every generation. This would be controverted, no doubt, by a negro critic, who would certainly ohject to the word mend; which, however, perhaps, he would candidly contider as an error of the press, and shortly say, so for mend, read degenerate:"-and, “ for bair, read wool.”
R......m. THEOLOGY. Art. 71. A Letter addressed to the Ministers of the Orthodox or Calvi.
nistic Baptifs; particularly those of the Western Association : fhewing the Inconfiftency of their Conduct and Worship, and propofing a Remedy. By one of their Brethren. 8vo. 3 d. Johnfon, &c.
Unfcriptural doxologies, such as are in common use among difsenters of the Calvinistic persuasion, are the objects of this writer's animadversion. Though he seems warmly interested in his subject, he writes with candour. It is very obvious, that the worship of God ought to be as fimple and general as possible, that none may be offended, and all be edified. Nothing therefore is more surprifing, than that any dissenters, who value themselves on account of their freedom from human authority, should be unwilling to depart from arbitrary and unscriptural restrictions.
E..med. Art. 72. Four Marks of Antichrift; or, a Supplement to the War
burtonian Lecture. 8vo. 1s. Deighton. 1788. The title, when compared with the book, proves that we have here an arch writer: we will not call him a wag, both because his Subject is serious, and he also treats it in a grave and serious, though at the same time a lively, and we must add, an able manner. Antichrist may be considered as having fixed its head-quarters on the seven bills of Rome, yet, says he, may Christian societies of different 'denominations become crue members of its body, from conspiring in the same views, and from usurping the same authority, which have ftamped this mark of ignominy on the forehead of the Romith church. The marks which are here specified are briefly these: 1. An exercise of religious power over the minds by the governor, and a fubmision to this power in the subject. 2. Enjoining other terms of communion than those required and appointed by our Lord himself and his apoftles. 3. An inordinate spirit of ambition, or love of pre-eminence and power. The fourth criterion is pointed out by introducing a passage of scripture: Matt. vii. 13, 14. • Enter ye in at the strair gate,' &c. It may be farther explained by these words of the author, ' Any constitution of religion that counteracts this purpose (viz. of recalling men to virtue and happiness), and conspires with the general depravity of manners, must be a member of the body of Antichrift.' Each of these topics he illustrates; under one of them (the second) he points to a particular subject, when many will be inclined to think a more general account might have
fufficed. He will certainly be said to have dipped his pen in gall; as he writes with too great severity. But with this we have nothing to do, nor are we concerned either to support or oppose the charge be brings. There may be those whose honour and interest are deeply affected by it. The writer calls on ecclefiaftical dignitaries,- for ( miserabile dieu!) the church of England is immediately intended, and on the noted champion Dr. Horley by name, assuring them, that whenever they make a reply, he will throw aside the veil, and directly give them his name, --For farther information, we refer to the pamphlet. Hl...S. Art. 73. Hints, &c. fubmitted to the Attention of the Clergy, No
bility, and Gentry, newly aflociated. By a Layman, a true Friend to the Constitution, in Church and State. 8vo. 15. Riving tons, &c. 1788.
1788.* This anonymous call to ecclesiastical reformation, states several facts, respecting the history of the liturgy, and the repeated actempts which have been made, by men of the first distinction for sank, learning, and personal merit, toward a revisal; and points out several particulars of amendment which are now generally and earnestly desired. The author pleads, that no time could ever be more favourable to such an undertaking than the present, and recommends an immediate attention to this business as of great importance to the support of the credit and influence of religion. The hints are good; the plea is weighty ; but we fear the convenient Jeason is not yet arrived.
E...a A Letter to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Thewing the Neceflity of & Clerical Reform ; and containing a Plan for remedying the Grievances of the Inferior Clergy. By Mr. Warburion. 8vo. is. 6d. Nicoil. 1788.
Mr. W. expreffes great surprise, that the formal exterior of Christianity, thould have been so long supported under the incumbrance of so many absurdities; and calls on every man who is a friend to the church to, accelerate its reformation, in order to save it from ruin. His plan of reform is, that every rector, vicar, &c. fhall pay one fourth part of the annual revenue of his benefice to his ofñciating curate ; that no beneficed clergyman Thail perform any parochial duty out of his own parish for any pecuniary consideration ; and that every clergyman fall be liable to forfeit 401. for nonresidence for the space of one entire month The proposal originates from a petition lately presented by the inferior clergy of Lancathire to the Bilop of Cheiter ; and the fubject has certainly an urgent claim on the attention of the legislature.
D. Elay on the Advantages of the Knowledge revealed to Mankind, concerning the Holy Spuit. By the Rev. Joseph Whiteley, A M. late of Magdalen' College, Cambr.dge. 15. Leeds, printed ; London, fold by Johnson. 1788.
The doctrine of the Divine infiuence accords well both with da. tural and revealed religion. The strict Calvinistic opinion of the operation of the spirit, may or may not, for aught we know, entirely correspond with either. Some years ago a work was published by the celebrated Bp. Warburton, called the Doctrine of Grace, in which, if we rightly recollect, his Lordship seems to confine the operation of
*By the Duke I Gufto
the Spirit to the miraculous effusion in the early age of Christianity, and the inspiration of the Scriptures, in the poffeffion of which all might be said to be under its guidance and influence. Mr. Whiteley extends the idea much farther, and supposes this Divine agency requifite for faith and repentance; for the attainment and improvement of virtuous dispositions and habits, for consolation, peace and joy. At the same time he observes this agency is not compulsive; its purpose is moral improvement, and leaves full scope to the exercite of the moral powers, and while it co-operates with human endeavours gives ample room for sincerity, attention, and exertion. He enters not into any enquiry concerning the meaning of the scripture terms, Holy Spirit, or Holy Ghoft; but applies his remarks to a practical use. The essay is intermixed with several quotations from ancient writers; but though the heathen sages and poets sometimes speak of a Divine Effatus, their notions concerning it were not only uncertain, but often wild and superstitious; and they even appear to have been not always directed to a moral end. The differtation is ingenious and useful; and, like some former pieces by this writer, which have been duly noticed in our Reviews, gained the Norrisan prize. Art. 76. Thoughts on the Duty of Man relative to Faith in Jesus
Chrift: in which Mr. Andrew Fuller's leading Propositions on that Subject are considered. By John Martin. . Part I. Izmo.
Buckland. 1788. We are wearied with attending to publications of this kind ; disputes between we know not who, concerning, we had almost said, we know not what. In the present pamphlet, there appears to be a great deal of trifling, about words and phrases, which some may dignify by the name of verbal criticism. The title-page intimates that there is to be a sequel ; posibly, when that appears, we may have a little more to say on the Tubject.
D: Art. 77. Free Thoughts on the Extent of the Death of Christ, the Doctrine of Reprobation, &c. By James Skinner,
6d. Buckland. 1783.
Surely there can be little piety and little comfort in such representations of the Divine Being as an ignorant heathen might give of Moloch, or other ferocious and sanguinary idols !—To sentiments of such a kind this pamphlet is oppoted; and we trust that both reason and revelation vindicate the opposition. The Author may probably he, in some respects, of popular, or what are deemed orthodox opinions, but nature, realon, religion, in him, all revolt (and surely with justice) against the doctrine of reprobation.
SERMONS in Commemoration of the REVOLUTION, continued ;
See our last Review, I. Preached at Whittington, Derbyshire, on the Grand Jubilee, or
Centenary Commemoration of the glorious Revolution, 1688. By Samuel Pegge, M.A. Rector of Whittington. 4to. Is. Gardner, &c. Mr. Pegge reduces the natùre, and the concomitant bleflings of the two deliverances commemorated on the 5th of November, co the two general heads of Church and State.
Under the first head, he gives a proper description of what are juftly termed the borrors of popery,- the inquisitorial cruelties, and the despotic tyranny exerciled over the consciences of men, practised and allowed of in the church of Rome.'-Fie remarks, that the free use of the Scriptures, in our native congue, is a principal advantage derived to us from the Revolution; and thatwhen the clergy exhort their hearers to peruse their Bibles, they display the true spirit and genius of Protestantism.'
So far all is well; but, with regard to what follows, many good Protestants, we apprehend, will object to some expreslions. - The doétrines of our church,' says he, 'contained in the 39 Articles, are conformable to the holy scripture, and can be proved therefrom; and as to our form of church government, and our liturgy, they approach as nearly to the models of primitive antiquity, as the distance of time, aad change of manners and customs, in the common course of things can possibly admit.' (Here it may be observed, we hope without offence, that some of the brightest ornaments of our church have expressed themselves somewhat differently on this head.] He proceeds. Some DISCONTENTED SPIRITS, GIVEN TO CHANGE, are dissatisfied with fome matters in the Liturgy; but the SOBER-MINDED think it best to let it remain as it is with all its blemishes, and to leave these peTULANT HUMORISTS to the enjoyment of their own restlessness and fingularity.'
Here some of those who, from a sincere admiration of the real beauties of the Liturgy, wish to see its BLEMISHES removed, may be led to fufpect that the venerable preacher hath unwarily caught a little of that imposing spirit of the church of Rome, which he hath, bimself, so jusly condemned ; and they may posibly ak, “ to what purpose does he exhort his hearers to read the scriptures, if they are not to judge for themselves with respect to their meaning; and are to be branded as discontented Spirits and petulant humourijis given to change, if they do thus exercise their understandings ?”
We entirely agree with Mr. Pegge, in what he has advanced under the second head, respecting the privileges bestowed on us by the REVOLUTION; and we think, with him, that these bleslings may be loft, in consequence of a general depravity of manners and principles; of which many symptoms are already but tco apparent : such as, a decay of Christian piety—a general profanation of the fabbath-and an open and avowed indulgence in fornication and adultery, while offenders in this shameful practice are as well received, and as much caressed, as the most virtuous and modest characters. Add to these, gaming, which leads to duelling and suicide.- He also mentions the rottenness and venality of our parliamentary boroughs, as a main source of the wickedness of the age; and he concludes by calling on the bishops and clergy, the great officers of state, the nobility in general ; the learned sages of the law, the justices of the peace, &c. &c. to concur in the good work of reformation. As to the commonalty, he very properly advises them to be frugal and quiet, fober and honeft; to obey the laws; to be subject to the
* What! blemishes in our Liturgy! Surely, this must be a slip of the pen : even the pen of crihodoxy!